Arduino LCD Basic Game

About: My name is Simao and I love eletronics ,glass art,metal working,casting,paint ,draw...

Ye my name is Simao and I gonna explain you how to make the most basilical LCD game for Arduino.I don't no who create this game because it's like a classic right now.The game consists on a little stick man that is runing there are a random bars that appears ,when one of the bars are near the stick man it needs to jump,for that we press one push button to jump and start the game,if the stick man colides on a bar the game stops and you read your points,the game ends when you colide on something.

Supplies:

  1. Arduino board (you can use MEGA,UNO,Pro Mini,NANO,DUE,Duemilanove,UNO WI-FI...)
  2. BreadBoard.
  3. Some Jumper wires
  4. 16*2 LCD display
  5. PushButton

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Step 1: The Schematic:

Conect the wires like the schematic .

Step 2: The Code:

Put this code on yourArduino IDE and upload.

#include <LiquidCrystal.h>

#define PIN_BUTTON 2

#define PIN_AUTOPLAY 1

#define PIN_READWRITE 10

#define PIN_CONTRAST 12

#define SPRITE_RUN1 1

#define SPRITE_RUN2 2

#define SPRITE_JUMP 3

#define SPRITE_JUMP_UPPER '.' // Use the '.' character for the head

#define SPRITE_JUMP_LOWER 4

#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY ' ' // User the ' ' character

#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID 5

#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_RIGHT 6

#define SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_LEFT 7

#define HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION 1 // Horizontal position of hero on screen

#define TERRAIN_WIDTH 16

#define TERRAIN_EMPTY 0

#define TERRAIN_LOWER_BLOCK 1

#define TERRAIN_UPPER_BLOCK 2

#define HERO_POSITION_OFF 0 // Hero is invisible

#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1 1 // Hero is running on lower row (pose 1)

#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2 2 // (pose 2)

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_1 3 // Starting a jump

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_2 4 // Half-way up

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_3 5 // Jump is on upper row

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_4 6 // Jump is on upper row

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5 7 // Jump is on upper row

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_6 8 // Jump is on upper row

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_7 9 // Half-way down

#define HERO_POSITION_JUMP_8 10 // About to land

#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1 11 // Hero is running on upper row (pose 1)

#define HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_2 12 // (pose 2)

LiquidCrystal lcd(11, 9, 6, 5, 4, 3);

static char terrainUpper[TERRAIN_WIDTH + 1];

static char terrainLower[TERRAIN_WIDTH + 1];

static bool buttonPushed = false;

void initializeGraphics(){

static byte graphics[] = {

// Run position 1

B01100,

B01100,

B00000,

B01110,

B11100,

B01100,

B11010,

B10011,

// Run position 2

B01100,

B01100,

B00000,

B01100,

B01100,

B01100,

B01100,

B01110,

// Jump

B01100,

B01100,

B00000,

B11110,

B01101,

B11111,

B10000,

B00000,

// Jump lower

B11110,

B01101,

B11111,

B10000,

B00000,

B00000,

B00000,

B00000,

// Ground

B11111,

B11111,

B11111,

B11111,

B11111,

B11111,

B11111,

B11111,

// Ground right

B00011,

B00011,

B00011,

B00011,

B00011,

B00011,

B00011,

B00011,

// Ground left

B11000,

B11000,

B11000,

B11000,

B11000,

B11000,

B11000,

B11000,

};

int i;

// Skip using character 0, this allows lcd.print() to be used to

// quickly draw multiple characters

for (i = 0; i < 7; ++i) {

lcd.createChar(i + 1, &graphics[i * 8]);

}

for (i = 0; i < TERRAIN_WIDTH; ++i) {

terrainUpper[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

terrainLower[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

}

}

// Slide the terrain to the left in half-character increments

//

void advanceTerrain(char* terrain, byte newTerrain){

for (int i = 0; i < TERRAIN_WIDTH; ++i) {

char current = terrain[i];

char next = (i == TERRAIN_WIDTH-1) ? newTerrain : terrain[i+1];

switch (current){

case SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY:

terrain[i] = (next == SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID) ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_RIGHT : SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

break;

case SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID:

terrain[i] = (next == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_LEFT : SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID;

break;

case SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_RIGHT:

terrain[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID;

break;

case SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID_LEFT:

terrain[i] = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

break;

}

}

}

bool drawHero(byte position, char* terrainUpper, char* terrainLower, unsigned int score) {

bool collide = false;

char upperSave = terrainUpper[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION];

char lowerSave = terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION];

byte upper, lower;

switch (position) {

case HERO_POSITION_OFF:

upper = lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

break;

case HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1:

upper = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

lower = SPRITE_RUN1;

break;

case HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2:

upper = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

lower = SPRITE_RUN2;

break;

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_1:

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_8:

upper = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

lower = SPRITE_JUMP;

break;

