Introduction: HOME GARDEN - AN BEGINNER'S GUIDE
Do you long to have garden fresh vegetables on your plate every day (or) to gaze out of your window at rows of colourful flowers? no matter how large or small your yard might be, you can craft a garden plan to fit your needs. Read on for information on how to plan and start a garden.
Step 1: PLANNING
What purpose do you want your garden to serve?
Some gardens are functional and produce fruit and vegetables. you can use to feed them to your family or give away to neighbours.
Some others are the ornamental purpose, serving to beautify your property, and provides a pleasant sight to passing by.
Herb gardens often complement both Flowers and vegetable gardens, since they tend flowers beautifully and also serve the functional purpose of adding flavours to your food, and a variety of other herbs you may want to use to make dried spices and tea.
Nowadays seeds for planting, soil for planting and fertilizers are easy to get, so forming a home garden is the easiest process.
FIRST STUDY YOUR CLIMATE AND SEASON VERY WELL, THEN PLAN YOUR HOME GARDEN ACCORDING TO THAT.
Points to remember while to plan your home garden;
1, whether to form your home garden in soil ground or cement based ground.
2, feeding natural fertilizers or artificial fertilizers to be used?
3, to be planted hybrid seeds or home seeds.
4, which type of plants ( vegetables, flowers, herbs )to be planted?
Remember these points while forming your home garden and plan according to that.
Step 2: LOCATION SELECTION
Take a look around your yard to assess the where you want to the garden to be located, the location you choose should help the garden serve the function you want it to have and also spot that is conducive to grow strong, healthy plants.
> No matter what type of garden you’re planting, most pants will grow better in rich, well-drained soils.
> Avoid spots in your yard where water seems to stand for a while after a heavy rain, as this could indicate the soil it is too soggy and clay based.
> Most vegetables grow best with lots of sunlight, so if you're planting a vegetable garden, choose a spot that isn't shaded by trees and your house.
> Flowers are more versatile, and if you'd like a flower garden next to your home, you can choose flower plants that grow best in partial or full shade.
> If your soil isn't high quality, you can make a raised bed and grow flowers and vegetables on there. (raised beds are built in top of the ground within the wood frame that is filled with soils).
> If you don't have a yard, you can still have a garden, planting your crops in your home terrace as a terrace garden.
Step 3: SOIL PREPARATION
Work with soil to a depth of about 12 inches(30.5cm), making sure it is loose and does not have a large cement mixture, rocks, roots and other big solid objects.
Add cow's dung and dried neem nuts in soil, increase soil nutrients is a simple procedure to convert normal soil into nutrition soil.
Step 4: PLANT BREEDERS
Plastic buckets, drums, unwanted pottery, and tins can be used as plant breeders.
> If you have a good financial background, you can use GROW BAGS or NYLON BAGS. These type of bags are ideal for growing plants on both the terrace garden and home garden because they are not overweight and convenient to handle.
Step 5: SEEDING METHOD
There are two methods, we can induce plants growth, they are,
1) Direct sowing method,
2) Seedling method,
1) Direct sowing method:
All types of ladyfingers, cluster beans, radish seeds should be sown directly into the soil.
The seeds of spinach are smaller in size, sprinkle with two tablespoons of sand and sown in the soil.
2) Seedling method (planting young plants):
Plant vegetable seeds such as brinjal, tomato, all type of chillies is sown in nursery beds or in small pots before a month after seeds are covered over the soil and let to grow. transfer to the home garden or grow bags, after 30-45 days of young plants.
Step 6: NATURAL FERTILIZERS
Have we thought about the reason why all the trees in the forests are green, even during low rainfall?
This is due to their NATURAL FERTILIZES.
Leaves and other parts of the trees fall from it and become biodegradable rich fertilizers.
WE CAN FOLLOW THIS TOO...
These natural fertilizers include nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium. these factors play an important role in maintaining soil fertility and help sustainable agriculture.
Use animal matter, excreta(cow’s dung and urine) vegetable matter(compost and crop residues), peat, guano as natural fertilizers.
Waste from meat processing also to be used as natural fertilizers.
Step 7: PEST CONTROL
Protect your flower and vegetable garden from pests and diseases with organic pesticides and insecticides control garden pests, so you protect the environment while you make sure you get the best harvest.
No garden is totally free from pests and diseases, Fungal inspections, Caterpillars, beetles, goats, cows......etc, the list of potential predators seems endless, but you can minimize their damage by using organic pests control.
WHAT IS ORGANIC PEST CONTROL?:
It is a method of protecting your garden against diseases and predators without synthetic chemical products, in some cases, you can get rid of problems before they arise.
The best tip will help protect against the most common crisis that causes in both vegetable and a flower garden.
Not all crawling and flying critters are bad for your garden, without bees many other food crops would fail, Many other insects perform a service by destroying harmful insects.
Spraying organic pesticides and insecticides can destroy good bugs as well as bad, so should be used as a last resort, particularly when bees are present.
The following are beneficial insects, don't kill them if you see these in your garden,
Ingredients salt, mineral oil, garlic, use these natural remedies to fight off pests without causing harm to you and your crops, just remember to reapply these natural garden pesticides frequently, especially in a rainy climate.
And also use cow’s urine and dung as natural pesticides.
Step 8: MAINTENANCE
Maintaining a home garden is a unique art, the plants in the garden should be treated like a baby, they should take immediate protection against the peat infection.
WAYS TO KEEP YOUR GARDEN HEALTHY:
- Examine the plants carefully before buying,
- use composted yard waste,
- keep an eye on your garden bugs,
- clean up in the fall,
- Apply the correct fertilizers,
- cut out damaged limbs at the right time,
- Choose and site plants appropriately,
- Water properly.
Step 9: MY HOME GARDEN
As followed by these instructions I form vegetable home garden.
My home is surrounded by designer tiles, it is not possible to form a garden so that think and prepared soils filled up sacks and place it on tiles, continue plantings on sacks, each soil bundle have only one plant, like this 40 sacks bundle are placed and form a home garden.
In these, I have planted brinjal, tomato, chillies, ladyfinger and many other vegetables about more than 3 years.
Step 10: PLANTING IN FIRST TIME....
I have no experience in planting coriander and baby corns in the home garden so that I have planted these trial basis and they also become a good growth and good yield.
Step 11: POSSIBLE PLANTS IN HOME GARDEN
All types of chillies
All type of herb plants.
Step 12: BENEFITS ON HAVING OWN HOME GARDEN
Vegetables are the main food for humans consumption, every man’s diet should have about 325 grams of vegetables daily, vegetables have lactose, protein and major mineral salts such as lime, phosphorus, and iron. Adding these supplements with food can be avoided by a lack of nutrients fatigue, insomnia, skin diseases.
Additionally, the home garden may be saved a certain amount on each month's budget.
Also having an own home garden is said to be a fashion, exercise and knowledge to children.
Step 13: CONCLUSION
This summary will be more helpful to beginners who are thinking about their own home garden.
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