Introduction: The Color-Changing Sports Drink
This blue drink turns purple then red/pink upon addition of a citric acid-boosted can of Sprite. It tastes good and has a similar chemical profile to a hypotonic sports drink (also see this homemade sports drink recipe). It's the kid-friendly version of the Color-Changing Martini - and it's much cheaper and more convenient than buying martini ingredients and dry ice. It's basically a classic chemistry demonstration you can drink.
Note: I published this instructable in 2010, but unpublished it while I developed it further as a submission to the American Chemical Society's Journal of Chemical Education. The article has now appeared, so for those of you who happen to have electronic access to this journal (probably because you are connected through a university network), you can find the manuscript online here.
Step 1: Ingredients
Sprite (or other clear carbonated beverage) ~ baking soda ~ red cabbage ~ citric acid ~ tap water
Step 2: Red Cabbage?
Yes - it has a pH-sensitive anthocyanin in it, which will act as an indicator. We're going to make the drink basic (alkaline) with baking soda (sodium bicarbonate, NaHCO3), then neutralise it with the acid (citric + carbonic) in the Sprite. The extra citric acid is not strictly necessary - the drink will change color to purple without it - but add it and the drink will turn out a bright pink color.
To get the indicator, you can chop up a cabbage leaf and microwave it in a small amount of water, or add boiling water, or blend and strain the cabbage leaf (thanks to groenert for this last tip). You should get a deep purple-colored liquid.
Step 3: Build
Add a few teaspoons of the cabbage juice to a glass, half-fill with water, and add very small amounts of baking soda until you get a nice bright blue color.
Add about 1/4 teaspoon of citric acid to a teaspoon or two of water, and stir until dissolved. Add it to a half-filled glass of Sprite (or similar).
Step 4: Serve!
Pour the blue solution into the adulterated Sprite. It will instantly turn bright pink, and bubble. Drink! It tastes quite good - a slightly sharp, slightly fizzy lemon/lime flavoured sports drink. The cabbage juice is not really detectable. See the video for the effect. If you don't add the citric acid, the colour will be more purple than pink.
Adding the clear Sprite to the blue solution works well, too, and if you watch closely you can see it transition through purple. Also, substituting sugary water for the Sprite works fine. Here's a video of these two together (sugar + citric acid + water added to cabbage juice + baking soda + water):
Pouring them in simultaneously from small glasses into a bigger one also looks good.