Introduction: Yet Another Raspberry Pi Photo Booth

Picture of Yet Another Raspberry Pi Photo Booth

Recently, my company (cubitux) had the opportunity to participate to a contest to present a photo booth solution to a client. Because I'm an open-source fan, I picked Raspberry Pi technology and started creating something around it.

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Everything runs with a customized Raspbian - Desktop Edition (Special Linux flavor for Raspberry Pi)
An already made SD card image is available on the following GitHub repository: https://github.com/phenelle/RPi_Photoboth/tree/mas...

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However, this guide will show all the steps that we did to customize our Raspbian and make it very close to an embedded system...

Step 1: Required Hardware Component

Picture of Required Hardware Component

Hardware

Additional tool

  • A screw driver to fix the LCD screen on the stand
  • A keyboard (I prefer that over a touch screen virtual keyboard, however, both options are available...)


Total hardware requirements cost around: $182 USD


Note: I suggest getting hardware from the Adafruit Industries because they highly support open source technologies, and also provide nice and fast support

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At this point, you should have a working Raspberry Pi with Raspbian Desktop and a working Camera module enabled.

You can test the Camera module by following this manual: https://www.raspberrypi.org/learning/getting-start...

Step 2: Splash Screen Customization

Picture of Splash Screen Customization

Everyone who runs Raspberry Pi knows that, when the device boot, the raspberry images shows up with bunch of ugly text lines (boot message).

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Because the photo booth was design to be use by the public, we changed the default "start screen" to hide those information and we replaced them with a nice image. (Long story short, the text messages still output somewhere, but we display an image above it)

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As root, go to "raspi-config":

  • Enable "Console Autologin"
  • Disable "Splash Screen" (we use different method than plymouthd)

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Based on the following guide (http://www.raspberry-projects.com/pi/pi-operating-...)

  1. Create a 800 x 480 splash screen images. (We placed our image in /etc/splash.jpg)
  2. Edit /boot/cmdline.txt and change the line "console=tty1" to "console=null"
  3. Edit /boot/cmdline.txt and add "logo.nologo quiet" at the end of the command line
  4. Edit /boot/config.txt and add "disable_splash=1" at the end of the file
  5. Create a startup script (/etc/init.d/splash)
  6. Call "sudo insserv /etc/init.d/splash"

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Dont worry, the console is still there. If you press "enter" or move to different terminal (for ex, ALT + F3), you will see the shell and be able to run X.

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At this point, the device should boot and show the splash screen instead of the default (raspberry image + init text message)

Step 3: Install 3rd Party Applications

Picture of Install 3rd Party Applications

To make this work, we will install a little custom website that will be used as graphical interface (GUI) for the user. (Web is an awesome lightweight technology that can be easily created and customized...)


Therefor, we need will need apache webserver, PHP and "uv4l" (UV4L is used to stream the webcam live to the user and take pictures)

The following commands should install all them nicely:

(more documentation to install UV4L available here: https://www.linux-projects.org/uv4l/installation/ )

You might need to give permission to the apache user to use "video / webcam" hardware

In order to do that, add the user "www-data" to the group "video". The following command should do the trick...

  • sudo usermod -G video www-data

Now, start apache and make sure it persist on reboot:

  • sudo /etc/init.d/apache2 start
  • sudo /etc/init.d/uv4l_raspicam start

To test that apache is installed and working, open the following URL from within your RPi: http://127.0.0.1/

To test that uv4l is installed, open the following URL from within your RPi: http://127.0.0.1:8080

(as shown on the screenshot)

Now, make this persistant when device reboot:

  • sudo update-rc.d apache2 enable
  • sudo update-rc.d uv4l_raspicam enable

Reboot your device, and test that both apache and uv4l are started...

Step 4: Deploy Photobooth Website Application

Picture of Deploy Photobooth Website Application

Open a shell and type the following command:

# Install various tools for splash screen

sudo apt-get install xscreensaver feh

# Remove default homepage

sudo mv /var/www/html/index.html /var/www/html/index.html.orig

# Clone repository

git clone https://github.com/phenelle/RPi_Photoboth.git

# Move all site's content to the /var/www/html folder

sudo mv RPi_Photoboth/source/www/* /var/www/html/

# Allow apache to create files in the "snaps" folder

mkdir /var/www/html/img/snaps

sudo chown www-data:www-data /var/www/html/img/snaps

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The default website installed on the Pi should now show the RPi Booth web application

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You can now configure various settings of the "config.php" (such as SMTP, Virtual Keyboard, etc...)

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Now if you reboot, everything should work nicely!

I hope you enjoy this tutorial

Step 5: Create Custom Auto-login Procedure at Startup

Picture of Create Custom Auto-login Procedure at Startup

Now that we have all in place, we need to customize the RPi, so it will automatically run X and open that website for us.

To do that, I enabled "shell auto-login" on the RPi. And I create 2 specials files: .xinitrc and .bashrc,,,

BashRC

This file is parsed everytime a shells open.

XinitRC

This file is parsed everytime X runs

The idea here is to run X with special options... (not the defaut Gnome interface)

Have a look at the Github repo to see what are the options to make:

https://github.com/phenelle/RPi_Photoboth/tree/mas...

Comments

Canvas of Dreams (author)2017-09-23

Super awesome!!

DIY Hacks and How Tos (author)2017-09-23

That is really cool. You could probably make one of these much cheaper than renting a photo booth for a special event.

Absolutly

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