Poor man's Chess/Hnefatafl
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Step 1: Materials
You will need a piece of cardboard 22 mm ^2. You will also need 69 cents in pennies. Any coin will do, but the dimensions will have to be different. The size of each square, on the Hnefataf side, should be a bit bigger than the diameter of the largest coin used. You will also need a writing utensil.
Step 2: Hnefatafl
This game is an old viking board game. Its actually older than chess and the rules are really simple. I got the idea for this from this wonderful ible(http://instructables.com/id/Hnefatafl-Board-The-Viking-Board-Game/). He explains the rules and the construction of a beautiful wooden Hnefatafl board. Draw an 11×11 grid on one side of the cardboard. Draw an X on each corner square. I also added markers to remind me of the starting positions, but this is optional.
Hnefatafl uses 37 pieces. The defender has 12 warriors and a king while the attacker has 24 warriors. I kept the designs very simple and I left the attacking warriors blank, but you are welcome to add as much decoration as you like as long as there is a clear distinction between the attacking warriors, the defending warriors, and the king. A really interesting idea would be to carve individualized warriors onto the pennies hobo-nickel-style. Alternatively, it could be as simple as attacker=heads, defender=tails, and king=dime.
Attacker always goes first.
On each turn the player may move a piece any number of squares in any direction(up and down/left and right) until it hits the edge of the board or an occupied square. To capture a rival piece, you must surround/sandwich the target on two sides with your pieces. The king must be surrounded in all four directions to be captured. The objective for the attacker is to capture the king. The defender's goal is to get his king off the board or, alternatively, to one of the four corners(to make things a little more fair).
Step 3: Chess
You will need 36 pennies. Separate into 2 sets of 16. You will need 8 pawns, 2 rooks, 2 knights, 2 bishops, a queen, and a king for each set. Make sure both sets have a unique aesthetic scheme(doesn't have to be white and black). Draw an 8×8 grid and color. Since chess is so well known I don't really feel the need to explain the rules, but just in case you aren't familiar with the rules: wikipedia.org/wiki/Chess