Instructables: exploring - technology - science - science - chemistry http://www.instructables.com Thu, 17 Apr 2014 23:21:22 PDT BLOX v1.01 Testing the 'Unbreakability' of Naked Eggs http://www.instructables.com/id/Testing-the-Unbreakability-of-Naked-Eggs/
Testing the 'Unbreakability' of Naked Eggs - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/FRJ/PBOI/HU1RY7JJ/FRJPBOIHU1RY7JJ.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FRJ/PBOI/HU1RY7JJ/FRJPBOIHU1RY7JJ.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FRJ/PBOI/HU1RY7JJ/FRJPBOIHU1RY7JJ.SMALL.jpg Ins Trucktibles Making Naked eggs, or bouncy eggs, or unbreakable eggs, is a popular experiment. It merely incorporates a simple reaction, to create something spectacular. Naked eggs, are made using vinegar, and normal eggs. This experiment requires some patience, and is not completed in day. Also, keep in mi...
By: Ins Trucktibles

Continue Reading »]]>
Wed, 16 Apr 2014 14:34:27 PDT
Removing Permanent Marker a Cinch with Hand Sanitizer..? Or Isopropanol... http://www.instructables.com/id/Removing-Permanent-Marker-a-Cinch-with-Hand-Saniti/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FTX/CWFS/HSE92VOX/FTXCWFSHSE92VOX.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FTX/CWFS/HSE92VOX/FTXCWFSHSE92VOX.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FTX/CWFS/HSE92VOX/FTXCWFSHSE92VOX.SMALL.jpg TrollFaceTheMan Can you use Isopropyl Alcohol or even modest Hand Sanitizer to remove, Permanent Marker..? The answer is a big, fat Yes!! Either one of these will do an amazing job of removing Permanent Marker from just about anything!! Don't believe me..? Watch this video and be Amazed!! Still if not, try it for ...
By: TrollFaceTheMan

Continue Reading »]]>
Wed, 5 Mar 2014 23:00:04 PST
Concentrating Rubbing Alcohol With Table Salt! http://www.instructables.com/id/Concentrating-Rubbing-Alcohol-With-Table-Salt/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F5Y/YT7X/HS9YBF5I/F5YYT7XHS9YBF5I.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F5Y/YT7X/HS9YBF5I/F5YYT7XHS9YBF5I.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F5Y/YT7X/HS9YBF5I/F5YYT7XHS9YBF5I.SMALL.jpg TrollFaceTheMan With some Non-Iodized table salt, we will concentrate some Isopropyl Alcohol from 70% to around 95% This is a remake of a Video I had made Here (http://youtu.be/RfA3-UGKv_k) which had poor Cropping due to recording angle... Also this video simplifies some of the methods to increase convenience too ...
By: TrollFaceTheMan

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 3 Mar 2014 12:50:14 PST
Converting Ammonium Nitrate To Sodium Nitrate For Pyrotechnics Using Lye http://www.instructables.com/id/Converting-Ammonium-Nitrate-To-Sodium-Nitrate-For-/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F67/8AA7/HSBSKR8P/F678AA7HSBSKR8P.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F67/8AA7/HSBSKR8P/F678AA7HSBSKR8P.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F67/8AA7/HSBSKR8P/F678AA7HSBSKR8P.SMALL.jpg TrollFaceTheMan In this video I will Show you how to turn and instant cold pack and some drain cleaner powder into a viable oxidizer for all your pyrotechnics needs... This work very well as a Potassium Nitrate Substitute, especially for sugar rockets and such... Now this should not be attempted by anyone except a ...
By: TrollFaceTheMan

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 3 Mar 2014 12:26:42 PST
An extremely simple and effective vacuum pump http://www.instructables.com/id/The-simplest-vacuum-pump-in-the-world/
An extremely simple and effective vacuum pump - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/FV8/P5VO/HOKSCO7S/FV8P5VOHOKSCO7S.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FV8/P5VO/HOKSCO7S/FV8P5VOHOKSCO7S.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FV8/P5VO/HOKSCO7S/FV8P5VOHOKSCO7S.SMALL.jpg luani I will show you how to make a very simple but effective venturi vacuum pump out of cheep laboratory material. You will need several minutes to make it. The principle of this pump is that when the water flows through the vertical tube, the vacuum is generated at the horizontal tube.This type of pump ...
By: luani

