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Perpetual Motion? Answered

Can perpetual motion be achieved in space?

Question by blinkyblinky    |  last reply


Perpetual Motion

If perpetual motion is theoretically impossible, how is the earth still in orbit? Or how is anything in orbit? There falling at the rate at which the object there falling towards is rotating and they'll never stop rotating or falling so isn't that perpetual motion?

Topic by emuman4evr    |  last reply


perpetual energy

I conceived an idea during my physics class in 1997 that having a perpetual energy is possible. i am currently working on it with the little funds i have which will take some time to complete and try it

Topic by cleanenergy bostile    |  last reply


Proof of Perpetual motion? Answered

I am sorry I can't embed the video but you can find it on Youtube here  proof? :-)

Question by rickharris    |  last reply


I know there is no such thing as perpetual motion? Why is that? Answered

Okay, no such thing as perpetual motion. Why is that? What about something that will run for a year before it has to be started up again. I guess what Im saying is people just slam perpetual motion and ignore it. But, what if? What if you only have to start it again once a year, a month, a week or even once a day. Don't you think we should look into this result?

Question by BluTiger    |  last reply


Perpetual motion & free energy is it possible? Answered

Hi Eric/Instructables, Basically I have been looking at perpetual motion and am led to believe that it is impossible due to the laws of thermodynamics meaning heat/energy has to be transferred somewhere, so I came up with a few designs which may challenge this theory.  Without wanting to reveal my designs and ideas too much I will explain what I am trying to accomplish and would love your opinion as to whether you think they are viable. I have 2 ideas, one is to use 'rare' magnets (which aren't rare at all so cost and obtaining them is not as hard as it sounds!) and have the magnets propelling round like a wind turbine design using the opposite poles effect to repel the magnets and get the turbine started.  Once the turbine is in motion I will harness the electricity created by the movement of the turbine/motor in a capacitor or kinetic store. This stored  electricity  can be used to keep the magnets magnetized by wrapping wire coils round the magnets and passing the stored current through the coil to keep the magnets repelling each other and spinning the turbine. Idea number 2 is a similar concept just dropping the use of magnets and using the method of so called free energy where you can get a small voltage from using a radio antenna, capacitors and germanium diodes (there are several example videos on the internet) again using a wind turbine effect to keep re-fueling the capacitors so the voltage drop when the load is applied is nulified. Perpetual motion is the dream and I think the transfer of heat/energy caused by friction can be harnessed and put back into the workings of the appliance/design, Many thanks for your time in reading this and hope for any replies positive or negative the dream will live on in my head and heart  :)  Mark Smith 

Question by McJesus    |  last reply



Could a superconductor make a perpetual flow of electrons with the presence of a magnet in the cold vacuume of space? Answered

I just thought of this question and it has been a while since I studied superconductors.

Question by nerd7473    |  last reply


Is there really a theory behind the hojo motor scam? Answered

I ran into it on line.  More truthfully, it ran into me.  I've never heard of it.  I do know it's a scam, you can't spend $100.00 at the hardware store and build a device that supplies 120 volts at 2oo amps to power a house.  The whole thing did pique my curiosity, just like a gasifier or hovercraft or flying lawnmower would.  The problem is that if you try to find just information on what the thing is all you get is page after page after page of scam sites or people trying to sell plans for some mythical device. The only thing I've been able to ferret out is that it's some kind of perpetual motion device that will power my whole neighborhood if I spend 9 hours building it.  I like to think none of my fellow humans are silly enough to believe that. Anyway, without trying to tell me you have one powering your house and an orphanage out of kindness or trying to sell me plans please explain the theory behind it.  Sorry if I sound grumpy, I've been battling scam sites trying to look legitimate for the last hour.

Question by AngryGuy70    |  last reply


perpetual motion machine/device...

Ok, me and my friends were chatting on im on diff ways and ides for perpetual motion machines and i decided to make a forum about it. here is probably the best one, make suggestions, comments, and add your own ideas. ok, you have a tractor trailor or and vehicle for that matter, and you attach a turbine to the top with a fan/propeller/paddle like on the boats at busch gardens that catches air and spins faster as you pick up speed. once the driver has reached the desired speed, he turns the engine off and pulls a knob like on a lawnmower that gets the blade spinning from the motor, but in this case, it gets the wheel axel spinning from the fan thing at the top. the air/wind from the speed of the vehicle spins the fan thing, which spins the axle that spins the wheel that keeps the wind/air coming to the fan up top. if you think this will work, have any comments, or, can even test this out!(i dont have the recources) feel free to post your result or anything else you want to say. i will check and reply :)

Topic by A.C.E.    |  last reply



"Good Time": The Joseph Ducreux Translation

It's been a while since I put one of these out. This one is a parody of Owl City's "Good Time." You can find the original lyrics here. Hope you enjoy! Favorable Circumstances I arose this morn in good humour. Wherefore doth a song authored by Prince reside verily within my mind. Elevate your hands if you favor dancing this eve. For the circumstances are perpetually favorable. I last night slept in my waking attire as if I cared not. I utilised a motorized stage, indifferent to the destination. I shall participate if you favor dancing this eve. For the circumstances are perpetually favorable. Good morn and good night. I shall arise at dusk. Events will yield acceptable outcomes. We need not even put forth effort, The circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) The circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) We need not even put forth effort, the circumstances are perpetually favorable. I lost my composure, for I once again dropped my telephonic device into the natatorium. I abandoned my inn space and withdrew currency from an automatic teller. Let us spend time together if you you favor dancing this eve. For the circumstances are perpetually favorable. Good morn and good night. I shall arise at dusk. Events will yield acceptable outcomes. We need not even put forth effort, The circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) The circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) We need not even put forth effort, the circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) The circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) We need not even put forth effort, the circumstances are perpetually favorable. It matters not the time nor date; The circumstances are perpetually favorable at that point. It matters not the location; The circumstances are perpetually favorable wherever we may be. It matters not the time nor date; The circumstances are perpetually favorable at that point. The circumstances are perpetually favorable! (Exuberant vocalization) The circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) We need not even put forth effort, the circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) The circumstances are perpetually favorable. (Exuberant vocalization) We need not even put forth effort, the circumstances are perpetually favorable. Thanks for coming! Please leave a comment on your way out :)

Topic by Plo Koon  


Why should perpetual motion be impossible?

Our laws of physics are quite clear when it comes to the impossible.You can not produce more energy within a system than what actually goes into it.And since friction will always be a thing in our real world perpetual motion is simply impossible.With this or quite similar reactions all good scientists end the conversation.We know it is not possible, so why bother...If all that is stopping are laws of physics, then it is time to redefine "perpetual motion".Another term for it would be "free energy" as we would have to draw energy from nothing to keep it moving.Solar cells provide free energy the same way as wind- or hydro generators, we even use waves on the ocean to produce electricity...Perpetual motion seems to be defined by mechanical things and motion only.And free energy seems to be defined as bogus only while ignoring the realities.We simply can't use the same terms for everything if they are in fact totally different things....A motor running off a solar cell would be a perpetual motor if you widen the energy term a bit here.The impossible energy to run the motor comes out of nowhere - our solar cell generates electricity from sunlight.And a simple water wheel in a stream will power a mill for as long as water runs down the stream....Humanity and science say this is not free energy as we take energy from other system to make it move.And of course it is a dead simplification anyways.You get the picture though.So far humanity has only managed to tap into a very few forms of energy out there in any direct form.Solar cells come to mind first of course.In a way they utilise radiation to transform it into DC electricity.Then we have all sorts of mechanical energy transfer, from generators over windmills to the modern recovering brakes in electric vehicles.Last but not least we have heat, steam engines, nuclear reactors and so on.The laws of physics however know a few more forms of energy....We seek out new ways to "generate" more electricity than ever before, like fusion reactors.What we don't seek is understanding what we always had already.All we do it to try to "generate" electricity.It is what powers our world but it is only a tiny fraction of what is possible.We burn fuel in a comustion chamber to make piston go up and down.Only to transfer this motion into a rotary one to finally drive our wheels.Most of the energy available in the fuel is wasted this way.Making it slightly more efficient took us over 100 years....Thinking about using the fuel more directly does not even come to our minds.So why bother to consider any other possible form of energy to drive our world.We are stuck in definitions no one really understands because most of the used terms have more than one use and meaning.We fail to open our minds to other possibilities just because "that's how it is and always will be".Flying to the moon?? Impossible!We did it anyway....Using batteries to provide electricity to entire towns? What a joke!In South Australia they do it anyway and with great success as well.Powering entire cities just from wind and solar energy? Are you joking?Well, companies invest an awful lot of money here and they wouldn't do so if it would not make massive profits...So why again should perpetual motion be any different?At some stage it was hillarious to even think our world would spin around the sun.....

