chemistry assistance please!?

Well, you may know you can synthesize CuSO4 with sodium hydrogen sulfate and copper metal if you heat it in a test tube over a burner, but, i have one question, is it possible to do the same with zinc in the place of copper in an effort to produce zinc sulfate? i want this simply as i want some glow powder,but, is this method possible? If not, tell me a simple way. (if there is one...)

Question by kerbal1234   |  last reply


DIY Rechargeable Cell Chemistry?

Hi i was wondering if there was any electrically reversible battery chemistries that can be made from around the house materials like copper wire, iron nails, galvanized nails, graphite rods, aluminum foil, and other items like those.

Question by LiquidLightning   |  last reply


Two chemistry related questions.?

I have three chemistry questions. 1) What is my result when I mix baking powder(NOT sodium bicarbonate)and vinegar? 2) What is the result when one burns steel wool? Is Iron Oxide my end result? 3) When mixing vinegar and baking soda if I were to keep the mixture under pressure would the water and co2 stay as carbonic acid or still decompose into h2o and co2?

Question by dla888   |  last reply



SOme Uses for Sodium Carbonate? Answered

What are some uses for Sodium Carbonate?

Question by dla888   |  last reply




what problems would arise from an incomplete reaction of excess zinc and sulfuric acid?

Chemical reaction of zinc and sulfuric acid

Question by    |  last reply


Why are power cables from mixture of aluminium and iron,not copper any more?

Please give me the right answer thats for my assigment

Question by hawre   |  last reply


how can i make sodium hypochlorite bleach from rudimentary material.

Please help me to make sodium hypochlorite bleach from rudimentary material for sterilisation purposes ( i was told by a US trained man that it was so) someone told me to check you out on the net.(that u knew all sorts of wonderful hands-on chemistry) and for mouth wash. it is for a rural health post in northern ghana. we buy the stuff from accra and transporting it across the country to the north is making the cost difficult for the rural folks here to afford. but they need it as cheap as possible for hygiene purposes.

Question by zoserox   |  last reply


where can i get zinc poweder? besides UN?

I am looking to get zinc powder without ordering off united nuclear? anywhere local/get it out of another product

Question by bullet71792   |  last reply


how to clean up Nitric acid after using it?

Hi, I used Nitric acid to refine sterling silver. When I put the sterling into the acid it became silver nitrate.Then I used copper to get the silver to come out of solution and it became copper nitrate. what can I do to get the copper nitrate out so I can use the nitric acid again? If that is possible.I need someones help. Robot

Question by ronny1leg   |  last reply


Which would be better for insulating a box, duct tape, foil, card stock material, or heavy construction tar paper?

This is a project in school, we are working on Thermochemistry. Trying to figure out which would be the best insulator for a barrier box.(built from maple wood) The box is a model of a thermo-barrier system. We have to keep the temp. of the box above 0 degrees celsius for 15 min. and below 100 degrees celsius for over an hour.Any help, yea its alot, but i rlly need info and opinions.

Question by ME is the best   |  last reply


A SIMPLE instruction guide on statistics and chemistry?

Statistics and chemistry equations are some of the most complex calculations for people who did not grow up in a science background but are essential for students looking to further their degrees in fields that require bio chemistry while students excel in practicals its the calculations that cause problems like log, ph calculations, various option in statistics when to use which rule. A better tutorial for college level statistics and from basic chemistry to college level would be appreciated by various students the world over. Thank you in advance all areas of these two fields would be appreciated.

Question by Rainmakker84   |  last reply



Can anyone help me identify some chemistry glassware? Answered

I recently acquired some old glassware from a university sale, and I have a couple of pieces that I have not seen before. Can anyone assist me in identification?  The first item appears to be meant for gas samples. It has a stopcock on both ends and has a large space between. The gas inside is NO2. The second looks like an addition funnel with a water cooled stem.

Question by cdorris   |  last reply




How do I make small amounts of Hydrogen by reacting Mg and HCL. ?

I know how to drop the acid and collect the gas, but my question was "what proportions of acid to Mg?" Thanks

Question by Wayne Stephens   |  last reply



If I have Ammonia, can I use it to make ammonium nitrate?

