Introduction: Building a Large Trickle Filter for My Turtle Tub.

After checking the levels of ammonia, nitrates and nitrites in my turtle tub i discovered that all my old filter was doing was making the water look nice. There just wasn't enough capacity for Bio media, and what little there was wasn't being effective used. So, I started searching around the net for a better system, what i settled on was a trickle filter. This one specifically is inspired by Jim's "Crazy" Bio-Filter over at http://leisure.prior-it.co.uk/trickle-filter.shtml SO props to him for coming up with an awesome filter design.

Basically the theory behind trickle filters is that the bacteria that break down nitrates and ammonia like oxygen. It seems most filters rely on the water being oxygenated enough to keep the bacteria happy and hungry. Trickle filters step this up a notch by allowing water to trickle through a chamber filled with bio media ensuring plenty of contact with oxygen for the bacterial colonies without letting them dry out. Apparently they are super efficient, and that's good for turtles because turtles are messy little armour plated monsters.

Step 1: Supplies

For my filter i used...

-1 4' length of 4" ABS pipe-------------------$25
-1 short piece of 3/4" PVC pipe------------scavenged
-1 3/4" PVC pipe cap -------------------------scavenged
-1 3/4" slip to threaded adapter------------>$2?
-1 3/4"threaded to barbed adapter-------->$2?
-approx. 6' of 3.4" non-kinking tubing-----scavenged
-1 pump-------------------------------------------$80
-2 salad dressing shakers------------------$2 each
-64 plastic dish scrubbers-------------------$1.50 for a pack of 8
-1 package "NU-Foam"-----------------------$4.50
-550 paracord-----------------------------------$ $6 for 50'

tools

A drill with 3/16 and 1" bits
a hacksaw
a blowtorch
pliers
a nail

Step 2: Building the Body of the Filter

I started off with the body of my filter.
First thing i needed was a place for water to come in, so i drilled a 1' hole about 2' down from the top of my abs tube.
Next I needed a place to let the water out, so i drilled 4 more 1' holes around the base of the tube. Following that i switched to the 3/16" bit and drilled a ring of holes around the base about 4" up. I threaded the paracord Through these holes to act as a barrier to keep the scrubbers from falling out the bottom.

Pretty simple so far eh?

Now were going to cram it full of as many Scrubbies as possible.

Although My pictures show me adding a disc of nu-foam to the top, it IS NOT NECESSARY and is just begging to air lock causing your pump to pump 400 gallons per hour onto your bedroom floor. I recommended skipping that experience.

Step 3: The Spray Bar

The spray bar Is the part of the filter that actually hooks up to the pump. To build mine i started by taking about 8" of 3/4" PVC and drilling a bunch of small holes along the end 3 inches or so reaching half way around the pipe. Next I took a pipe cap and cut to down to about half its length and drilled a hole in the end of it.
Assembly is simply a matter of sliding the pipe through the inlet hole, and putting on the cap and adapters. You don't need to worry about gluing the parts together or anything. For the sake of aesthetics i cut the length of the spray bar down as short as i could get it.

Step 4: The Pre Filters

That's right, I'm making a filter for my filter.
The trickle filter I built should be good for keeping my water chemically clean, but doesn't do much to keep it looking clean and clear. That is where the pre filter comes in. I opted to build a small one that mounts on the intake of the pump, that way it also serves the purpose of keeping my turtles from getting their heads stuck in the pump, and screens out all the solid waste and debris in the water, hopefully increasing the lifetime of my pump.

I built 2 pre filters so that i can swap them out for cleaning and let them completely dry and dechlorinate before putting them back in. chlorine+bacteria=dead bacteria. not what i want while trying to establish a biological filter.

Apparently i didn't take any pictures of the build itself, fortunately, it's really simple, so pics of it broken down for cleaning should be just as good.

To start with I fired up my blowtorch and heated up a nail. Then i used the hot nail to melt a grate into the bottom of my salad shakers. Next I used a an exacto knife to cut out a hole in the lid cap that i could friction fit over the pumps intake. I only cut up the cap on one of the lids, it stays on the pumps intake and whichever pre filter i'm using gets slipped into it.
Ta-da, now the body of the pre-filter is done.

