Solar Energy

If you have any idea about solar cooker than share with ME... 

Topic by ramoliya_ankit   |  last reply


Solar Energy

Hi, i would like to ask for opinion, i am building a solar system where my system start from using a fresnel lense to collect the sun and use it to heat up a boiler, the boiler transfer steam into my tesla turbine and the turbine will turn my generator to produce electricity. Do anyone have any idea of building an own boiler instead of using a pressure cooker that i had seen this idea in somewhere, And, is there any places can provide cheaper fresnel lense as the sun focusing tool?? i will need a cheaper price lense cause of shortage in my budget of my final year project... 

Topic by 000123000   |  last reply


solar energy

Im very new to electronics, say that i had something like a cellphone or mp3 player charging through solar power, would I just attach as many solar pannels as i please and wire them into the usb to whatever ipod uses cable? I assume that there would be some extra parts that i would have to put in like resistors and such. but what would i need?

Topic by astrozombies138   |  last reply


SOLAR HOUSE????????

My power bill is through the roof. how would i solar my house??? THX SO MUCH !!!!!

Question by zombeastly   |  last reply


Solar "Generator"

Since I've always wanted to do something like this and I found this site, it's about to happen! I found a smaller version with what I wanted to do at Popular Science but I want to do something on a larger scale. I do have some questions though that I'm hoping someone can answer or point me in the correct direction.I'm going to describe what I'm doing with what and what I have questions with.I'm going to be buying this solar panel and charge controller kit. Sunforce Solar Panel With Charge ControllerA deep cycle 115 AMP Hour 12 V marine battery from Wal-Mart with Plastic Battery caseSalvaged wood Toy BoxMeter Question: How to meter how many amp hours I have left or how charged the battery is? What kind of meter to buy? Where? (not too expensive <20 bucks or so) how to hook it up.A 12 V accessory outlet with on off switch Question: I'm putting an inline fuse before the switch, 15A the line fuse goes on the + (positive) side correct?A 700 Watt 6.25 AMP DC to AC converter with 4 outlets connected to it. Question: can I put a breaker or fuse between the 4 outlets I'm going to be plugging into on the outside and the plug being plugged into the DC to AC converter? If so how?USB ports for charging with on off switch. Question: how do I convert the 12V to 5V in an easy way? I've seen some creative ideas on here for charging VIA salvaged USB ports but I don't want to have to hook it up to my power inverter if I don't have to. Cooling/ventilation for the entire thing. Any ideas how I might cool/vent it? Currently I'm thinking of using old computer fans and put them on both sides of the toy box and have 2 blowing and 2 blowing out. Having the fans run off of the solar panel during the day and either have a switch to change it to battery at night (if it's too warm in the house) or maybe photo sense it? Temp sensor to turn it on and off? Or a switch to turn it off completely. I'm just looking for idea's to keep the battery (and to expand to be more than one battery) cool/ventilated. If you have examples or detailed description on how to do it that'd be great. I'm not one to steal ideas so I'll credit the idea's I'm given if I use them =)I'm going to see how much I can run off of this and how long. Hopefully save some big time energy also!Thanks all!

Topic by oddie1212   |  last reply


Energy saving ideas???

I am on a fixed income and need homemade project ideas to cut my hydro bills down that have doubled in the last 3 years. Any low cost project plans would be helpful to me and my family. Thanks!

Question by    |  last reply


Solar Windmills

Of the various renewable energy sources out there, solar and wind are among the most popular. Already windmills are springing up in various parts of the country. This got me thinking, what if you used some of that space on the windmill to harvest some energy. For example, what if you attached solar cells to the windmill rotors of tower to harvest extra power. What do you guys think?

Topic by purduecer   |  last reply


Renewable Energy

I'd like some instructables on roll-your-own renewable/green energy. For example, things like "how to make your own solar cell", or "build your own geothermal power plant". Thanks

Topic by threecheersfornick   |  last reply


Stored energy

    Alot of people have amazing instructables on how to gather energy  be it solar, wind or hydro electric but not alot on how to store it. So I guess what i really need is some storage instructables cuz Im at a total loss. Please help. 

Topic by hackencoff   |  last reply


Inquiry about Solar energy

Does anyone interested in Solar energy products? How do you think this prospect of this fields?