I've only taken one chemistry class, but I understand that ammonia is NH_2, and ammonium nitrate is NH_4 NO_3. If this reaction is feasible, what else would I need?

Question by HungaryHungryHitler   |  last reply


Chem help 2

Does anyone know a household item that is souluble in water but not hydrogen peroxide? Also, whats mortons?

Question by kerbal1234   |  last reply


Does heating a sodium hydroxide solution create fumes?

I want to do the chemistry trick where you turn pennies into a silver and gold color. I am looking to do this by heating a sodium hydroxide solution with zinc metal and then adding pennies. I just need to know if I can do this in my garage on my hotplate or if I should do it outside because of fumes. Thanks :)

Question by jarheadwithm16   |  last reply


What is Light's solution?

I saw Light's solution in a chemical supply magazine, but I have no idea as to what it is or what it's used for. I've googled it and wikipedia'd it, but I found nothing.

Question by mad_scientist   |  last reply


Messing with bismuth. Can it be done easily? Answered

Is there any inexpensive (eg. <$100 US) way to make complex shapes with bismuth? I'm hoping something along the lines electroplating will work. I'm kind of hoping for input from Lemonie

Question by The Ideanator   |  last reply


volume of water from a litre of hydrogen? Answered

Im no chemist but I am interested in what volume in litres of water would be produced from 1 litre of liquid hydrogen if burnt in air. Of course it would evaperate and be disspersed but would be 8 litres?  2h2 + O2 = 2h2O I believe the chemical formular

Question by lrdforster   |  last reply


What can I do with Aluminium Chloride? Answered

 I recently made some Aluminium Chloride by electrolysis and evaporated the water off and powdered the crystals. I have about half a 35mm film canister full *That's a standard unit of measurement you know :-)* Just wondering what I can do with it. (Maybe try and get the Aluminium back?).

Question by DELETED_zoltzerino   |  last reply


Decontamination advice for a found Carboy? Answered

I have a nice 5 gallon glass bottle with a screw on lid ( I think they are called a carboy ) which I would like to make into a terrarium or maybe an aquarium. The problem is it formerly contained chloroform. I didn't use the chloroform, I just found the carboy/bottle. How would I go about making it safe to use. I was thinking activated carbon slurry, but thought I would ask here for best advice.

Question by underwhelmed   |  last reply


How can I purify mineral oil?

My early experiments with oil-cooling my PC lead to some chemical *discoveries* The first was mineral oil will dissolve latex rubber.  I was using surgical tubing to pump the oil to the radiator and after a day the tubes had softened and swollen so much they wouldn't stay attached to the pump.  That and the oil turned an ugly yellow. (* the second was warm oil reacts with PVC, and causes the insulation on usb cables to become brittle) I'm working on the next gen of the project and I'd like to clean up the oil, but I can't quite google my way to a solution. I have filtered the oil (removed all the bugs) though a coffee filter, and a couple of paint filters, I don't have any reason to believe the rubber is suspended and filterable, but I could be wrong. Any chemists out there know what I can do?

Question by Malkaris   |  last reply


where can someone get chemicals for a chemistry instructables? My instructable is on methane to methanol conversion.

Where can someone get chemicals for a chemistry instructables? My instructable is on methane to methanol conversion. It uses a catalist and changes methane to methanol at room temperiture based on a peer reviewed reserch article cited in the instructable.

Question by josheeg   |  last reply


Do you know any great physics/chemistry projects? Answered

To a upper-high school academic level. I've been just doing a homopolar motor and supercooling water. Nothing very advanced or interesting. Do you guys know any good projects? Pertaining to Chemistry, I've seen most on Instructables and few on kentchem. Pertaining to Physics, blast away! I've done limited projects although I have few bookmarked for later. Answers that can be made at home are appreciated! Additionally, answers that can be made at quickly with a somewhat limited number of materials are also appreciated. Well since answering stopped Top answers were from FoolishSage, The Skinnerz, and gruffalo child. FoolishSage wins because of the amount of projects provided. But these were all great answers.