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 30 Nov 2013 13:53:44 PST
How To Make Soda POP!!! -Two Classic Methods http://www.instructables.com/id/How-To-Make-Soda-POP-Two-Classic-Methods/
How To Make Soda POP!!! -Two Classic Methods - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/FY1/A8UH/HLZRSXK7/FY1A8UHHLZRSXK7.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FY1/A8UH/HLZRSXK7/FY1A8UHHLZRSXK7.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FY1/A8UH/HLZRSXK7/FY1A8UHHLZRSXK7.SMALL.jpg nerfrocketeer Soda can experiments have been fascinating people for years. Something about smelling that delicious smell of carbon mixed with a giant jet of soda always makes people excited. Not only are soda experiments fun, but they also are a great way to teach science principles such as gas laws and types of ...
By: nerfrocketeer

Continue Reading »]]>
Tue, 1 Oct 2013 13:57:41 PDT
Crazy Mini Magnetic Stirrer http://www.instructables.com/id/Crazy-Mini-Magnetic-Stirrer/
Crazy Mini Magnetic Stirrer - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/F6S/CHPD/HLJV1YQT/F6SCHPDHLJV1YQT.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F6S/CHPD/HLJV1YQT/F6SCHPDHLJV1YQT.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F6S/CHPD/HLJV1YQT/F6SCHPDHLJV1YQT.SMALL.jpg A14   I was planning to build those for a while now I got a chance to build one. So let's start building. Materials:    -PC Fan    -Neodymium Hard Disk Magnet    -SPST Switch    -Bunch of Round Magnets    -Alligator cables (for testing)    -Enclosure    -Wire Tools:    -X-acto Knife    -Hot Gl...
By: A14

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 14 Sep 2013 14:39:42 PDT
How to Burn Palladium http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Burn-Palladium/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FFP/87A5/HHS9SZSZ/FFP87A5HHS9SZSZ.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FFP/87A5/HHS9SZSZ/FFP87A5HHS9SZSZ.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FFP/87A5/HHS9SZSZ/FFP87A5HHS9SZSZ.SMALL.jpg FPSoutback A quick video on how to unlock palladiums hidden energy, intermetallic alloy reaction between aluminium, palladium, nichrome and platinum wires.
By: FPSoutback

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 17 Jun 2013 02:03:13 PDT
Making and Using a Lead Testing Chemical http://www.instructables.com/id/Making-and-Using-a-Lead-Testing-Chemical/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F24/KU9D/H4AFS5LN/F24KU9DH4AFS5LN.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F24/KU9D/H4AFS5LN/F24KU9DH4AFS5LN.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F24/KU9D/H4AFS5LN/F24KU9DH4AFS5LN.SMALL.jpg NurdRage Warning: This synthesis produces toxic nitrogen dioxide gases and handles corrosive acids. This should be performed in a fume hood with gloves. First get 10 grams of inositol and add 25 mL of concentrated nitric acid. With a condenser, reflux the mixture for three hours. Eventually gas productio...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 7 Jul 2012 11:15:32 PDT
Purification of Copper Sulfate http://www.instructables.com/id/Purification-of-Copper-Sulfate/
Purification of Copper Sulfate - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/FG5/CEBT/GXUZMYH6/FG5CEBTGXUZMYH6.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FG5/CEBT/GXUZMYH6/FG5CEBTGXUZMYH6.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FG5/CEBT/GXUZMYH6/FG5CEBTGXUZMYH6.SMALL.jpg nurdee1 In this instructable I am going to show you how to purify copper sulfate. The reason that I am doing this is because the type you get at the hardware store for cleaning drains has a fair amount of impurities in it. The stuff I got has about two percent impurities in it. This may not seem like very m...
By: nurdee1

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 30 Jan 2012 17:57:34 PST
Build a Lab Quality (ish) Distillation Apparatus. http://www.instructables.com/id/Build-a-Lab-Quality-Distillation-Apparatus/
Build a Lab Quality (ish) Distillation Apparatus. - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/FTB/71N0/GU63Y2HT/FTB71N0GU63Y2HT.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FTB/71N0/GU63Y2HT/FTB71N0GU63Y2HT.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FTB/71N0/GU63Y2HT/FTB71N0GU63Y2HT.SMALL.jpg laserjocky There are a few Instructables out there on how to create stills for various purposes. Usually these include a large amount of small diameter, flexible copper refrigerator tubing. While these stills can be quite effective, there is just something a little hokey about them. Especially the part where ...
By: laserjocky