Topic by stone820319   |  last reply



Solar - PV versus Solar Oven with Peltier

I was browsing the site as I am often wont to do, and spent quite some time revisiting old 'ibles covering various solar projects, almost all of which are heat related. I understand from general consensus that PV (photo voltaic) solar systems are very inefficient and one of the worst ways to harvest solar energy (when considering the cost of construction and the energy transfer capacity, etc.) Almost everyone who knows what they are doing suggest that the best (and easiest) way to harvest solar energy is to collect the heat - be it to heat air or water, cook food, or other such purposes.Now, I have recently been fascinated by a discovery relatively new to me, peltier units. These devices, for those who don't know, can work in one of three ways. They can harvest and/or produce either heat, cold, or electricity.Basically, if an electric current is run through a unit, it produces heat on one side and an equal amount of 'cold' on the other. Yes I know you can't produce cold - but for the layman, that is what we call it.Or, if one side is heated while the other side is cooled, the unit produces an amount of electricity from the difference in temperatures. One example I have seen and plan to make use of is in vehicles - if you place one or more of these on your exhaust manifold, or any other location where the engine produces waste heat, and airflow can reach it to cool the other side, you generate electricity from the waste heat energy that would otherwise just be . . . well, wasted.But it occurred to me today, if you had a unit attached in the middle of a solar collector, focusing sunlight on one side of the peltier unit, and isolate the other side of the unit in some cooling medium (perhaps even just air with a heat sink of some sort - more likely a cooling liquid though), how effective would this be at harvesting solar energy (heat) into electricity?Actually, I have been using the more common name of peltier, but I believe that for this application a seebeck unit (which is nearly the same, but different) would be required. As I understand it, Peltier units are used more as coolers and are almost always constructed with Bismuth Telluride (Bi2Te3) and used around room temperature and below; while Seebeck units are good for power generators are often constructed of PbTe or, SiGe as well as Bi2Te3 and are used at much higher temperatures.From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thermoelectric_effect :The effect is that a voltage, the thermoelectric EMF, is created in the presence of a temperature difference between two different metals or semiconductors. This causes a continuous current to flow in the conductors if they form a complete loop. The voltage created is of the order of several microvolts per degree difference.((more info can be found at the referenced wiki page on formulae etc.))Just curious on if this would ever be a decent way to harvest solar energy into electricity. I have also thought up using a thermal siphon solar heating system in which the liquid flows past one or more water wheels which power a small (and obviously slow) generator - but at that point I believe it would be so inefficient and limited in use as to just have absolutely no practical application. The peltier unit (used as a seebeck unit) would probably do better, but I am not certain, which is why I post the question.

Topic by karossii   |  last reply


HOW to make a solar panel if possible explain it with video also in easy way? Answered

How to make solar panels step by step easy with video.

Question by absingh   |  last reply


Cheap mass solar energy

I am going on a trip to mexico to build houses for poor families. I was wondering, is there any solution to lighting where our team could make multiple packages that we could give to the families that would supply them with light, etc. ?

Topic by Twistman   |  last reply


solar energy using photons

 (( the opposite of gravity is radiation . there for light is radiation . which cary photons . now if you have a turbine in a vacume filed with a gas (mecury )the photon will heat the gas making a presusre that will turn the turbine but i was thinking. add a denamo to the shaft insde the vacume . when mecury heats it expands .at lest try to make 12 volts add a capsitor -to gel batteries -  transformer from 12v to 120v now modify the transistor to make 220 . havent found any info online.at longest there is light from the moon or the sun it will work. ive discused this with enginerr they think this might just work . all the variables are here any sugestions fell free to ask  

Topic by jalvarez15   |  last reply


How to measure solar energy collected?

If this isn't the right section to post this question, please direct me to a more appropriate place.  So I am pretty knowledge-less about solar energy, so I decided to do some research on it a couple hours ago. Is there a simple way to measure the solar energy that is collected? From what I understand, determining if it is cost efficient to implement solar energy is very dependent on how much sunlight is collectible, which seems to be very location-dependent.  The only solar device I really have available are the $2 outdoor solar lights made by Westinghouse (purchased at Walmart, impossible to miss). Anyways, the device works by collecting solar energy with the panel on top, and converted to be stored in the rechargeable Ni-Cd AA Battery. Would I be better off trying to measure the amount stored in the battery for a period of time, or is there a way of measuring the solar light collected accurately? As I said, I am extremely new to this topic,  so I apologize if any of this was too vague or incorrect. Constructive criticism never hurts :). Any ideas or suggestions?

