Arduino HC-SR04 Ultrasonic Rover

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Simple Arduno Rover with HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor.

Step 1:

YOU will need to build this:

HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor

Battery holder for 6 AA batteries

6 AA batteries

Arduino UNO (I use UNO R2)
Motor Shield for Arduino (L293)

9g Servo

2 gear motors with wheels

CD box

4 male-to-male cables

4 female-to-female cables

few cable ties

I buy all components for this rover on ebay.

First you will need 2pcs Plastic Tire Wheel + DC 6V Gear Motor 48:1.

I solder 2 male-to-male cables and 104 capacitors.

I used slim CD box as a chassis, I made 2 holes on each side of CD box and then fixed gear motors with cable tie.

Step 2:

You can see all the components you need on this photo.

  1. HC-SR04 Ultrasonic sensor
  2. Battery holder for 6 AA batteries
  3. 6 AA batteries
  4. Arduino UNO (I use UNO R2)
  5. Motor Shield for Arduino (L293)

  6. 9g Servo
  7. 2 gear motors with wheels on CD box chassis.
  8. 4 male-to-male cables
  9. 4 female-to-female cables
  10. few cable ties

Step 3:

Сonnection scheme is very easy.

  1. Connect 9g servo to SERVO_2 pins on motorshield
  2. Left motor to M4
  3. Right motor to M1
  4. Echo - pin A4
  5. Trig - pin A5
  6. Vcc - pin +5 ; Gnd - Gnd

I fix servo on battery box with cable tie

Step 4:

Final result and video.


Faster version without servo        http://youtu.be/hBHpOV5TOY8

Step 5:

Put AFMotor.h and AFMotor.cpp to folder AFMotor in libraries folder Aduino.

2 People Made This Project!

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65 Discussions

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leumasestrada

4 months ago

no sirve tu mierda hijo de puta


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amitbs99

1 year ago

hello I have made it but it couldn't work. when I operate it the servo once starts and then stops

temp_1380710663.jpg
1 reply
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Earl DsanielVamitbs99

Reply 1 year ago

it only means that you did not follow all the direction carefully...

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IsraelD3

1 year ago

I make the connections correctly but still it goes crazy, the servant stays looking to one side and goes forward and back without stopping other times it seems to work well but then it goes back malfunctioning.

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ZarishMark

1 year ago

Hi, i've seen the codes guy's i need a code of ultrasonic sensor to stop the object on which it's implemented after sensing the obstacle can anyone help?

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amitbs99

2 years ago

Hi,

Can i have circuit diagram for this project?

Thanks

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joshuaron

2 years ago

Hi,

The Ultrasonic sensor doesn't work for me when I connect it to pins A4,A5 in the MotorShield board. Can anyone explain me how does it make sense to use them, if they are "Analog In" pins, wheras the UltraSonic sensor requires "Digital In" & "Digital Out" pins ?!

1 reply
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sonasecjoshuaron

Reply 2 years ago

pinMode(pinTrig, OUTPUT);

pinMode(pinEcho, INPUT);

thise for configuration

-----

digitalWrite(pinTrig, LOW);

digitalWrite(pinTrig, HIGH);

digitalWrite(pinTrig, LOW);

duration=pulseIn(pinEcho,HIGH);

distance=(duration/2)*Vson;

Serial.print(distance);

Serial.println("cm");

and this on for mesur distance (#define Vson 0.034 // cm/us)

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MarkJ108

2 years ago

i tried this but my bot keeps circling. i didnt change the code and followed each and every instruction properly. please help

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Archit B

2 years ago

hey pleasee help earliest mine isnt working it just keeps on rotating i have to submit it by tommorrow help help help
i have
arduino ide 1.6.9
arduino uno rev3
afmotorsheild is same using 12v and 1ah
hcsro4
heeellllp

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ahmeda489

2 years ago

please van you send me a code without the sensor ?

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EdizonBlu

3 years ago on Introduction

a

Hi guys, I would like to ask on how to stabilize my ultrasonic sensor mounted in a servo motor. It is because everytime an "Out of Range" displays in the serial monitor it gives current to the servo motor causing it to sweep. The possibility of sweeping the servo left or right only is when there is an object being detected. BTW, the ultrasonic sensor is mounted above the servo mtor.

Here is my code://

#define trigPin 13

#define echoPin 12

#define led 11

#define led2 10

#include <Servo.h>

int pos = 0; // variable to store the servo position

int defPOS = 0;

Servo myservo;

void setup() {

Serial.begin (9600);

pinMode(trigPin, OUTPUT);

pinMode(echoPin, INPUT);

pinMode(led, OUTPUT);

pinMode(led2, OUTPUT);

myservo.attach(9);

myservo.write(0);

}

void loop() {

long duration, distance;

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW); // Added this line

delayMicroseconds(2); // Added this line

digitalWrite(trigPin, HIGH);

// delayMicroseconds(1000); - Removed this line

delayMicroseconds(10); // Added this line

digitalWrite(trigPin, LOW);

duration = pulseIn(echoPin, HIGH);

distance = (duration/2) / 29.1;

//0 Left

//1 Center

//2 Right

int buttonState1 = digitalRead(led); //red

int buttonState2 = digitalRead(led2); //green

if( (buttonState1 == 0 && buttonState2 == 1) && (defPOS != 1))

{

delay(2000);

if(defPOS == 2)

{

for(pos = 0; pos <= 90; pos += 1) // goes from 0 degrees to 180 degrees

{ // in steps of 1 degree

myservo.write(pos); // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'

delay(2); // waits 15ms for the servo to reach the position

}

}

else if(defPOS == 0)

{

for(pos = 0; pos <= 90; pos += 1) // goes from 0 degrees to 180 degrees

{ // in steps of 1 degree

myservo.write(pos); // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'

delay(2); // waits 15ms for the servo to reach the position

}

}

defPOS = 1;

}

if (distance < 30) { // This is where the LED On/Off happens

digitalWrite(led,HIGH); // When the Red condition is met, the Green LED should turn off

digitalWrite(led2,LOW);

if(defPOS == 0)

{

for(pos = 90; pos>=0; pos-=1) // goes from 180 degrees to 0 degrees

{

myservo.write(pos); // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'

delay(2); // waits 15ms for the servo to reach the position

}

defPOS = 2;

}

else if(defPOS == 2)

{

for(pos = 0; pos <= 90; pos += 1) // goes from 0 degrees to 180 degrees

{ // in steps of 1 degree

myservo.write(pos); // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'

delay(2); // waits 15ms for the servo to reach the position

}

defPOS = 1;

}

else if(defPOS == 1)

{

for(pos = 0; pos <= 180; pos += 1) // goes from 0 degrees to 180 degrees

{ // in steps of 1 degree

myservo.write(pos); // tell servo to go to position in variable 'pos'

delay(2); // waits 15ms for the servo to reach the position

}

defPOS = 0;

}

//myservo.write(180);

// delay(1000);

//myservo.write(0);

}

else {

digitalWrite(led,LOW);

digitalWrite(led2,HIGH);

}

if (distance >= 400 || distance <= 0){

Serial.println("Out of range");

}

else {

Serial.print(distance);

Serial.println(" cm");

}

delay(500);

}

1 reply
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pchaureEdizonBlu

Reply 2 years ago

i want the full code the code u posted is only of the ultrasonic sensor and servo... what about the motors?can u plz help me thanks in advance

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IsraelD3

3 years ago

Hi, I have a question I would like to explain to me how and where I can change the speed and distance detection do not quite understand because the instructions are in the program, thank you.