just a simple ring made from a quarter with the tools i already have. i know there are people with awesome skills that do this and i have no skill in this field of work i just want to show you dont need anything fancy to make one. the proper tools to make these rings can be gotten off of ebay pretty cheap. toold to buy to make it go a little easier that i now have are a steel ring mandrel and hole punch block also a ring size gauge witch i have gotten all for less than 30$. i sell the rings for $15 so i got my money back.