Introduction: Water Level Indicator With SMS Alert for Flood Detection
usually what happen in case of dams water level may be indicated but it is not informed at far away places or whenever flood condition arises the other place doesn't know the water level.
so for this the water level is indicated at same place and informed at far place using SMS feature.
Step 1: Component List With Quantity
transformer 12 - 0 - 12 × 1
connecting wire × 1
2 pin power supply connector × 1
GSM modem × 1
5 mm LED: Red × 3
Resistor 10k ohm × 1
at89c51 ic × 1
40 pin ic base × 1
bc547 transistor × 1
crystal 11.0592mhz × 1
33 pf × 1
1000uf × 1
10 uf × 1
Step 2: Code
The coding is done in EMBEDDED C
Step 3: Creating Level in the Bottle
here i am using a bottle for an example.
i have created three levels which have wires and at the bottom low voltage 5v supply is given which will be passed on to the level wire when water is inserted and reached that level.
Step 4: Circuit Designing
power supply :
it can be battery based it you want mobile unit and in remote areas and can be recharged through solar panel.
i have made it on power supply using 12-0-12 transformer then bridge rectifier circuit and 1000uf capacitor and 7805 regulator.
the power supply requirement of GSM modem is 12v and controller is 5 v.
Step 5: Circuit Designing - Part 2
the controller circuit is design in which we design the crystal section and the reset section
vcc is provided on pin 40
ground is provided on pin 20
Step 6: Designing Circuit - Part 3
led are interface with the controller and the gsm modem is interface
gsm modem has serial transmit pin which is interfaced with serial receive pin of controller and vice versa
the power supply of gsm modem is 12 v
Step 7: Working
firstly the sim is inserted in the GSM modem and the number is fixed in the microcontroller where the sms will be delivered
when the water is filled in the bottle the system will wait whether the first level is filled and sms accordingly
same procedure is followed for remaining two terminals