Introduction: How to Play Cello Part 1
I will give you a crash course for learning the cello and teach you a year's worth in one instructable
Step 1: Get Your Cello
if you are to play the cello, then you must get one.
here are your options:
1. buy new
2. buy used
3. rent used
I would prefer to rent one because i only paid $25.00 for a cello for one full year
then there is size
1. 1/4 size
2. 2/4 size
3. 3/4 size (the one I use)
4. 4/4 size (full size)
note: different sizes sound different because of the shell size
If you are 5ft-5ft5 get a 3/4
Step 2: Taking Apart the Cello in Case
now that you bought the cello, it's time to open it.
the basic parts of the cello are:
first, remove the bow. That may sound easy but you must grab it without touching the non-wood part (horsehair). the horsehair is white, so don't touch it!
Step 3: Setup
first set the bow nearby within reach. then adjust the pin on the bottom of the cello top the appropriate length. now grab the bow.
Step 4: How to Hold the Bow
bad news. before you learn notes, you must learn to hold the bow. you must hold the pencil between the second joint of your middle finger and tip of thumb. the picture shows the position of the other fingers. practice this on the bow next
Step 5: Let's Learn Some Music!
now, we will learn types of notes. the first picture shows you the types of notes from fastest played to slowest played. the next picture shows the different notes all in 2 beat fashion. Middle f and high c are sharps played with 3 fingers in this case. naturals are played with 2 fingers
Step 6: How Long Is a Beat?
basically, a beat is 2 seconds. so a eighth note is a half- beat or 1 second
Step 7: The Strings
I will go in the order from thickest string to thinnest
1. C string
no fingers: c
2. G string
3 fingers: b
4 fingers: c
3. D string
no fingers: d
2 fingers: f natural
3 fingers: f sharp
4 fingers: g
4. A string
1 finger: b
2 fingers: c natural
3 fingers: c sharp
4 fingers: d
notice that only the d and a strings have sharps. be careful. if you play f natural instead of f sharp in a song, the piece will sound wrong.
If you play 2 fingers on the 2 low strings, you will play nonsense notes
Step 8: The Warm-up and Putting It Together
now, to exercise your new knowledge, I recommend an exercise called a scale. when you play the scale, play from low notes (c) to high notes (d). when you play each note, think of its name. if you dont, you will think that the name of the correct note is actually another note.
WARNING!!!!!!!!!!!!! be careful of sharps and naturals! they can mess you up if you dont look at the sign like this # at be beginning of the song.
all notes in this scale are half-notes. the sign at the end tells you to repeat the scale again, in the scale, f and c are sharped
Step 9: HOORAY!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!! Your First Song!
now we will play a basic song. it is called Mountain climbing ("she'll be comin round the mountain" with an intro and an end really) note that you sharp f but not c in the song. the basic rules will be pointed out in the song. play it slow at first, then go faster when you think you got it.
NOTE: there are special rules throughout the song not talked about in the 'ible mainly rest and bow lift. a rest is one beat of silence. a bow lift has a rest but you also lift the bow up and put the other end on the string. a bow lift signal is an apostrophe over the rest symbol
Step 10: Coming Soon...
now, you've played one song. next year, part 2 will come because there are rules I don't know about yet. this is a just a basic guide. and here's the way the song sounds below