Topic by slevin711   |  last reply



How do you move solar energy from the panels to your house?

How/what does the panel hook up to to bring the electricity into your house, and back to the grid if it's over producing?

Question by dallen518   |  last reply


how to design and build a solar power monitoring system?

Budget less than USD100, require a small solar panel(<100W will do), thin film type solar panel, need some voltage and current sensors, data acquistion card (which type of card shd i choose?) i will need to monitor its output voltage, current and power, how should i start?

Question by project_stress   |  last reply




photovoltaic or solar thermal? Answered

I've been designing a high tech, off grid, self sufficient home over the past few months as a hobby. So far it consists of an artificial island floating on recycled plastic bottles and other buoyant devices (see: Spiral island) with an average sized house made of recycled shipping containers and plywood with a greenhouse. I basically want it to be a more high tech version of Spiral Island, but I have two questions. 1.) I'm trying to decide on whether or not I should use a Solar thermal generator or an array of Photovoltaic panels, but which has a better efficiency rate in terms of power and cost? 2.) Does anyone have any suggestions on plumbing? cause so far all I've thought of is a self composting toilet, but it would be really cool to have running water.

Question by tieguy   |  last reply


I have a problem in this code for Arduino UNO , Can you help me?

#include #include #define SOL_ADC A0     // Solar panel side voltage divider is connected to pin A0 #define BAT_ADC A1    // Battery side voltage divider is connected to pin A1 #define CURRENT_ADC A2  // ACS 712 current sensor is connected to pin A2 #define TEMP_ADC A3   // LM 35 Temperature is connected to pin A3 #define AVG_NUM 10    // number of iterations of the adc routine to average the adc readings #define BAT_MIN 10.5  // minimum battery voltage for 12V system #define BAT_MAX 15.0  // maximum battery voltage for 12V system #define BULK_CH_SP 14.4 // bulk charge set point for sealed lead acid battery // flooded type set it to 14.6V #define FLOAT_CH_SP 13.6  //float charge set point for lead acid battery #define LVD 11.5          //Low voltage disconnect setting for a 12V system #define PWM_PIN 3         // pin-3 is used to control the charging MOSFET //the default frequency is 490.20Hz #define LOAD_PIN 2       // pin-2 is used to control the load #define BAT_RED_LED 5 #define BAT_GREEN_LED 6 #define BAT_BLUE_LED 7 #define LOAD_RED_LED 8 #define LOAD_GREEN_LED 9 //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ///////////////////////DECLARATION OF ALL BIT MAP ARRAY FOR FONTS//////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- byte solar[8] = //icon for solar panel {   0b11111,0b10101,0b11111,0b10101,0b11111,0b10101,0b11111,0b00000 }; byte battery[8] =  //icon for battery {   0b01110,0b11011,0b10001,0b10001,0b10001,0b10001,0b10001,0b11111 }; byte energy[8] =  // icon for power {   0b00010,0b00100,0b01000,0b11111,0b00010,0b00100,0b01000,0b00000 }; /*byte alarm[8] =  // icon for alarm { 0b00000,0b00100,0b01110,0b01110,0b01110,0b11111,0b00000,0b00100 };*/ byte temp[8] = //icon for termometer { 0b00100,0b01010,0b01010,0b01110,0b01110,0b11111,0b11111,0b01110 }; byte charge[8] = // icon for battery charge {   0b01010,0b11111,0b10001,0b10001,0b10001,0b01110,0b00100,0b00100, }; byte not_charge[8]= {   0b00000,0b10001,0b01010,0b00100,0b01010,0b10001,0b00000,0b00000, }; //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ///////////////////////DECLARATION OF ALL GLOBAL VARIABLES////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- float solar_volt=0; float bat_volt=0; float load_current=0; int temperature=0; int temp_change=0; float system_volt=0; float bulk_charge_sp=0; float float_charge_sp=0; float charge_status=0; float load_status=0; float error=0; float Ep=0; int duty =0; float lvd; float msec=0; float last_msec=0; float elasped_msec=0; float elasped_time=0; float ampSecs = 0; float ampHours=0; float watts=0; float wattSecs = 0; float wattHours=0; // Set the pins on the I2C chip used for LCD connections: //                    addr, en,rw,rs,d4,d5,d6,d7,bl,blpol LiquidCrystal_I2C lcd(0x27, 2, 1, 0, 4, 5, 6, 7, 3, POSITIVE);  // Set the LCD I2C address // In my case 0x27 //******************************************************* MAIN PROGRAM START ************************************************ void setup() { Serial.begin(9600); pinMode(BAT_RED_LED,OUTPUT); pinMode(BAT_GREEN_LED,OUTPUT); pinMode(BAT_BLUE_LED,OUTPUT); pinMode(LOAD_RED_LED ,OUTPUT); pinMode(LOAD_GREEN_LED,OUTPUT); pinMode(PWM_PIN,OUTPUT); pinMode(LOAD_PIN,OUTPUT); digitalWrite(PWM_PIN,LOW);  // default value of pwm duty cycle digitalWrite(LOAD_PIN,LOW);  // default load state is OFF lcd.begin(20,4);   // initialize the lcd for 16 chars 2 lines, turn on backlight lcd.backlight(); // finish with backlight on  lcd.createChar(1,solar); lcd.createChar(2, battery); lcd.createChar(3, energy); //lcd.createChar(4,alarm); lcd.createChar(5,temp); lcd.createChar(6,charge); lcd.createChar(7,not_charge); lcd.clear(); } void