Step 1: Meet the Parents... Sorry Clefs!
Step 2: I See “C”
as I've mentioned an octave, I may as we'll tell you more, an octave is a difference of 8 tones, and a tone is two semitones, or the difference between C and D, for example. a semitone is the difference between C and C sharp.
so... the most important intervals are...
octave = difference of eight tones
perfect fifth = difference of five tones
major third = difference of two tones
minor third = difference of three semitones
Step 3: Meet the Family!
Step 4: Meet the Distant Relations.. the Semitones!!
enharmonic equivalents are notes with the same pitch that are written differently, mathematically they are slightly different frequencies, but on the piano they have the same frequency.
A flat is the same as G sharp
E flat is the same as D sharp.
double flats and sharps lower or raise a note by two semitones, not one as in single flats and sharps. you write TWO signs in front of the note.
you can make a previously sharpened or flattened note into its natural form by add a neutral sign, but most simple music doesn't include these, so I will leave them out.
Step 5: Rhythm!!
minim = 2 beats
crochet = one beat
quaver = half a beat
semiquaver = quarter of a beat
dotted rhythms are these notes with a dot after them, the dot adds half the value of the note to it
e.g. dotted crochet = one and a half beats
dotted minim = three beats
Step 6: Chords
read above for more information!!
(some of which is unnecessary and need be ignored by those who know little of music (particularly on cadences))
and now you know some random bits about music, so you can impress your friends if the pub pianist goes AWOL (or whenever you might need basic musical knowledge, I don't know really)!
leave any feedback or comment if you need anything clearing up!!
thanks for reading (: