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Defence Mechanism

This is a simple structure that goes across your door and if some one walks threw the wire(fishing line)it lainches at that person. There are 2 guns that shoot on on each tower.!@#$%$%& check out my other knex intructibles &%$%$#@!

Topic by RunningBrave    |  last reply


How can i build a taser?

I want to make a taser .Can u help me

Question by Doc Penguin    |  last reply


Protect my house on mischief night?

Last year my house was egged in a drive by "shooting". in past years there were attempts at TPing my tree but its like 200' so it was a fail. Anyways i need suggestions on how to defend my house. so far i have Airsoft sniper in the tree Water hose Super Soaker Flame thrower Chasing them on a bike with a 100Db alarm on it MORE airsoft guns Paintball Bazooka "homemade" Camera flash for blinding them Firecrackers (possibly if i can find them in time) panic button for car alarm POSSIBLY putting a trail of gasoline on the road so in case of a drive by someone in the bush can light it and scare the crap out of driver and prevent them from leaving Playing random music VERY loud and getting like 10 people to give a GIANT group hug SMOKE BOMBS Night vision (kipkay design) pitch forks and torches Please any other ideas would be helpful

Question by tomtortoise    |  last reply


Anti-RPG Quick Kill system - Slo-mo Defence System Goodness.

'the Raytheon system uses an electronically-scanned radar array to detect an incoming anti-tank rocket-propelled grenade, then vertically launches a countermeasure missile that blows the round to smithereens in mid-flight, saving the RPG's intended target.'All i know, is its one cool slo-mo video, that, and alot of tanks and vehicles are taken out by RPG's, so its a great step forwards.Via Gizmodo

Topic by gmjhowe    |  last reply


Help With Warcraft III World Editor

I have recently been creating a tower defense map with the warcraft world editor and I am just starting to make all the waves. My map is a Solo TD where the creeps move through multiple checkpoints. The problem I'm having is that if a creep manages to step into a region that he is supposed to later on (if someone mazes and makes it so they have to go through the last region before the first) then the creep dies. I was wondering if there is a way to make it so they HAVE to enter the first regions before the others apply to them. There is a way to do it with variables but that way is going to take me FOREVER. I was wondering if there is a faster way than just creating a load of variables so when a unit walks into a region it records it and after a certain number the next region is activated. That way also has a few flaws that would be difficult to maneuver around. Thanks in advance! The red words in the picture say "makes them go that way". It did't show up as well in JPEG form.

Question by noobererer    |  last reply


How to make a powerful spray can?

I like to know how to make a powerful spray can, I plan to use it for pepper spray so I would like the minimum possible risk of it blowing back in my face.

Question by WareOuttaHair    |  last reply


lacrosse gloves

Hey im going to upload an instructable on how to make your own lacrosse gloves 4 cheep. so tell me your favorite design and ill try to make them. these are my favorite. the warrior Brass monkey gloves. I play defence so the extra knuckle protection helps alot.

Topic by michael J. caboose    |  last reply


Thermate -- Could I replace Iron Oxide with Calcium Oxide? Answered

Hi, I'm making a flashbang that's part Thermate using Tetranitrate's Thermite Instructable* and I would like to know if I would be able to replace the iron oxide in the mixture with calcium oxide for a bit of added white. The flashbang is inteaded to be (temporarily) blinding. Thanks, BlueGasMask * www.instructables.com/id/Thermite/

Question by BlueGasMask    |  last reply


gmod

When i get more than 10 gmod users il unleash gmod how to instructables like how to make a plane without hoverballs, how to make a podracer, how to make a thaad defence truck,how to make a combine helicopter fly, how to make a airboat fly, how to turn your buggy into a lawnmower with npcs, how to download addons,how to change settings, i will release these in groups of 3 to prevent short pointless instructables and mabye a collaberation so all us gmodders can share ideas... UPDATE: i have now started posting my gmod instructables! enjoy!

Topic by bedbugg2    |  last reply


My gift exchange has arrived! Double Trebuchet Greatness!

For the Instructables gift exchange I was paired up with Biggsy. They made me this awesome Trebuchet set! I have two Trebuchet's a red one, and a blue one, with matching little defence walls.  Biggsy said that they work well with marble, but I only had airsoft bb's to hand, which flew very nicely. I really enjoyed doing the gift exchange, and look forward to any future ones! When the trebuchet's are not being played with, they are going to live on my shelf of other misc items, to be looked at and fiddled with. Thanks Biggsy! - gmjhowe

Topic by gmjhowe    |  last reply


Fabricating advice (Knuckle dusters)

I want to create some knuckle dusters, heavy duty ones that could pack a punch (I will not be hurting anyone, just for fun and martial arts self-defence :-P). However I have almost no metalworking tools such as a welder, drill press, bandsaw (or other electric saw that cuts metal). The tools I do have are: Mitre saw Normal drill (Variable speed) Hacksaws Scroll/fret saw Table saws Sanders, planers, circular saws. Heavy duty desk vices Any tips would be greatly appreciated. They dont need to look amazing, I like 'rustic' weapons (Like 'improvised' weapons).

Topic by Hiyadudez    |  last reply


American Corporations Own UK Nuclear Deterrant

The (British) government has sold its last remaining shares in the Aldermaston Atomic Weapons Establishment in Berkshire to an American company.The fee paid by California-based Jacobs Engineering has not been disclosed.The sale of British Nuclear Fuels' stake means Jacobs has control of one third of Aldermaston's operating company, AWE Management.The other two thirds were already in private hands. They are split equally between American defence giant Lockheed Martin and the British plc Serco.Aldermaston is responsible for the production of warheads for the Trident nuclear deterrent programme and its planned replacement. Some opposition politicians claim that US control of UK weapon production breaks the "no technology sharing" conditions of the nuclear non-proliferation treaty.BBC story

Topic by Kiteman    |  last reply


Official UFO files released - the British X Files!