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 24 Oct 2011 23:10:26 PDT
Set Up Your Home Chemistry Lab http://www.instructables.com/id/Set-Up-Your-Home-Chemistry-Lab/
Set Up Your Home Chemistry Lab - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/FJ1/8ZXK/GRFN1DX5/FJ18ZXKGRFN1DX5.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FJ1/8ZXK/GRFN1DX5/FJ18ZXKGRFN1DX5.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FJ1/8ZXK/GRFN1DX5/FJ18ZXKGRFN1DX5.SMALL.jpg Pyrophoric A concise introduction to home chemistry and methods/utensils for an improvised chem lab setup - for those interested in setting up their very own home chemistry laboratory.   Tired of watching a nurdrage video and not having the means to try it at home? Make a lab.  We will be using various met...
By: Pyrophoric

Continue Reading »]]>
Wed, 17 Aug 2011 20:33:32 PDT
Copper plating made easy http://www.instructables.com/id/Copper-plating-made-easy/
Copper plating made easy - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/F6C/3WM8/GNBEV13S/F6C3WM8GNBEV13S.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F6C/3WM8/GNBEV13S/F6C3WM8GNBEV13S.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F6C/3WM8/GNBEV13S/F6C3WM8GNBEV13S.SMALL.jpg aduy I'm currently taking a high school Chem AP class and one of our assignments is to make up our own experiment using stuff that we learned during the class. We decided to electroplate some coins in copper, and as it turns out its fairly easy to plate things in copper. You could even use this technique...
By: aduy

Continue Reading »]]>
Sun, 8 May 2011 20:26:58 PDT
Make Potassium Chlorate from Bleach http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Potassium-Chlorate-from-Bleach/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FZH/CT2A/FUPUPMI1/FZHCT2AFUPUPMI1.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FZH/CT2A/FUPUPMI1/FZHCT2AFUPUPMI1.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FZH/CT2A/FUPUPMI1/FZHCT2AFUPUPMI1.SMALL.jpg NurdRage How to Make Potassium Chlorate from Bleach and sodium-free salt. Warning: This produces small amounts of chlorine gas, this should be done outside or in a fumehood. Potassium chlorate is a useful oxidizer and small amounts can be easily made using household chemicals. Start by boiling a large quan...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 26 Aug 2010 19:09:01 PDT
Make Glow Sticks - The Science http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Glow-Sticks-The-Science/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FHR/8MK8/GBOTJEXQ/FHR8MK8GBOTJEXQ.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FHR/8MK8/GBOTJEXQ/FHR8MK8GBOTJEXQ.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FHR/8MK8/GBOTJEXQ/FHR8MK8GBOTJEXQ.SMALL.jpg NurdRage We show how to make glow sticks and go through all the chemicals needed as well as how to make different colors. We also talk about the chemistry and scientifically research a proposed mechanism. To make the glow stick mix together the following: 10mL Diethyl Phthalate (solvent) 3mg of fluorescent...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 17 Jul 2010 18:56:54 PDT
Turn Copper Pennies into Silver and Gold [Chemistry Trick] http://www.instructables.com/id/Turn-Copper-Pennies-into-Silver-and-Gold-Chemistr/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FEY/BTMU/G9C6ZF01/FEYBTMUG9C6ZF01.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FEY/BTMU/G9C6ZF01/FEYBTMUG9C6ZF01.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FEY/BTMU/G9C6ZF01/FEYBTMUG9C6ZF01.SMALL.jpg NurdRage In a display of alchemy we turn copper pennies into silver and finally to gold. Obviously it's a chemistry trick but still impressive. First we get 30g of zinc sulfate and dissolve it into 100mL of water. Zinc sulfate was made back in our video on making a copper sulfate and zinc battery: http://...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 20 May 2010 20:16:04 PDT
How to Make Ammonium Nitrate http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-Ammonium-Nitrate/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F7C/G9AV/G8C3UJXC/F7CG9AVG8C3UJXC.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F7C/G9AV/G8C3UJXC/F7CG9AVG8C3UJXC.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F7C/G9AV/G8C3UJXC/F7CG9AVG8C3UJXC.SMALL.gif NurdRage In this video we make ammonium nitrate from various off-the-shelf chemicals. Note: This is not cheaper than buying it directly, once again our objective is to explore the chemistry. Warning: The chemicals are corrosive and ammonia has a horrible smell, work outside or in a fumehood and wear gloves...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 24 Apr 2010 18:42:31 PDT
Stacking Liquids: Home Experiment http://www.instructables.com/id/Stacking-Liquids-Home-Experiment/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FBD/6EPS/G4PBOPPE/FBD6EPSG4PBOPPE.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FBD/6EPS/G4PBOPPE/FBD6EPSG4PBOPPE.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FBD/6EPS/G4PBOPPE/FBD6EPSG4PBOPPE.SMALL.jpg ThirstForScience An easy home experiment; create a tower of liquids. The liquids near the bottom are more dense while the objects on top are less dense. This can also be used to determine the relative density of solid objects. Place them in the container and see where they float. Check www.monkeyvsgravity.com for m...
By: ThirstForScience

