Introduction: How to Burnish Leather Edges

Picture of How to Burnish Leather Edges

Burnishing leather edges is a great way to make a leather project look AMAZING. If you're unfamiliar with the term, burnishing is basically polishing the rough edges of the leather.

Burnishing can be a pretty time consuming technique, but the way it finishes a project is well worth it. In this instructable I'll show the simplest way of burnishing - manual labor and a slicker! If you're planning on burnishing a giant leather project, it might be a good idea to look into more automated methods, like attaching the slicker to a Dremel. :D

To see a great example of an automated method, check out PowellMade's automated burnisher build!

Check out my other leather ibles for more leatherworking basics:

Step 1: What You'll Need:

Picture of What You'll Need:
  • gum tragacanth
  • a slicker
  • something to condition the leather - I'm using jojoba oil
  • paper towels
  • fine grit sandpaper

Slickers come in plastic, glass and wood - any of those will do the trick!

Keep in mind that burnishing an edge with gum tragacanth will essentially seal the edge, so if you're going to dye the leather, do it before you burnish.

Step 2: Sanding

Picture of Sanding

I find that I get the best results when I sand the edges nice and flat - this isn't as necessary if you're working with a single piece of leather. When you have two+ pieces, it ensures they're nice and flush.

This can also help you soften your corners a bit!

Step 3: Apply the Gum and Let Get Tacky

Picture of Apply the Gum and Let Get Tacky

Shake the gum well and use a piece of paper towel to apply a small amount to the very edge. Let this sit for 30-60 seconds. You want the gum to dry just a little bit - if it's too wet you won't get any friction while slicking.

Step 4: Use the Slicker and Repeat!

Picture of Use the Slicker and Repeat!

Use a decent amount of pressure to push the slicker up against the edge and bring it rapidly up and down the edge. (You should feel slight friction while doing this. If you don't let the gum dry a little longer.) Keep going until you can tell the gum has dried out a bit.

Once that happens, apply more gum and let it get tacky before repeating. :)

Burnishing an edge to a mirror finish can take up to 30-45 minutes sometimes - definitely not fast! I worked on this one about that long. But it's a nice thing to do in front of the TV!

If you find that you aren't getting significant results after the first couple cycles of gumming/slicking, your edges might be too dry! This means they're sucking up all the gum and not allowing it to sit properly on the surface.

To fix the dryness, apply a tiny amount of jojoba oil to the edges - just until they darken slightly. Then apply more gum and keep going!

Comments

DanD190 (author)2017-08-10

Can I use beeswax to burnish the edge?

silvertinkerer (author)2016-04-27

I use mostly pre dyed soft leather, not veg tan like you have here. Is there any diferance in how you would burnish it?

As far as I know, you actually can't burnish most of the softer leathers. Most folks tend to paint the edges instead!

gnomehome123 (author)2017-02-19

Hi yeah I'd like to know if this only works on veg tan leather too.

As far as I know, it only works on veg tanned.

actionjksn (author)2015-05-20

I needed to burnish the edges on the leather part of a kydex-leather holster and didn't have any of these things so I improvised. I put a little drum sanding attachment on my Dremel and removed the sandpaper piece leaving just the rubber cylinder shaped part. I then put a little spit on the edge of the leather and used the Dremel at about 25,000 RPM. It was pretty fast and it made edge of the leather super slick and made the edges nice and dark, just like in her pic. Before I did this I cleaned up the edge of the leather with some 220 grit sandpaper first. After I was done I sprayed some Ballistol oil on everything and rubbed it in to seal it up. I think the Ballistol is made from mineral oil.

Don't use too much pressure with the Dremel and keep moving and keep doing it at different angles to keep the edge nicely rounded off. If you don't have the proper burnishing chemical [gum tragacanth] you can't use water, it has to be spit.

BlightOwl (author)2015-05-06

Do you burnish your edges before or after applying the leather finish to the face of the leather? Do gum tragacanth and leather finish interact at all in a funny way?

Thanks for making this! I'm new to leather and I've found that instructables like yours are so much better than buying a full book on the subject. Thanks for making this available to all us people! You're a wonderful person :)

jessyratfink (author)BlightOwl2015-05-06

Before is best when it comes to any kind of dying - the gum tragacanth will inhibit the finish from penetrating. The only difference I found is that it tends to darken the color, but I've heard horror stories of smudging. Though smudging only seems to occur if the finish is very thick or isn't dry.

If you're doing a waterproofing or other wax based finish, you can apply it after burnishing.

RebekahS (author)2014-11-14

As a note, if you don't have gum tragacanth, saliva works almost as well in a pinch. The enzymes in saliva break down the fibers of the leather just enough to allow it to be slicked down. I've used this method myself and it looks funny (om nom leather mmm) but works beautifully.

snoopindaweb (author)2014-10-30

~:-}

sarawelder (author)2014-10-17

thanks... nice and simple. I was wondering what the stuff was that industry uses to buff the edges with

warehouse32 (author)2014-10-12

Nice job, this definitely adds class and a proffesional look to any leather project!

ffrisell (author)2014-10-07

Great instructable! I can probably use this for an upcoming leather sheat for my latest knife.

ALD3 (author)2014-10-04

If you have a edge beveler, you can skip the sand paper and do a better job. Also if you take that plastic burnisher wheel and put a screw thru the center hole and a nut on the other side and tighten it snugly, you can put the screw in a drill and speed up the burnishing process.

MsSweetSatisfaction (author)2014-10-04

I was wondering how the leather was made to look like that. Thanks for sharing your knowledge, you're right it look amazing!

Raitis (author)2014-10-04

Simple yet effective it seems, thanks!

Do you think it could be done on a combined wood and leather edge as in my notebook 'ible?

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Bio: part of the Instructables Design Studio by day, stitch witch by night. follow me on instagram @makingjiggy to see what i'm working on! ^_^
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