Secret files on UFO sightings have been made available for the first time by the Ministry of Defence. The documents, which can be downloaded from the National Archives website, cover the period from 1978 to 1987. They include accounts of strange lights in the sky and unexplained objects being spotted by the public, armed forces and police officers. One man explained in great detail his "physical and psychic contact" with green aliens since he was a child. The writer said that one of them, called Algar, was killed in 1981 by another race of beings as he was about to make contact with the UK government. BBC StoryUFO file picturesUK Government UFO files for download

Topic by Kiteman    |  last reply


Career Advice? Answered

I'm about to finish highschool, and hopefully head off to uni However, I still am a little unsure on my career path, which I think I need to be to choose a course for uni Originally, I wanted to become a mechatronic engineer, and I was hoping that by the time I got out, it would not be so new and unfamiliar an occupation. However, I dunno if that is gonna happen.... So instead, now I'm thinking about whether I should try to become an electronic engineer for something like a section of the Australian Defence Force... I'm just looking for a path that will later on help me get a stable job, with enough money to live comfortably (i.e get a house/car). I don't really want to waste my time on a degree that will not be worth the work put in, however. What do you think?

Question by .Unknown.    |  last reply


Record Solar Powered Flight

UK-built solar-powered plane has set an unofficial world endurance record for a flight by an unmanned aircraft.The Zephyr-6, as it is known, stayed aloft for more than three days, running through the night on batteries it had recharged in sunlight.The flight was a demonstration for the US military, which is looking for new types of technology to support its troops on the ground.Craft like Zephyr might make ideal platforms for reconnaissance.They could also be used to relay battlefield communications.Chris Kelleher, from UK defence and research firm QinetiQ, said Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) offer advantages over traditional aircraft and even satellites."The principal advantage is persistence - that you would be there all the time," he told BBC News. "A satellite goes over the same part of the Earth twice a day - and one of those is at night - so it's only really getting a snapshot of activity. Zephyr would be watching all day." The latest flight was conducted at the US Army's Yuma Proving Ground in Arizona.The Zephyr flew non-stop for 82 hours, 37 minutes.That time beats the current official world record for unmanned flight set by the US robot plane Global Hawk - of 30 hours, 24 minutes - and even Zephyr's own previous best of 54 hours achieved last year.However, the Yuma mark remains "unofficial" because QinetiQ did not involve the FAI (Federation Aeronautique Internationale), the world air sports federation, which sanctions all record attempts.The US Department of Defense funded the demonstration flight under its Joint Capability Technology Demonstration (JCTD) programme. The 30kg Zephyr was guided by remote control to an operating altitude in excess of 18km (60,000ft), and then flown on autopilot and via satellite communication.It tested a communications payload weighing approximately 2kg.At first sight, the propeller-driven Zephyr looks to be just another model aircraft, and it is even launched by hand. But this "pilotless" vehicle with its 18-metre wingspan incorporates world-leading technologies.Its structure uses ultra-lightweight carbon-fibre material; and the plane flies on solar power generated by amorphous silicon solar arrays no thicker than sheets of paper. These are glued over the aircraft's wings.To get through the night, the propellers are powered from lithium-sulphur batteries which are topped up during the day."A lot of effort has gone into power storage and light-weighting the systems," explained Mr Kelleher. "Lithium sulphur is more than double the energy density of the best alternative technology which is lithium polymer batteries. The engineers from the Farnborough-based company are now collaborating with the American aerospace giant Boeing on a defence project codenamed Vulture.This would see the biggest plane in history take to the sky, powered by the sun and capable of carrying a 450-kilo (1,000lb) payload.US commanders say the design must be able to maintain its position over a particular spot on the Earth's surface uninterrupted for five years. QinetiQ is the public company that used to be the British Government's military research department, before they privatised it.BBC articleQinetiQ's page on Zephyr

Topic by Kiteman    |  last reply


Jollex' DASH knex slingshot review

Jollex made a new free-flying slingshot, which was capable of shooting oodammo, and cannon ammo (yellow rod with a red con on the business end), and the trigger held the bullet, not the bands. I hadn't made many of them before so I decided to give it a 'shot'(:D). Body strenght:10/10, it has a very good crossing pattern through the whole body, that makes it extremely strong.  comfort: 7/10, the stock could have been much better, although it doesn't take away from the overall comfort, it could have been a lot comfier. The handle gets 5 of those points though, because he did a good job going out of his way to make it even comfier. Trigger  Locking mech strength: 10/10, could hold 15 64#s and then some, and you only need 3. Overall mech: 10/10, purely the fact that it was a sliding trigger could have got that, but, its a sear, and I don't really count sears as sliding triggers, but this goes even further and puts a semi ratchet at the back of the sear, which was bloody brilliant, so it deserves it. Power Bullet force:10/10, oodammo can punch through the cardboard like a blue rod punches through paper, and cannon ammo is even more powerful than oodammo.  Range:12/10, well if 90 feet got 9/10, then you can see how powerful this is (slanted of course). Bow  Strength: 9/10, it bends (using black rods) a bit with 3 #64s, but the way the bands are put on is really good, so you don't need to unhook anything, and there is not many places to get the bands tangled up in. Reloading ease: 10/10, its really easy to get the bands to cock back, and its not hard on your fingers at all. Tactics F4A attack: 1/5, running in with this singleshot is the worst thing you can do period.   F4A defence: 3/5, you better have a good sidearm, because if you miss... and you need a good base aswell. Team attack: 3/5 as long as you have someone further up then you who you can support, but don't be the one to run in headfirst. Its silent aswell, and I know a lot of people like to think they are stealthy, but truth is most of you ain't. So you have to be good.   Team defense: 5/5, finally the area it shines on. Huge range, silent, hole up in a tree somewhere with a few splodies, the Dash, and some cookies. Perfect for picking off enemy scouts and anyone who tries to get further. -------OVERALL: 90000000000/10000000000. Or, 9/10, or 9 tenths, or 4.5/5, or 90% positive. Instructable can be found here.

