Before just jumping right into the game, learn about all the things you can do to customize your world. You can alter as little or as much as you want.
Once you know the basics of setting up your game, you'll learn how you can upload customized Resource Packs that will transform the look of Minecraft.
Once you have clicked on Single Player (multiplayer will be covered below), you need to create a world to play in. The first time you open the game, you should be faced with a blank screen. Choose Create New World to get started.
Name Your World
While not incredibly important, naming your world/game will help you remember what each save is once you have multiple worlds to play. You can edit the name of a game later if you decide there is something special about it you would like to remember (I've done this when I've come across fun structures or land formations).
There are three Game Modes to choose from.
Once you've decided what game mode you are going to play, you can mess around with some of the other ways to personalize your game.
Click on More World Options to see what else you can change within your world.
Seed for the World Generator
Generate Structures - can only be ON or OFF
Allow Cheats - can only be ON or OFF
Bonus Chest- can only be ON or OFF
Once you have made all of your choices, you can click Create New World to generate a world to start playing the game. Read on to learn all the basic controls before you get started.
To save you a little time before you jump into playing, here are the basic controls. There are more controls than this, but these are the ones you will most likely use when you first play the game.
Use the mouse to look around/aim and turn you in different directions
Left click - attack using a weapon or destroy blocks and other items
Right click - interact with the world such as placing a block and using an item: eat food, open doors, opening chest, etc. If you are trying to do anything other than hit/attack, use this button
W - move forward; double tap and hold to sprint: can work while walking, and with flying and swimming; you can also walk up 1 block in height when moving forward without having to jump
S - move backwards
A - sidestep left - not turn left
D - sidestep right - not turn right
Escape - opens game menu; pauses single player (but not multiplayer)
Q - drop/throw item currently selected - handy for getting rid of blocks you don't want clogging up your inventory or giving items to other people you are playing with
E - open your personal inventory - this is how you put on armor and shows the items you are able to carry; also shows your personal 2x2 crafting grid
T - open chat/command
F - switch item that you are holding to your off hand
Spacebar - jump up 1 block in height; double click to start flying and hold to continue flying upwards; double click while flying to free-fall back to the ground
Left Shift - hold to reduce altitude while flying; hold to crouch and sneak while walking (you will move slower than walking)
Left Control - click while walking or flying to sprint
Numbers 1 through 9 - select items in your hotbar in your heads up display; 1 is the far left item and it goes up to 9 which is the far right item
/ - opens chat/command with the forward slash already typed for you
F1 - toggles on/off heads up display which includes the inventory bar, health, hungry, and experience
F2 - takes screenshot
F3 - toggles on/off debug information; this tells you various information including your XYZ coordinates, which compass direction you are facing, and what type of biome you are in
F5 - changes view: 1st person, 3rd person from behind, 3rd person from the front
Once you have started your game, you can bring up the in-game menu by clicking Escape. This will also pause the game (unless you are playing multiplayer mode). Most often when you end up at this menu you are either going to use Back to Game (if you just used it to pause and are ready to go back to playing) or Save and Quit to Title (you are done and ready to quit). You probably won't use the other options as often, but we'll go over them in case it is something you want to explore.
Clicking Options will take you to another menu that you are likely to use often depending on how much you like to change up your game.
Music & Sounds
You can easily play Minecraft with multiple people by using the Open to LAN feature in the game menu. This allows you to create a world, start a game, and anyone that is on your network can join that game.
To start, simply start a Minecraft game. You can use a world you were already using or create a new one. Once you are in the game, click escape to get to the game menu. Select Open to LAN. This will take you to another menu where you can customize your game with 1 of 4 Game Modes and the choice to allow cheats or not. The game modes you chose when you started the game will be for you and anything you choose now will be for the people who join your game.
The four Game Modes available for multiplayer are Survival, Creative, Spectator, or Adventure. Survival and Creative will function the same as they do in single player mode (as covered above).
Spectator mode means the individuals who join your game will only be able to fly around (even fly through blocks), and they cannot interact with anything in the game. Spectators can see each other, but the individual who started the multiplayer game won't be able to see any of the spectators. Spectators can access their inventories, but they can't interact with it.
If a spectator clicks on a mob character in the game, they will switch to seeing things from their perspective. There is no way to control the mob character, but the viewpoint can be interesting especially when you're seeing from the point of view of a spider or creeper. Click shift to move yourself off the mob character and switch back to flying around.
Lastly, there is Adventure Mode. This is like a restrictive Survival mode; it is ideal for showing off worlds you have created/modified to other people. Anyone who joins a game that is in Adventure mode will be able to walk around and interact with doors, levels, and mobs (including trading with villagers) as they normally would, but they can't break blocks with just their hands. They can, however, break and collect blocks if they have the correct tool (which will be covered in Lesson 2). To give your adventurers tools, I would suggest putting out a chest with everything they might need to get started inside.
