Introduction: 3D Printed Automatic Small Fish Feeder (Single Servo and Arduino)
This is a Single Servo Rotary Fish Feeder for small fish pellets! Using a single RobotGeek 180 Degree Servo and an Arduino, you can feed your fish for up to 10 days while you're out on vacation. This project is dead simple and works better than quite a lot of the commercial fish feeders, so let's feed that fish!
Step 1: Project Parts List
You will need access to a 3D printer to complete this project. Download the print files HERE, and print them out before we get started.
Electronics and Hardware you will need:
- RobotGeek 180 Degree Servo The main driving force of this project.
- Geekduino or Arduino Uno / Duemilanove equivalent
- 7V5A Power Supply
- RobotGeek Sensor Shield (optional because you will only need to wire a single servo to the microcontroller)
- RobotGeek Duino Mount (optional, just in case you would like to mount your arduino to a workbench)
- RobotGeek Small Workbench
- 100mm F-F Standoffs to mount your fish feeder to the workbench
- 100mm M-F Standoffs (optional, in case you need more than 10 CM of clearance from the workbench for your particular fishbowl)
- 16 x M3*6 Bolts, which can be found in the Experimenter's Nut and Bolt Pack
- RobotGeek Rotation Knob for quickly finding the microsecond values at each servo position
Step 2: Assembly
Center your servo.
Push the Servo through the top of the servo mount. It's a tight fit as is, but you can use 4 x M2 bolts that came with the servo to fasten it to the mount.
Attach the Feeder Wheel to the Servo Horn using 4 x M2 bolts.
Attach the Servo Horn to the Servo Spline using either an M3x6 Bolt, or the bolt that came with the Servo.
Seat the Servo Assembly into the Base, pushing the wheel all the way down so that it sits flush all the way around inside.
The Servo Mount should grab the Base tightly, but just in case, you can use some M3x6 Bolts to hold it in place.
The 6 holes around the outer ring of the feeder can be used to mount it to the workbench using standoffs and bolts.
Step 3: Wiring, Tuning, and Programming
Grab the RobotGeek Libraries and Tools here. Unzip into your Arduino folder.
Hook up your arduino as shown in the first diagram, USB to your computer, Power Supply to the wall, Rotation Knob on Analog 0, Servo on Digital 3, and the jumpers on the sensor shield to VIN.
Load up your Arduino IDE and open the test sketch under
Sketches → RobotGeekSketches → RG101 → 05-servo → F-analogInServoOutSerial
Open your serial monitor, and you should start seeing values show up. Turn the rotation knob. The values should change and your servo should move. Move your servo to each of the 10 positions on the wheel and write down the uS (microseconds) value of each position.
Now open the FishFeeder sketch under
Sketches → RobotGeekSketches → Demos → FishFeeder and put in the values you wrote down in lines 42-69, replacing the numbers in each parenthesis
servo1.writeMicroseconds(your number here); putting each position value in ascending order.
You can load the sketch onto your board, remove the USB and Rotation Knobs, fill the slots with a days worth of fish food each, and set it up at your fish tank! Your fish will eat like a king while you're away!
Step 4: Some Notes
If you lose power to the system while you are away, the servo position will reset, leaving your fish without the amount of days worth of food that the system has already cycled through. You can avoid this problem by putting the system on a battery that can last the number of days you will be gone, or using an RTC instead of the clock crystal. Use at your fish's risk.
The clock crystal on the Arduino is not perfectly accurate, and the system will not release food at exact times. After 9 days, the timing could be off as much as a second or two. If you absolutely feel the need to have feeding times be accurate to the second, use an RTC.
You can do multiple feedings during the day by running math on the delay. Say you wanted 2 feedings per day, you could set the delay for each of the feedings to
delay(DAY/2); This obviously will cut the amount of days your fish will be fed in half, use at your own discretion.
6 years ago
This is a great idea.
Something I thought of while reading this would be to have a servo with a smaller arc (less power needed). It holds only one feeding. It rotates out of a hopper and dispenses a single dose of food. It then rotates back and fills. The mechanism of filling the food cup is similar to how shotgun reloading charges are dispensed (look at the Lee Precision line of shotshell reloaders to see what I mean). This would give you much greater capacity (print the hopper as big as you like) and you wouldn't lose feeding sessions at power outages.
Reply 6 years ago
That's an excellent idea! With something of that nature, I wouldn't need the precision and torque of the larger servo, I could downgrade to a 9G and be able to pull it off. It would probably cut down a bit on printed materials as well, depending on the hopper. Great idea, thank you!
Reply 6 years ago
No problem. When you get it made, post it up. I would like to print that out for my aquariums.