1394Views13Replies

Author Options:

How can I cool down an electromagnet? Answered

Hi instructables...I have made a small electromagnet for a project of mine....actually I made it to make an electromagnetic or relay switch...I intend to use it in a robot...I have this awful problem..it keeps getting hot..I would really appreciate if you told me a way to cool it down...and increasing the number of turns of coil or using less voltage or current is not an option...is there any other way...I used a cooling fan but it didn't work...so is there any other way?

13 Replies

user
Secret2424 (author)2018-04-13

You could use a water system. Like for my powerful electromagnets that use 20 amps of power at 240 Volts with 4,800 watts of power. Then you will need 14 gallons of water per minute to run through your electromagnet. If you have any questions. Please feel free to email me at my email below.

Email: Secretagent2424@gmail.com

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
tylervitale (author)2012-10-23

If you don't care whether or not you made the magnet, I find pencil sharpener motors like this one in the image attached to be really effective. They don't heat up too bad, and I rigged one up with a 30 VDC supply and it was able to lift 5 pounds several feet into the air with ease.
I remember reading that the key to an efficient electromagnet is in the winding. I saw an electromagnet in a science demo magazine capable of lifting up to 25 pounds on only 3 volts. The reason it could do this is because it was precision wound so that the coils match up perfectly with the magnetic field.
If your windings are messy, clean them up. I used to think it doesn't matter myself but it really does.

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
tylervitale (author)tylervitale2012-10-23

Dang it. I don't think the image uploaded for some reason. Just google pencil sharpener motors.

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
AlternateLives (author)2012-10-23

Well, a really off the wall theory, but here we go:

Try to find some really small copper tubing. I think 'capillary copper tubing' is what you want. Wrap this tubing around the core (being careful not to kink it), then hook up a liquid-cooling system to the coil.

The copper will now serve a dual purpose, cooling as well as generating a magnetic field.

Once again, this is a theory, and I have no idea if it will work. But it's probably worth a try, if you can find copper tubing small enough.

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
gopal0 (author)2012-10-21

you can use an bigger nail then rap it with the coils then rap it tight with alimuniom foil then attach 2 or more big peaces of thick copper then add more negitive terminals in those thick copper wires and it you make the thick copper longer than the nail then it would act as magnetic sebelizer if you make them paralel

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
steveastrouk (author)2012-10-20

Have you used a ferromagnetic core ?

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
Wisaam (author)steveastrouk2012-10-20

I have used a simple iron nail as the core.

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
steveastrouk (author)Wisaam2012-10-21

You're saturating the core. Make it bigger, by wrapping more nails.

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
Re-design (author)2012-10-20

How hot does it get? Lots of electrical devices heat up somewhat in use, it's just a result of their work. If you don't let out the magic smoke then it didn't get too hot.

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
Wisaam (author)Re-design2012-10-20

I don't know the exact temperature but it gets hot enough that I can smell the smell of melting insulation of the copper wire used in it for winding..

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
blkhawk (author)2012-10-20

Try using a heatsink. Also some sort of thermoelectric cooling device.

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
rickharris (author)2012-10-20

Fan

Push less current through it

ext ream possibility water cooling

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer

user
Wisaam (author)rickharris2012-10-20

As I mentioned in the question...I cant push less current through it...I tried it but it greatly reduces the strength of the magnetic field...but thanks anyway for the suggestion..I'll find what I can more about liquid cooling..

Select as Best AnswerUndo Best Answer