Topic by ~Aeronous~    |  last reply


Dragon Samurai Chapter 3

Here's the third Chapter. The plot is thickening! :-) PLease tell me if there's anything that could be improved! Chapter 3 The dojo It took another few hours before we actually reached the dojo. The girl with the golden hair had come in and out of consciousness during the day. Clouds were starting to surround us and we weren’t far away from the entrance. I was about to ask my dad a question when a kunai shot past my ear and stuck into the ground. I turned my head around to meet a rain of kunai and shuriken. “Father,” I cried. He barely turned his head an inch before catching sight of the ninja weapons. We broke into a gallop and barely escaped the deadly blades of the kunai and shuriken. One shuriken was aimed straight at the girl. I took my bokken and deflected the ninja star. I had practised sword defence several times with my father. Not a second past when a second wave of weapons was launched form the trees. My father drew his katana and deflected several shurikens and I did my best with my bokken. A kunai embedded itself in my bokken and a shuriken grazed my cheek. I winced and held my cheek feeling the warm blood seep out of my veins. We were now metres away from the dojo’s entrance. No ninja would dare enter it. My dad called to the guards to open the gate and they obeyed. The gate creaked open and we rushed in. The gate closed and several kunai and shuriken clanged against the metal gate. Inside the dojo we were safe from any attack. I breathed heavily as I got off the horse. I got the girl down from the horse while clutching my cheek which was still bleeding. My father ordered me to take the girl to the healers. I walked through the dojo admiring the amazing buildings and statues. There was a beautiful fountain in the garden full of birds bathing themselves. I continued walking until I was walking past the training halls. Curious heads popped out of the halls and gasped at the girl with golden hair. The pupils soon returned to their training when the sensei hit one student’s shins with his walking stick. The young boy winced and held his legs. I had a feeling that the sensei’s hit was harder than it looked. We soon arrived at the healing quarters. I laid the girl in one of the beds and a lady carrying medicine rushed into the healing quarters. She quickly opened a door and placed the medicine on one of the benches inside the room. She came out of the room and noticed that I was standing next to the bed here I had laid the girl. “Oh, I am truly sorry for my rushing,” she said. “Now what do we have here.” “My father and I found her unconscious in a forest near here,” I started. “She’s been coming in and out of consciousness during our journey.” She observed the girl and felt the pulse of her blood. “Her blood circulation is running normally. She doesn’t seem to have a fever.” She performed several other medical procedures before she looked at me and said, “She just needs to rest. You on the other hand need to clean your cheek to prevent infection. Run along now.” I bowed and went to the bathrooms to clean my cheek. Inside I found someone I really didn’t expect to see. “Ryu!” cried Hiroshi. “What are you doing here, Hiroshi?” I asked amazed by his presence. “I’m here to train just like you. What happened to your cheek?” “We were attacked on our way here. A shuriken grazed my cheek.” “You also got a kunai in your bokken.” I looked down at my wooden sword. I took out the kunai which had put a hole straight through the bokken. I sighed. I’ll need a new one. I washed my face and told Hiroshi about our journey here. I explained how we found the girl and were attacked by ninjas. Every now and then he would gasp or gulp but I didn’t mind. Once you’ve lived with Hiroshi for over five years you get used to what he does. He always interrupted sentences with a mumble or yawn or any other type of noise including noise that didn’t come out of his mouth. A bell rang in the distance. It was time for dinner. I could smell the cooked rice and the chicken and my mouth started watering. We walked to the dining hall and sat down about halfway down the left side of the table. The teachers sat up on a raised table and my father was sitting on the far right. He was staring straight to the forest. His expression was hard to decipher but he seemed worried and I had a feeling that it had something to do with the ninjas that attacked us. The man in the centre of the raised table stood up and the hall went completely quiet. “Today we welcome several new students to our dojo,” he shouted in a superior tone. “For those of you who are new, I am Sensei Masako. Some of you may already have heard that the Emperor has been kidnapped by the ninjas. The dojo will be doing its best to help in any way possible. Be aware that this will NOT interrupt your training. Without further ado, let us begin to eat our meal.” Within ten seconds everyone was eating their food and talking to friends. My father ate and conversed with some of the sensei’s at the table but every now and then he would stare out into the forest. Something sinister is going on and I had a feeling that the kidnapped emperor was the least of our problems.

