All You Need to Know About Photography


All of the pics you will see in this instructable are captured from a old digital camera of 10 MP of resolution. who's quality and features are same as of the smartphones of this time

Today we have a great tool - a SMARTPHONE/DIGITAL CAMERA, which enables us to click photos anytime we want with a great PORTABILITY and with a great quality.

Here are some tricks you can use to Learn/Improve your photography to the best of it

Good luck and please Vote if you like it...

So, let’s get started with everything you need to know for taking amazing photos with your Phone/Camera!

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Step 1: Clean Your Lens

Your Phone/Camera spends most of its time in your pocket, bag or in your hand, and as a result it gets dirty/greasy. Dirt, dust, grease and fingerprints on your lens will have a big effect on the quality of your photos.

It will block light from entering the camera’s sensor and will leave smudges, blurs or dust spots on your images. A clean lens will ensure you get sharp, clear images with your Phone/camera.

Clean the lens each time you take it out to take a photo. Use a soft lens cloth when doing this as any abrasive cleaners will scratch the glass over the lens and this will result in poorer image quality.

Step 2: Set the Focus

The most important thing to look out when taking a photo is to make sure that your subject is in sharp focus. To set the focus on the Phone/Camera you simply tap the screen where your subject is in the frame / or simply half press the camera button. A small yellow square will appear to confirm the focus point.

If your subject is moving around, make sure you tap the screen just before you take the shot to ensure that they are in focus.

Once you’re happy that you have gotten a sharp photo of your subject, you can draw more attention to them if you wish by using one of the many apps available to blur the backgrounds part of your editing process.

Step 3: Adjust Exposure Manually

When you tap on the subject to focus on them, the camera will also use the focus point to set the exposure in the shot. Exposure simply refers to how bright or dark the image is.

Allowing the camera to set exposure on the focus point isn’t always ideal. For example, if the subject is in a dark area of the frame, this could lead to the overall image being over-exposed (too bright) or vice versa.

Every smartphone/camera have a exposure setting u have to find it in your device mostly its a Sun type Icon by Swiping up (+) will brighten the overall image, and swiping down(-) will darken it. When you’re happy with the exposure/brightness of the image, release your finger from the screen/button. This manual exposure slider allows for much greater control over the look of the final image.

Step 4: Don't Zoom

Phone's/camera's have a zoom function which you can access by pinching or stretching two fingers on the screen/ by pressing the zoom button. This brings up a zoom slider which you can slide with your finger/press the button to zoom in and get a closer view of your subject.

Unfortunately this is a digital zoom and not an optical zoom. In essence what happens with a digital zoom is that the image is cropped as you zoom in. This results in a noticeable loss in image quality the more you zoom in. If you want to take a photo of a far away subject, don’t use the zoom. Walk closer instead and use the camera as normal without any zoom. You’ll end up with a far better quality shot. Alternatively you can crop the image yourself in the editing process to bring the viewer closer to your subject. Cropping afterwards gives you more control over how much of the image you want to remove.

Eg- like in the images above one is clicked with zoom and one by getting closer. they have a huge difference ( i didn't had this type of pictures so i had to click that while writing the instructables to show you some example)

Step 5: Keep Your Camera Steady

Keeping your camera/phone still is particularly important when taking photos in low light or at night. When you take a photo in these conditions, the Phone/camera will need to use a slow shutter speed to allow more light to hit the sensor. The problem with this is that any movement of the camera will result in a blurred image.

To avoid blurry Phone/camera photos you should hold the phone with both hands or rest it on a solid surface to keep it steady. You could also use a tripod. There are a number of tripods designed specifically for the Phone/small cameras such as the GorrillaPod by Joby.

When using a tripod, you can be extra careful by using the timer button on the left-hand side of the camera screen for phones. Place the camera/phone on the tripod and set the timer to 3 seconds/or whatever time delay you are suitable with. When the photo is taken you won’t be touching the phone/camera at all which means the phone/camera will be perfectly still when you take the shot. This is taking things to extremes but could be useful in some very low light situations.

Another trick for phones

Hereis to connect your headphones to the iPhone and use the volume buttons on the headphones as the shutter release. This means that you can put the phone on a tripod and take a shot with physically touching it, avoiding any chance of camera shake.

( i didn't had this type of pictures so i had to click that while writing the instructables to show you some example)

Step 6: Use the Rule of Thirds

Getting focus and exposure right is crucial in photography, but composition is equally important. Without good composition, your photo isn’t likely to be very eye-catching.

The rule of thirds is one of the most useful composition techniques in photography. It’s an important concept to learn as it can be used in all types of photography to produce images which are more engaging and better balanced. The rule of thirds involves mentally dividing up your image using two horizontal lines and two vertical lines, as shown below. You then position the important elements in your scene along those lines, or at the points where they meet.

You should try and put your subject in line with one of the vertical lines. If there is a horizon in your photo, it should be in line with one of the horizontal lines. The idea behind the rule of thirds is that the off-centre composition makes for a more interesting shot.

For beginners it’s very useful to leave the grid on as it will help train your eye.

Step 7: Shoot From Different Perspectives

You should always look at alternative points of view when taking your photos at any location. Most beginners will take shots from a standing position, but the beauty of the Phone/Digital camera is that it’s so small and light it can be used in places that a bigger camera wouldn’t work (so, you have a advantage of a digital camera/phone).

Step 8: Watch Out for Distracting Backgrounds

If you have a cluttered background in your photos it can distract attention away from your intended subject. If the backdrop to your photo has a lot of clashing and distracting colors, the best solution in this situation is to convert the photo to black and white.

Step 9: Take Multiple Shots

If you see something that catches your eye don’t just take one shot and hope for the best. The chances of getting a good photo with your first shot are very slim. You should take shots from various angles and distances.

Keep reviewing your photos as you go to get an idea of what is and what isn’t working. If you find an angle or point of view you like then take multiple shots from that position. This helps ensure that you get a well composed shot that is in sharp focus.

The beauty of digital photography is that you can delete all the photos that didn’t work… and there will be a lot that don’t work! Also don’t be afraid to take bad shots. No one will ever see them.

( As you can see in the above three pictures with each image the picture get more clear, focused and meaningful..)

Step 10: Don’t Over-Process Your Photos

(You can see this exaple in the two above pictures 1st one is natural and 2nd one is over edited by use of auto settings of apps.)

Finally, you should resist the urge to use too many apps or overly strong effects when editing your photos. A lot of beginners make the mistake of thinking that using photo editing apps will turn a bad photo into a good one. It won’t. I know from experience. I have tried it enough over the years!

Before using any apps you should concentrate on getting a sharp, well composed shot. Apps can work well to enhance a good photo, but not a bad one.

The most common mistake is the overuse of HDR apps. HDR can be useful for bringing out lost detail in dark photos but it needs to be used with restraint.

Step 11: Vote It ..IF You Liked My Work

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