loop() { read_data();             // read different sensors data from analog pin of arduino system_voltage();        // detect the system voltage according to battery voltage setpoint();      // decide the charge set point according to system voltage charge_cycle();         // pwm charging of battery power();                // calculate the load power and energy load_control();         //control the load led_indication();       // led indica print_data();            // print in serial monitor lcd_display();           // lcd display } //************************************************************ PROGRAM END ************************************************* //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ ////////////////// READS AND AVERAGES THE ANALOG INPUTS (SOLRAR VOLTAGE,BATTERY VOLTAGE)//////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ int read_adc(int adc_parameter) {     int sum = 0;   int sample ;   for (int i=0; i   {                                        // loop through reading raw adc values AVG_NUM number of times      sample = analogRead(adc_parameter);    // read the input pin      sum += sample;                        // store sum for averaging     delayMicroseconds(50);              // pauses for 50 microseconds    }   return(sum / AVG_NUM);                // divide sum by AVG_NUM to get average and return it } //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ////////////////////////////////////READ THE DATA////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void read_data(void) {     //5V = ADC value 1024 => 1 ADC value = (5/1024)Volt= 0.0048828Volt     // Vout=Vin*R2/(R1+R2) => Vin = Vout*(R1+R2)/R2   R1=100 and R2=20      solar_volt = read_adc(SOL_ADC)*0.00488*(120/20);      bat_volt   = read_adc(BAT_ADC)*0.00488*(120/20);            load_current = (read_adc(CURRENT_ADC)*.0488 -25);      temperature = read_adc(TEMP_ADC)*0.00488*100;        }   //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ /////////////////////////////////POWER AND ENERGY CALCULATION ////////////////////////////////////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ void power(void) { msec = millis(); elasped_msec = msec - last_msec; //Calculate how long has past since last call of this function elasped_time = elasped_msec / 1000.0; // 1sec=1000 msec watts = load_current * bat_volt; //Watts now ampSecs = (load_current*elasped_time); //AmpSecs since last measurement wattSecs = ampSecs * bat_volt; //WattSecs since last measurement ampHours = ampHours + ampSecs/3600; // 1 hour=3600sec //Total ampHours since program started wattHours = wattHours + wattSecs/3600; // 1 hour=3600sec //Total wattHours since program started last_msec = msec; //Store 'now' for next time } //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ /////////////////////////////////PRINT DATA IN SERIAL MONITOR///////////////////////////////////////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------   void print_data(void)   {     delay(100);     Serial.print("Solar Panel Voltage: ");     Serial.print(solar_volt);     Serial.println("V");     Serial.print("Battery Voltage: ");     Serial.print(bat_volt);     Serial.println("V");     Serial.print("Syestem Voltage: ");     Serial.print(system_volt);     Serial.println("V");     Serial.print("Charge Set Point:");     Serial.println(bulk_charge_sp);     Serial.print("Temperature:");     Serial.print(temperature);     Serial.println("C");     Serial.print("Load Current: ");     Serial.print(load_current);     Serial.println("A");     Serial.print("Power: ");     Serial.print(watts);     Serial.println("W");     Serial.print("Energy: ");     Serial.print(wattHours);     Serial.println("WH");     Serial.print("Duty Cycle :");     if (charge_status==1)     {     Serial.println("99%");     Serial.println("BULK CHARGING");     }     else if (charge_status==2)     {     Serial.print(Ep);     Serial.println("%");     Serial.println("FLOAT CHARGING");     }     else     {     Serial.println("0%");     Serial.println("NOT CHARGING");     }     if(load_status==1)     {      Serial.println("LOAD IS CONNECTED");     }     else     {      Serial.println("LOAD IS DISCONNECTED");       }        Serial.println("***************************"); } //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- //////////////////////////////////SYSTEM VOLTAGE AUTO DETECT /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void system_voltage(void) {   if ((bat_volt >BAT_MIN) && (bat_volt < BAT_MAX))   {      system_volt = 12;   }   /*   else if  ((bat_volt > BAT_MIN*2 ) && (bat_volt < BAT_MAX*2))   {     system_volt=24;   }*/   else if ((bat_volt > BAT_MIN/2 ) && (bat_volt < BAT_MAX/2))   {     system_volt=6;   }   } //--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ////////////////////////////////////CHARGE SET POINT /////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void setpoint(void) {   temp_change =temperature-25.0; // 25deg cel is taken as standard room temperature // temperature compensation = -5mv/degC/Cell   // If temperature is above the room temp ;Charge set point should reduced   // If temperature is bellow the room temp ;Charge set point should increased   if(system_volt ==12)   {      bulk_charge_sp = BULK_CH_SP-(0.030*temp_change) ;      float_charge_sp=FLOAT_CH_SP-(0.030*temp_change) ;      lvd =LVD;   }   else if(system_volt ==6)   {      bulk_charge_sp = (BULK_CH_SP/2)-(0.015*temp_change) ;      float_charge_sp= (FLOAT_CH_SP/2)-(0.015*temp_change) ;      lvd=LVD/2;   }   /*   else if (system_volt == 24)   {    bulk_charge_sp = (BULK_CH_SP*2)-(0.060*temp_change) ;    float_charge_sp= (FLOAT_CH_SP*2)-(0.060*temp_change) ;    lvd=LVD*2;   }   */   } //-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ///////////////////////////////////////////////////PWM CHARGE CYCLE @500 HZ ////////////////////////////////////////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void charge_cycle(void) {   if (solar_volt > bat_volt && bat_volt <= bulk_charge_sp)   {         if (bat_volt <= float_charge_sp) // charging start   {       charge_status = 1; // indicate the charger is in BULK mode      duty= 252.45;      analogWrite(PWM_PIN,duty); // 99 % duty cycle // rapid charging           }   else if (bat_volt >float_charge_sp && bat_volt <= bulk_charge_sp)   {         charge_status = 2; // indicate the charger is in FLOAT mode       error  = (bulk_charge_sp - bat_volt);      // duty cycle reduced when the battery voltage approaches the charge set point       Ep= error *100 ; //Ep= error* Kp // Assume  Kp=100             if(Ep < 0)        {         Ep=0;         }       else if(Ep>100)         {          Ep=100;         }       else if(Ep>0 && Ep <=100) // regulating        {          duty = (Ep*255)/100;        }        analogWrite(PWM_PIN,duty);    } }    else    {    charge_status=0;  // indicate the charger is OFF    duty=0;    analogWrite(PWM_PIN,duty);    } } //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- /////////////////////////////////////////////LOAD CONTROL///////////////////////////////////////////////////// //----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------    void load_control() { if (solar_volt < 5  ) // load will on when night {   if(bat_volt >lvd)   // check if battery is healthy   {   load_status=1;   digitalWrite(LOAD_PIN, HIGH); // load is ON   }   else if(bat_volt < lvd)   {     load_status=0;    digitalWrite(LOAD_PIN, LOW); //load is OFF   } } else // load will off during day {    load_status=0;    digitalWrite(LOAD_PIN, LOW); } } //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- //////////////////////////LED INDICATION//////////////////////////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void led_indication(void) {   battery_led();           //Battery status led indication   load_led();              //Load led indication } //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- /////////////////////////////////////////////BATTERY LED INDICATION///////////////////////////////////////////////////// //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- void battery_led(void) {      if( (bat_volt > system_volt) && ( bat_volt   {         leds_off_all();       digitalWrite(BAT_GREEN_LED,LOW);  // battery voltage is healthy   }   else if(bat_volt >= bulk_charge_sp)   {       leds_off_all();       digitalWrite(BAT_BLUE_LED,LOW);  //battery is fully charged   }    else if(bat_volt < system_volt)   {       leds_off_all();       digitalWrite(BAT_RED_LED,LOW);  // battery voltage low   } } //---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- /////////////////////////////////////////////LOAD LED INDICATION///////////////////////////////////////////////////// //----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------      void load_led()   {     if(load_status==1)     {       digitalWrite(LOAD_GREEN_LED,HIGH);     }     else if(load_status==0)     {       digitalWrite(LOAD_RED_LED,HIGH);     }    } //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ //////////////////////// TURN OFF ALL THE LED/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ void leds_off_all(void) {     digitalWrite(BAT_RED_LED,HIGH);   digitalWrite(BAT_GREEN_LED,HIGH);   digitalWrite(BAT_BLUE_LED,HIGH);   digitalWrite(LOAD_RED_LED, LOW);   digitalWrite(LOAD_GREEN_LED, LOW); } //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ //////////////////////// LCD DISPLAY/////////////////////////////////////////////////////////// //------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ void lcd_display() { lcd.setCursor(0, 0); lcd.write(1); lcd.setCursor(2, 0); lcd.print(solar_volt); lcd.print("V"); lcd.setCursor(14, 0); lcd.write(5); lcd.setCursor(16, 0); lcd.print(temperature); lcd.write(0b11011111); lcd.print("C"); lcd.setCursor(0,1); lcd.write(2); lcd.setCursor(2, 1); lcd.print(bat_volt); lcd.print("V"); lcd.setCursor(14, 1); lcd.write(2); if((charge_status==1) | (charge_status== 2)) { lcd.write(6); } else { lcd.write(7); } lcd.setCursor(0,2); lcd.write(3); lcd.setCursor(2,2); lcd.print(load_current); lcd.print("A"); lcd.setCursor(13,2); lcd.print(watts); lcd.print("W"); lcd.setCursor(0,3); lcd.print("Energy:"); lcd.print(wattHours); lcd.print("WH");      }

