Introduction: Wooden Spokeshave
I have always had in mind to build a wooden spokeshave. Al last I have decided to make one myself with one kit of Veritas and the result has been fully satisfactory.
In this video I show you the step by step.
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Step 1: Tools and Materials
- Beech wood 11" x 1 1/2" x 7/8" ( 27,94mm x 38mm x 23mm)
- Wooden Spokeshave Kit
- Wax ( beeswax or paraffin)
- Mini Square, ruler and protactor
- Marking Knife
- Center punch
- Drill bits (3/8" and 5/16") 9,5mm and 8mm
- Drill press
- Tap handle (included in the kit)
- Block plane and Plane No. 5 stanley
- Japanese Saw and Veritas Standard Dovetail Saw
- Gauge Veritas
- Brass Mallet
- Sanding Saw (See Instructactable) and VERITAS Standard Dovetail Saw
- Gouge cut 3 straight (Pfeil
- Slot screwdriver
Step 2: Preparing the Main Piece
I selected a beech wood blank and cut it to size 11" x 1 1/2" x 7/8" ( 27,94mm x 38mm x 23mm) leaving the piece completely smooth on all sides.
Step 3: Transfer the Drawings
Use a pencil to mark to mark the center of the length of your blank and draw line all the way around the blank.
Use the included templates to transfer the top and size contours of the spokeshave onto the top and the side of your hardwood blank.
Step 4: Holes for the Blade
Draw a line along the bottom of the blank 1" (25,4mm) from the front edge.
Then from the center line, make a mark 1 13/16" (46,1mm) to one side of the center line and the with the blade mark the other hole location.
Step 5: Tap the Holes
Thread the adjustment thumb wheels into the top of the blank and then insert the screw posts and blade into the bottom of the blank.
Step 6: The Recess for the Blade
Once the blade placed, use a sharp making knife to score the outline of the blade onto the botton of the blank (I recommend to use a knife for it better than a pencil for more precise results and getting the best possible fit of the blade).
Remove the blade and using a square extend the lines and then mark the back and front edges.
Step 7: Mark the Back and Front Edges of the Piece
With the help of a gauge mark a horizontal line 1/32" (0,8mm) from the bottom edge of the blank on the front side and then planing down to the line, tilting the plane 3º to 4º.
Step 8: Cut the Piece
With a Japanese saw I made a series of parallel cuts from one edge to the other as per photographs to cut the ware and I removed the waste with a chisel.
Step 9: Cutting the Recess for the Blade
With the help of a chisel cut the lines that were scored around the blade where will be inserted the blade included in the kit.
Step 10: Brass Strip
Cut the brass strip in half, one half has to be at least 2 7/8" long (the other piece is spare). With a file, bevel one long edge of one strip too 45º.
Drill the 2 holes on the brass (the hole placement is no critical) and then install it. When a good fit has been achieved, firmly clamp the brass strip to the stock inserting the screws.
Step 11: Shaping the Spokeshave
Remove all the hardware components (except the brass strip) and with the help of a fret saw cut the profiles of the handle.
Draw the finished contour of the handle onto the end of each handle; it is roughly the shape of an eye and shape it.
Step 12: Wooden Finish and Final Assembly
Finally, I apply wax to all the pieces and assemble them.