Question by Sh3lsh   |  last reply


Does anyone know how to perform a ring opening polymerisation?

Hi im a university student looking to polymerise e-caprolactone, i was wondering if anyone knew any hints/ tips for the process that might make it easier. im a biomedical engineer, to chemisty isnt my forte. thank you

Question by randomhand   |  last reply


Will heating a zinc chloride solution made from reacting Zinc with HCl produce HCl fumes? Answered

I am going to make a solution of zinc chloride by mixing hydrochloric acid with an excess of zinc. In the experiment I want to do, I have to heat the zinc chloride. Will there be any HCl fumes?

Question by jarheadwithm16   |  last reply


Anyone savvy with Air Electrodes??? Thanks! =)

I'm posting this after having googled, of course...I work with DIY fuel cells using off the wall fuels. By far, the most expensive component of my FCs is the Air Electrode which I purchase from Electric Fuel Ltd. in Israel. The material was invented in 2008 (as far as I know) and EF were the ones who bought the patent (according to the inventor himself...sorry but his name eludes me). Anyhow, I was wondering if anyone knows how to make good air electrodes. Something that would give me at least a vold in reference to the SHE (V=0) and a current density of up to a few hundred mA/aq cm...The stuff is basically this, from the electrolyte side to the air side: Separator paper, Carbon powder with Manganese or Cobalt catalyst mixed in (and a binder of some sort, I suppose), a Nickel mesh (current collector) and a bit more Carbon+catalyst then a microporous Teflon(r) sheet (permeable to gases but not to liquids). I cant find nickel mesh where I live but the other stuff I could get--the Teflon(r) being replaceable with oil paper??? Any help would be greatly appreciated. N.B: I am Not trying to infringe on a patent, just trying to make some "homebrew" air electrodes for R&D; since I am still (steam comes out of ears) self-funded and low on funding...lol. Thanks a lot!!! =)

Question by gizander   |  last reply


Is there is any way to acquire elemental Boron from Borax.?

I have decent chemistry equipment available, so if it's needed, it won't be a problem.

Question by RomanianChemist   |  last reply



How do you make iron oxide?

I was wondering how do you do it by electrolysis.

Question by your dog   |  last reply


where can you get the materials for hot ice???

On the instructable "hot ice" it sed u need sodium acetate and i dont know where to get it plz tell me!?!?!?!?!

Question by gordoa40   |  last reply


Butane distillation

I have instructions for extracting pure esential oil from plant material using butane. The problem I have with it is that at the end, the butane is vented. I just don't feel right about venting unburned hydrocarbons into the atmosphere. I've been looking at glass lab equipment (distillation tubes, connectors, etc). I have no background in chemistry, but it seems to me it shouldn't be too difficult to put something together using standard glass lab equipment to capture, distill and reuse the butane. Butane boils at 31 degrees farinhite and is heavier than air. At the end of the process, the oil is scraped from the bottom of a drying dish. Does anyone have any suggestions on how to put something like this together? Thanks

Question by GlobalVillageIdiot   |  last reply


What are some good alkaline flavors?

What are some easily-obtainable flavors that have a pleasant taste when in an alkaline solution? Are there any suitable for flavoring a sweet beverage with an overall pH of 7 or above? (By alkaline, I mean actually has pH greater than 7 in your mouth. I'm not referring to those lists of foods floating around alternative medicine sites that are claimed to raise your urine pH.)

Question by NobodyInParticular   |  last reply


How can I make a biodegradable adhesive in a paintball-like form-factor that's durable but would break if thrown.

Scenario: you're riding your bike. A car cuts you off. You have a little hopper full of these balls and have the presence of mind to get one out and throw it at the car. It sticks to the car. When the driver gets home, he sees it. Inside of the clear adhesive is a laminated piece of paper or something durable with a link written on it. The driver goes to the website and reads instructions about how to be a better bike-friendly driver. They wash the adhesive off with no damage done to the car. They become more conscientious drivers.