I used 2 scrubbies right at the grate to act as coarse filter pads, then filled the rest of the chamber with discs of NU-Foam to act as medium/fine filter pads.

Step 5: Observations Afterwords.

I've had this filter up and running for a few weeks at this point. So far It's required minimal tweaking and seems to be working perfectly.

About 6 hours in i discovered that having a layer of foam at the top of the filter below the spray bar was a bad idea. It slowly got an air pocket trapped under it causing water to build up and start overflowing the top of the filter. not good. Fortunately i caught it just in time and only had to clean up a medium sized puddle. even better, it didn't get to anywhere where it could get through the floor. i didn't want to have to explain to my new neighbors why there was water running out of their plug sockets and light fixtures.

I also added a few more scrubbies in to the filter to fill it up a few more inches. this was mostly to make it quieter since i sleep about 3 feet away from it.

The pre-filter works amazingly. It does however need to be cleaned once a week. that takes about 5 minutes in the sink, so it's no big deal.

lastly, my only problem with this filter is that it causes no surface agitation. that does make it incredibly quiet, however, it also lets a nasty ass protein film form on the surface.
All i need to solve this problem is a better (or second) power head as the one i have right now is to small to agitate enough of the surface.

Comments

author
pdawgp4U (author)2010-02-21

 Ok so I built mine finally, however I couldn't find the plastic scrubbies anywhere only kinda I could find was Copper Coated scrubbies. My filter has been running for about 6 hours now.

I did modify your design a bit by adding in some make shift charcoal filters from cheesecloth and a container of Charcoal.

However I just checked its operation and it appears the "Copper:" coating must be detaeriating because the outlets of the filter are gold. And inside the prefilter charcoal pads are also gold.

I checked walmart, the dollar store, and Big Lots, but I think I'm going to need to change my filters to something else. Where can i find those plastic scrubbies? What do you think about luffers? (spelling I Know) you know the body scrubbers?

author

I made a similar filter a while back, I just bought a 100 pack of "porcelain scour pads" at the local Home Depot or Lowes [can't remember now, sorry] they are basically the same as the 'algae sponges' sold in pet stores to clean the algae from the glass of a fish tank. I also used polyester stuffing [for pillows, etc] where armourkris used Nu-foam. it's basically the same thing, just not woven into convenient strips.
Hope this helps!

author
b.biter (author)2010-02-26

Hey Man how did you make your tank?
awesome instructable by the way!!!

author
armourkris (author)b.biter2010-02-27

I was actually wanting to make an Instructable on it but I built it while I was moving and other things got in the way.

I went and got 6 8 foot 2x12's, then cut them into 5' and 3' lengths. from there I screwed them together into boxes and reinforced them with some beefy metal brackets. The middle box has lengths of bar-stock screwed into each side.

from there i stacked them together and used pond liner to line it with. it's like wrapping a present inside out. I stapled the liner in place along the top edge then made to top lip from a couple lenths of 2x4 the same way as the sides.

In theory it should all break down easy for moving.

author
b.biter (author)armourkris2010-03-03

Kinda what I figured.Thanks for the info!!!

author
pdawgp4U (author)2010-02-05

 Can you post your earthbox idea? I didn't see anything that would work. THankx

author
armourkris (author)pdawgp4U2010-02-05

I used this Instructable
https://www.instructables.com/id/Building-your-own-earth-filled-box/

i just left the lid off and filled it with dirt and play sand instead of potting soil.

My turtles opted not to use it as anything more than a basking platform, and instead laid their eggs in the water, so i just took it out.

author
angelmari13 (author)2009-03-19

I just stumbled across your Instructables on turtle filters. Thanks so much, I learned alot. I have 3 turtles in an outside pond and the fancy EXPENSIVE pump and filter I bought is not working very well. You know how quickly turtles dirty the tank. I am going to try to modify my filters using your instructions. If you have any updates or more info on anything turtle related, post it. Thanks.

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