Question by Fares Mareai   |  last reply


Solar light?

I want to build and install three lights about 10 watt each in my house garden. Powered by solar panel (80w),100ah dry battery. Instead of using energy saver bulbs , i want to use LEDs.one LED of 10w or more which give light equal to one LED. Can any gentleman help me to design this system with 8 hours battery backup. The lights should be turned at dawn.Thanks

Question by Sarfraz ahmad   |  last reply


How many method of storing solar energy?

How many method of storing solar energy; what r they mention how many transducer r ther to convert solar energy to elctrical energy

Question by ideepak   |  last reply


How can we make solar cell?any one guide me?

I wanna make a solar cell...

Question by mjarwar   |  last reply


i want a simple way to store solar energy?

I want a simple way to store solar energy

Question by ideepak   |  last reply


Solar Maple Syrup?

Making maple syrup is a great activity for those of us lucky enough in the north, but it's also very energy intensive.  A wood fire is not the worst of the energy choices to reduce the sap, but there must be someone out there with the creativity to come up with a DYI solar evaporator. any  ideas?

Topic by alanrb   |  last reply


Solar Boat Solar Panel Boosting

Hi. I am a student who yearly participates in a solar boat regatta, and is wondering how he can boost his panel's rate of energy... collection. I have thought of trying reflectors, and am wondering if this would work. anyone know, or have a better idea?

Topic by DELETED_craz meanman   |  last reply


match potential emergency energy sources w/ critical equipment

Trying to match potential emergency energy sources (solar, inverters, auto/marine batteries, wind turbines) with particular devices necessary for emergency response planning (laptops, flashlights, refrigerators, handheld radio units, other RF gear, wireless/wired networks) 1. Trying to calculate how much energy and in what form we'd need to, for instance, reliably keep a laptop running during power failure. 2. With respect to devices that need DC power - such as walkie-talkies - which are usually recharged (at least in North America) from AC power, through a DC converter, and then charged:: is it possible with devices which generate DC power - such as solar PV generators - to charge them directly without converting to AC and back to DC? We're looking not so much for particular matches between power source X and device Y - more methods for making the calculations.