Topic by Downunder35m    |  last reply


Challenge build my perpetual motion device this is the only one that makes sense PLEASE HELP

Guys please help me out i havent built this device yet but it has to work trust me read my instructable and it should make perfect sense www.instructables.com/id/How-to-build-a-perpetual-motion-device-Gotthard-G/ thanks to all who contribute if you have any questions or theory of why it wont work shoot me an email    mgotthard1@yahoo.com

Topic by BTBAMYEAH    |  last reply


Where can I get a monopole magnet? Answered

I saw a video on You tube (http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=xR6Qait2JGY), in it he makes a perpetual motion machine using a monopole magnet (a magnet with only one pole North or South).

Question by TurboFish    |  last reply


Perpetual energy machine idea. Would it work? Answered

Hello, i had an idea today. A light powered by a solar panel that powers itself! You would need a small amount of energy to initiate the circuit's current, but i can only see one way why this could not work: Lightbulbs lose some energy as heat and a tiny percentage as sound. How could you counter this? Heat collectors? Any ideas? I think that I may be on to something here!

Question by The Jamalam    |  last reply


I have idea for infinite energy!

I have idea for an infinite energy or perpetual motion. I know that perpetual motion is impossible because it contrary with firs and second law of thermodynamics. I have learned those laws on  school too but I asked my physics teacher ( I'm in high school now 16 years old) and he said that it looks possible. The problem is that I'm from Kosovo,and there is no any labs of that type where I can make my experiment. If you have any idea about any of this labs which are interested on infinite energy experiments. I would appreciate your help.

Question by Mrfatjonable    |  last reply


magnet gravity

Couldn't, with well position magnets, create an orbit around a central magnet? Almost like perpetual motion? I've been playing around with magnets lately, and I've gotten magnets to do 2 full revolutions around other magnets before coliding. Is it possible?

Topic by guyfrom7up    |  last reply


Is there any existing street lighting that uses perpetual motion as its energy source? free energy would be good right??

Free energy in street lighting might be better than solar energy in street lightings. It just need to have a time schedule in order for it to switch on at night and switch off during the days 

Question by RayT58    |  last reply


Heat.

So I want to make a necklace with a pendant that will always be warm. I dont know how to go about this so if anyone can help thatd be great. I was thinking possibly chemicals but i dont know if thats safe nor do i know anything about chemicals. Id prefer something that once i finish it ill never have to change or switch anything out but whatever works.

Topic by Blinktwice    |  last reply


Would this idea to prolong battery life work? (NOT perpetual motion, just extended life!) Answered

A few days ago, I designed a self-charging battery system using a dc motor attached to a rechargeable battery pack that turns a generator via gears, similar to how a car battery works, converting kinetic energy from the motor to electrical energy with the generator and looping back to the battery. I've modified the idea to reduce friction as much as I can so that the motor and generator are directly attached now, keeping energy from being lost to friction between gears. Here's a crappy diagram:    |-----|--------------|                     |--------------|-----|    |       |  Motor       |-------||-------|Generator|      |    | | ---|--------------|                     |--------------|---| |    | |------------|----------------|------------------------| |    |--------------|  Battery      |--------------------------|                       |----------------| I know that 100% efficiency is impossible, I'm not trying to get all the energy back, and I'm not trying to create energy. I'm trying to loop the energy that isn't lost to friction and other factors back to the battery, hypothetically charging the battery up a little to somewhat extend the life. I realize that it will eventually go dead no matter what I do due to the laws of thermodynamics. What I want to know if this would increase the battery life enough to be worth incorporating in a design. (I know the motors should be attached to the battery by two different ends but its actually supposed to be a rechargeable battery pack so one motor is attached to input in to charge the battery and the other is output so the battery powers it. Plus if I tried to draw the wires like that it would've taken forever.)

Question by ALogan97    |  last reply


Why the hell can't people use Google? Answered

How do I cure acne? Where do I get a 23.5kW amp for a 32" subwoofer? How do I make a 32" subwoofer? Does anyone have the schematics for a perpetual motion machine? ... F@#K... Why does reading questions on Instructables make me want to scream obscenities? Can none of these people do any research, or do they expect to have any inane question that pops into their head answered for them?

Question by omnivaal    |  last reply


People powered woody garden waste shredder

Would someone please make an instructable for a hand or bike powered 'shredder' or 'chipper'  that doesn't involve welding.  Bahi did a great one, but it requires welding, and we don't have that available. The woody stuff that needs making into much smaller pieces are: orach stems, collard and kale stems, summer squash vines, perpetual spinach roots, tomato stems and Florence fennel stalks (they get to be about eight feet tall each year). 

Topic by mole1    |  last reply


Specific error in trying to post image notes

When I try to post notes on pictures in Chrome on Mac, I just get the perpetual spinning wheel. Notes were working for me in Firefox, but today when I tried to add a note, I got this error over and over: error 400 -- invalid json: { top: 0.22568093385214008, left: 0.692, width: 0.24, height: 0.14591439688715954, text:Mmm. Note the focus, the concentration... the enjoyment. } I tried putting the note in different areas of the picture, but nothing helped. Maybe it's comma related. Aaargh, this grammar thing is killing me. I'll report back shortly.

Topic by susanrm    |  last reply


Should I....? Answered

I received a PM this morning from someone asking to use one of my instructables project photos in their book. Here is what they wrote: I'm finishing writing a book dealing with sci-fi, and I thought it would be kind of fun to include your photo of your croched USS Enterprise (the first one-- tilted upward) . I have similar Trek artwork, and yours would be fun to add. If I show you as artist, might I possibly have unrestricted permission (all future world editions/languages/derivations/ads), to sell it in my printed book as well as from the book site's down-loadable image bank? Should I? I think it would be cool to have something in a book.  The other question is can I? Since it was entered into a contest and according to the contest rules :9. By submitting an entry and entering this contest, you hereby grant Instructables a perpetual, irrevocable, sublicenseable, worldwide, royalty free right to publish and distribute your entry for their promotional purposes.

Question by ChrysN    |  last reply


Small generators.

Most everyone here knows (I assume) how the generators work in RC cars and there's an instructable that shows it can be used to output electricity. Elementary science at it's best. If any of you have took them apart you'd notice it draws eletricity from touching the center metal pole. Two little brush/copper/zinic contacts. Basically I've been trying to think of ways to extract eletricity without having a need for them. They cause friction. Uh-oh, a few lightbulbs lit up in peoples minds by now and they're going "oh no not another person trying to beat the laws of thermodynamics and acheive perpetual motion" Yep. As we all know eletricity CAN jump if it's powerful enough and arc, but this doesn't make it too safe either. However it's a small scale model to start out and can be contained so the arc won't be a problem. My other problem is the calculations. They need to be precise. To get it working I need a low rpm generator that will generate high output. For this it requires torque which kinda kicks me, it will also need to use (I assume) rare earth magnets. So basically lets stick with my latter problem since it's more down to earth. I need a fairly small generator if possible (It can be larger if no other solutions are present) At least the size of a walnut I don't plan to make anything immense in size as I lack the funding. As pointed, small is key. Not to be redundant but to paint a clearer picture. It will also need to generate decent voltage at a low rpm speed. I cannot emphasis this enough because it's one of the key parts to make my idea function. Hum... Yeah that about covers it. So if any tech wiz's are out there that know of such thing I'd apperecaite it if you'd part the knowledge to me :P I'm also very aware that perpetual motion is eh, impossible... by current standards. The intention of this project is to deepen my knowledge and figure out why things won't work, figure out solutions and on so forth. A learning project for now and perhaps one day it might become something far more awesome.

Topic by Dark-half    |  last reply


ID/Creationism trolling an academic requirement?

This could explain a lot. (From RichardDawkins.net via Slashdot )Apparently, the course on "Intelligent Design and Christian Apologetics" at Southwestern Baptist Theological Seminary has, as a requirement worth 20% of the final grade, "(4) provide at least 10 posts defending ID that you've made on "hostile" websites, the posts totalling 3,000 words, along with the URLs (i.e., web links) to each post (worth 20% of your grade)."The next time I see a lengthy, ad-hominem-laden, scientifically dubious argument for Intelligent Design on this site I'm going to wonder whether it is a college student fulfilling course requirements by trolling. I notice that reading the replies to your 3,000 words of propaganda isn't required. Now we just have to find whoever it is offering photocopies of Tesla's secret notebooks and plans for perpetual motion machines if you post enough stuff supporting overunity HHO generators.Note to those so inclined: this is not flamebait, I'm reporting a piece of news relevant to this community (because of our semi-regular flamewars debates about ID etc.). Flames will be reported as spam and subsequently ignored. Intelligent Discussion will be welcomed.

Topic by PKM    |  last reply


Need honest opinions on Single Malt Scotches under $100 (Preferably from Scottish folks)

If you recall the dialog from the movie, "My cousin Vinnie," the guy says, "No self respecting southern would eat ready made grits."  There is something to be said about his statement.  It is emphatic and pretty much gives away the sentiment from a southern (USA) point of view. Now relate this to the Single Malts.  Can a statement be made, "No self respecting Scot would drink Glenmorangie," or whatever.  You see, my friends and I are having this perpetual debate over various Scotches, available here in the U.S. and under $100.  One of us made the comment that Macallan is over rated.  Yet, others think that Macallan sets the bar as high as it can be in that price range. No pun intended. My local liquor store carries a fairly good selection.   I notice the following as being bought on a regular basis using a total non-scientific observation: Glenfiddich Glenmorangie Glenlivet Highland Park Macallan Cragganmore Balvenie Cragganmore Springbank Lagavulin Ardbeg Laphroaig So my Scottish friends, please help me out here with your expert opinion on this topic and tell me how you truly feel about these brands.  Make BOLD statements. Thank you.

Topic by kabira    |  last reply


Existentialists, how do you find a meaning for life? Answered

Lately (and by lately I mean for a while now) I have been experiencing existential/nihilist/teen angst. I'm totally detached from reality, especially the future which is what I'm supposed to care about, what everyone cares about. I think that life is essentially meaningless, it came to exist because of a fluke, and it continues to exist because perpetuates itself (evolution). So I've been trying to make life matter to me, existentialist style. But I can't seem to get the knack of it. I don't know what I want out of life, I'm not clear on what exactly there is to want....I'm not even sure that anything is real except me. Lately I've taken to telling myself that things are meant to be, and there is a greater purpose, I just can't comprehend it yet.....which may be the most ridiculous thing I've ever told myself..... I know most people think this stuff, but don't take it seriously. They just go on living. But I just can't....perhaps because these abstract thoughts seem as real to me as everything else (not very)? Sorry if I'm totally incoherent.... HELP. please?

Question by november21    |  last reply


LED Outdoor Stair Lighting

Greetings. I'm a poor graduate student - in pharmacology - and I can tell you a lot about how drugs work, but I hardly know a damn thing about electrical circuitry. All I remember is that the robot kit my dad bought me as a kid didn't turn out the way it should... Anyhow, I've been faced with a small problem: the back staircase to my apartment (the main entrance as far as I'm concerned) is scary craggy and doesn't have any lighting. I considered just using a christmas strand of LED lights to illuminate the thing, but there is no outdoor outlet on the house.. I then tried using a solar powered garden light set, but it was pretty much useless (couldn't charge fast enough) up until the point when roofers tossed a bunch of crap on the solar panel and smashed it. So I'm wondering if there's a way that I can keep my staircase lit perpetually (solar panel?) or in a way that doesn't require that I change batteries often. I considered using a lantern battery, but 5 amp-hours is what its rated at, and I guess that even with resistors, I'm not going to get that much life over the course of a few hours. Features wanted: Solar (?) charging or low battery turnover Enough light to see the ground over the string of 6+ lights Light meter so that it only turns on after dark? Thanks, Joel

Topic by Devizier  


e150 Full Size Going Green

So I am trying this process of converting my big old van (92 - full size windowless version) into a green machine... Unfortunatly i know little about cars... I am already installing the HHO system myself to make it Part Hydrogen, now I want to add some electricity into the mix as well. I already have a HUGE back space that I don't even use. if it was deisle I would just use the back space for a vegi -converter... but I am thinking of using that space for some batterys (although I know those can get expensive) I was also thinking since I will have the batterys there... I would also make a little turbine on the roof, so i am creating a perpetual energy ( I know how to do this one)... My question is: How hard would be to ADD electric power to my van without losing my current gas/hho mix power. Is it possible? Its not really about "gas prices" or anything, I just feel like everytime i fill up my tank I am: 1) Buying a terrorist a gun 2) killing 30 trees Because I am really bad about being coherent here is my questions to you: - What would be the best option to add to my van after my HHO to make my van MORE green? - If its electric, can i add that with my current (to-be) HHO/Gas? - What could i use all that empty space for? Thanks guys :)

Topic by teamcoltra    |  last reply


Sleep deprived brain fart...Solar Panel Lightbox Generator

OK first off let me tell you I don't know much at all about solar panels, wiring, or electrical at all. So to those that want to flame save your breath. Now at 3:30 am my time I woke up and since I couldn't sleep logged on to Instructables because something was bothering me. The something that wouldn't allow me to get back to the sleep which I craved was the idea for a Solar Panel Lightbox Generator. Now I see the logic in thinking about some of the perpetual motion generators and how they are impossible. And I believe my idea is not possible either, but till I get some info from someone that knows more about electric and solar panels I don't think I will be able to rest. So here is the idea, someone please explain how my thinking is wrong. Build a box of solar panels faceing inward with a light source inside of the box. once the panels start to charge a battery, use the battery to power the light. First off I know direct sunlight is optimal for the panels, but I'm thinking "outside/Inside" the box. How much light does it take for a panel to actually start creating current? How much energy does the light use to create the light? How do you measure how much light (candle power?) a bulb/LED or what ever produces and is it enough to " power " a solar panel/cell? My thinking is if a LED/incandescent/haligion light can produce enough light, with the right amount of solar cells it could power its self after start up. I know things degrade, bulbs burn out and all that. What I guess I'm saying is mathematically could this happen? Since I know so very little about solar and electrical in general is it possible? And if it's possible could more panels be added to make more power than it uses? There's my brain fart, feel free to point out the flaws so I can get some sleep tonight.

Topic by RedneckEngineer    |  last reply


Grid Tie and Induction Motors

Yes, I know it's nearly 3am on the east coast... but and idea struck me. So the idea is to feed small amounts of mechanical power into the power grid. Not necessarily run the meter backwards, but supplement power consumption.I've researched grid tie inverters - which are very expensive. For those wondering, a grid tie inverter is feeds mains power back into the grid by syncing phase angle and phase (no dead shorts :) ) and applying slightly higher voltage. They are very efficient and really not within a college student experiment budget :pSo I was thinking... Rather than go from mechanical to DC to AC to grid - go from mechanical to AC to grid VIA an induction motor. As a proof of concept, use a DC motor + battery to turn an induction motor. Plugged into the grid, in theory, should apply current. Oh, but the phase you say? How do you prevent a dead short?"I've thought of this -- before applying mechanical power - have the grid bring the induction motor up to speed. Then try to turn faster (apply a torque) with the DC motor, for example. In theory, the amount of extra power put into the grid will be related to the slip angle of the motor - which will also control the speed of the input (so you can't go over speed by too much).Keep in mind that this whole battery business is just a proof of concept sort of thing - I'm not talking perpetual motion or any hohaa craziness. In the end, the final mechanical input will be around 200 watts. I expect this to be very low efficiency (likely 50%ish), 100W isn't an answer to the energy issues - but it's an experiment. It's also not going to come even close to driving the meter backwards, but it should run (as supplement) my laptop + two to three 13w CFL's :DI think the theory is feasible -- the inspiration comes from flywheel driven UPS systems. An induction motor is driven while mains power is on to keep a flywheel in motion. When the power goes out, the FW drives the motor and feeds to local grid.I'm thinking of using a "low" rpm induction motor.... If I recall, ceiling fans are 16 pole? So that's 60Hz2*2/16=450rpm... Add ceiling fan motor to the list of things to hunt for :) Looking at the one above my head, it looks like it even has a nice bolt pattern for some sort of pulley shenanigans :DCan someone either throw some ice water on me and slap me for being an idiot -- or let me know if I've found a boat to Valhalla.Oh, and my apologies for dancing around the "mechanical input" details.... There's a reason for this, I promise :) In any case, insight and information is appreciated :)

Topic by trebuchet03    |  last reply


BJT vs MOSFET? Answered

-- background: In my perpetual pursuit for designing the best, cheapest, & best performing flyback (line transformer) driver, I've decided to try out some big BJTs, which appear to have higher voltage & current ratings @ considerably lower cost. In the past, I have tried MJE3055's, which work OK, and allow the generation of thin blue arcs from a 12V supply for a few minutes until the transistor dies due to high voltage kickback or overheating. The FDP33N25 gives good results but is somewhat unreliable at 24V. So I decided to give these alluring "PHE13009" 400V 12A rated NPN BJT's a try. However driving the transistor adequately seems to be the problem. (I didn't realize these transistors would require like 5A base current w/ only HFe of 2!) It seems like almost all the "good" driver schematics utilize large $$$ FETs or even IGBTs, but almost every CRT, plasma globe, and ballast (SMPS) I took apart seem to prefer high power BJTs probably due to this exact cost difference. I was only able to get simalar performance to my 33N25 MOSFET when I stuck an additional TIP120 in as an additional darlington stage, which worked very nicely (white hot arcs) for about 1 second, then it popped! :( Since the collectors are tied together they are all exposed to >200V transients, I am sure that's what killed it. I substituted that transistor for another PHE13009 to see what would happen and with a third driving stage (2N2222) I could get somewhat acceptable results but I know I can do better. >:) - My actual questions:  * The GDP of this transistor is 40MHz, seems fast to me. (certainly faster than the 2MHz GDP of the 2N3055 which works well in my slayer exciter.) and MOSFETs have significant gate charge. ECE2630 glossed over transistors mentioning BJTs are faster, (small signal ones, anyway :P ) and some internet sources agree, but I am finding lots of sources saying the opposite! What's the deal? Which one "faster?"  * How to traditional BJTs compare to IBGTs? Which are faster/better? The datasheet for this transistor explicitly mentions its use for "high frequency ballast and switch mode applications" which implies that it is well suited for my needs. It also includes a several inductor test circuits, but other than that the datasheet is pretty bare-bones.  I'm actually a little disappointed the HFe is so low (around 2-3) @ >10A. I may require more windings on my primary and a 48v supply. (not ideal) * I know I will dissipate a little more heat due to the base current, and something I didn't consider was heat dissipated in the resistor biasing/controlling the base. (like 12V at several amps just to drive the damn thing!!) so it is worth the cost benefit of $0.5? Is there a configuration I could use that makes driving the transistor easier?