Topic by Tornado96  


war games simulation batch file

@echo off title thermonuclear war color 0a :top echo would you like to play a game ? set /p ans= if not defined ans  (goto please ) if %ans%==yes (goto yes ) if %ans% NEQ yes (goto exit ) :please cls echo please type a responce echo (no caps) pause goto top :exit exit :yes cls echo welcome what is your name? set /p name= if not defined name ( goto please ) if %name% EQU mythbatcher (goto russialoser ) cls echo welcome %name% echo. echo thermonuclear war simulator activated echo. echo %name% you have the first move echo. echo who would you like to fight for? echo 1=America   2=Russia set /p side= if not defined side (goto please ) if %side%==2 (goto america ) if %side%==1 (goto russia ) :america cls echo %name% you are fighting for Russia                    echo.                           America - defcon 5 echo you have the first move echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~5 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one ) if %num%==2 (goto two ) if %num%==3 (goto three ) if %num%==4 (goto four ) if %num%==5 (goto five ) :one cls echo icbm fired at New Yourk City                            America defcon 4 echo estimated time untill  impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america 2 :two    cls                              echo two icbm's fired at New York City New York and Los angles Califorina                  echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                       America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :three cls echo three icbm's fired at New York City New York and Losangles Califorina and Seatle Washington echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                        America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :four cls echo four icbm's fired at New York City New York and Losangles Califorina and Seatle Washington and Pitsburg Penslevania echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :five cls echo five icbm's fired at New York City New York and Losangles Califorina and Seatle Washington and Pitsburg Penslevania and Boston Masetucetts echo time untill impact 30 seconds                             America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :america2 cls echo %name% you have another move                      America - defcon 4 echo. echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~2 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one1 ) if %num%==2 (goto two1 ) :one1 cls echo one icbm fired at Washington D.C. echo time untill impact 30 seconds                       America - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 >Nul cls echo impact pause goto america3 :two1 cls echo two icbm's fired at Washington D.C. and Miami Florida      echo  time untill impact 30 seconds          America - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto america3 :america3 cls echo %name% you have another turn echo i can not fire untill i reach defcon1 echo. echo you may now fire a icbm or a nuclear war head echo 1-icbm  2-nuclear war head set /p wepon= if not defined wepon ( goto please ) if %wepon%==1 (goto icbm ) if %wepon%==2 ( goto nuc ) :icbm cls echo one icbm fired at  the Smithsonian archive bunker echo time untill impact 30 seconds                    America - defcon 2 cls ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto defcon1 :nuc cls echo one nuclear war head fired at the US Capital          America - defcon 2 echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto defcon1 :defcon1 cls echo. echo America totlaly devestated echo. echo America - defcon 1 echo. echo time untill impact 30 seconds echo. echo you may wait untill impact or fire your remaning war heads echo    wait               fire set /p desion= if not defined desion (goto please ) if %desion%==wait (goto Russiawait ) if %desion%==fire ( goto Russiafire ) :Russiawait cls echo time untill impact of american icbm's 10 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact echo all remaning defences destroyed echo total devestation is imenent pause goto end :Russsiafire cls echo remaning misles fired echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto Russiawait :end cls echo. echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo      GAME OVER echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo. echo game results echo. echo AMERICA - LOSE echo. echo RUSSIA - LOSE echo. echo total result NO WINNER echo. echo an interisting game, echo the only way to win is not to play. echo. pause goto top2 :top2 cls echo would you like to play again? echo. set /p gameagain= if not defined gameagain (goto please ) if %gameagain% EQU yes (goto top ) if %gameagain% NEQ yes (goto exit ) :russia cls echo %name% you are fighting for america                    echo.                    Russia - defcon 5 echo you have the first move echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~5 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one1 ) if %num%==2 (goto two2 ) if %num%==3 (goto three3 ) if %num%==4 (goto four4 ) if %num%==5 (goto five5 ) :one1 cls echo icbm fired at Moscow                       Russia - defcon 4 echo estimated time untill  impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia 2 :two2    cls                              echo two icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow          echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                    Russia - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :three3 cls echo three icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                        America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :four4 cls echo four icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :five5 cls echo five icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev and Tashkent echo time untill impact 30 seconds                            Russia -  defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :russia2 cls echo %name% you have another move                      Russia - defcon 4 echo. echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~2 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one11 ) if %num%==2 (goto two11 ) :one11 cls echo one icbm fired at Baku   echo time untill impact 30 seconds                       Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 >Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia3 :two11 cls echo two icbm's fired at  Baku and Kharkov echo  time untill impact 30 seconds         Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto russia3 :russia3 cls echo %name% you have another turn echo i can not fire untill i reach defcon1 echo. echo you may now fire a icbm or a nuclear war head echo 1-icbm  2-nuclear war head set /p wepon1= if not defined wepon1 ( goto please ) if %wepon1%==1 (goto icbm1 ) if %wepon1%==2 ( goto nuc1 ) :icbm1 cls echo one icbm fired at  Gorki echo time untill impact 30 seconds                    Russia - defcon 2 cls ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto defcon1r :nuc1 cls echo one nuclear war head fired at Novosibrisk         Russia - defcon 2 echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto defcon1r :defcon1r cls echo. echo Russia totlaly devestated echo. echo Russia - defcon 1 echo. echo time untill impact 30 seconds echo. echo you may wait untill impact or fire your remaning war heads echo    wait               fire set /p desion1= if not defined desion1(goto please ) if %desion1%==wait (goto Americawait ) if %desion1%==fire ( goto Americafire ) :Americawait cls echo 30 seconds untill Russian icbm impact ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto end :Americafire cls echo all remanig icbm's fired at Russian states echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls goto Americawait exit :russialoser cls echo welcome mythbatcer you are fighting for america                    echo.                    Russia - defcon 5 echo you have the first move echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~5 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one11 ) if %num%==2 (goto two21 ) if %num%==3 (goto three31 ) if %num%==4 (goto four41 ) if %num%==5 (goto five51 ) :one11 cls echo icbm fired at Moscow                       Russia - defcon 4 echo estimated time untill  impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia 2m :two21   cls                              echo two icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow          echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                    Russia - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :three31 cls echo three icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad echo time untill impact 30 seconds                          America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :four41 cls echo four icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :five51 cls echo five icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev and Tashkent echo time untill impact 30 seconds                            Russia -  defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :russia2m cls echo %name% you have another move                      Russia - defcon 4 echo. echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~2 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one111 ) if %num%==2 (goto two111 ) :one111 cls echo one icbm fired at Baku   echo time untill impact 30 seconds                       Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 >Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia3m :two111 cls echo two icbm's fired at  Baku and Kharkov echo  time untill impact 30 seconds         Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto russia3m :russia3m cls echo %name% you have another turn echo i can not fire untill i reach defcon1 echo. echo you may now fire a icbm or a nuclear war head echo 1-icbm  2-nuclear war head set /p wepon11= if not defined wepon11 (goto please ) if %wepon11%==1 (goto explosionboom ) if %wepon11%==2 (goto explosion ) :explosionboom cls echo one icbm fired at  Gorki echo time untill impact 30 seconds                    Russia - defcon 2 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto defcon1m :explosion cls echo one nuclear war head fired at Novosibrisk         Russia - defcon 2 echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto defcon1m :defcon1m cls echo. echo Russia totlaly devestated echo. echo Russia - defcon 1 echo. echo time untill impact 30 seconds echo. echo you may wait untill impact or fire your remaning war heads echo    wait               fire set /p desion11= if not defined desion11(goto please ) if %desion11%==wait (goto waitforboom ) if %desion11%==fire ( goto firethosebooms ) :waitforboom cls echo 30 seconds untill Russian icbm impact ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto ENDM :firthosebooms cls echo all remanig icbm's fired at Russian states echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls goto wait22 :endm cls echo. echo American scientest have descoverd the [x-wav] lazar echo this lazar can fit into a small simple packege and emitts no radiation echo The [x-wav] lazar can burn an area of sixty thousand miles across echo in under an  hour echo We have assembled an army of U-2 Dragon ladies outfitted with this revolutionary technology echo We will strik on your command echo. echo type strik to fire the  [x-wav]. This is our finest hour, America lies in your hands now echo good luck %name% echo. set /p command= if not defined command (goto please ) if %command% EQU strik (goto imposoble ) if %command%==wait (goto end ) if %command%==fire (goto imposoble ) :please1 cls echo incorrect responce pause goto endm :imposoble cls echo [X-WAV] SUCCESFUL echo You have won!!!!!!!!!!!! echo. echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo      GAME OVER         CONGRADULATIONS echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo. echo game results echo. echo AMERICA - !!!!!WIN!!!!! echo. echo RUSSIA - LOSE echo. echo total result YOU ARE THE WINNER echo. echo an interisting game, echo the only way to win is not to play. echo. echo or is it echo. echo yu have unlocked a "secret" echo in TBMS V3.0 type secret in the main menu echo somthing interesting migh happen echo. pause goto top2  