Question by pyaranderson   |  last reply


in distilation , how is a condenser set up? Answered

after watching a video made by nurdrage and realising i could use a condenser to distill various chemicals like ammonia water, i was wondering, how is a condenser set up. now ive looked at a lot of images, and all i see is the top of the condenser where the gas enters, thenthe bottom where the gas exits as a liquid. now what i dont nderstand is the two middle middle nozzles, ive looked at many setups and theres usually nothing attached to them, or they have a hose attached to them that goes nowhere and you cant see where they end, so i must ask, what are they for, in the sense, what do they do? and what, if anything, are they attached to? whoever answers my question properly and makes sense will receive a best answer. also, i will just add, ive searched through google and wikipedia, and found zilch that made any sense to me.

Question by oldmanbeefjerky   |  last reply


Id like to build a small test tube heater with nichrome wire. Where do I start?

I would like it to be variable from ~100C-400C and have minor experience in electronics.

Question by GalaxyX   |  last reply


How would I grow a giant crystal formation?

I have a 3 foot height by 1.5 foot width rectangular container of which i intend to grow a crystal formation in.  Does any one know how? That wont be toxic and wont dissolve?

Question by puregoldner   |  last reply


I have used bleach to make rust(with salt), how can I seperate the rust from the salt? Answered

I was looking for a way to make rust (ironoxide) and found that bleach coul be used as an oxidizer; however, I would not know when it was finished breaking down. With some research I found that NaClO + H2O2 -> O2 + NaCl + H2O. I think I can use this to either: use the NaClO and make the ironoxide, then add the H202 to break do the residual NaClO (extra H2O2 can be evaporated with the H2O), or used the reaction to speed up the ironoxide making with a bit of extra H2O2 to insure all the NaClO is used and the evaporate off the rest. (which would be better? would be my first question, but not the most pressing one) My question is how can I sepperate the Iron oxide from the NaCl (salt), since both are water soluble (sp)? A filter will seperate out larger pieces of ironoxide, but there will still be a fair amount that passes through the filter with the salt and I would like to minimize my loses as much as possible.

Question by knotmuch   |  last reply


How can I measure grams without a scale?

For those who have done the measurements for thermite..  I know you're supposed to measure the iron oxide and AL powder by weight but does anyone have the measurements like in teaspoons or whatever because I dont have a scale.. Thanks in advance for your answers.

Question by jules15   |  last reply


Does any body know were I can get red phosphorus. I need it for making matches.?

I realy want this stuff for some strike anywhere matches. I know that I can get it from safety match boxes but I don't want to spend the rest of my life collecting them. I will apreciate any help people can give me.

Question by nurdee1   |  last reply


How do i make a &quot;Book of Fire&quot;?

Also called a "burning book", i saw this trick in a chem class once. the prof took a book off his shelf, plopped it open to some pages in the middle, then turned the page, making sure it rubbed along the page underneath (presumably for friction), then the pages burst into flame. really, the air slightly above the pages was the burning component, because he then slammed the book shut and CAREFULLY reopened it to the same pages to show they were undamaged. i can't figure out quite how it's done.

Question by s1rus   |  last reply


Bonding hydrogen and oxygen to make water? Answered

Ok, so I got how to get water, but how do I condense it without losing much, and would it be at least a semi-efficient and/or fast way of obtaining around a cup of water? So, I have another question. I know, I've been posting a new question at least once a week for a while now and you're all probably like "Dark Master87, Y u no shut up and stop trying to do impossible things?? w(O;O)w" Most people on here probably know about electrolysis and seperating water into hydrogen and oxygen with electricity, but it's simple and I don't currently have a use for it. But does anyone know how to bond hydrogen and oxygen to create water? I'm expecting there to be heating or cooling involved, probably more likely heating. Would you light the two gases on fire? Or would they just automatically bond with each other at the point of contact? More importantly, would this be possible to acheive on the limited budget of a 14 year old hobbyist who *may* have access to *some* lab equipment, but probably not? Thanks for paying attention, if it's not feasible/possible, I won't mind if you nag about me never doing any reasonable projects. And also, how hard would it be to get the hydrogen and oxygen from electrolysis with losing too much of it? 

Question by ALogan97   |  last reply