Question by -max-    |  last reply


V-Gate Motor, what is fake, what is real, why is it not possible

If we look at so called magnet motors than they usually share the common works of a V-Gate somewhere.So with the energy crisis blooming it might make sense to take a look on how these fance toys are supposed to work, or not work.You can check Wikipedia and watch a lot of Youtube videos showing magnet motors or just V-Gate magnet toys in operation.As the name suggests the permanent magnets are placed in a V shape configuration.Either linear or in a circle / on a drum.And the working theory suggests that if you place one or two magnets at the right spot in relation to the V than forces will make things move.It is great fun to play with a V-Gate just to figure out how the magnets actually interact.The longer you play with it and experiment the closer you think you are to actually make it work.No matter what you try though there is always a spot or an area where the magnet do the exact opposit of what they are supposed to do, the bind instead of making things move.Especially in the videos you can see a lot of interesting ways trying to compensate for this or to fool you.And the thing really no one wants you to know is that the pushing forces you want actually reverse half way through the cycle.But at this point their forces are already quite low.Would make sense now to just use that part of the V that actually works and to repeat it, doesn't it?If you do then you always end up with the same as what you had before, just more sections of it ;)And since in nature everything is equal we can not make the unwanted forces disappear and only keep the ones we want.Or can we? ;)A flywheel is a good option to preserve energy and to store it.No wonder then that people like to go big and include as many magnets on the drum as possible, preferably big and heavy as well...And since we can see in some videos that you can even make it spin by moving the magnet bar by hand: How hard can it be to do it properly?A flywheel needs energy to get going, especially if heavy...If the system would have the energy to make this spin then for obvious reasons it would only get faster and faster - but none of these toys do this...And well, moving your hand requires energy too ;)But combined with a mechanical or magnetic link it shall work just fine, timing is everything...And so you keep going and trying and in reality get nowhere at all.As said, you can't have only positive forces without the corresponding negative force(s).Modern approaches to the problem....The famous Yildiz generator uses all sorts of tricks.For example electromagnets to cancel out the field of permanent magnets, powered by internal generator coils of course.Or shielding around some magnets to direct the magnetic field in other directions.Others try to use a different angle for the magnets so seemingly one side of the field is stronger than the other.And the real enthusiast even machine their own magnet shapes from block magnets to get the field lines where they want them to be.In some case you can even find claims of commercial products in operation, with a convient link to order you own on a long term contract.This seems to suggest that there is indeed a way to create at least electricity for "free"....Of course this only made more plausible by the "security packets" included with these lease agreements.Sealed units, 24/7 remote camera surveillance, online connection for remote monitoring and on the go adjustments....And, no without the constant feedback from base operations through the online connection the "generators" will just stop.In a way all this only makes the search for the holy grail of magnetism more interesting.Just consider this:If it is worth to waste god knows how much money to create elaborate fakes with supporting websites and articles seeded all over the net, then why is it worth it?A real money scam would be exposed quite quickly and the websited disappear with the business.And if it is a real and registered business then they have to make the money somehow in legal ways.A balanced approach to the realities and options to make V-gate motor/generator as a workable toy....We know we can cheat and we know we can use modern materials.To make an interesting toy we would need to make it look and work interesting.Just a moving drum is boring and prone to be called a fake right away.Some fancy lever moving the magnet bar is nice but already well too abused to pass.Gearboxes and cranks however are not used that often due to the complexity of creating them in your garage.And some mechancial master creation displayed in museums of other places as "perpetual" motion machines are insanely complex.It comes down to first mapping the areas of negative impact, then finding ways to compensate for them.Preferably in some fancy optical way.Like the magician uses slide of hand to fool you you distract the audience by providing them things to focus on.The more focus on the workings behind it all the more they forget to understand physics ;)For example: If you want to lift the magnet bar you can use a fancy looking crank wheel that is overbalanced for the binding forced of the magnets - fools the unsuspecting person to think you actually eliminated the forces while in reality the wrong balance causes a problem later in the spin.And for those who were able to fllow that trail correctly you have something like and additional magnet moving to compensate fr this wrong balance.....Just make sure you seemingly complete the circle of force elimination back to where it started ;)Mumetal...Not, it does not come a cow....And yes, it is a real thing and not a fancy make up free energy freaks created ;)Unlike normal steel or iron Mumetal is extremely good in directing magnetic fields.For example the positioning head of your hard drive uses a pair of magnets on Mumetal plates to make sure the close proximity won't affect the disks storing your data.Now, some people on the net use these features to really fool you badly when it comes to magnets.From magnets in loudspeakers they misuse the term "shielded" to state Mumetal actuall shield the field of a permanent magnet.True is only that Mumetal provides pathway for the magnetic field that is thausands of times easier to follow than air.For example:A strong manget that still creates a noticable field at let's say 3cm distance.A Mumetal of 4cm in diameter placed 1cm apart would make the affects of the magnetic field disappear at 3cm.But not because the field is shielded, because the magnetic field lines now have an easy way to follow.They just "can't be bothered" anymore to go around the plate.In terms of utilising these effects for a V-Gate toy we can get really creative indeed.Some classic V-Gates use a magnet facing north on one side and a magnet facing south on the other side of the magnet bar and drum (left,right).Proving a Mumetal strip between them increases the field strenght on the other side quite a bit.It also allows for a much smaller extension of the field to the sides.And whatever area is covered by Mumetal will not show such a strong field, or none at all.So it would make sense to create a fancy gearbox to rotate a magnet bar.With every set of magnets on the drum the magnet bar makes one rotation.Like a real DV motor so to say.While the magnets attract each other the "active" side is exposed, and when the point comes where they would start to bind the "shielded" side is exposed to the drum.And like with all good mechnical toys we would have to find a way to revers the rotationthree times during one rotation of the drum to "compensate" for the reverse changes with a magnet bar that has a fixed spacing.Pushing instead of lifting....If two mangnets are used for the magnet bar it becomes obvious that a lot of "force" goes sideways instead of being used to actually push the drum.Hence the V shape to fool you the shape actually makes pushing possible to start with.Now read carefully and try to follow so you are not getting fooled by the explanation how to fool other people:For get an even base of understanding I will start where the closed end and the open end of the V meet on the drum, right where the pushing action starts.If the distance of the bar magnets dicreses with the V shape than we get even pushing forces working for us without the problem of reversal half way through the rotation.However we do get insane binding forces right when we get back to the start point of our rotation.Here we flip the magnet bar one full turn while the drum moves from pushing to pulling/binding.The direction of this rotation is important as it needs to match what the drum does.At the point of half rotation of the bar the single magnets move outwards again to be back in the start position once the rotation is complete.Complex mechanics, I know...The good thing is that you can always claim you get the energy for the action from the flipping of the magnets and that of course is not done by the mechanis, the magnet bar is flipped by the interaction of the magnets on the drum when the cycle repeats and drives the mechanics due the the inertia of the drum ;)So, is it possible to make it work without cheating and fooling?Sure it is.All you need to do is close the loop and make sure there is always more energy going into moving the drum than stopping it ;)Of course things would be much easier if you would find a material that actually blocks a magnetic field similar to what an opposing field would do but without the involved repelling forces.Like sunglasses for magnetic fields so to say.

