Introduction: SENSLY HAT FOR THE RASPBERRY PI AIR QUALITY & GAS DETECTOR V1.1
Sensly is a portable pollution sensor capable of detecting the pollution levels in the air using its onboard gas sensors to collect information about the various gases present. This information can be fed directly to your smartphone for real-time push notification updates. Sensly uses industrial sensors that assure an accurate reading of the office, home, or work environment. Being aware of this data helps you to take action and bring the pollution levels down around you.
Our team at Altitude Tech LTD are big fans of the Raspberry Pi mini computer. We’re really keen to help the Raspberry Pi community develop their own Sensly device and start working on experiments whilst learning about different types of gases. We’ve developed the Sensly Hat for the Raspberry Pi. Initially launched on Kickstarter, we’re excited to provide this innovative development product to makers.
How To Use The Sensly HAT
Imagine using the Sensly Raspberry Pi HAT to:
- Build you own weatherproof case and monitor air quality in remote locations.
- Monitor the air quality around your home.
- Use it for school experiments.
Step 1: Parts in the Box
Start with getting everything you need.
- Sensly HAT
- BME 280/680 temperature, humidity and pressure sensor module
- Sharp PM10 Sensor
- PM10 Cable
- 40 Pin Raspberry Pi header
Step 2: Putting Sensly All Together
Let’s put it all together:
- Put the 40 pin header into the pin holes on the Sensly HAT then place the Sensly HAT onto the pi
- Place the BME 280 module on to the Sensly HAT ensuring the pins match up. Look under the module to know which direction it should be facing.
- Plug the PM Sensor Cable into the port labeled PM Header
- Once this is done, we can power on the Raspberry Pi.
- Due to the power draw of the Sensly Hat when fully operational it is recommended that you use a raspberry pi charger to power your pi.
Step 3: Extra Parts
Getting everything for your raspberry pi
- Raspberry pi 2 or 3
- Keyboard and mouse
- Internet Connection
- HDMI Cable
- Raspberry Pi 3 charger
- Latest version of Raspbian Jessie
Step 4: Setting Up the Raspberry Pi
The guide to setup a raspberry pi if you need from the raspberry pi foundation
Latest version of Raspbian Jessie can be found on the link below.
Step 5: Download the Software
Setting up the Raspberry Pi to connect to the Sensly HAT.
There are a few ways to do this, first you can download the Raspbian image here . This will be preconfigured to work. Secondly, you can download the install script from
Firstly we need to download the install scripts using the command. Make sure you are in your home directory
- $ git clone https://github.com/Altitude-Tech/Sensly_Install
Then we change directory to the Sensly_Install folder
- $ cd /path/to/Sensly_Install
Next, we need to make the install script executable.
- $ chmod u+x ./Sensly_Dev_Install.sh
Finally we run the script. There will be some prompts that you will need to type in Y to confirm you want to continue
- $ sudo ./Sensly_Dev_Install.sh
Once completed it your pi will restart. To confirm that everything is working we can run the following command.
- $ i2cdetect -y 1
You should be able to see positions 05 and 76 on the screen.
Step 6: Calibration Firmware
To be able to run the calibration process, an update step is required. The first step is to download the files for the calibration firmware at:
Now we need to put the Sensly in upload mode for this the Raspberry Pi and Sensly gets connected as shown above. Upload mode is only for version V1.1-1.4. The Raspberry Pi gets the power via USB, then Sensly gets the power from the Red and Black cables.
The Orange and Yellow cables are switched for communication purposes.
After everything is connected is time to run the Firmware script.
- $ sudo python Firmware_Updater_Calibration.py
Once the upload mode has finished, connect the Sensly on top of the Raspberry Pi and go to the next step.
Step 7: Calibrate the Gas Sensors
There is a pre-heating/burn-in phase required to remove the protective coating the sensors have when we receive them from the manufacturers, this is typically 48 hours and only has to be done once. After that, we typically recommend heating the sensor for 15 minutes to stabilize readings before logging any data.
Now we need to calibrate the Gas Sensors to be able to calculate the PPM. To do this we need to put the Sensly HAT in a clean air environment. This could be outside or if you have the facilities, in synthetic air. While the air you put it in will affect the accuracy of the sensors it will not affect precision so if you are looking to track changes in your air quality Sensly will be suitable. The Sensly HAT comes pre-loaded with the calibration firmware, so we can simply run the calibration script to find the R0 values for each Gas sensor. To be able to put Sensly in the calibration environment we need to be able to run the calibration script when the Pi boots up. For this, we will need to download:
- $ git clone https://github.com/Altitude-Tech/Sensly
Next, we need to put the following command into the file
- $ @reboot sudo python /path/to/Sensly_Calibration.py
The command needs to be in the "/etc/rc.local" as shown in the picture above. To do this we will type in the terminal:
- $ sudo nano /etc/rc.local
Then we close the file using Ctrl+x then Y. This will mean every time you start up your Pi it will run the calibration script.
You can now take it to you clean air environment and leave it for between half an hour, to an hour. The longer the better.
Once this is finished you should have a file named Sensly_Calibration_"date"_"time".csv where "date" will be replaced with the current date stored on the Raspberry pi and "time" is replaced with the current time. This file will contain the R0 values calculated during the calibration phase averaged every 5 minutes. Since the script logs a running average, you take the last entry in the file as the R0 values for the MQ2, MQ7 and MQ135. This will then be put into the Sensly.py file. to enable us to calculate the PPM values for each gas detected
Step 8: Running the Sensly HAT
To be able to run Sensly in full operation mode we need to update the firmware to get it out of Calibration mode. This is done by deleting the line that was added to "/etc/rc.local" so the board doesn't go into calibration mode every time the pi starts up, then running the Firmware_Updater_Operation.py script, with the Sensly connected as in step 6.
Then we run the Firmware updater from the Sensly_Update_for_v1_1 directory as follows:
- $ cd /home/pi/Sensly_Update_for_v1_1/
- $ sudo python Firmware_Updater_Operation.py
Once the Sensly firmware has been updated, connect the Sensly with the Raspberry Pi as usual.
Now run the Sensly.py script:
- python /home/pi/Sensly/Sensly.py
Finally, to enable you to run the script automatically we then run the crontab command again.
- $ crontab -e
Then add this to the end of the file while removing our earlier entry
- @reboot python /path/to/Sensly.py
Now every time you boot your pi the Sensly HAT should be logging data to SampleData folder as a csv file. The final step is to take the R0 values you obtained during the calibration step and put them in the highlighted the last screen shot.
The next instructable we will be releasing will show you how to link this up with plotly.
Step 9: Final Steps
Please share your data as it will help us build better updates for Sensly.
If you think you have the skills to write a great Instructable using Sensly then purchase one from our store and if we like it we will refund your money and even send you more goodies!