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 23 Jan 2010 10:10:24 PST
Make SMASH-GLOW Crystals! http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-SMASH-GLOW-Crystals/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FGN/TY3C/G43E4LQS/FGNTY3CG43E4LQS.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FGN/TY3C/G43E4LQS/FGNTY3CG43E4LQS.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FGN/TY3C/G43E4LQS/FGNTY3CG43E4LQS.SMALL.jpg NurdRage In this video we make triboluminescent or smash-glow crystals. Triboluminescence is the phenomena where light is generated when something is rubbed or fractured. The exact mechanism by which triboluminescence works is still under investigation, but the best theories so far propose that the breaking...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sun, 10 Jan 2010 02:07:27 PST
How to Make Phosphorescent "Glow in the Dark" Powder http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-Phosphorescent-Glow-in-the-Dark-Powd/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FZE/DYHV/G33OQ8ON/FZEDYHVG33OQ8ON.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FZE/DYHV/G33OQ8ON/FZEDYHVG33OQ8ON.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FZE/DYHV/G33OQ8ON/FZEDYHVG33OQ8ON.SMALL.jpg NurdRage How to make phosphorescent glow in the dark powder. Also known as luminescent, photoluminescent or simply glow powder. Warning: This experiment uses mildly toxic chemicals, wear gloves when handling them. In addition, the combustion reaction must be performed outside or in a fume-hood due to the res...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sun, 13 Dec 2009 16:51:36 PST
Make Potassium Permanganate (sort of...) http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Potassium-Permanganate-sort-of/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FWW/3JZ0/FYAJKLLA/FWW3JZ0FYAJKLLA.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FWW/3JZ0/FYAJKLLA/FWW3JZ0FYAJKLLA.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FWW/3JZ0/FYAJKLLA/FWW3JZ0FYAJKLLA.SMALL.jpg NurdRage We make potassium permanganate from the potassium nitrate and manganese dioxide we obtained in previous videos.Warning: This experiment deals with very high temperatures in glass equipment. Face shields and protection against shattering glass is required. In addition small quantities of toxic gases ...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 13 Aug 2009 23:05:24 PDT
Make Copper Sulfate from Copper and Sulfuric acid (3 ways) http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Copper-Sulfate-from-Copper-and-Sulfuric-acid-/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FBB/08DN/FXK6AFOG/FBB08DNFXK6AFOG.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FBB/08DN/FXK6AFOG/FBB08DNFXK6AFOG.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FBB/08DN/FXK6AFOG/FBB08DNFXK6AFOG.SMALL.jpg NurdRage We make copper sulfate from copper and sulfuric acid using two chemical methods and one electrochemical method.Copper does not directly react with sulfuric acid so some form of oxidant is needed. Hydrogen peroxide and nitric acid are excellent oxidants and the first two methods demonstrate this. The...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 25 Jul 2009 19:52:26 PDT
Make Sulfuric acid (metabisulfite/oxidizer method) http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Sulfuric-acid-metabisulfiteoxidizer-method/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FII/ANLE/FWI9UZXO/FIIANLEFWI9UZXO.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FII/ANLE/FWI9UZXO/FIIANLEFWI9UZXO.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FII/ANLE/FWI9UZXO/FIIANLEFWI9UZXO.SMALL.jpg NurdRage We make concentrated sulfuric acid from sodium metabisulfite, hydrochloric acid and an oxidant such as hydrogen peroxide or nitric acid.Warning: The procedures in this video produce large quantities of toxic gases and deal with highly corrosive acids. All work must be performed in a fume hood with p...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sun, 28 Jun 2009 20:56:42 PDT