Topic by Laserman595    |  last reply


war games simulation batch file

This is a batch file that mocks the movie war games i only used simple commands but it still took about a week to complet post where you think it can be improved i have already improved the impact display but havent posted it yet @echo off title thermonuclear war color 0a :top echo would you like to play a game ? set /p ans= if not defined ans  (goto please ) if %ans%==yes (goto yes ) if %ans% NEQ yes (goto exit ) :please cls echo please type a responce echo (no caps) pause goto top :exit exit :yes cls echo welcome what is your name? set /p name= if not defined name ( goto please ) if %name% EQU mythbatcher (goto russialoser ) cls echo welcome %name% echo. echo thermonuclear war simulator activated echo. echo %name% you have the first move echo. echo who would you like to fight for? echo 1=America   2=Russia set /p side= if not defined side (goto please ) if %side%==2 (goto america ) if %side%==1 (goto russia ) :america cls echo %name% you are fighting for Russia                    echo.                           America - defcon 5 echo you have the first move echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~5 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one ) if %num%==2 (goto two ) if %num%==3 (goto three ) if %num%==4 (goto four ) if %num%==5 (goto five ) :one cls echo icbm fired at New Yourk City                            America defcon 4 echo estimated time untill  impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america 2 :two    cls                              echo two icbm's fired at New York City New York and Los angles Califorina                  echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                       America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :three cls echo three icbm's fired at New York City New York and Losangles Califorina and Seatle Washington echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                        America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :four cls echo four icbm's fired at New York City New York and Losangles Califorina and Seatle Washington and Pitsburg Penslevania echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :five cls echo five icbm's fired at New York City New York and Losangles Califorina and Seatle Washington and Pitsburg Penslevania and Boston Masetucetts echo time untill impact 30 seconds                             America defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto america2 :america2 cls echo %name% you have another move                      America - defcon 4 echo. echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~2 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one1 ) if %num%==2 (goto two1 ) :one1 cls echo one icbm fired at Washington D.C. echo time untill impact 30 seconds                       America - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 >Nul cls echo impact pause goto america3 :two1 cls echo two icbm's fired at Washington D.C. and Miami Florida      echo  time untill impact 30 seconds          America - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto america3 :america3 cls echo %name% you have another turn echo i can not fire untill i reach defcon1 echo. echo you may now fire a icbm or a nuclear war head echo 1-icbm  2-nuclear war head set /p wepon= if not defined wepon ( goto please ) if %wepon%==1 (goto icbm ) if %wepon%==2 ( goto nuc ) :icbm cls echo one icbm fired at  the Smithsonian archive bunker echo time untill impact 30 seconds                    America - defcon 2 cls ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto defcon1 :nuc cls echo one nuclear war head fired at the US Capital          America - defcon 2 echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto defcon1 :defcon1 cls echo. echo America totlaly devestated echo. echo America - defcon 1 echo. echo time untill impact 30 seconds echo. echo you may wait untill impact or fire your remaning war heads echo    wait               fire set /p desion= if not defined desion (goto please ) if %desion%==wait (goto Russiawait ) if %desion%==fire ( goto Russiafire ) :Russiawait cls echo time untill impact of american icbm's 10 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact echo all remaning defences destroyed echo total devestation is imenent pause goto end :Russsiafire cls echo remaning misles fired echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto Russiawait :end cls echo. echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo      GAME OVER echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo. echo game results echo. echo AMERICA - LOSE echo. echo RUSSIA - LOSE echo. echo total result NO WINNER echo. echo an interisting game, echo the only way to win is not to play. echo. pause goto top2 :top2 cls echo would you like to play again? echo. set /p gameagain= if not defined gameagain (goto please ) if %gameagain% EQU yes (goto top ) if %gameagain% NEQ yes (goto exit ) :russia cls echo %name% you are fighting for america                    echo.                    Russia - defcon 5 echo you have the first move echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~5 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one1 ) if %num%==2 (goto two2 ) if %num%==3 (goto three3 ) if %num%==4 (goto four4 ) if %num%==5 (goto five5 ) :one1 cls echo icbm fired at Moscow                       Russia - defcon 4 echo estimated time untill  impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia 2 :two2    cls                              echo two icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow          echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                    Russia - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :three3 cls echo three icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                        America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :four4 cls echo four icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :five5 cls echo five icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev and Tashkent echo time untill impact 30 seconds                            Russia -  defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2 :russia2 cls echo %name% you have another move                      Russia - defcon 4 