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40CommentsLand of Liberals, Maryland. Sanctuary for criminals.Joined August 23rd, 2016
Chemist. Automechanic. Physicist. Engineer. My wife and I gutted our 2 story home to the floor joists and rebuilt the ENTIRE interior. Built in exterior walls reduced energy by 75%! Username because I am an expert at Mass Spectrometry. GC/MS. For over 25 years. Wrote two EPA methods. My gift is troubleshooting. Sent all over the world and had batting average of 1.000 in fixing and optimizing every instrument. They are chemical laboratory instruments like used in CSI. Forensic, research of al... Read More »
  • How to Build a 12x20 Cabin on a Budget

    The work that we do is so awesome that people fight over the houses in which we have worked. No one has ever asked to check for permits. Whether we get a permit is up to the homeowner. I prefer that they comply with the law but most people here do not. For example, you can not get a permit to finish a downstairs in most all houses that have unfinished basements in our city because the ceiling height is too short by about one inch. NO ONE tries to get a permit because they know they can't. In a basement that we have finished we have many tricks to make the ceiling as high as possible. You would never know or even think about ceiling height in one of the basements that we have done because all the work is planned out and done so well. Yes, the homeowner is the one stuck if permits are ask...

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    The work that we do is so awesome that people fight over the houses in which we have worked. No one has ever asked to check for permits. Whether we get a permit is up to the homeowner. I prefer that they comply with the law but most people here do not. For example, you can not get a permit to finish a downstairs in most all houses that have unfinished basements in our city because the ceiling height is too short by about one inch. NO ONE tries to get a permit because they know they can't. In a basement that we have finished we have many tricks to make the ceiling as high as possible. You would never know or even think about ceiling height in one of the basements that we have done because all the work is planned out and done so well. Yes, the homeowner is the one stuck if permits are asked to be checked but then another buyer in our area would be fighting with him to buy the house anyway. They are all the best homes on the inside of the entire neighborhood. Most every home I see that we have not done is a mess inside. YOU MAKE A GREAT POINT ABOUT INSURANCE. WILL YOUR INSURANCE CHECK FOR PERMITS? AND WILL YOU HAVE ALL THIS EXTRA $100K OF WORK COVERED IF YOU HAVE A FIRE? For us we told our insurance that the work was mostly done by the owners before us. They were the ones who did not get the permits, not us. In my experience insurance companies have their own people who check things out in a very rough fashion. How many rooms are finished? Do we have a fire escape from the bedroom downstairs? And yes, we installed a casement window that passes code for fire escape. It's determined by the height of the casement window from the floor. They didn't check permits as the people who manage the permits are incompetent. Government. They came out to measure a deck we built and didn't even know how to measure it. They put a tape measure across it diagonally, two high school girls who got jobs because of quotas and they could barely read and knew NOTHING about construction. This is who the local permit and licensing office sent out... to raise our taxes. Just because we built a deck. It increased our escrow!

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  • How to Build a 12x20 Cabin on a Budget

    "the rafters are neither connected by ceiling joists or collar ties." just to start. This is not the bureaucracy part. These are the physics of building and engineering so it doesn't fall apart. If you wanted to design housing then you should have been an engineer. Or use an engineer's plans. Or learn about building construction. You have negated needed construction that is glaring to even an amateur builder.

    And pressure treated wood is not all the same. It needs to be rated for ground and or water contact. In some areas, like the beach, a post is below the water line.

    If you do not mix concrete for piers then they are not piers. The holes should be approximately 36" deep and large at the bottom (read to see why). First pour in about a 6 inch high "disc," this is a base at the bottom and let it harden (wet cement mix). After that dries put the post on top of it and surround with either wet concrete or dry concrete, fence builders mix with dirt but this is not a fence. The idea is to make large surfaced feet at the bottom, like the moon lander. Large surface feet at the bottom made of concrete BELOW THE FROST LINE (I deepen the hole 12" more than code for my area). The best builders make the hole for the pier larger diameter as they dig down. DO NOT EVER PUT LOOSE DIRT BACK IN BEFORE ADDING CONCRETE. YOU WANT SOLID GROUND AROUND AND...