Make a Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-a-Lithium-Thionyl-Chloride-Battery/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FKP/54XB/FUVSGL17/FKP54XBFUVSGL17.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FKP/54XB/FUVSGL17/FKP54XBFUVSGL17.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FKP/54XB/FUVSGL17/FKP54XBFUVSGL17.SMALL.jpg NurdRage How to make a Lithium Thionyl Chloride Battery capable of generating 2.8v with enough current to power a LED.Warning: Thionyl Chloride is EXTREMELY toxic and this experiment must be performed in a fumehood by an experienced chemist with proper safety precautions.Lithium thionyl chloride batteries of...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sun, 24 May 2009 11:46:19 PDT
How To Make TCPO (for making glow sticks) http://www.instructables.com/id/How-To-Make-TCPO-for-glow-sticks/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FGP/0I7B/FUI0RZ5V/FGP0I7BFUI0RZ5V.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FGP/0I7B/FUI0RZ5V/FGP0I7BFUI0RZ5V.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FGP/0I7B/FUI0RZ5V/FGP0I7BFUI0RZ5V.SMALL.jpg NurdRage How to make TCPO or bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl) oxalate, used in glow stick reactions.WARNING: This procedure should only be performed by, or under the direct supervision of, an experienced chemist. Please refer to the material safety data sheets of all chemicals for their hazards. Synthesis must be ...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 11 May 2009 10:04:46 PDT
How to Make Sodium Nitrate, A Potassium Nitrate Substitute http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-Sodium-Nitrate-A-Potassium-Nitrate-Su/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FWQ/4TJK/FT7PVR43/FWQ4TJKFT7PVR43.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FWQ/4TJK/FT7PVR43/FWQ4TJKFT7PVR43.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FWQ/4TJK/FT7PVR43/FWQ4TJKFT7PVR43.SMALL.jpg NurdRage How to make sodium nitrate, which can substitute for potassium nitrate for most purposes.Note: Sodium Nitrate is somewhat hygroscopic. Stuff you make from it such as pyrotechnic compositions should be used soon after making and not stored for extended periods of time.WARNING: Both procedures produce...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Tue, 14 Apr 2009 10:46:23 PDT
How to Make Potassium Nitrate http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-Potassium-Nitrate/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FT0/B1AZ/FT7PTWAK/FT0B1AZFT7PTWAK.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FT0/B1AZ/FT7PTWAK/FT0B1AZFT7PTWAK.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FT0/B1AZ/FT7PTWAK/FT0B1AZFT7PTWAK.SMALL.jpg NurdRage Make Potassium Nitrate from Instant Cold Packs and Potassium HydroxideWarning: This reaction will produce large quantities of toxic ammonia gas. Perform the reaction outside or in a fume hood. Potassium hydroxide is highly corrosive; wear gloves when working with it.Some instant cold packs contain a...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sun, 5 Apr 2009 10:11:26 PDT
How to Make Iodine from Sulfuric acid and an Alkali Metal Iodide http://www.instructables.com/id/How-to-Make-Iodine-from-Sulfuric-acid-and-an-Alkal/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F1W/UD5W/FSSIKVYC/F1WUD5WFSSIKVYC.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F1W/UD5W/FSSIKVYC/F1WUD5WFSSIKVYC.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F1W/UD5W/FSSIKVYC/F1WUD5WFSSIKVYC.SMALL.jpg NurdRage How to make elemental iodine from sulfuric acid and sodium or potassium iodide.Warning: Reaction must be done outside or in a fumehood due to production of toxic gases including hydrogen sulfide. Concentrated sulfuric acid is extremely corrosive and dangerous and should be handled in glass container...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Sun, 29 Mar 2009 17:39:22 PDT
Make a Glow Stick Reaction Using Real Chemicals http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-a-Glow-Stick-Reaction-Using-Real-Chemicals/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FW2/9022/FRXUSXGA/FW29022FRXUSXGA.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FW2/9022/FRXUSXGA/FW29022FRXUSXGA.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FW2/9022/FRXUSXGA/FW29022FRXUSXGA.SMALL.jpg NurdRage Here I show you how to make a glow stick reaction with real chemicals. Yes this is a repost, i made a huge mistake on the last oneThe glowstick reaction is made using a diphenyl oxalate derivative known as bis(2,4,6-trichlorophenyl)oxalate or TCPO. Additional ingredients include ethyl acetate as a s...
By: NurdRage

