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I have a small fan that I want to hook up to my usb port... Answered

but it's a 12 volt not a 6 volt, and it runs to slow on 6 volts. what do I do?

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MYawar (author)2014-04-18

It would be better if you find a new motor with 6V rating, because if you go the other way round, building the inverter/transformer circuits, it would cost you more than the motor itself.

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MYawar (author)MYawar2014-04-18

You can also find one in hardware shops, or you can use a CPU fan rated 6V they are designed so to run on USB ports, and they are brush-less as well saving some energy.

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sooraj619 (author)2014-04-14

its better to find a new motor with 6V DC because the 5vDC to 12v DC converter will cost mosre than the motor u are using now

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dog digger (author)2012-04-11

you can get a voltage booster circuit to step up the voltage to 12v

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fwjs28 (author)2009-04-28

it will just run slower....

ps, most usb ports are 5 volts

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user

you need a dc-dc boost converter (think joule thief, but bigger) - it can convert the 5 volts up to 12 volts by using more amps (proportionally) (volts times amps are watts...)
A usb port can deliver 5 volts at ~500 mA, at spec - so thats 2.5 watts. Do not use a fan larger than about 2 watts (it'll say on the fan)...because if you boost 5 volts to 12 volts, then you still only have about 2 watts after conversion / 12 = 167 mA.

A better method would be to wire a 'molex' connector to inside your computer case (assuming not using a laptop) - then extending the cable to where you need it.

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fwjs28 (author)frollard2009-04-28

or take two usb cables, plug 'em into two ports, then wire both power wires to the fan, and you would get 10v which is almost 12, but just a tad slower....

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psymansays (author)fwjs282009-04-28

That would more likely short out one of your USB ports power line directly to the ground on the other, and blow a fuse or something.

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user

There are external HDD's that utilize this function exacttly. They connect to an extra USB slot for added power when using laptop systems. I have one and it never shorted out.

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frollard (author)fwjs282009-04-28

I think they share a common ground, so if you put +5v from one to ground on the other, you have yourself a short circuit. I could be wrong.

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fwjs28 (author)frollard2009-04-29

i think your right...you would need some fancy equipments.....

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user

I tried that at the beginning and it didn't work. (assuming that I did it right)

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sahat (author)2010-09-12

I will assume you are using 12v fan for computer(brushless) and I think it doesn't design for USB which only 5V.

If you insist to keep using that fan to be powered by USB you need to build some kind of power converter to set up the voltage(such as mentioned by frollard)

But if you asking me what will I do, then I probably just buy a USB powered laptop cooler pad and use their fan since it was design to work on 5V USB power.

Regards

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mantosh (author)2010-06-05

you could make it so it plugs into two usbs and combined the power to make it powerful enough

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msw100 (author)2010-01-09

Buy one from a £1.00 shop

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psymansays (author)2009-04-28

A lot of fans use over 1000 milliwatts, running at 12V. At 5V, that may still be over the 500 milliamp limit of the USB port.

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frollard (author)psymansays2009-04-29

5v@.5a = 2.5 watts
1000 milliwatts is less than 2500 milliwatts - hence why I said to do the math for the guy :D

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psymansays (author)frollard2009-04-29

Well, yes, that is true. The thing is, these fans tend to use brushless DC motors, which behave weirdly when running under voltage, often drawing more current than they're rated for. It would be best to use a multimeter to check the amperage from a stronger 5V source before hooking it up to a USB port, is all.

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frollard (author)psymansays2009-04-29

Indeed - undervolting a given impedance or resistance will result in higher current to make up the difference.

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