Question by jsoroko   |  last reply


Where can I get inexpensive solar panels?

I want about 10 square feet of solar panels.  I don't see any way out of spending at least 300 dollars.  Do any of you know where I could order small flexible squares of solar panels which i could wire together to meet my own needs?  

Question by Noblenutria   |  last reply


Could I make a solar usb charger with a 18v solar panel?

Could I make a solar usb charger with a 18v solar panel? Would that damage my device and what would I have to do to make it work?

Question by DELETED_MakerNinja   |  last reply


Need a detailed guide about Solar Energy

Can someone share in detailed about Solar Energy? I want to know in detailed about these solar topics likes- Sun's Energy Supply, Photovoltaic and about sun radiation. Please share in detailed so that I can clear my doubts. Thanks

Topic by AlexanderK11   |  last reply


How to make solar cells?

Hi All, Instructables is a great site which offers lots of handy tutorials. While searching for ways to make solar panels I came across many tutorials that explain how to make a solar panel from solar cells. I'm looking for a tutorial on how to make these solar cells at home as I don't want to purchase them. Anybody has an idea? Thank you. Ciao Frank

Topic by cShellPro   |  last reply


Solar Panels used to charge batteries.

So I understand how the WestingHouse Solar Powered Outdoor Lights. They use the energy gathered by the solar panel, convert it and store it in AA batteries. The LEd is then powered by these batteries.   This is kind of a two part question.  What exactly is stopping me from using a large Ni-Cd battery or even a car battery to be charged by an array of solar panels like the little ones that are used in the little outdoor lights?? Is there some sort of equation that would be helpful to estimate the amount of time it might take to charge these batteries? Any help is appreciated. Thank you. 

Topic by slevin711   |  last reply


Solar incineration of biomass for increased energy?

Hi. I'm prototyping a solar energy system which basically collects, concentrates, and transports raw solar energy, and I'm thinking of various applications for it. My main interest is in water purification, but electricity is an obvious one as well, which means steam or, preferably, stirling engine generation. So say I had six square meters of sunlight concetrated into a light pipe and filling an insulated chamber. WIth losses that's going to be at least 5 kiloWatts of power, which is quite a bit and would run an engine pretty well. But what if you had some kind of combustable material in the chamber, like waste organic matter? It would burn, obviously, and release extra energy. And with the chamber full of extra heat largely in the form of light, I'm thinking you'd get a very efficient combustion of the matter and some ammount of the smoke. So, does anyone know if this would be worthwhile? Would the extra energy gained make it worth it? What would the emissions be, compared with just setting fire to it all? What happens to carbon at these kinds of temperatures? etc. Cheers!

Topic by SolarFlower_org   |  last reply


Solar - Powered Batteries

Check out these cool batteries! Their creator is Knut Karlsen.See what he said:At home i always have some batteries lying around, either rechargeable or normal ones. Usually they are empty, but i'd like them to be always fully charged. I could use a normal charger and there is a lot of solar devices that charge rechargeable batteries. I wanted it simpler; why hasn't anyone made a battery with integrated solar cells? The idea of the "SunCat" batteries where born. The batteries should just bask in the sun like a cat and left for a while, in a sunny window, they would slowly recharge.For more details visit this site.Thanks!Stanislav

Topic by comodore   |  last reply


how to build a solar harvester? Answered

My team and I are building a device that allows homeowners to monitor their homes' electricity usage. I would like for my device to be energy efficient by implementing some sort of solar harvesting module to the device's mcu. Any suggestions would be greatly appreciated.

Question by doc0016   |  last reply


How do you make solar cells (Any type)?

Gimmie a homemade solar cell instructable and you'll be my new hero! I bet if I started now I could beat nanosolar to market. Especially if I took my sweet time.

Question by RT10K   |  last reply


how do I hook a 8 watt solar panel to a battery? or anything?

I bought an 8 watt solar panel. Now what? what kind of cords do I buy? how do I use the sun to charge a small battery?

Question by    |  last reply


Biofuel Solar Power Plant

PG&E; has a signed a deal with a Portuguese firm that is building a hybrid biofuel solar power plant in the Central Valley area of California. The plant will combine solar power with agricultural waste to produce energy--a very enterprising solution to get energy from an abundant, eco-friendly source.Link

Topic by joshf   |  last reply


Is there a fertilizer you could make with the help of solar energy?