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 9 Mar 2009 22:12:58 PDT
Demonstrating the Fiber Optic Effect of Water http://www.instructables.com/id/Demonstrating-the-Fiber-Optic-Effect-of-Water/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F27/SA9P/FEEMAP2B/F27SA9PFEEMAP2B.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F27/SA9P/FEEMAP2B/F27SA9PFEEMAP2B.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F27/SA9P/FEEMAP2B/F27SA9PFEEMAP2B.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com You need a clear container and a laser. Poke a small hole an inch from the bottom of container for the water to stream out of. Fill the container with water and cap it. Aim the laser through the container and out the hole and open the cap. Check out the cool effect in the video.
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 27 Mar 2008 14:56:07 PDT
Fused Matchstick Rocket http://www.instructables.com/id/Fused-Matchstick-Rocket/
Fused Matchstick Rocket - More DIY How To Projects]]> http://cdn.instructables.com/F8P/VT5C/FE7ITVM8/F8PVT5CFE7ITVM8.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F8P/VT5C/FE7ITVM8/F8PVT5CFE7ITVM8.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F8P/VT5C/FE7ITVM8/F8PVT5CFE7ITVM8.SMALL.jpg Gehn How to make a fused matchstick rocket. Safer, and far more dramatic than the conventional kind!  Still, exercise caution with these things - and remember, I'm not responsible if you blow your hand off with one of these things. You'll need: - Matches - Scissors - A pin - Access to a stove - S...
By: Gehn

