Instructables

Centrifugal pump

Picture of centrifugal pump
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These are the instructions for a centrifugal pump a team of product design engineers made for a project to pump water a height of 60cm efficiently.

Pump is still in the prototype stage so any input would be welcomed.

Materials/Components

Motor
24V Power supply
Acetate Frame
Aluminium Axles
Acetate Gears
Aluminium Impeller
ABS Plastic Impeller Housing
Ball Bearings
Meccano Chain
Plastic Tubing

Purchased Components

Motor - RS Components.                
Link: 
http://uk.rs-online.com/web/search/searchBrowseAction.html?method=getProduct&R=2483671

Power Supply - Weir Instrumentation Ltd

Meccano No:94 sprocket chain

Ball Bearings - RS components
Link:
http://uk.rs-online.com/web/search/searchBrowseAction.html?method=getProduct&R=6671122

Plastic Tubing




 
 
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Step 1: Creating the Frame

Picture of Creating the Frame
The frame was manufactured using 4mm thick laser cut acetate.

Files were created in Solidworks and exported as a DXF file - the format appropriate for laser cutting.

5 Sections were cut and using dichloromethane attached together.

spec and pictures to follow.


Step 2: Creating the Gears

Picture of Creating the Gears
gear general arrangement.jpg
The gears are also laser cut from 4mm thick acetate.

4 different sizes of gears were cut to broad give scope for testing, one with 56 teeth, one with 42 teeth, one with 28 and one with 14 teeth.


Step 3: Creating the impeller

Picture of Creating the impeller
IMG_0207.JPG
impeller model.jpg
The impeller was firstly designed on Solidworks saved as a STEP file and run through a program called Alphacam to convert file to G code which is suitable for modelling in a Mini Mill.

A test run is stimulated and then the Mini Mill cut the impeller from aluminium.

First picture depicts Solidworks model of impeller, second picture is the milled aluminium impeller.


Step 4: Creating the Impeller Housing

Picture of Creating the Impeller Housing
casing acetate copy.jpg
Nozzle.JPG
Three housings prototypes were created to maximise testing and increase efficiency.
The housing is shaped to hold the blades with very small clearing between housing 

One was rapid prototyped while two were laser cut from acetate.

Picture below shows Solidworks model and laser cut acetate model.

With the acetate model a bush (displayed in picture) is required to connect to the tubing while the rapid prototype does not.

Step 5: Creating the axles

Picture of Creating the axles
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Axles were milled out of aluminium.
Spec outlined in image.

The small hole in the left hand end of the axle is space to fit a grub screw to connect the motor.
Design modified to incorporate a 10mm thread to connect to the impeller.
I made a similar pump to this using the laser cut laminated method about a year ago. Mine is really crude in comparison nice job. does the pump need to be primed before use as mine had to be submerged?