This glossary will help you quickly define common terms and abbreviations used in this class and throughout most knitting patterns. Even experienced knitters look things up regularly. You are encouraged to leave this glossary open in a separate window while working on the projects in this class, so you can refer to it frequently.
[ ], ( ), * * - symbols commonly used to indicate repeating pattern sections
Alternate (alt) - perform the instruction every other stitch or row, or repeat as described
Blocking - a process of wetting and/or steaming finished knitting projects to form them to a desired finished shape and remove rolling
Bind off (BO) aka cast off - securing stitches at the end of a project or section
Continental style - style of knitting where working yarn is fed into knitting with left hand without releasing needles from grip
Decrease (dec) - general term for combining stitches together to reduce the total number of stitches
English style - style of knitting also called "throw" where the right needle is released and picks up the yarn for each stitch
Increase (inc) - general term for creating new stitches during a project to add to the total number of stitches
Knit (k or K) - main stitch used for knitting
Knitwise - enter the stitch from the left, as if to knit
Garter stitch - ripply-looking fabric resulting from knitting all stitches (straight needles) or alternating rows of knit stitches with rows of purl stitches (circular needles or DPNs)
Gauge - the number of stitches per unit measure for a particular pattern, important for sizing
Make 1 (see increase) - a basic type of increase usually created by knitting under the strand between stitches
Moss stitch - patterned-looking fabric resulting from an offset K1, P1 rib
Purl (p or P) - the second main stitch used for knitting, can be thought of as an inside out or backwards knit stitch
Purlwise - enter the stitch from the right, as if to purl
Ribbing - alternating combinations of knit and purl stitches resulting in a stretchy fabric
Right side (RS) - the side of knitting to face the outside
Row - a horizontal line of stitches
Skein - a unit of yarn you can buy
Slip (sl) - passing a stitch over without knitting it
Stitch (st) - a single loop of yarn within your project
Stockinette stitch (St st) - flat fabric resulting in alternating knit and purl rows (straight needles) or knitting continuously (circular needles and DPNs)
Tension - how tightly you hold your yarn while knitting, also used to refer to gauge in the UK and Canada
Wrong side (WS) - the inside of the garment
Alt. or alt - alternate (verb)
Beg. or beg - beginning
CC - contrasting color
cn - cable needle
CO - cast on
Cont. or cont - continue
Dec. or dec - decrease
Foll(s). - following/follows
G. St. - garter stitch
Inc. or inc - increase
K or k - knit
K2tog - (decreases 1) knit two stitches together
kwise - knitwise
M1 or m1 - make one (increase)
P or p - purl
P2tog - (decreases 1) purl two stitches together
Patt. or pat - pattern
PM - place marker
pwise - purlwise
Rem. or rem - remaining
Rep. or rep - repeat
skp - (decreases 1) slip 1, knit 1, pass slipped stitch over
sk2p - (decreases 2) slip 1, k2tog, pass slipped stitch over
Sl. or sl - slip
sl1k - slip 1 knitwise
sl1p - slip 1 purlwise
SM - slip marker
Ssk - (decreases 1) slip, slip, knit slipped stitches together
St. or st(s) - stitch(es)
St. St. or st st - stocking stitch
Tbl. - through the back of the loop
Tog. or tog - together
yb - yarn back
yfwd - yarn forward
yo - yarn over (type of increase)
yrn - yarn around needle (type of increase)
Ball winder and swift
Sometimes yarn comes already wound into an easy center-pull ball. Other times it may come in a looser twisted loop, called a hank. You can't easily knit directly from a hank, as it will tangle quickly. Instead you'll need to wind it into a ball. You can do this with just your hands and the help of a friend or chair, but a ball winder and swift make the process go much more quickly and smoothly.
A ball winder is a crank-operated device with an offset spindle. As you rotate the crank handle, the yarn is applied to the spindle, eventually forming a very tidy center-pull ball of yarn. Even without a swift, a ball winder and a friend can cut the winding process time down significantly over winding by hand. A ball winder is also handy for tidying up factory-wound balls that are mostly used up and may have come apart or become tangled.
A swift is a spinning device to hold a large winding or hank of yarn. It is adjusted to snugly fit the hank of yarn and spins to release the yarn easily as the ball winder uses it up.
Needle and gauge check
Once your needles get mixed together, it can be hard to remember which ones are which size. This handy combo tool helps you determine the size of your needles and is also a ruler for finding your gauge (stitches per inch/cm). The flat metal plate holds your knitting flat while the cutout makes it easy to see the stitches clearly. The needle and gauge check is not a mandatory tool, but like the ball winder and swift, it will save you time!
Stitch holders and cable needles
In more advanced projects, you'll find the need to store a set of stitches for a short while, and then come back to knit them later. This is true when knitting cables, where a set of stitches is twisted to the front or back of another set, or in our mittens project, where the hand portion is knit before the thumb.
Stitch holders have closures, and the stitches must come off the same way they went on.
Cable needles look like a crooked double pointed needle. The stitches rest in the crook before you knit them off the opposite end from which they entered.
Share a photo of your finished project with the class!
Nice work! You've completed the class project