Continue Reading »]]>
Tue, 25 Mar 2008 07:33:38 PDT
How to Dramatically Demonstrate a Decomposition Reaction http://www.instructables.com/id/Mini-Volcano/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FU1/VH02/FBU346UA/FU1VH02FBU346UA.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FU1/VH02/FBU346UA/FU1VH02FBU346UA.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FU1/VH02/FBU346UA/FU1VH02FBU346UA.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com This chemical volcano is a result of the decomposition of Ammonium Dichromate. A decomposition reaction (aka analysis reaction) follows the general formula below A-- B + C A compound breaks down into smaller components. This is the demonstration of the decomposition of Ammonium Dichromate (NH4...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Sat, 2 Feb 2008 10:07:20 PST
Make Gold And Silver Pennies http://www.instructables.com/id/Make-Gold-And-Silver-Pennies/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FZC/ZHB2/FBU346VB/FZCZHB2FBU346VB.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FZC/ZHB2/FBU346VB/FZCZHB2FBU346VB.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FZC/ZHB2/FBU346VB/FZCZHB2FBU346VB.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com Turn pennies from copper to silver then to gold with a few household chemicals.
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 31 Jan 2008 11:54:44 PST
How to Demonstrate Plasma Using Grapes http://www.instructables.com/id/Plasma-from-Grapes/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FOA/R4AI/FBU346TE/FOAR4AIFBU346TE.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FOA/R4AI/FBU346TE/FOAR4AIFBU346TE.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FOA/R4AI/FBU346TE/FOAR4AIFBU346TE.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com DO NOT TRY THIS AT HOME it can ruin your microwave or burn down your house. Now that the warning is out of the way. slice a grape into quarters place into microwave (turn on)for no more than 15 seconds burst of plasma with emminate from the grape stop microwave to stop reaction (unless you microwav...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Wed, 30 Jan 2008 10:59:40 PST
How to make NonBurning Money http://www.instructables.com/id/NonBurning-Money/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FGN/CKUU/FBU346UF/FGNCKUUFBU346UF.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FGN/CKUU/FBU346UF/FGNCKUUFBU346UF.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FGN/CKUU/FBU346UF/FGNCKUUFBU346UF.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com A 20$ bill is taken from the pocket, or better yet, from a volunteer planted in the audience and is soaked in a liquid and set on fire. While holding the 20$ bill with tongs and watching the blue flame, one points out that the 20$ bill is not burning. Finally the 20$ bill is snuffed out with a quick...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Mon, 28 Jan 2008 10:22:07 PST
Making Imitation Silly Putty http://www.instructables.com/id/Making-Imitation-Silly-Putty/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F00/8RUM/FBU346SM/F008RUMFBU346SM.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F00/8RUM/FBU346SM/F008RUMFBU346SM.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F00/8RUM/FBU346SM/F008RUMFBU346SM.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com It seems everyone tries but get this wrong? I have found the perfect proportions. So no more glue balls. This isn't slime. This video is my recipe for making a silly putty like substance. I am a chemist and it works perfectly. It is a polyvinyl acetate polymer. Metric measurements 25mL glue 20mL wa...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 21:23:43 PST
How to To Demonstrate that the Boiling Point of a Liquid Depends on the Pressure http://www.instructables.com/id/Vacuum-Chamber-Project-2-Boiling--Room-Temperatu/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F8Z/R5JZ/FBU346SQ/F8ZR5JZFBU346SQ.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F8Z/R5JZ/FBU346SQ/F8ZR5JZFBU346SQ.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F8Z/R5JZ/FBU346SQ/F8ZR5JZFBU346SQ.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com A light layer of vacuum grease is applied to the rim of the belljar. Water at room temperature is placed inside and the vacuum pump is then used to evacuate the vessel. When the air pressure is reduced to the vapour pressure of water at room temperature the water will begin to boil.
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:44:24 PST
How to Electroplating A Quarter http://www.instructables.com/id/Electroplating-A-Quarter/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F8O/VR83/FBU346T1/F8OVR83FBU346T1.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F8O/VR83/FBU346T1/F8OVR83FBU346T1.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F8O/VR83/FBU346T1/F8OVR83FBU346T1.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com Quarters are nice and silvery. What if they looked like a big penny? This video shows you how to electroplate metal objects. How to Electroplate a Quarter Attach a piece of copper (a penny should work) to the positive + end of a battery Attach the quarter to the negative end - Fill a beaker/glass w...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:41:39 PST
Hydrate Video Lab http://www.instructables.com/id/Hydrate-Video-Lab/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FQB/RN2M/FBU346T8/FQBRN2MFBU346T8.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FQB/RN2M/FBU346T8/FQBRN2MFBU346T8.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FQB/RN2M/FBU346T8/FQBRN2MFBU346T8.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com This experiment is intended to introduce students to hydrated compounds. These compounds have water molecules coordinated in their chemical structures. Examples CuSO4*5H2O, BaCl2*2H2O, and NaC2H3O2*3H2O. Notice each formula has a "*" between the compound's formula and the number of water molecules...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:39:05 PST
How to Demonstrate Bond Energy http://www.instructables.com/id/Bond-Energy/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F57/OTGY/FBU346TB/F57OTGYFBU346TB.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F57/OTGY/FBU346TB/F57OTGYFBU346TB.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F57/OTGY/FBU346TB/F57OTGYFBU346TB.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com A difficult concept for many students to understand is the energy involved in breaking and forming bonds. A hydrate is a substance that has water bonded to it. In order to dehydrate you must add energy (endothermic) to break the bond to water. When hydrating you are forming a bond to water and will ...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:37:59 PST
How to Perform the Genie In A Bottle Demonstration http://www.instructables.com/id/Genie-In-A-Bottle/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F0S/O5VW/FBU346TH/F0SO5VWFBU346TH.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F0S/O5VW/FBU346TH/F0SO5VWFBU346TH.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F0S/O5VW/FBU346TH/F0SO5VWFBU346TH.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com This Demonstration shows the catalytic decomposition of hydrogen peroxide. 100mL of 30% hydrogen peroxide is pour into a flask that is wrapped in aluminum foil. A small packet of 2 grams of manganesse dioxide MnO2 is wedged between the rubber stopper and the rim of the glass. When opened the packe...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:33:46 PST