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    If you do not mix concrete for piers then they are not piers. The holes should be approximately 36" deep and large at the bottom (read to see why). First pour in about a 6 inch high "disc," this is a base at the bottom and let it harden (wet cement mix). After that dries put the post on top of it and surround with either wet concrete or dry concrete, fence builders mix with dirt but this is not a fence. The idea is to make large surfaced feet at the bottom, like the moon lander. Large surface feet at the bottom made of concrete BELOW THE FROST LINE (I deepen the hole 12" more than code for my area). The best builders make the hole for the pier larger diameter as they dig down. DO NOT EVER PUT LOOSE DIRT BACK IN BEFORE ADDING CONCRETE. YOU WANT SOLID GROUND AROUND AND BELOW THE CONCRETE PIER. You can add large blue stone or what is called stone dust, which is not dust it just has not been run through a size screen. It is also called "base." If you use base then you need to pack it in with a heavy compacting tool. You should be using pressure treated 6 x 6 posts. 4 x 4's twist and bow. I can see in your pic that the front right post of your "stoop" is bowing. Lastly, if you use pure wet concrete in hard undisturbed ground then at the top of the concrete pier... slope the concrete downward as you go away from the post to keep water from puddling at the top of the concrete in contact with the wood post. Do this whether the top of the concrete is above or below ground.

    You are wrong about this. There are national and local building codes for any structure that involves people. Decks for example. You need a permit for this and you need to pass inspection of the code inspector for your drawings, at initial construction and final construction.

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  • Why You Should Make A Mosquito Trap

    I see you have a direct quote from what you wrote in the Instructable and was missed.

    Did I miss something? Do you have a pic of the bottle full of mosquitos?? You do have very awesome vids of the yeast developing.

    This post is ace! I had one thought during the view of your acutely well done exhibits and brief instructable :) As a chemist I thought "why not add more thermal mass to the heating." A dark asphalt shingle for example. Maybe the shingle smell is repulsive to the mosquito so this is only a thought to give more thermal mass. Maybe a thick dark silicone rubber piece that bends around the trap. Tribute to this post! Maybe the water has enough thermal mass. Maybe not mess with success?

    Just to say. Please do not use "Permethrin" to kill fleas. It is a neurotoxin to cats. And felix can die in the most horrible, painful way. Permethrin is being sold at high concentrations to kill fleas on places like Amazon. OMG. This is why it is NOT used in cat Frontline but it is used in dog Frontline. Dog Frontline will kill a cat. I pressed the company to note this on the dog Frontline but they will not only because they don't want to scare people and decrease sales. You can see cat deaths in process from Permethrin but do not watch them. It is too much. One study indicates that the most common cause of cat death is now Permethrin. This is not being discussed, it is hush.

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  • How to Unscrew a Nut that's Stuck on a Bolt (without ruining threads)

    I see a comment that "this makes no sense." The locking two nuts together is excellent and classic. It make a threaded rod into a bolt with a hex head. You are confusing when you use the vise. There is nothing to the vise, better to show this using a wrench to make the point. Like a closed end six sided, of course, double end wrench used for auto mechanics. I see the readers think they need a vise and are confused.

    There are some aerosols better than WD40. The one easiest to find is PB Blaster. The point here is they really DISSOLVE the rust. Or most likely break it loose and suspend it in the liquid. Always use outdoors! The best ever was CRC-55 and Toyota sells a red can that is aptly named "Rust Dissolver." (I am naming these from memory and think they are accurate....if they are not then they are very closely named and it will be obvious if you read the can or use them. They are superior to WD-40. I even leave the can outside from the smell until it all evaporates from the spray nozzle before I bring them inside. The best was CRC, then Toyota (very close) and lastly PBB. These need time to work. In some cases like removing a bumper it may take a day. Taking nuts from the studs to reg...

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    There are some aerosols better than WD40. The one easiest to find is PB Blaster. The point here is they really DISSOLVE the rust. Or most likely break it loose and suspend it in the liquid. Always use outdoors! The best ever was CRC-55 and Toyota sells a red can that is aptly named "Rust Dissolver." (I am naming these from memory and think they are accurate....if they are not then they are very closely named and it will be obvious if you read the can or use them. They are superior to WD-40. I even leave the can outside from the smell until it all evaporates from the spray nozzle before I bring them inside. The best was CRC, then Toyota (very close) and lastly PBB. These need time to work. In some cases like removing a bumper it may take a day. Taking nuts from the studs to regasket oxygen sensors on your vehicle is another use. The ones just before and after the catalytic converter. I find these essential to have. You can also work the nut in a tightening direction before the opposite loosening direction. But never over tighten. This is just about unseeable movement which helps loosen. I have sprayed the Toyota version in lock holes on my truck and also our front door. Just a little. For about two years there is no resistance and much less wear. It feels amazing to have your key turn feel almost fluid.

    It's a six sided box end wrench. Thank you Tanzer26. Tanzer26 has great comments. Read his. Then after read mine for what materials you should be using.

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