I'm thinking of further uses for solar energy, in addition to electricty, water purification, and cooking. Are there any chemical processes for making fertilizers which are fairly simple but require heat and or light? I know producing fertilizer is very energy intensive and usually relies on fossil fuels, so if we could move that over to microgenerated free solar energy, it could be pretty valuable.

Topic by SolarFlower_org   |  last reply


NGOs I can approach for sponsorship, regarding my solar project?

As I mentioned in the post for the Sunflower, I'm going to b spending the next year or two traveling around teaching people and communities how to generate and integrate solar energy into their local needs, pretty much for free. I've got a bit of money saved to pay for this if necessary, but was ideally hoping to get some kind of grant or sponsorship just to cover my cost of living, which would probabaly come to about £5000 / US$8000 over two years. I have a very low cost of living. Does anyone know of any NGOs / charities / etc I could approach for this? I'm not really needing or offering anything other than the cash to cover my expenses. I can name drop and put a logo on my website and all that, they wouldn't need to really do much of anything other than sling me the cash, safe in the knowledge that they were instrumental in bringing free solar energy to anyone who wants it. Cheers, Daniel.

Topic by SolarFlower_org   |  last reply


Simple, efficient, low-cost, solar energy equipment

I am looking for a DIY simple, low-cost solar water heater and solar light that will work in any kind of weather and still be able to supply atleast some working heat and light. Please suggest.

Topic by rseni   |  last reply


wiring?? from WINDMILL to TOWER,How do you keep the wires from twisting inside the tower? Answered

When the wind changes direction, doesn"t the wires eventually twist and bind? Do I need to prevent it from turning 360*

Question by robertlelliston   |  last reply


Anyone achive solar power overnight?

Here is how to do it: Use a standard 55 gallon steel drum and stick one of these on it. http://ieverred.en.made-in-china.com/product/tqZQNGTCJARz/China-Thermoelectric-Power-Generator-TEC1-031100-.html Provide water cooling for the TEG: http://www.customthermoelectric.com/Water_blocks.html If your water is 20 Celcius, you should pump 36 Litres/hour to keep max power output. Also hook up piping for hot oil for heating Now wrap it with 400 mm of rockwhool insulation. Fill it with molten salt and heat it to 250 Celcius. Tadaa: 24 W of power output, round the clock. (minus the power for the cooling pump, maybe 1-2 W) I calculate that the temperature will drop from 250 to 225 Celcius in 16 hours. To get the temperature back up in 8 hours you need to heat it with 2400 W. You can do this easily with a solar trough system of about 3 m2. A trough is good because you only need to align every few days. Budget Oildrum 50$ ? Salt 370 kg  = 150$? TEG 80$ Cooler 80$ Pump 15$ Piping 100$? Trough (plastic sheet and mylar) 100$? high temperature oil pump 500$ ? About 1000@ total. Does seem like a lot for a little. Anyone have a better idea?

Question by eripe   |  last reply


how to convert to solar?

I recently purchased a normal set of white LED christmas lights for my apartment. But recently I saw similar units that run on solar energy. I was wondering if there was a way to convert the sets that I have into either battery powered or solar powered.

Topic by mrshow555   |  last reply


How do I prevent my great solar idea from being patented?

I have solved the solar energy crises by connecting linkages on the ground in a matrix pattern with a mirror on each small  plastic linkage, that all move in the same fashion. 30x30 m grids can focus all their energy on a single thermal element. My problem is that I don't want to publish this only to have  some company patent the idea and deprive humanity of energy. What now? 

Topic by tom321   |  last reply


Is there a way to use Solar energy to power an attic space

I am wondering if there is a way to use solar energy to power a room through solar power. I have an attic space that I would like to finish in my home, however, I think it would be cool to use solar panels, inverters and batteries to power the rooms (electrical outlets and lights) is there an easy way to do this?

Topic by Nander21a   |  last reply


What sizes of solar cells shell I select?

Hello I have been given a task to suggest solar cell sizes, that are needed to be laminated with a newly invented structured glass, in order to test its useful effects on the solar cells. The questions in my mind are: What type of solar cells shell I select? What sizes shell I suggest? Any other notable things that I might consider while suggesting the cells...

Question by raishikoh   |  last reply