How to Demonstrate a Supersaturated Solution http://www.instructables.com/id/Seeding-A-Crystal/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FBW/M72P/FBU346TP/FBWM72PFBU346TP.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FBW/M72P/FBU346TP/FBWM72PFBU346TP.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FBW/M72P/FBU346TP/FBWM72PFBU346TP.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com This demonstration illustrates three concepts: the process of crystal growth from a solution, the properties of saturated solutions, and the idea that a seed crystal must be made of the same substance as the crystals that will grow. MATERIALS Saturated water solution of sodium acetate Small sample...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:28:45 PST
Demonstrating Dehydration Using Sugar (Sugar Snake) http://www.instructables.com/id/Sugar-Snake-Demo-Dehrydration-of-Sugar/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FEK/GDZD/FBU346TS/FEKGDZDFBU346TS.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FEK/GDZD/FBU346TS/FEKGDZDFBU346TS.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FEK/GDZD/FBU346TS/FEKGDZDFBU346TS.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com Sugar (a carbohydrate) is dehydrated with concentrated sulfuric acid. Since a carbohydrate was once considered just hydrated carbon, if you remove the water, carbon would be left over. The acid rips the water out of the sugar and the heat generated by this reaction causes the water to turn to steam....
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:27:26 PST
How to Demonstrate Temperature Properties of Muscle Wire (Nitinol) http://www.instructables.com/id/Muscle-Wire-Nitinol-Electrocuted/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FRM/ZFQ7/FBU346TV/FRMZFQ7FBU346TV.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FRM/ZFQ7/FBU346TV/FRMZFQ7FBU346TV.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FRM/ZFQ7/FBU346TV/FRMZFQ7FBU346TV.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com Sometimes called the Smart Alloy, Muscle Wire or Memory Metal, is an alloy that "remembers" it shape. You can reshape the wire, but when heated it returns to the preset shape. Ever wonder how someone bends a spoon with their mind? Same metal. This demo straighten the spring so it is suined. Then at...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:25:59 PST
How to Demonstrate Cohesive Forces of Water (hydrogen bonding) http://www.instructables.com/id/Water-Drops-on-a-Penny--Cohesive-Forces-of-Water-/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F2V/4FF3/FBU346TZ/F2V4FF3FBU346TZ.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F2V/4FF3/FBU346TZ/F2V4FF3FBU346TZ.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F2V/4FF3/FBU346TZ/F2V4FF3FBU346TZ.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com How many drops of water can you pile on a penny? It is very impressive. Can you do better? This experiment demonstrates the cohesive forces of water also known as Hydrogen Bonds. These forces are responsible for water forming droplets instead of spreading out.
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:24:16 PST
How to Reinflate a Balloon http://www.instructables.com/id/Vacuum-Chamber-Project-3-Inflating-a-Balloon/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FOS/AC3R/FBU346U2/FOSAC3RFBU346U2.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FOS/AC3R/FBU346U2/FOSAC3RFBU346U2.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FOS/AC3R/FBU346U2/FOSAC3RFBU346U2.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com A partially filled balloon is placed into a vacuum chamber. When the vacuum is turned on the pressure exerted on the balloon decreases and the balloon can expand until the bell jar is completely filled. When the air is allowed back in the jar, the pressure is reestablished and the balloon returns to...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:22:48 PST
How to Make A Mallomar Transformer http://www.instructables.com/id/Mallomars-Transformers-in-a-Vacuum/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FMO/L0QF/FBU346U7/FMOL0QFFBU346U7.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FMO/L0QF/FBU346U7/FMOL0QFFBU346U7.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FMO/L0QF/FBU346U7/FMOL0QFFBU346U7.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com When Mallomars are placed into a vacuum they go through a cool transformation. The marshmallow inside expands and breaks throught the chocolate coating. Interestingly, when the pressure is reapplied the mallomars go back to its original cookie shape. This is a great demonstration of Boyle's Law. P...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:20:56 PST
How to Instantly Freeze Soda http://www.instructables.com/id/Instantly-Freeze-Soda/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FG4/PZVC/FBU346UJ/FG4PZVCFBU346UJ.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FG4/PZVC/FBU346UJ/FG4PZVCFBU346UJ.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FG4/PZVC/FBU346UJ/FG4PZVCFBU346UJ.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com This works with any carbonated beverage . Take your beverage and cool it down to a temperature around 20F or -7C.Either the freezer or outside if it is cold enough. When opened it will freeze instantly. The reason: This demonstrates the principle of freezing point depression. Pure water at 1 atm wi...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 20:14:02 PST
How to Make Flammable Ice (yes-solid water) http://www.instructables.com/id/Flammable-Ice/ http://cdn.instructables.com/F0T/R9XS/FBU346VG/F0TR9XSFBU346VG.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F0T/R9XS/FBU346VG/F0TR9XSFBU346VG.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/F0T/R9XS/FBU346VG/F0TR9XSFBU346VG.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com Ice is quickly added to a dry Pyrex bowl. Not Dry there is Calcium Carbide on the bottom, that is why you do it quickly. When the Ice melts the water reacts with the calcium carbide (place on the bottom) to produce acetylene gas and calcium hydroxide. The acetylene gas then explodes into flames when...
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 19:51:40 PST
Muscle Wire (Nitinol) in HOT Water http://www.instructables.com/id/Muscle-Wire-Nitinol-in-HOT-Water/ http://cdn.instructables.com/FJT/YTCQ/FBU346VJ/FJTYTCQFBU346VJ.SQUARE2.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FJT/YTCQ/FBU346VJ/FJTYTCQFBU346VJ.SQUARE.jpg http://cdn.instructables.com/FJT/YTCQ/FBU346VJ/FJTYTCQFBU346VJ.SMALL.jpg kentchemistry.com Sometimes called the Smart Alloy, Muscle Wire or Memory Metal, is an alloy that "remembers" it shape. You can reshape the wire, but when heated it returns to the preset shape. Ever wonder how someone bends a spoon with their mind? Same metal.
By: kentchemistry.com

Continue Reading »]]>
Thu, 24 Jan 2008 19:50:15 PST