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Propellant Type Answered

would making lifting powder packing it in ur engine tube and then letting it dry produce more or less thrust than black powder? Also everyody says dont use pvc for engine tubes and this baffles me because ive always use it and ive never had a problem infact ive found it to work better i always seem to split cardboard could sombody explain to me why i shouldn't use pvc? And third what is a good way of getting two or more engines to fire at the same time as i have a 7.5 foot rocket that i don't feel like packing an engine the size of a bottle for again.

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Nerdz
Nerdz

10 years ago

Inside a rocket, there are intense pressures built up inside of it in a short period of time. These pressures can put stress on the casing of the engine and can rupture it. If it ruptures, it explodes. PVC when it explodes, can send shards in all directions. If one of these shards gets stuck in you, it cannot be picked up via xray. On the other hand if Metal explodes, It CAN be picked up on xray, hence why PVC can be more dangerous.

iirc PVC has a tensile strength of about 740 PSI. The max Pressure any given engine  can withstand is based on the type of material, its yield strength,  and the thickness of the material. So, If you used Aluminum (6061 alloy) You can use higher pressures since it has a higher yeild strength, but PVC is often favourable because of its cheap price, easy to manipulate and its readily accessible.

I would Recommend against Packing black powder when its dry, you may want to wet it, and let it dry overnight (or a few days for that matter). If your going to use BP, start with cardboard engines, since if your engine Fails, Nothing bad can happen and you wont get hurt.

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52193
52193

10 years ago

Does anybody know where to buy O type solid fuel rocket motors or 50% hydrogen peroxide?

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excessive.insurgence
excessive.insurgence

Reply 10 years ago

you can distill your hydrogen peroxide,but its hard to tell when its 50% and can become quite dangerous at higher concentrations so if you go this route be careful that vapors dont start to form because these are combustible

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covey12
covey12

10 years ago

i use pvc, but the problem is the plastic melts horribly, and i use sugar rockets with kitty litter nozzles

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buildingteen
buildingteen

13 years ago

i think jt's sounds most logical although if u make a good engine with black powder it usually burns a total of about 3 seconds and right after it fires its not even hot so i would assum that photo's reason is why most people say this as far as te shrapenal my engines never blow out like a grenade but they either burn out the top and light the rocket on fire or they blow the bentonite plug out the bottom and but all of them are logical

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gabes413
gabes413

Reply 11 years ago

I know this is old but I just got here. I used zink dust and sulfur sifted through pantyhose in spent drilled co2 cartridges. Goes up very well, also goes sideways and explodes well. I would imagine a larger metal gas canister might work. A stun gun can create multiple spark to ignite.

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jtobako
jtobako

Reply 13 years ago

sounds like your plugs aren't adhering to the pvc. bentonite shrinks when drying , pvc expands with heat and you don't mention any sort of glue so there may be a crack that develops and exhaust is burning out. hard to tell without a visual post-mortem.

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Tombini
Tombini

Reply 11 years ago

Usualy the bentonite is pressed or rammed into the nozzle former, it acts like a fluid under that much pressure, making a nice and most importantly snug fitting nozzle. to buildingteen, If your plugs are blowing out; - Your nozzle is too small and is choking the exaust until it reaches critical pressure - You have not rammed the plug hard enough - or its too thin, maybe use twice the usual amount and ram it twice

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photozz
photozz

13 years ago

not to mention that when something goes wrong, PVC will easily create razor sharp shrapnel. Metal tubes are less prone to do so, and cardboard is safe.

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Tombini
Tombini

Reply 11 years ago

Can't agree with the less shrapnel comment but carboard tubes are safe, PVC tubes tend to melt and aluminium tubes (unless you had a real strong header grain) tend to blow out.

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buildingteen
buildingteen

13 years ago

ive tried the kno3 rocket but never with a catalyst il try that and also on a different forum treb said that srb fuel was thermite and a catalyst and ive also heard its similar to flash powder with sulphur and pvc in it does anybody know which one it is and also would thermite and sulphur lit with magnesium ribbon be a good rocket engine?

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jtobako
jtobako

Reply 13 years ago

not thermite, but some of the ingredients are there.
http://science.ksc.nasa.gov/shuttle/technology/sts-newsref/srb.html
"ammonium perchlorate (oxidizer, 69.6 percent by weight), aluminum (fuel, 16 percent), iron oxide (a catalyst, 0.4 percent), a polymer (a binder that holds the mixture together, 12.04 percent), and an epoxy curing agent (1.96 percent)"

thermite is iron oxide and aluminum at high temp producing iron and aluminum oxide. flash powder is potasium perchlorate and aluminum (sulfur makes it more sensitive, good for an igniter, not a solid fuel). srb would have ammonium perchlorate and aluminum burning, the pvc/polymer just holds everything in place.

burning thermite is a liquid, due to temprature and products (iron and aluminum oxide), i'm not sure that sulfur is able to affect that chemistry in a way that make a good fuel i.e. lots of gas.

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buildingteen
buildingteen

13 years ago

my plugs are adhering fine i sand the inside to give it more grip and im not getting the bentonite wet if u pack it it becomes solid like which is great because it expands to make a tighter seal and there is no dry time but what i was trying to say is that 50% my engines work but when they do blow out they tend to fail at the plug which is why i dont worry about shrapnel the other thing about cardboard is i allways seem to get burn thourghs but with pvc i dont experiance that problem and i can never roll my tubes right i have to use old used estes tubes mine always burn though and the always split which is another prolem overiden by the pvc can u think of anywhere i can get a well rolled small estes D size diameter tube that i could cut into varying lengths and the other day i was discussing with my friend is to light a rather tall engine at the top (of course ud need a different chute deployment system) but he said the reason you would do this is because as the engine burns from bottom up u lose thrust at the end he said u would want to gradually increase thrust but i think that either way it would not make a difference because u would either lose thrust at the begging or the end of the flight still producing the same amount of overall thrust.

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jtobako
jtobako

Reply 13 years ago

for tubes of a specific size, it's make 'em or buy 'em (try a fireworks website). to change the rate of burn, look into seperately loaded grains and retarded grain propellent. these are ways of changing the burning surface area to change when you get peak power. try looking up 'rc candy' or '5 cent sugar rocket' where the fuel is sugar and potasium nitrate? and sometimes a catalyst such as sulfur or rust (red iron oxide) in small amounts.

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jtobako
jtobako

13 years ago

use 2 igniters in series? depends on the powder, chemical makeup, grain size, physical size of chemicals, packing pressure, ect. strength to weight ratio, plus heat softening and more likely to burn than cardboard.

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trebuchet03
trebuchet03

13 years ago

PVC + Heat = deadly gases.... mainly the "C" in PVC -- which is chloride (chlorine).

Just a guess :P