echo. echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~2 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one11 ) if %num%==2 (goto two11 ) :one11 cls echo one icbm fired at Baku   echo time untill impact 30 seconds                       Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 >Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia3 :two11 cls echo two icbm's fired at  Baku and Kharkov echo  time untill impact 30 seconds         Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto russia3 :russia3 cls echo %name% you have another turn echo i can not fire untill i reach defcon1 echo. echo you may now fire a icbm or a nuclear war head echo 1-icbm  2-nuclear war head set /p wepon1= if not defined wepon1 ( goto please ) if %wepon1%==1 (goto icbm1 ) if %wepon1%==2 ( goto nuc1 ) :icbm1 cls echo one icbm fired at  Gorki echo time untill impact 30 seconds                    Russia - defcon 2 cls ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto defcon1r :nuc1 cls echo one nuclear war head fired at Novosibrisk         Russia - defcon 2 echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto defcon1r :defcon1r cls echo. echo Russia totlaly devestated echo. echo Russia - defcon 1 echo. echo time untill impact 30 seconds echo. echo you may wait untill impact or fire your remaning war heads echo    wait               fire set /p desion1= if not defined desion1(goto please ) if %desion1%==wait (goto Americawait ) if %desion1%==fire ( goto Americafire ) :Americawait cls echo 30 seconds untill Russian icbm impact ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto end :Americafire cls echo all remanig icbm's fired at Russian states echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls goto Americawait exit :russialoser cls echo welcome mythbatcer you are fighting for america                    echo.                    Russia - defcon 5 echo you have the first move echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~5 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one11 ) if %num%==2 (goto two21 ) if %num%==3 (goto three31 ) if %num%==4 (goto four41 ) if %num%==5 (goto five51 ) :one11 cls echo icbm fired at Moscow                       Russia - defcon 4 echo estimated time untill  impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia 2m :two21   cls                              echo two icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow          echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                    Russia - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :three31 cls echo three icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad echo time untill impact 30 seconds                          America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :four41 cls echo four icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev echo time untill impact 30 seconds                                America - defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :five51 cls echo five icbm's fired at Minsk and Moscow and Leningrad and Kiev and Tashkent echo time untill impact 30 seconds                            Russia -  defcon 4 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia2m :russia2m cls echo %name% you have another move                      Russia - defcon 4 echo. echo how many icmb's would you like to fire 1~2 set /p num= if %num%==1 (goto one111 ) if %num%==2 (goto two111 ) :one111 cls echo one icbm fired at Baku   echo time untill impact 30 seconds                       Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 >Nul cls echo impact pause goto russia3m :two111 cls echo two icbm's fired at  Baku and Kharkov echo  time untill impact 30 seconds         Russia - defcon 3 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto russia3m :russia3m cls echo %name% you have another turn echo i can not fire untill i reach defcon1 echo. echo you may now fire a icbm or a nuclear war head echo 1-icbm  2-nuclear war head set /p wepon11= if not defined wepon11 (goto please ) if %wepon11%==1 (goto explosionboom ) if %wepon11%==2 (goto explosion ) :explosionboom cls echo one icbm fired at  Gorki echo time untill impact 30 seconds                    Russia - defcon 2 ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto defcon1m :explosion cls echo one nuclear war head fired at Novosibrisk         Russia - defcon 2 echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls echo impact pause goto defcon1m :defcon1m cls echo. echo Russia totlaly devestated echo. echo Russia - defcon 1 echo. echo time untill impact 30 seconds echo. echo you may wait untill impact or fire your remaning war heads echo    wait               fire set /p desion11= if not defined desion11(goto please ) if %desion11%==wait (goto waitforboom ) if %desion11%==fire ( goto firethosebooms ) :waitforboom cls echo 30 seconds untill Russian icbm impact ping localhost -n 4 > Nul echo impact pause goto ENDM :firthosebooms cls echo all remanig icbm's fired at Russian states echo time untill impact 30 seconds ping localhost -n 4 > Nul cls goto wait22 :endm cls echo. echo American scientest have descoverd the [x-wav] lazar echo this lazar can fit into a small simple packege and emitts no radiation echo The [x-wav] lazar can burn an area of sixty thousand miles across echo in under an  hour echo We have assembled an army of U-2 Dragon ladies outfitted with this revolutionary technology echo We will strik on your command echo. echo type strik to fire the  [x-wav]. This is our finest hour, America lies in your hands now echo good luck %name% echo. set /p command= if not defined command (goto please ) if %command% EQU strik (goto imposoble ) if %command%==wait (goto end ) if %command%==fire (goto imposoble ) :please1 cls echo incorrect responce pause goto endm :imposoble cls echo [X-WAV] SUCCESFUL echo You have won!!!!!!!!!!!! echo. echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo      GAME OVER         CONGRADULATIONS echo *--------------------------------------------------------------* echo. echo game results echo. echo AMERICA - !!!!!WIN!!!!! echo. echo RUSSIA - LOSE echo. echo total result YOU ARE THE WINNER echo. echo an interisting game, echo the only way to win is not to play. echo. echo or is it echo. echo yu have unlocked a "secret" echo in TBMS V3.0 type secret in the main menu echo somthing interesting migh happen echo. pause goto top2  