Once you have decided on the Game Mode you want to use, select whether or not the other players can use cheats/commands. When ready, click Start LAN World. You will then be sent back to the game and anyone on your network will be able to see the game.
To join a LAN world, click Multiplayer from the main menu instead of Single Player. Any LAN worlds that have been started in your network will show up in this menu. Choose the one you want and click Join Server. Give the game time to load and you will appear at the world's spawn point. It is a good idea to start the world together so you can find each other easily. When possible, you should each claim a bed which will then become your new spawn points. A Spawn Point is where in the game you appear when you start and where you reappear when you die. This will always be the same unless you sleep in the bed (will be covered further in Building a Shelter), which will then make the bed your new spawn point.
You are now free to play the game together and see what you can accomplish. If you hover your cursor over another player, their name will appear above their head. Also, if you aren't too far away from the other characters and are facing in their direction, you should be able to see their name hovering above their head in the world. This is one way to keep track of each other but doesn't work if you get too far away.
The individuals who join the multiplayer game can disconnect or reconnect to the game whenever they want. They will always respawn where they were the last time they played the game. If the individual who started the LAN world leaves, everyone else will be booted out of the game so make sure you give everyone warning before you decide to quit for the day. People will not be able to play that world again until the individual who created and started the multiplayer game goes through the process of playing it and opening it to LAN again.
To customize Minecraft you can add Resource Packs. They were formally known as Texture Packs and only contained different skins for the blocks of Minecraft, but they can now contain many other items including music, text, and art.
To begin, you need to create or download the resource packs you want. There are various locations on the web to find them. The one I will be showing you for this class is OzoCraft*. Whenever you download a resource pack, the file will be zipped, make sure you unzip it. To use it in the game, move the new resource pack into the resourcepacks folder that is in the Minecraft folder on your computer.
Now you can open the game. On the main menu screen, click the Options menu. This will take you to many game options; the one you want is Resource Packs.
This will take you to the menu that allows you to add whatever resources packs you want from those you downloaded. If you have no resource packs added, the left column will be blank. Once you drag them into the appropriate folder (as indicated above) they will appear in this left column.
Click any of the resource packs on the left to move them over to the right. The Default resource pack will always be on the right. Once you have chosen the one you want, click Done. Give it time to load and once it takes you back to the menu, you will be ready to play. If you ever decide you want to remove that texture pack and go back to default or try another one, just go back to the Resource Pack menu, hover over the texture pack you want to remove and click the "X" that appears to move it back over to the left. Now you can choose a new one to try out or just use the default textures.
*Since installing this texture pack, Minecraft has updated to 1.11 which broke one of the Oak Log textures in this pack. Here is a quick video someone created showing how to fix the texture pack if you are interested in using it.
People have been creating resource packs through many versions of Minecraft. Since new blocks can be added at any time, some packs can become out of date. When this happens, the resource pack will show up highlighted in red and it will say that it was made for an older version of Minecraft. You can actually get around this.
Go into your resourcepacks folder within the Minecraft folder on your computer and find the resource pack you want to update. Look for the file called pack.mcmeta. Open this in a basic text editing program. Where you see it say "pack_format": 1, change the 1 to a 3 and save it. Go back into the Resource Packs in the Minecraft game and there should no longer be an error with it. The pack will now work with your game, you are just going to be missing some textures, but the default textures will still be in place for the missing items/blocks.
Another issue you may run into is the resource pack won't show up in the menu even after you move it to the right folder on your computer. The most likely reason this is happening is because the resource pack is missing the pack.mcmeta file. The easiest way to try to fix this is to copy an existing file from another resource pack and pasting it into the resource pack that is missing it. You can make edits to it to make it more fitting with the resource pack if you would like, but this shouldn't be necessary.
Lastly, if you really want to use an older resource pack, but also don't want the default designs to fill in any missing textures, you can use multiple resource packs. Start by clicking on all the packs you want to use to move them to the right. Hover over the resource packs images and use the arrows that appear to move them up or down. Put the pack you want the most at the top and the second most below it and so on. The default pack will always appear at the bottom.
On the Left:
The LIFE pack changed the grass texture, but the color is the same as the game's Default textures.
The skins of the minecart and rails are the same as Default because LIFE did not have a skin for this.
On the Right:
The grass is still the same texture the LIFE pack changed it to.
The ORR pack changed the texture for the minecart and rails.
The shade of green for the grass changed because ORR had a file for this while LIFE did not.
This may seem overwhelming, but you can mess with as many or as few settings for your game as you want. The important thing is to have fun while you're playing. If things don't seem right with your first game, you can always close it and try a new one with different settings.
Once you have the settings the way you want them for your game, you can click Create New World to start playing! When the world loads, you will be thrown right into the game. It can seem overwhelming to just start with nothing, but it's really easy to get going. The next lesson will talk more about what you want to get started on when the game loads and more of what you are going to experience as you explore more and more of your world.
Share a photo of your finished project with the class!
Nice work! You've completed the class project