How to use & wire relays, speed controllers, timers, micro switches, etc. with a DC motor.? Answered
I would like to use a 110 volt, 1/2 hp (more or less), DC ( or AC ) reversing motor to move and close a horizontal, heavy (approx. 200 lbs.) fabric, thermal, curtain blanket and then to move and open back the blanket in a greenhouse. There are very expensive commercial greenhouse systems that exist to perform this task. Since I have a hobby greenhouse that is 30 ft. wide by 80 ft. long by 13 ft. tall, I need a much more affordable system. Horizontal wires or very large monofilament fishing line (spaced 12" to 18" apart) will run the length of the greenhouse at approximately the 8 ft. height. These wires or lines will be used to support the blanket and for it to slide on (the blanket will have grommets or similar devices used on a shower curtain to keep the blanket running straight, etc. ) when mechanically closed and reopened. My idea is to use a DC or AC motor to perform this task with modifications to work in the greenhouse. The motor will consist of the 110 volt, 1/2 hp (more or less), DC or AC reversing motor, that will be connected to a small cable drum spool on the motor shaft, The motor can be attached at one end wall of the greenhouse at 8 ft. high below or above the blanket and at the other end of the greenhouse also will have a cable drum spool with a pipe for rotation an be appropriately attached to the end wall. Attached to these 2 cable drum spools would be say 175 ft. ( 2 x 80 ft. plus initial amount on spool) of say 3/8 inch aircraft cable. The curtain blanket will have a say a 30 ft. long 1/2 inch or so horizontal metal bar or pipe attached to it on the leading edge. The aircraft cable will be attached to the blanket bar or pipe.The other end of the curtain blanket will be attached to the non motor end wall. As the motor turns the 2 cable drum spools by wrapping and unwrapping the aircraft cable, the attached curtain blanket will be pulled the 80 ft. length of the greenhouse in each direction.
What I want to accomplish is as follows: . 1. Be able to slowly, if possible, (say over 20 - 30 minutes) close (move forward) the blanket with the motor at a preset time in the evening and for the motor to stop when the blanket is fully pulled to the motor end of the 80 ft. greenhouse.
2. Be able to slowly, if possible, (say over 20 - 30 minutes) reopen (move backward) the blanket with the motor at a preset time in the morning and for the motor to stop when the blanket is fully pulled back to the non motor end of the 80 ft. greenhouse. To accomplish this, this reversing DC or AC motor will need to reverse direction to reopen the blanket. 3. The shaft of a motor will probably be too short to clamp a cable drum spool to. How do I attach the spools?
4. What is best to use a DC or AC motor?
I tried extensively to research on the internet how to accomplish the above, but everything described similar processes in vague and technical terms of using various types of electromechanical timers, electromechanical relays, limit switches, microcontrollers, MOSFET circuits, transistors, arduinos, bridge rectifiers, etc. I have no knowledge of all of these electronic devices and am totally confused. However, I am pretty good at say basic home electrical wiring. The closest thing on the internet to what I am trying to accomplish is an automatic chicken coop door, but not enough specifics for my project.
I need some very, specificsteps, specificproducts and where they can be purchased to be able to accomplished this. What type of motor, types of electronic devices, etc. Also, since it appears I will need a timer, a speed controller, relays or limit switches, etc. how in the world to wire these to the motor in laymen terms. Thanks so much for anyone that can help me!!!