The cocktail Molotov first appeared during the Second World War in the hands of the Soviet military to take out enemy tanks. Brainchild of Soviet foreign minister Vyacheslav Molotov, this petrol bomb was simple in its concept. A glass bottle filled with petrol and oil (the oil was to thicken the petrol). A rag put at the opening of the bottle and light on fire. When thrown the bottle would break on impact exposing the petrol to the flame and thus igniting. This was its primitive form.
The Red Army received two types of petrol bombs: ones with self-igniting mixture KS and ones with inflammable mixtures Number 1 and Number 3. These mixtures were made of ordinary petrol, thickened by OP-1 hardening powder into a type of napalm.
Petrol bombs with inflammable liquids Numbers 1 and 3 were sealed with conventional corks. Ampoules with chemical agents were used for ignition. The liquid ignited when contacting the chemical agent in the ampoules - this occurred as both the bottle and the ampoule broke when hitting a tank. The ampoules were attached to the bottle with a rubber band or were inserted in the bottles. Another ignition mechanism used matches, attached to the bottle with rubber bands. These fuse-matches were sticks fully covered with igniting agent.
In this Instructable I will only discuss about the primitive Molotov (the bottle with a rag) the petrol bomb with chemical igniter and the fuse-matches.
I advise you to improvise, change the design and be creative but most of all Have Fun!
Warning: What you do with these props/replicas is up to you. Make sure you are not violating any laws. Use at your own risk. If misused prepare to deal with the consequences.
I do not identify and do not sympathize with any kind of political beliefs or ideologies. The images and information provided are only for demonstration and personal use in prop/replica making of historical importance.
Sorry about grammar and language errors – English is not my native language.
Materials (simpler version):
1 - Wine or Liquor glass bottles
2 - Corks
3 - Rag or piece of cloth
4 - Food Coloring Yellow
Materials (fuse match version)
- Same materials has the simpler version plus:
1 - Kraft Paper
2 - Cord or Lamp Wick
3 - Rubber bands
Materials (chemical igniter version)- Same materials as the simpler version plus:
1 - Glass or plastic ampoules (can use test tubes or other similar container)
2 - Food coloring Red
3 - Rubber bands
1 - Glue
2 - Scissors or X-Acto knife
3 - Funnel
4 - Mixing Bowl and Measuring Cup
5 - Eye Dropper
6 - Drill (not necessary)
7 - Glue Gun (not necessary)