Designing a Solar powered sign. Need help determining how many watt solar panel? Answered
I am trying to run a sign off of solar power. The sign has 40 LED modules. Each module has 3 individual leds. The specs for each module are 12v, consumes .7 watts, and 50 mA. Multiplying watts and amps by the number of modules you get 28 watts and 2 amps. I'm looking at solar panels from walmart and they come in 10,15,20,30 ,60 watt panels. If the sign is ran 12 hours a night(6pm-6am), That means 28 watts x 12 hours = 336 watts used per night. If the solar panel gets 8 hours of sunlight to charge(8am-4pm), that means 336 watts/ 8 hours means I need a 42 watt solar panel? Also, how big of a battery do I need? 2 amps x 12 hours = 24 AmpHour battery?
I'm going to use a 12V timer relay so I can run the LEDs from 6-11 pm and 5-7 am. This decreases the on time to 7 hours and 196 watts. With 8 hours of sunlight, that means 25 watt charge. Also 2 amps x 7 hours = 14 AmpHour battery.