Topic by Downunder35m  


Instructables Maker Buddy Instagram Sweepstakes

We're hosting our first-ever Instagram Sweepstakes! This is your chance to win a phone video gimbal for you and a buddy! This nifty gimbal is great for boosting your storytelling for Instructables posts and Instagram stories! (Sorry folks, limited to the US only)Unlock your inner vlogger and head to our Instagram page for Instructions on how to enter: View this post on Instagram A post shared by Instructables.com (@instructables) on Dec 13, 2019 at 11:13am PST Official Rules BelowInstructables Maker Buddy Sweepstakes Official Rules(the “Official Rules”) PLEASE REVIEW THESE OFFICIAL RULES BEFORE ENTERING THE SWEEPSTAKES. NO PURCHASE OR PAYMENT OF ANY KIND IS NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN. A PURCHASE OR PAYMENT WILL NOT IMPROVE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING.VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW. ENTRANTS WHO ARE MINORS: YOU MUST OBTAIN THE CONSENT OF YOUR PARENT OR LEGAL GUARDIAN BEFORE ENTERING THE SWEEPSTAKES AND PARTICIPATE UNDER THEIR SUPERVISION. Sweepstakes Description: Comment on the Instructables Maker Buddy Sweepstakes Instagram post, tag a friend who you think would also love the Prize and add the tag #InstructablesSweepstakes, and you will be entered into a random drawing to receive the prizes described below, all as further described in these Official Rules.General Conditions: The Instructables Maker Buddy Sweepstakes (the “Sweepstakes”) is sponsored by Autodesk, Inc. (the “Sponsor”). The Sweepstakes will start on [December 13, 2019 at 12:00 AM (PT)] (“Start Date”) and end on [December 16 2019 at 11:59 PM(PT)] (the “Entry Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, sweepstakes, or contest. The distribution of the prize(s) will be at the sole determination of the Sponsor to the individual(s) deemed the winner(s) of the Sweepstakes by the Sponsor in accordance with these Official Rules.Acceptance of the Official Rules; Site Policies; Laws: By entering the Sweepstakes, those who enter the Sweepstakes (each, an “Entrant”) unconditionally accept and agree to abide by the terms of these Official Rules and by the decisions of Sponsor relating to the Sweepstakes, which are final and binding in all respects. The Sweepstakes shall be governed by these Official Rules and is subject to applicable federal, state, and local statutes, rules, regulations, and other laws (each a “Law”). The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited or restricted by law. 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If on the Start Date you are a “minor,” meaning that you are under the age of majority in your jurisdiction, you must obtain permission from your parent or legal guardian, and your parent or legal guardian must consent to be bound by these Official Rules as if he or she were an entrant, before you submit an entry. Sponsor reserves the right to require minors to submit proof of parental/guardian permission and consent to these Official Rules at any time, without which they may be immediately disqualified from the Sweepstakes. 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Participation in the Sweepstakes is voluntary, and is not intended to, and shall not be deemed to create, any employment, agency, partnership, joint venture, franchise, fiduciary, or similar relationship between Sponsor and any Entrant.How to Enter: Only persons who meet the eligibility criteria stated in Section 4 above should enter the Sweepstakes, and only those persons will be eligible for the chance to win a prize. No purchase or payment is necessary to enter or win the Sweepstakes. A complete entry will include, any information required in these Rules. All entries must be received by the end of the Entry Period. Incomplete, unreadable, late, or unintelligible entries are void and will be disqualified. In order to win, Entrants residing in Canada also will be required to answer a time-limited mathematical skill-testing question to be administered via telephone. Limit of one (1) entry per Entrant during the Entry Period. In case of multiple entries received from any person, email address, or social media account, only the first entry received from such person, email address, or social media account will be considered. In the event of a dispute as to the identity or eligibility of an Entrant, the entry will be deemed to be made by the “Authorized Account Holder” of the email or social media account used at the time of entry provided he/she is eligible according to these Official Rules. The “Authorized Account Holder” is defined as the natural person to whom the applicable internet service provider or other organization (such as a business or educational institution) has assigned the account. An Entrant may not use multiple email or social media accounts to enter, and if an Entrant does so, all of such Entrant’s entries may be disqualified. To enter the Sweepstakes, during the Entry Period you must comment on the Maker Buddy Sweepstakes post made by Instructables on the Start Date to the Instructables Instagram page, tag a friend who you think would also love the Prize and add the tag #InstructablesSweepstakes, and you will be entered into a random drawing to receive the prizes described below. THE PERSON TAGGED IN YOUR ENTRY WILL NOT BE ELIGIBLE TO WIN A PRIZE BASED ON YOUR ENTRY, BUT THEY MAY CHOOSE TO SEPARATELY ENTER THE SWEEPSTAKES BY SUBMITTING THEIR OWN ENTRY.For clarity, completion of one of the tasks as directed above does NOT entitle Entrants to a prize, but entitles eligible Entrants to enter a random drawing for a chance to win a prize. Winner Selection; Odds of Winning: On or around December 18 2019, at Sponsor’s offices, Sponsor will randomly select from the pool of eligible Entrants one (1) Sweepstakes winner(s) (the “Winner”). 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The Winner may choose to keep both prize packs or share one with a friend:Prize Pack #1 (Estimated Retail Value: USD$131) EVO Shift Hand held 3axis gimbalInstructables T-ShirtInstructables NotebookInstructables PinPrize Pack #2 (Estimated Retail Value: USD$131) EVO Shift Hand held 3axis gimbalInstructables T-ShirtInstructables NotebookInstructables PinEvo Gimbals is not a sponsor of, and is not affiliated with, the Sweepstakes.The prize(s) may include one or more gift cards, gift certificates, stored-value cards, similar cards or certificates (whether in physical, electronic, or other form), or other items or services, which may be redeemed or received only at or through participating retailers or other locations. Each Entrant acknowledges that acceptance and use of any such prize are subject to all eligibility criteria, expiration dates, service or dormancy fees, use restrictions, and all other terms and conditions (if any) imposed by the issuer or provider of any such prize. 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Sponsor may successively attempt to contact up to five (5) potential winners in accordance with such procedure, and if there is still no confirmed winner of a prize after such attempts have been made, Sponsor may announce an alternate means for awarding that prize. The Winner must take possession of the applicable prize in the manner directed by Sponsor. Failure by the Winner to comply with any of the foregoing may result in disqualification. It is the sole responsibility of Entrants to notify Sponsor of any changes in name or contact information. In the case of a minor, Sponsor may award the prize to such minor’s named parent or legal guardian.Representations: By entering the Sweepstakes, each Entrant represents to Sponsor that: (i) the Entrant meets all eligibility requirements of the Sweepstakes; and (ii) Entrant understands and agrees that he or she shall not become, through participation in the Sweepstakes, an employee, agent, partner, joint venture, franchisee, or fiduciary of Sponsor.Release of Liability: To the maximum extent permitted by law, by entering the Sweepstakes, each Entrant agrees that neither the Sponsor Parties, nor any prize manufacturer or provider, nor any advertising or social media platform, such as Facebook or Twitter, on which the Sweepstakes may be advertised or through which it is accessed, is responsible for and, to the maximum extent permitted by law, each Entrant releases and holds harmless the Sponsor Parties, each such prize manufacturer or provider, and each such advertising or social media platform, from any and all responsibility, liability, claims, injuries, damages (including but not limited to direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, punitive, statutory, or other damages), losses, costs, or expenses of any kind (including, but not limited to, personal injury, death, or damage to or loss of property) arising out of or resulting from: (i) any violation by such Entrant of these Official Rules, the Policies, or applicable law; (ii) Entrant’s participation in the Sweepstakes; (iii) Entrant’s acceptance, possession, receipt, and/or use of any prize (or any portion of any prize) or the sharing or gifting of any prize with any other person; (iv) any printing or typographical errors in any Sweepstakes materials; (v) any problems or technical malfunctions (errors, omissions, interruptions, deletions, defects, failure to capture information or delays in operation or transmission) whether caused by Entrant, printing errors, human error or by any computer, telephone, modem, satellite, online system, server, or other communications equipment or provider associated with or utilized in the Sweepstakes, including any incorrect, incomplete, inaccurate, or garbled information resulting therefrom; (vi) any damage to Entrant’s equipment (such as a computer system or mobile device) caused by accessing the Instructables Site or participating in the Sweepstakes; (vii) miscommunications, or any failed, jumbled, delayed, or misdirected computer, telephone, cable, or other transmissions; (viii) any entry, e-mail, prize package or other material or correspondence that has been tampered with or that is stolen, misdirected, incomplete, lost, late, non-conforming, ineligible, or damaged; (ix) any failure of any postal or delivery service; (x) any other technical or human error that may occur in the administration of the Sweepstakes; or (xi) any events beyond Sponsor’s reasonable control. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: NEITHER SPONSOR NOR ANY OTHER SPONSOR PARTY SHALL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE SWEEPSTAKES, ANY PRIZE, OR THESE OFFICIAL RULES, HOWSOEVER CAUSED, WHETHER ARISING IN TORT, CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHER LEGAL THEORY, AND REGARDLESS OF WHETHER SUCH SPONSOR PARTY WAS ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, AND ALL SUCH DAMAGES ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED AND EXCLUDED.Disqualification: Sponsor reserves the right, in its sole and absolute discretion, to disqualify any Entrant who Sponsor determines, in its sole discretion, (i) has tampered with the participation process, the operation of the Sweepstakes, or affiliated websites; (ii) has acted in an unsporting or disruptive manner, to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass another person; or (iii) is otherwise in violation of these Official Rules, the Policies, or any applicable Laws. Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by Law.Termination/Modification: Sponsor reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to suspend, modify, or terminate the Sweepstakes at any time for any reason, including without limitation in the event of fraud or abuse, or due to natural disaster; equipment failure; civil disturbance; fraud; technical, administrative, financial, or other difficulties; technical problems (such as a computer virus/ bug); unauthorized intervention that corrupts the administration, security, fairness, integrity or proper functioning of the Sweepstakes; or other causes not within the control of the Sponsor. In addition, if, in the exclusive judgment of Sponsor, the Sweepstakes (or any portion thereof) becomes compromised in any way, Sponsor reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to cancel any method of entry, to void any entries submitted fraudulently, and/or to select winners from among all non-suspect eligible entries received prior to act that compromised the promotion. Should the Sweepstakes ever be terminated before the drawing, notice will be given on the Instructables Instagram page, and Sponsor will make alternative arrangements to award the prizes. Any such changes will become effective upon notice via online posting on the Instructables Instagram page or other means of wide dissemination.Use of Winner’s Information: All personal information collected by Sponsor (including without limitation, an Entrant’s name, biographical data, and city and state of residence) may be used for by Sponsor, or any third party chosen by Sponsor, of any and all information related to the Sweepstakes, including any personal information obtained through the Sweepstakes, for Sweepstakes administration, and other purposes, except to the extent prohibited by law. Without limiting the foregoing, by entering the Sweepstakes, each Entrant grants to Sponsor and each of its respective designees the right to use and publish the Entrant’s name, and state of residence, along with any other information provided by Entrant, both electronically (for example, on the Internet) and in print, in connection with the Sweepstakes at any time, except to the extent prohibited by law. By accepting a prize, the Winner acknowledges and grants to Sponsor and each of its respective designees, without additional compensation or consideration, notification or permission, the right to publicize his or her name, address (city and state of residence), likeness, photograph, voice, company name, and biographical material in any media now known or hereafter devised, throughout the world, in perpetuity, except to the extent prohibited by law. 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By submitting an entry, each Entrant irrevocably grants Sponsor and its designees the unconditional, irrevocable, and perpetual right and permission, royalty-free, to use any data, information, images, content, or materials included in such entry, in any media now known or hereafter devised, throughout the world for any purpose. Sponsor is not obligated to use any of the above-mentioned data, information, images, content, or materials, but may do so and may edit them in Sponsor’s sole discretion, without further obligation, credit, or compensation. Each Entrant waives all intellectual property rights, privacy/publicity rights or other legal or moral rights that might preclude the Sponsor’s use of the entry or exercise of any rights granted to Sponsor, and agrees not to sue or assert any claim against the Sponsor Parties with respect to such use.Interpretation: The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these Official Rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. If any provision of these Official Rules is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, illegal, or otherwise unenforceable, such provision will be modified by such court to the minimum extent necessary to make it enforceable while preserving to the maximum extent possible the original intent of Sponsor, and the remaining parts of these Official Rules will remain in full force and effect. Sponsor’s failure to enforce any term of these Official Rules shall not constitute a waiver of that term.Disputes: Except where prohibited, each Entrant agrees that: (i) any and all disputes, claims, and causes of action arising out of or connected with these Official Rules, this Sweepstakes, or any prize shall be resolved individually, without resort to any form of class action, and exclusively by the state courts located in Marin County, California and each Entrant irrevocably waives any objection to the venue and jurisdiction of such courts; (ii) any and all claims made by Entrant, and any and all judgments and awards in favor of Entrant, shall be limited to actual out-of-pocket costs incurred, including costs associated with entering this Sweepstakes, but in no event attorneys' fees; and (iii) under no circumstances will Entrant be permitted to obtain awards for, and Entrant hereby waives all rights to claim, indirect, punitive, incidental and consequential damages and any other damages, other than for actual out-of-pocket expenses, and any and all rights to have damages multiplied or otherwise increased. All disputes concerning the Sweepstakes, the construction, validity, interpretation and enforceability of these Official Rules, or the rights and obligations of each Entrant and Sponsor in connection with these Official Rules or the Sweepstakes shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the Laws of the State of California and applicable United States federal law, without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of law rules (whether of California or any other jurisdiction), that would cause the application of the Laws of any jurisdiction other than California.No Endorsement: Nothing contained in these Official Rules or in any of the Sweepstakes materials should be construed as an endorsement by Sponsor of any third party, product, or service. Prize suppliers are not sponsors of the Sweepstakes.Social Media: The Sweepstakes may be advertised on or accessed through one or more social media platforms, such as Facebook, Instagram or Twitter. However, the Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed, or administered by, or associated with, any such platforms. When entering the Sweepstakes, Entrants are providing information to Sponsor and not to such platforms. Entrants agree to comply with all terms and policies governing such platforms in connection with the Sweepstakes.Questions/Winner’s List/Official Rules: The name of the Winner will be posted on a post on the Instructables Instagram page or a dedicated page of the Instructables Site on or after December 18, 2019. The name of the Winner also may be obtained after that date by mailing a written request, along with a self-addressed stamped envelope, (Vermont residents may omit the return postage) to:Winner’s List – Instructables Maker Buddy SweepstakesAudrey LoveAutodesk, Inc.111 McInnis ParkwaySan Rafael, CA 94903All such requests must be received no later than six (6) months after the end of the Entry Period. Questions regarding the Sweepstakes may be directed to Sponsor at: service@instructables.com or (310) 396-1167These Official Rules will be posted on the Instructables Site during the Entry Period and for six (6) weeks thereafter. Intellectual Property: AUTODESK, and Instructables are trademarks or registered trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions. Other brands may be the trademarks of their respective owners. These Official Rules, the Instructables Site, and all other Sweepstakes-related materials and code may be protected by Sponsor’s or third-party copyrights or other rights. Copying or unauthorized use of any copyrighted materials, trademarks, or any other intellectual property without the express written consent of the owner is strictly prohibited.