Topic by Laserman595    |  last reply


Pure cacsaicin from chilli peppers

I already had a quite long Ible in the making when it downed on me that not too many people should actually create such a dangerous substance at home.So instead I decided to just write a bit about the history, general procedures and what is possible or not.If you already made your own chilli exptract for a special hot sauce or your home made pepper spray then you feel right at home.Those who never done anything like it or at least some essential oil extractions might just find some other interesting stuff to read.I won't go into all details here as those with the basic knowledge will already know the precautions and most things.Capsaicin...The stuff that makes your exes run, clear you nose and makes you sweat like you on fire.At least if it comes within you favourite dish.In the pure form it is a severe irritant and should be handled like explosives or concentrated acids.You just won't make a mistake with this stuff twice - trust me!What really harms you is not the capsaicin itself, it is your bodies reaction to it!It stimulates the same nerves responsible to feel heat and pain, sometimes those for a severe itch as well.And unlike a normal reaction you would get from hot water, it won't stop until it is fully removed.Even after this the body keeps reacting for bit longer.On the skin you can end up with blisters like from a real burn, in your airways it can make breathing impossible!And lets just say that swimming goggles won't look as dumb and funny on your face once you realise you got some fine crystals on your face....If you dare to continue then I assume you are well aware of the risks, dangers and PPE requirements!Pure or extract?I checked tons of so called instructions on how to make pure or 99% pure capsaicin from chilli peppers.They all just produce a really crude mix of goo that happens to have a lot of capsaicin in it.If it is red or even darker it is nowhere near pure.If it has a weird smell that has really nothing in common with chilli than it is even worse.If it is more or less colorless, with a very strong scent that your nose does not like at all then we are getting somewhere.So why is it that we always end up with this color that is impossible to remove?Extracting chilli peppers....A thing most people ignore a bit when in a hurry is that an alcohol extraction requires DRY alcohol.You just won't tolerate water in it, which is why often methanol comes easier and cheaper than ethanol.Some people even think just because the alcohol is either evaporated or distilled off that all is good when using things like methylated spirit.Ever had the problem that you used that stuff and your hot sauce made you vomit after realising that it comes with a bad and extremely bitter after taste?That is the stuff that makes your home depot ethanol unuasable ;)If you use homegrown or otherwise fresh chilli you need to fully dry it first!Don't be fooled by people stating they did it with fresh peppers.What you get this way is some of the worst extractions you can get.Don't be fooled to think you need some Carolina Reaper either.A big bag of chilli powder from your grocery store will do just fine.So what is all in our extract?Alcohol or any other solvent usable for a capsaicin extraction also dissolves a lot of other things.Like the beta carotenes that give the extract the organge to red color.The skin and the entire fruit also contains oils, plus the shiny outside is mostly due to wax...All of this ends in your extract....You not only get what you want and might not mind but also everything else you don't want.Making the difference....The impossible we do right away, for miricles or wonder allow a day or two of processing ;)Assuming you end with a rather large qauntity of alcohol the concentration of everything is relatively low.If you used something like a Soxhlet extraction you already degraded a lot of the capsaicin due to the heat.And even after the best filtering you might have a clear solution but whatever is not a solid is still in there.Imagine you would put it all into a freezer....Surprisingly a lot of stuff won't stay in solution once cooled down enough.Especially if you give it a few days.Depending on what you started with you either get a slimy looking sludge or some crystals showing.Either way it needs to be filtered out and washed.For the washing use the same pure alcohol as before but make sure it is well cooled.If any cacsaicin was already forming crystals then they will be washed into your solution again now to a little extend.But you removed an awful lot of the wax if it was not capsaicin already. ;)Testing the slurry we collected.When using chilli powder from the shops I noticed that there is often no wax to be found at all.While for fresh produce the content is significant.Once dry you make a simple test with water.Capsaicin basically does not dissolve in water, so it would sink to the bottom while wax floats ;)I assume you ended with little to no wax but fine capsaicin instead.From the natural form it is very hard to get crystals bigger than a dust particle.This only happens if the temperature is cold enough and the concentration high enough.As my entire setup is quite small I usually prepare several 500ml plastic bottles that I fill to one quarter by height with chilli powder and then fill up to half with methanol.In the end I use a full 1kg bad of chilli powder but only a may of 5 to ten bottles.Making the most of it.When using alcohol extraction you want to use a little of the solvent as possible.Use means here wasting it instead of recycling it.Once I filtered my white slurry out I destill the remaining solution to reduce it by 50-75%.An almost dark red color is usually when it is time to stop.After this I place it back in the freezer for a day to check if more crystals or slurry forms.If so then I filter it off again.What is left is then mixed with recycled and fresh methanol to soak more chilli powder in my bottles.Means I discard the filtered of chilli poweder once washed, recycle what I can from the methanol and keep whatever the slurry produces that is not wax or dissolves in water.Depending with how much chilli you start you will get to the point where your filtered solution is already dark red.Since the final capsaicin won't dissolve in water you can destill with some added (destilled) water.This way you recover the alcohol without risking to get a sticky goo everyhwere that you need to clean off.It is quite possible to get some more capsaicin this way as with the alcohol leaving it will participate out.Simply filter the solution once the alcohol is recovered.As the beta carotenes won't dissolve well in water either it is best to perfom this destillation while all is mixed.If you can't do this then don't worry to much, it just means a few more minutes of cleaning later ;)Testing the final product....What you have left once the slurry is dried should be almost colorless with maybe a pale yellow in it.Fully dried it should appear as basically white.There should be no smell to it, nothing to tickkle you nose.Colorless and odorless.For whatever reason I still sometimes end up with a very faint smell.Not really chilli though...Depending on the temperature the products is either quite hard to almost britlle (when frozen) to almost wax like at room temp and above.I highly recommend against testing whatever you have on your skin or to ingest it!!!Waste some sauce base like ketchup (you can add it later to your sauce again) or some butter - I prefer the later.Butter become liquid well below the 65°C celsius decomposition temp for capsaicin, so it should dissolve very easy in it.Take a shot glass with just enough butter for a sandwich and dip a toothpick into your product.Make sure there it a tiny bit on it and not that the toothpick has a thick coating!Once cooled down while mixing every now then spread it on some sandwich and take a bite.After a minute or two you should definitately feel a difference to just butter - hopefully not too hot.If nothing happens repeat with a bit more on the toothpick.Still nothing at all usually means you filtered out only by-products and for some reasons managed to make the capsaicin disappear.Hints and tips that might safe your bacon....Methanol boils at about 64°C, ethanol at about 77°C.Capsaicin