Instructables
Picture of how to reball red ring of death xbox 360
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in this instructable im going to show you how to repair a xbox 360 that has the red ring of death using a bga reball machine

 
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Step 1: Parts needed

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these are all the tools and materials needed to fix a rrod xbox 360

  1. red ring of death xbox 360 (hard to fix one if you dont have one)
  2. soldering iron (a temperature controlled iron isnt necessary but makes cleaning the boards a lot easier)
  3. liquid no clean flux
  4. kingbo tacky flux
  5. torx bits T-8 and T-10
  6. K-type thermocouple
  7. heat proof kapton or aluminum tape
  8. bga reball machine
  9. reball jig with stencils for xbox 360
  10. 0.6 leaded solder balls
  11. thermal compound (artic silver is a very popular brand)
  12. goof off or other cleaning solvent and 99% alcohol
  13. xbox 360 opening tool

Step 2: Taking of the top and bottom covers and faceplate

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  1. on top of the 360 were the hard drive goes there will be a plastic cover with a tab push the tab and pull up and this part should slide right out
  2. now to take the face plate off take your pry tool and created a gap in the face plate you should be able to grab it and pull it off theres only a few small clips that hold this in place
  3. now that the face plate is off we can take the top cover off take your pry tool and slide it between the gap shown in picture 4 there is a tab on both sides that you have to pop loose
  4. once the tabs by the hard drive are loose you should be able to pull up and keep it from locking back down there are 3 tabs on each side take your 360 opening tool or a pick and slide it through the vent hole were the tab is look at picture 6 for reference pop all 3 tabs loose while applying upward pressure and the top cover should come loose
  5. flip the xbox upside down and apply the same technique used on the top plate to remove the bottom plat this plate also has 3 tabs on each side

tjones74 (author) 6 months ago

ive had a few people ask if you can do this to a computer or ps3 and the answer is yes you can :) all you have to do is get the right stencil for your cpu that you want to reball and you may also need to adjust your temperatures depending on board thickness i haven't messed around with computers to much so sorry i cant help much there but for example with the ps3 the boards are much thicker and on my setup i have to run my top heat 15 degrees Celsius higher and for a extra 40 sec then i do for the xbox 360 so make sure you take board thickness into account

thanks for helping me out with this.. Can you please guide me how to set the profile of the work station... i have same rework station like your model: DH-390

chickenstrlp6 months ago

im voteing for you and i will soon be makeing a portable xbox and i hope i get some votes but that wont be for a couple of months

tjones74 (author)  chickenstrlp6 months ago

thanks for the vote I'll make sure I check it our u got a idea of what contest

not sure yet I'll let you know
fred277 months ago

I do some reflow soldering on standard hobbyist friendly SMD parts (i.e. down to TSSOP and 0603). I doubt I'll be attempting any BGA work, but this was a fascinating read. Thanks.

SolidRaven fred276 months ago

Lets not forget a few other issues with fixing circuit boards.

The problem with hot air rework is that some connectors are simply incompatible with it unless you go through extra-ordinary measures. The only way to reliably re-solder a lot of connectors is using vapour phase (safest option) or by hand. The only issue with that is that the former is rather rare, the main advantage is that you can pretty much drag everything through it and it'll come out okay if you follow a standard reflow curve.

Another issue you often run into while fixing things made in China is crappy board quality, they order at whoever supplies the cheapest board. This often means that the copper doesn't stick too well to the CEM-1 or 3 material they use. These small PCB houses there start and shut-down quicker than you can design boards sometimes. So when you rework it you often run the risk of pulling the pads from the board. Only way to go against that is using a whole lot of solder and being very careful in cleaning the pads.

And then there is my favourite, the SOT-103 package used for HF transistors. The idea is that the legs/pins come out of the package in-plane. Sounds like a great idea for RF purposes, until you try to solder it. As the board cools/heats down it shrinks/expands considerably compared to the package. As a result when it goes back to room temperature the board pulls the connections between the die and the pins loose resulting in a broken transistor with no exterior signs. You can also run into similar issues with the very old flat-packs from the early days of electronics, but those are usually of higher quality and the risk is a lot lower. The trick is to bend the pins yourself ever so slightly if the application allows it, that way you create the SOIC-ish spring mechanism and you avoid the issue all-together.

And I could go on for a while, but I'd rather not bore people to death!

tjones74 (author)  fred277 months ago

yea thats were i started lol but once me and my uncle started our used video game store and started repairing alot of systems we got a lot of people asking about rrod and ylod so we put the money aside and bought bga machine its been a lot of fun and a bit frustrating at times trying to get all the solder balls to sit on the chip but i love pushing myself and trying new things so its just another toy in the shop now.

mickcaulton6 months ago

Very Interesting read. Once you know what your doing how long does it take you, on average, on each reball.

tjones74 (author)  mickcaulton6 months ago

with teardown and everything 45 min to a hour if you have some balls merge when your heating them to the chip it can take a little longer too because you have reclean the chip and replace

mickcaulton6 months ago

Very Interesting read. Once you know what your doing how long does it take you, on average, on each reball.

mickcaulton6 months ago

Very Interesting read. Once you know what your doing how long does it take you, on average, on each reball.

mickcaulton6 months ago

Very Interesting read. Once you know what your doing how long does it take you, on average, on each reball.

mickcaulton6 months ago

Very Interesting read. Once you know what your doing how long does it take you, on average, on each reball.

mickcaulton6 months ago

Very Interesting read. Once you know what your doing how long does it take you, on average, on each reball.

wilgubeast6 months ago

Very nice. This is a great pro-am complement to one of our best-performing Instructables of all time: how to fix the rrod without towels. (That one represents the am-am end of the spectrum.)

It's always fun to read a good project that's well beyond anything I'll ever try. Particularly after trying unsuccessfully to fix the RROD by hand, this is all sorts of inspiring.

tjones74 (author)  wilgubeast6 months ago

thank you I just found this site a few months ago and really enjoy

Welcome. In addition to the pro membership you earned by getting this (and other) projects featured, I just hooked you up with a year of pro membership since you haven't redeemed the other ones yet. Crop your photos next time, please. :D

tjones74 (author)  wilgubeast6 months ago

thank you for the membership and i never even thought to crop my photos i will definitely make sure i do that in my future instructables thanks for the tip

Orngrimm7 months ago

Nice read!

As an electronics engineer i deal with lots of BGA but hadnt to replace/reball a monster like the GPU/CPU of those consoles...
I think i learned something in reading this and enjoyed it bigtime :)

tjones74 (author)  Orngrimm7 months ago

thank you glad u enjoyed