Topic by audreyobscura  


Instructables Makey Makey Instagram Sweepstakes Official Rules

View this post on Instagram A post shared by Instructables.com (@instructables) on Feb 21, 2020 at 10:46am PST We're holding a second Instagram sweepstakes! Official rules below:INSTRUCTABLES MAKEY MAKEY SWEEPSTAKES OFFICIAL RULES (THE “OFFICIAL RULES”)PLEASE REVIEW THESE OFFICIAL RULES BEFORE ENTERING THE SWEEPSTAKES. NO PURCHASE OR PAYMENT OF ANY KIND IS NECESSARY TO ENTER OR WIN. A PURCHASE OR PAYMENT WILL NOT IMPROVE YOUR CHANCES OF WINNING. VOID WHERE PROHIBITED BY LAW. ENTRANTS WHO ARE MINORS: YOU MUST OBTAIN THE CONSENT OF YOUR PARENT OR LEGAL GUARDIAN BEFORE ENTERING THE SWEEPSTAKES AND PARTICIPATE UNDER THEIR SUPERVISION.1. Sweepstakes Description: Comment on the Instructables Makey Makey Sweepstakes Instagram post, tag a friend who you think would also love the Prize and add the tag #InstructablesSweepstakes, and you will be entered into a random drawing to receive the prizes described below, all as further described in these Official Rules. 2. General Conditions: The Instructables Makey Makey Sweepstakes (the “Sweepstakes”) is sponsored by Autodesk, Inc. (the “Sponsor”). The Sweepstakes will start on February 21, 2020 at 11 AM PT (“Start Date”) and end on February 23, 2020 at 11:59 PM PT. (the “Entry Period”). Entry in the Sweepstakes does not constitute entry into any other promotion, sweepstakes, or contest. The distribution of the prize(s) will be at the sole determination of the Sponsor to the individual(s) deemed the winner(s) of the Sweepstakes by the Sponsor in accordance with these Official Rules. 3. Acceptance of the Official Rules; Site Policies; Laws: By entering the Sweepstakes, those who enter the Sweepstakes (each, an “Entrant”) unconditionally accept and agree to abide by the terms of these Official Rules and by the decisions of Sponsor relating to the Sweepstakes, which are final and binding in all respects. The Sweepstakes shall be governed by these Official Rules and is subject to applicable federal, state, and local statutes, rules, regulations, and other laws (each a “Law”). The Sweepstakes is void where prohibited or restricted by law. The collection, use, and disclosure of information obtained online from Entrants in the Sweepstakes is governed by Sponsor's Privacy Statement, which may be viewed at https://www.autodesk.com/company/legal-notices-tr... and other policies applicable to and available for review on the Instructables website at https://www.autodesk.com/company/legal-notices-tr... (the “Instructables Site”) (collectively, the “Policies”). In the event there is an inconsistency between any of the Policies or any Sweepstakes promotional materials and the terms and conditions of these Official Rules, these Official Rules will prevail and govern. 4. Eligibility: Entrants must be natural persons age 13 or older who are legal residents of the fifty (50) United States, the District of Columbia or Canada (excluding Quebec) at the time of entry. If on the Start Date you are a “minor,” meaning that you are under the age of majority in your jurisdiction, you must obtain permission from your parent or legal guardian, and your parent or legal guardian must consent to be bound by these Official Rules as if he or she were an entrant, before you submit an entry. Sponsor reserves the right to require minors to submit proof of parental/guardian permission and consent to these Official Rules at any time, without which they may be immediately disqualified from the Sweepstakes. In addition, Sponsor, its affiliated organizations, advertising and promotion agencies, the prize providers, any other company or organization involved with the design, sponsorship, or operation of the Sweepstakes, and each of their respective officers, directors, employees, and agents (collectively, the “Sponsor Parties”), and immediate family and household members of such individuals, are NOT eligible to enter the Sweepstakes. “Immediate family members” shall mean a person’s spouse and a person’s and their spouse’s parents, step-parents, legal guardians, children, step-children, siblings, and step-siblings, and each of their respective spouses. “Household members” shall mean those people who share the same residence, whether or not related. Participation in the Sweepstakes is voluntary, and is not intended to, and shall not be deemed to create, any employment, agency, partnership, joint venture, franchise, fiduciary, or similar relationship between Sponsor and any Entrant. 5. How to Enter: Only persons who meet the eligibility criteria stated in Section 4 above should enter the Sweepstakes, and only those persons will be eligible for the chance to win a prize. No purchase or payment is necessary to enter or win the Sweepstakes. A complete entry will include, any information required in these Rules. All entries must be received by the end of the Entry Period. Incomplete, unreadable, late, or unintelligible entries are void and will be disqualified. In order to win, Entrants residing in Canada also will be required to answer a time-limited mathematical skill-testing question to be administered via telephone. Limit of one (1) entry per Entrant during the Entry Period. In case of multiple entries received from any person, email address, or social media account, only the first entry received from such person, email address, or social media account will be considered. In the event of a dispute as to the identity or eligibility of an Entrant, the entry will be deemed to be made by the “Authorized Account Holder” of the email or social media account used at the time of entry provided he/she is eligible according to these Official Rules. The “Authorized Account Holder” is defined as the natural person to whom the applicable internet service provider or other organization (such as a business or educational institution) has assigned the account. An Entrant may not use multiple email or social media accounts to enter, and if an Entrant does so, all of such Entrant’s entries may be disqualified. To enter the Sweepstakes, during the Entry Period you must comment on the Makey Makey Sweepstakes post made by Instructables on the Start Date to the Instructables Instagram page, tag a friend who you think would also love the Prize and add the tag #InstructablesSweepstakes, and you will be entered into a random drawing to receive the prizes described below. THE PERSON TAGGED IN YOUR ENTRY WILL NOT BE ELIGIBLE TO WIN A PRIZE BASED ON YOUR ENTRY, BUT THEY MAY CHOOSE TO SEPARATELY ENTER THE SWEEPSTAKES BY SUBMITTING THEIR OWN ENTRY.For clarity, completion of one of the tasks as directed above does NOT entitle Entrants to a prize, but entitles eligible Entrants to enter a random drawing for a chance to win a prize.6. Winner Selection; Odds of Winning: On or around February 24, 2020 at Sponsor’s offices, Sponsor will randomly select from the pool of eligible Entrants one (1) Sweepstakes winner(s) (the “Winner”). The odds of winning the prize depend on the total number of eligible Entrants who enter the Sweepstakes. 7. Prize: The total estimated retail value of all of the prizes to be awarded in the Sweepstakes is $162.00 USD. One (1) Winner will be awarded the following prizes with the following estimated retail value. The Winner may choose to keep both prize packs or share one with a friend: Prize Pack #1 (Estimated Retail Value: USD$81.00) Instructables T-Shirt Instructables Notebook Instructables PinMakey Makey Inventor Kit Prize Pack #2 (Estimated Retail Value: USD$81.00) Makey Makey Inventor Kit Instructables T-ShirtInstructables Notebook Instructables PinMakey Makey is not a sponsor of, and is not affiliated with, the Sweepstakes.The prize(s) may include one or more gift cards, gift certificates, stored-value cards, similar cards or certificates (whether in physical, electronic, or other form), or other items or services, which may be redeemed or received only at or through participating retailers or other locations. Each Entrant acknowledges that acceptance and use of any such prize are subject to all eligibility criteria, expiration dates, service or dormancy fees, use restrictions, and all other terms and conditions (if any) imposed by the issuer or provider of any such prize. Neither Sponsor nor any of its parents, subsidiaries, or affiliates is the issuer or provider of any such prize, and none of them are responsible for establishing those terms and conditions, for disclosing or explaining any of those terms and conditions to the Entrants, or for any Winner’s failure to comply with any of them. If a Winner does not comply with all of those terms and conditions, or if a Winner does not have access to a participating location, such Winner may not be able to obtain the maximum value, or any value, from his or her prize. 8. General Prize Conditions: All details and other restrictions of the prize(s) not specified in these Official Rules will be determined by the Sponsor in its sole discretion. No prize is exchangeable, assignable, redeemable for cash or otherwise transferable, except at Sponsor’s sole and absolute discretion. Sponsor reserves the right to substitute for any prize one or more items or services of equal or greater estimated retail value. The value of each prize may be taxable to each Winner as income. If required, an IRS Form 1099 will be issued by Sponsor in the name of each Winner for the value of the prize(s) received. Each Winner is solely responsible for complying with any and all applicable federal, state, provincial, local, or other statutes, regulations, rules, or other laws of any jurisdiction and for bearing any personal income taxes (including reporting consequences thereof), VAT, customs duties, withholding taxes, or other taxes, fees, insurance, surcharges, or other costs relating to the applicable prize(s) and for any other liabilities incurred in connection with any prize. THE PRIZE IS AWARDED BY SPONSOR “AS IS.” THE SPONSOR PARTIES DO NOT MAKE AND HEREBY DISCLAIM ANY WARRANTIES, WHETHER EXPRESS, IMPLIED, OR STATUTORY (INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION IMPLIED AND STATUTORY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY, FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, TITLE, OR NON-INFRINGEMENT) WITH REGARD TO THE SWEEPSTAKES, PRIZE OR ANY PORTION(S) THEREOF. 9. Winner Notification and Prize Claim: Within five (5) working days after the drawing, each Winner will be notified via Instagram message to the Instagram account provided in his or her Sweepstakes entry (a “Prize Notification”). Sponsor shall have no liability for any Prize Notification that is lost, intercepted, or not received by the potential winner for any reason. In order to claim a prize, each Winner may be required to provide his or her full permanent mailing address information and social security number or tax identification number for purposes of compliance with tax regulations. Upon Sponsor’s request, each Winner must also sign and return a release of liability, declaration of eligibility, and/or a publicity release. If a potential winner does not respond within forty-eight (48) hours of the Prize Notification (or a shorter time if required by exigencies), if the prize(s) or Prize Notification is returned as unclaimed or undeliverable to such potential winner, if a potential winner fails to comply with any of the verification or release requirements identified in this Section within fourteen (14) days of request, or if the potential winner is found to be ineligible, has not complied with these Official Rules, or declines the prize(s) for any reason prior to award, such potential winner will be disqualified and forfeit his or her prize, and an alternate Winner may be selected by the Sponsor from the pool of remaining eligible Entrants. Sponsor may successively attempt to contact up to five (5) potential winners in accordance with such procedure, and if there is still no confirmed winner of a prize after such attempts have been made, Sponsor may announce an alternate means for awarding that prize. The Winner must take possession of the applicable prize in the manner directed by Sponsor. Failure by the Winner to comply with any of the foregoing may result in disqualification. It is the sole responsibility of Entrants to notify Sponsor of any changes in name or contact information. In the case of a minor, Sponsor may award the prize to such minor’s named parent or legal guardian. 