starts to decompose at 65°C.Not a big deal but if you get to the 80° mark, which is easy which ethanol you might have to use evaporation instead of destillation and waste the alcohol to your surrounding air...Water...For the final product it is not a problem but during the extraction process it is.Despite some people claiming otherwise both the quality and amount of what you end up with are lower.It seems some of the capsaicin binds to the water molecules with the help of some other stuff that the plant material provides.And when you try to destill a solution that was contaminated with water from the chilli it tends to foam up quite badly.While with pure alcohol and fully dried product there is no foaming.What to expect when collecting the end product...At room temperature you can dissolve what you get in product from one kg of dried chilli powder in under 10ml of pure alcohol.However at -20°C next to nothing dissolves in the alcohol.That means as long as you have still over lets say 1000ml alcohol extract then very little will participate out.Just one reason why I prefer to work with small batches - keeps the concentration higher from the start.The more you destill off and re-use the higher the capsaicin concentration in the alcohol will be.So before you start to add any water for the destillation you need to be aware of the consequences.I found out that first destilling most of the alcohol off the single rounds that got too dark in color helps.I just collect this conentrate for the final destillation process.Key is to destill this off to the point where it just starts to thicken up a bit.It should still be liquid but act almost like a thin oil.You don't want it so thick that is crates a coating on the walls when you move the liquid around.In case it did happen just add a tiny amount of alcohol again.Put in the freezer for a few days....Empty into your filter and let as much as possible drip out.Rinse with as little alcohol as possible - have the rinsing alcohol at -20C as well .Do not wash the filter with water but with the frozen cold rinsing alcohol.Cover the filter up and leave in a cool place for the next run - have something under it as it might still let a drip or two off.The remaining liquid leave to evaporate off until it just starts to thick up again a tiny bit - back in the freezer for a day or two.Filter out again then while still a bit wet turn the filter over to remove most what is in it.I prefer to empty onto a teflon sheet and to wear full PPE here....While still wet you try to remove more from the filter with a fine but short brush, knife or whatever you find suitable.Do not continue any action once the stuff starts to dry!Place the filter into a sealed bag and leave in your freezer for when you do anthoer extraction - this way you loose far less product ;)When doing a final destillation with added water to cover all the alcohol you are left with the remains of the original product, minus all solids.Beta carotene is quite beneficial, so it would make sense to include it into your hot sauce.Plus there will always be some leftover capsaicin in it.If you want to use this part of the extract as well to really get what is possible then IMHO slow is better.You can't just destill off or boil off the water to get a nice "sauce" base.The capsaicin that is left would be mostly decomposed and with no effect anymore.A clear sign of too much temperature is bad smell that really turns you off.Hard to define in words but trust me, if you smell it you know what I means as you woul refuse to have this smell coming from your final hotsauce.During the summer it no problem to just leave it out to evaporate in the shade !You can do it in full sun but must make sure no sunlight gets into the liquid.UV decomposes at least a lot of the karotenes....Special equippment at hand? If you happen to have a vacuum pump or at least a salvaged fridge compressor you can safe a lot of time.A buchner filter for 500ml in the top is quite cheap but you can build something similar with a normal funnel.Look it up it you want...A proper buchner filter however already comes with a very fine glass filter built in.Means you don't really need any filter paper - I still add it as it makes the cleaning easier.Instead of waiting several hours for gravity to do its work on a coffe filter you are done in a few minutes.Well worth trying out!For the water destillation of the remaining end product, or by-product if you like, vacuum also helps.CVD or Closed Vacuum Destillation sound complicated but is really simple.One pressure vessel is filled with the solution to be conectrated, the other is kept empty.Connected with a suitable pipe or hose and fully sealed.The extract is heated to about 40°C while the empty vessel is placed into an ice bath.With the pump and the help of a valve create just enough vacuum so create small bubbles in the heated vessel.Close the valve and a few hours later there should be far less water in the hot one while the frozen one builds up ice.Every now and then check the vacuum gauge and if require start the pump again.You can do with just the pump and one vessel....Problem is that the oil in your pump will quickly get far too contaminated with water.You could add a conatainer with something like an absorbent but it would have to be sufficient for all the water you need to remove.Most of all it must be able to absorb it fully before the airstream enters the compressor.The benefit is that the capsaicin can't decompose at all.In a vacuum or close to it anyways, a lot of the things that procude smell also disappear through the compressor.Won't help it was already a stinky mess but will certainly reduce the smell of the concentrate.If you prefer to keep this aroma for your final sauce then do not use a vacuum.Why not a Soxhlet or similar device as used for essential oil extraction?The benefit seems to be clear:You have a relatively large vessel to hold a lot of chille powder and can let the alcohol cycle and wash it out completly...Theory is not always reality.....Firstly the alcohol runs through it many times while it dissolves what it can from the powder.That means each round you actually wash with a higher concentration until there is equal amounts in the alcohol and the powder.You waste about 50% of the end product unless you repeat it all several times with fresh alcohol.Worst of all however is the temperature, even if you use methanol.To make the alcohol evaporate enough to make the process work properly and in a timely fashion it must be heated to above 65°C, in most cases even with a proper heating mantle you won't have the temperature control tight enough.It is quite possible to destroy 70% of the capsaicin this way....The condesers used are also not really suitable for these low temperatures.Means you should use ice water to cool.Either way you will loose a lot of what could otherwise be product.Funny things that might stumble you along the way.In the freezer the solution will participate out a bit.However, when back to room temperature most if it will still be there, only a fraction goes back into solution.I could not figure out why this happens but once heated to about 40°C it all dissolves again.Filter fully blocked by the product?The fine sludge can be a problem even with a proper vacuum filtration unit.Especially if the product is still not really a solid once fully dried.A paper filter can be re-used many times but whatever makes it past and into the glass filter is tricky.You should not get much here if the paper filter was fine enough but if it builds up to the point where it makes the filtration long and slow:Remove the paper filter and add a small amount of luke warm alcohol.If it does not start to trickle through already give it a minute or two before turning the vacuum on.Starts a bit slow but should clear up quickly, if in doub repaet with a large volume of alcohol.I prefer to do this cleaning before I start a new bag of powder or whever I need to restock.Means I can use the same alcohol I had to clean the filter to add to the bottles with powder ;)Nothing gets wasted if you are prepared....If you find any typos in the above then feel free to keep them.However if you decide to use the typos for monetary gain I would kindly ask for 5% of the net profit made from my typos.;)

Topic by Downunder35m    |  last reply