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_2:

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_7:

upper = SPRITE_JUMP_UPPER;

lower = SPRITE_JUMP_LOWER;

break;

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_3:

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_4:

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5:

case HERO_POSITION_JUMP_6:

upper = SPRITE_JUMP;

lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

break;

case HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1:

upper = SPRITE_RUN1;

lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

break;

case HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_2:

upper = SPRITE_RUN2;

lower = SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY;

break;

}

if (upper != ' ') {

terrainUpper[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = upper;

collide = (upperSave == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) ? false : true;

}

if (lower != ' ') {

terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = lower;

collide |= (lowerSave == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) ? false : true;

}

byte digits = (score > 9999) ? 5 : (score > 999) ? 4 : (score > 99) ? 3 : (score > 9) ? 2 : 1;

// Draw the scene

terrainUpper[TERRAIN_WIDTH] = '\0';

terrainLower[TERRAIN_WIDTH] = '\0';

char temp = terrainUpper[16-digits];

terrainUpper[16-digits] = '\0';

lcd.setCursor(0,0);

lcd.print(terrainUpper);

terrainUpper[16-digits] = temp;

lcd.setCursor(0,1);

lcd.print(terrainLower);

lcd.setCursor(16 - digits,0);

lcd.print(score);

terrainUpper[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = upperSave;

terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] = lowerSave;

return collide;

}

// Handle the button push as an interrupt

void buttonPush() {

buttonPushed = true;

}

void setup(){

pinMode(PIN_READWRITE, OUTPUT);

digitalWrite(PIN_READWRITE, LOW);

pinMode(PIN_CONTRAST, OUTPUT);

digitalWrite(PIN_CONTRAST, LOW);

pinMode(PIN_BUTTON, INPUT);

digitalWrite(PIN_BUTTON, HIGH);

pinMode(PIN_AUTOPLAY, OUTPUT);

digitalWrite(PIN_AUTOPLAY, HIGH);

// Digital pin 2 maps to interrupt 0

attachInterrupt(0/*PIN_BUTTON*/, buttonPush, FALLING);

initializeGraphics();

lcd.begin(16, 2);

}

void loop(){

static byte heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1;

static byte newTerrainType = TERRAIN_EMPTY;

static byte newTerrainDuration = 1;

static bool playing = false;

static bool blink = false;

static unsigned int distance = 0;

if (!playing) {

drawHero((blink) ? HERO_POSITION_OFF : heroPos, terrainUpper, terrainLower, distance >> 3);

if (blink) {

lcd.setCursor(0,0);

lcd.print("Press Start");

}

delay(250);

blink = !blink;

if (buttonPushed) {

initializeGraphics();

heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1;

playing = true;

buttonPushed = false;

distance = 0;

}

return;

}

// Shift the terrain to the left

advanceTerrain(terrainLower, newTerrainType == TERRAIN_LOWER_BLOCK ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID : SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY);

advanceTerrain(terrainUpper, newTerrainType == TERRAIN_UPPER_BLOCK ? SPRITE_TERRAIN_SOLID : SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY);

// Make new terrain to enter on the right

if (--newTerrainDuration == 0) {

if (newTerrainType == TERRAIN_EMPTY) {

newTerrainType = (random(3) == 0) ? TERRAIN_UPPER_BLOCK : TERRAIN_LOWER_BLOCK;

newTerrainDuration = 2 + random(10);

} else {

newTerrainType = TERRAIN_EMPTY;

newTerrainDuration = 10 + random(10);

}

}

if (buttonPushed) {

if (heroPos <= HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2) heroPos = HERO_POSITION_JUMP_1;

buttonPushed = false;

}

if (drawHero(heroPos, terrainUpper, terrainLower, distance >> 3)) {

playing = false; // The hero collided with something. Too bad.

} else {

if (heroPos == HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_2 || heroPos == HERO_POSITION_JUMP_8) {

heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_LOWER_1;

} else if ((heroPos >= HERO_POSITION_JUMP_3 && heroPos <= HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5) && terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] != SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) {

heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1;

} else if (heroPos >= HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1 && terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION] == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY) {

heroPos = HERO_POSITION_JUMP_5;

} else if (heroPos == HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_2) {

heroPos = HERO_POSITION_RUN_UPPER_1;

} else {

++heroPos;

}

++distance;

digitalWrite(PIN_AUTOPLAY, terrainLower[HERO_HORIZONTAL_POSITION + 2] == SPRITE_TERRAIN_EMPTY ? HIGH : LOW);

}

delay(50);

}

Step 3: Downloads:

You have here the downloads field ,you can download the code on .ino format ,the video on .MPEG format and the fritzing file on .fzz file.

Step 4:

If you like this project vote in me for GAMES contest.

Please Comment,like,and give me your opinion.

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