10. Representations: By entering the Sweepstakes, each Entrant represents to Sponsor that: (i) the Entrant meets all eligibility requirements of the Sweepstakes; and (ii) Entrant understands and agrees that he or she shall not become, through participation in the Sweepstakes, an employee, agent, partner, joint venture, franchisee, or fiduciary of Sponsor. 11. Release of Liability: To the maximum extent permitted by law, by entering the Sweepstakes, each Entrant agrees that neither the Sponsor Parties, nor any prize manufacturer or provider, nor any advertising or social media platform, such as Facebook or Twitter, on which the Sweepstakes may be advertised or through which it is accessed, is responsible for and, to the maximum extent permitted by law, each Entrant releases and holds harmless the Sponsor Parties, each such prize manufacturer or provider, and each such advertising or social media platform, from any and all responsibility, liability, claims, injuries, damages (including but not limited to direct, indirect, incidental, consequential, punitive, statutory, or other damages), losses, costs, or expenses of any kind (including, but not limited to, personal injury, death, or damage to or loss of property) arising out of or resulting from: (i) any violation by such Entrant of these Official Rules, the Policies, or applicable law; (ii) Entrant’s participation in the Sweepstakes; (iii) Entrant’s acceptance, possession, receipt, and/or use of any prize (or any portion of any prize) or the sharing or gifting of any prize with any other person; (iv) any printing or typographical errors in any Sweepstakes materials; (v) any problems or technical malfunctions (errors, omissions, interruptions, deletions, defects, failure to capture information or delays in operation or transmission) whether caused by Entrant, printing errors, human error or by any computer, telephone, modem, satellite, online system, server, or other communications equipment or provider associated with or utilized in the Sweepstakes, including any incorrect, incomplete, inaccurate, or garbled information resulting therefrom; (vi) any damage to Entrant’s equipment (such as a computer system or mobile device) caused by accessing the Instructables Site or participating in the Sweepstakes; (vii) miscommunications, or any failed, jumbled, delayed, or misdirected computer, telephone, cable, or other transmissions; (viii) any entry, e-mail, prize package or other material or correspondence that has been tampered with or that is stolen, misdirected, incomplete, lost, late, non-conforming, ineligible, or damaged; (ix) any failure of any postal or delivery service; (x) any other technical or human error that may occur in the administration of the Sweepstakes; or (xi) any events beyond Sponsor’s reasonable control. 12. LIMITATION OF LIABILITY: NEITHER SPONSOR NOR ANY OTHER SPONSOR PARTY SHALL BE LIABLE FOR ANY SPECIAL, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES ARISING OUT OF THE SWEEPSTAKES, ANY PRIZE, OR THESE OFFICIAL RULES, HOWSOEVER CAUSED, WHETHER ARISING IN TORT, CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR OTHER LEGAL THEORY, AND REGARDLESS OF WHETHER SUCH SPONSOR PARTY WAS ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGES, AND ALL SUCH DAMAGES ARE HEREBY DISCLAIMED AND EXCLUDED. 13. Disqualification: Sponsor reserves the right, in its sole and absolute discretion, to disqualify any Entrant who Sponsor determines, in its sole discretion, (i) has tampered with the participation process, the operation of the Sweepstakes, or affiliated websites; (ii) has acted in an unsporting or disruptive manner, to disrupt or undermine the legitimate operation of the Sweepstakes, or with intent to annoy, abuse, threaten or harass another person; or (iii) is otherwise in violation of these Official Rules, the Policies, or any applicable Laws. Sponsor reserves the right to seek damages and other remedies from any such person to the fullest extent permitted by Law. 14. Termination/Modification: Sponsor reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to suspend, modify, or terminate the Sweepstakes at any time for any reason, including without limitation in the event of fraud or abuse, or due to natural disaster; equipment failure; civil disturbance; fraud; technical, administrative, financial, or other difficulties; technical problems (such as a computer virus/ bug); unauthorized intervention that corrupts the administration, security, fairness, integrity or proper functioning of the Sweepstakes; or other causes not within the control of the Sponsor. In addition, if, in the exclusive judgment of Sponsor, the Sweepstakes (or any portion thereof) becomes compromised in any way, Sponsor reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to cancel any method of entry, to void any entries submitted fraudulently, and/or to select winners from among all non-suspect eligible entries received prior to act that compromised the promotion. Should the Sweepstakes ever be terminated before the drawing, notice will be given on the Instructables Instagram page, and Sponsor will make alternative arrangements to award the prizes. Any such changes will become effective upon notice via online posting on the Instructables Instagram page or other means of wide dissemination. 15. Use of Winner’s Information: All personal information collected by Sponsor (including without limitation, an Entrant’s name, biographical data, and city and state of residence) may be used for by Sponsor, or any third party chosen by Sponsor, of any and all information related to the Sweepstakes, including any personal information obtained through the Sweepstakes, for Sweepstakes administration, and other purposes, except to the extent prohibited by law. Without limiting the foregoing, by entering the Sweepstakes, each Entrant grants to Sponsor and each of its respective designees the right to use and publish the Entrant’s name, and state of residence, along with any other information provided by Entrant, both electronically (for example, on the Internet) and in print, in connection with the Sweepstakes at any time, except to the extent prohibited by law. By accepting a prize, the Winner acknowledges and grants to Sponsor and each of its respective designees, without additional compensation or consideration, notification or permission, the right to publicize his or her name, address (city and state of residence), likeness, photograph, voice, company name, and biographical material in any media now known or hereafter devised, throughout the world, in perpetuity, except to the extent prohibited by law. Other than as set forth in these Official Rules, Sponsor will treat any personal information supplied in connection with the Sweepstakes in accordance with the Policies. Please refer to the Policies for important information regarding the collection, use, and disclosure of personal information by Sponsor. 16. License Grant: Any data or information included in entries must not infringe the intellectual property, industrial property, privacy, publicity, or other rights of any third party, and must be suitable for publication to a general audience (i.e. it may not be obscene, indecent, defamatory, hateful, or inappropriate, as determined in Sponsor’s sole discretion). By submitting an entry, each Entrant irrevocably grants Sponsor and its designees the unconditional, irrevocable, and perpetual right and permission, royalty-free, to use any data, information, images, content, or materials included in such entry, in any media now known or hereafter devised, throughout the world for any purpose. Sponsor is not obligated to use any of the above-mentioned data, information, images, content, or materials, but may do so and may edit them in Sponsor’s sole discretion, without further obligation, credit, or compensation. Each Entrant waives all intellectual property rights, privacy/publicity rights or other legal or moral rights that might preclude the Sponsor’s use of the entry or exercise of any rights granted to Sponsor, and agrees not to sue or assert any claim against the Sponsor Parties with respect to such use. 17. Interpretation: The invalidity or unenforceability of any provision of these Official Rules shall not affect the validity or enforceability of any other provision. If any provision of these Official Rules is held by a court of competent jurisdiction to be invalid, illegal, or otherwise unenforceable, such provision will be modified by such court to the minimum extent necessary to make it enforceable while preserving to the maximum extent possible the original intent of Sponsor, and the remaining parts of these Official Rules will remain in full force and effect. Sponsor’s failure to enforce any term of these Official Rules shall not constitute a waiver of that term. 18. Disputes: Except where prohibited, each Entrant agrees that: (i) any and all disputes, claims, and causes of action arising out of or connected with these Official Rules, this Sweepstakes, or any prize shall be resolved individually, without resort to any form of class action, and exclusively by the state courts located in Marin County, California and each Entrant irrevocably waives any objection to the venue and jurisdiction of such courts; (ii) any and all claims made by Entrant, and any and all judgments and awards in favor of Entrant, shall be limited to actual out-of-pocket costs incurred, including costs associated with entering this Sweepstakes, but in no event attorneys' fees; and (iii) under no circumstances will Entrant be permitted to obtain awards for, and Entrant hereby waives all rights to claim, indirect, punitive, incidental and consequential damages and any other damages, other than for actual out-of-pocket expenses, and any and all rights to have damages multiplied or otherwise increased. All disputes concerning the Sweepstakes, the construction, validity, interpretation and enforceability of these Official Rules, or the rights and obligations of each Entrant and Sponsor in connection with these Official Rules or the Sweepstakes shall be governed by, and construed in accordance with, the Laws of the State of California and applicable United States federal law, without giving effect to any choice of law or conflict of law rules (whether of California or any other jurisdiction), that would cause the application of the Laws of any jurisdiction other than California. 19. No Endorsement: Nothing contained in these Official Rules or in any of the Sweepstakes materials should be construed as an endorsement by Sponsor of any third party, product, or service. Prize suppliers are not sponsors of the Sweepstakes. 20. Social Media: The Sweepstakes may be advertised on or accessed through one or more social media platforms, such as Facebook, Instagram or Twitter. However, the Sweepstakes is in no way sponsored, endorsed, or administered by, or associated with, any such platforms. When entering the Sweepstakes, Entrants are providing information to Sponsor and not to such platforms. Entrants agree to comply with all terms and policies governing such platforms in connection with the Sweepstakes. 21. Questions/Winner’s List/Official Rules: The name of the Winner will be posted on a post on the Instructables Instagram page or a dedicated page of the Instructables Site on or after February 24, 2020. The name of the Winner also may be obtained after that date by mailing a written request, along with a self-addressed stamped envelope, (Vermont residents may omit the return postage) to: Winner’s List – Instructables Makey Makey Sweepstakes Jessy Ellenberger Autodesk, Inc. 111 McInnis Parkway San Rafael, CA 94903 All such requests must be received no later than six (6) months after the end of the Entry Period. Questions regarding the Sweepstakes may be directed to Sponsor at: service@instructables.com or (415) 507-5000 These Official Rules will be posted on the Instructables Site during the Entry Period and for six (6) weeks thereafter.22. Intellectual Property: AUTODESK, and Instructables are trademarks or registered trademarks of Autodesk, Inc. in the United States and other jurisdictions. Other brands may be the trademarks of their respective owners. These Official Rules, the Instructables Site, and all other Sweepstakes-related materials and code may be protected by Sponsor’s or third-party copyrights or other rights. Copying or unauthorized use of any copyrighted materials, trademarks, or any other intellectual property without the express written consent of the owner is strictly prohibited.

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