Flappy Bird on Arduino

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About: Passionate Techie ! Robotics | Electronics | Programming - Worked with Arduino, PIC and ARM Controllers

TFT touchscreens are the amazing graphical interface which can be used with microcontrollers such as Atmel, PIC, STM, as it has a wide color range, and good graphical ability and a good mapping of pixels.

Today, we are going to Interface 2.4 inch TFT LCD Shield with Arduino.

This shield is for Arduino UNO, but I'll teach how to use it with Arduino Mega for a very logical reason, the "Program Memory".

By using this color TFT LCD shield we can show characters, strings, button interfacing, bitmap images, etc on the color TFT LCD.

Step 1: Flappy Bird

#include  <UTFT.h><br>#include  <URTouch.h>
#include  <EEPROM.h>
//==== Creating Objects
UTFT    myGLCD(SSD1289,38,39,40,41); //Parameters should be adjusted to your Display/Schield model
UTouch  myTouch( 6, 5, 4, 3, 2);
//==== Defining Fonts
extern uint8_t SmallFont[];
extern uint8_t BigFont[];
extern uint8_t SevenSegNumFont[];
extern unsigned int bird01[0x41A]; // Bird Bitmap
int x, y; // Variables for the coordinates where the display has been pressed
// Floppy Bird
int xP = 319;
int yP = 100;
int yB = 50;
int movingRate = 3;
int fallRateInt = 0;
float fallRate = 0;
int score = 0;
int lastSpeedUpScore = 0;
int highestScore;
boolean screenPressed = false;
boolean gameStarted = false;
void setup() {
  // Initiate display
  myGLCD.InitLCD();
  myGLCD.clrScr();
  myTouch.InitTouch();
  myTouch.setPrecision(PREC_MEDIUM);
  
  highestScore = EEPROM.read(0); // Read the highest score from the EEPROM
  
  initiateGame(); // Initiate the game
}
void loop() {
    xP=xP-movingRate; // xP - x coordinate of the pilars; range: 319 - (-51)   
    drawPilars(xP, yP); // Draws the pillars 
    
    // yB - y coordinate of the bird which depends on value of the fallingRate variable
    yB+=fallRateInt; 
    fallRate=fallRate+0.4; // Each inetration the fall rate increase so that we can the effect of acceleration/ gravity
    fallRateInt= int(fallRate);
    
    // Checks for collision
    if(yB>=180 || yB<=0){ // top and bottom
      gameOver();
    }
    if((xP<=85) && (xP>=5) && (yB<=yP-2)){ // upper pillar
      gameOver();
    }
    if((xP<=85) && (xP>=5) && (yB>=yP+60)){ // lower pillar
      gameOver();
    }
    
    // Draws the bird
    drawBird(yB);
    // After the pillar has passed through the screen
    if (xP<=-51){
      xP=319; // Resets xP to 319
      yP = rand() % 100+20; // Random number for the pillars height
      score++; // Increase score by one
    }
    //==== Controlling the bird
    if (myTouch.dataAvailable()&& !screenPressed) {
       fallRate=-6; // Setting the fallRate negative will make the bird jump
       screenPressed = true;
    }
    // Doesn't allow holding the screen / you must tap it
    else if ( !myTouch.dataAvailable() && screenPressed){
      screenPressed = false;
    }
    
    // After each five points, increases the moving rate of the pillars
    if ((score - lastSpeedUpScore) == 5) {
      lastSpeedUpScore = score;
      movingRate++;
    }
}
// ===== initiateGame - Custom Function
void initiateGame() {
  myGLCD.clrScr();
  // Blue background
  myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
  myGLCD.fillRect(0,0,319,239);
  // Ground
  myGLCD.setColor(221,216,148);
  myGLCD.fillRect(0, 215, 319, 239);
  myGLCD.setColor(47,175,68);
  myGLCD.fillRect(0, 205, 319, 214);
  // Text
  myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
  myGLCD.setBackColor(221, 216, 148);
  myGLCD.setFont(BigFont);
  myGLCD.print("Score:",5,220);
  myGLCD.setFont(SmallFont);
  myGLCD.print("HowToMechatronics.com", 140, 220); 
  myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
  myGLCD.setBackColor(114, 198, 206);
  myGLCD.print("Highest Score: ",5,5);
  myGLCD.printNumI(highestScore, 120, 6);
  myGLCD.print(">RESET<",255,5);
  myGLCD.drawLine(0,23,319,23);
  myGLCD.print("TAP TO START",CENTER,100);
  
  drawBird(yB); // Draws the bird
  
  // Wait until we tap the sreen
  while (!gameStarted) {
    if (myTouch.dataAvailable()) {
    myTouch.read();
    x=myTouch.getX();
    y=myTouch.getY();        
    // Reset higest score
    if ((x>=250) && (x<=319) &&(y>=0) && (y<=28)) {
    highestScore = 0;
    myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
    myGLCD.fillRect(120, 0, 150, 22);
    myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
    myGLCD.printNumI(highestScore, 120, 5);
    } 
    if ((x>=0) && (x<=319) &&(y>=30) && (y<=239)) {
    gameStarted = true;
    myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
    myGLCD.fillRect(0, 0, 319, 32);
    }   
  }
  }
  // Clears the text "TAP TO START" before the game start
  myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
  myGLCD.fillRect(85, 100, 235, 116);
  
}
// ===== drawPlillars - Custom Function
void drawPilars(int x, int y) {
    if (x>=270){
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 200, 20);
      myGLCD.fillRect(318, 0, x, y-1);
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
      myGLCD.drawRect(319, 0, x-1, y);
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 200, 20);
      myGLCD.fillRect(318, y+81, x, 203);
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
      myGLCD.drawRect(319, y+80, x-1, 204); 
    }
    else if( x<=268) {
      // Draws blue rectangle right of the pillar
      myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
      myGLCD.fillRect(x+51, 0, x+60, y);
      // Draws the pillar
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 200, 20);
      myGLCD.fillRect(x+49, 1, x+1, y-1);
      // Draws the black frame of the pillar
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
      myGLCD.drawRect(x+50, 0, x, y);
      // Draws the blue rectangle left of the pillar
      myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
      myGLCD.fillRect(x-1, 0, x-3, y);
      // The bottom pillar
      myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
      myGLCD.fillRect(x+51, y+80, x+60, 204);
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 200, 20);
      myGLCD.fillRect(x+49, y+81, x+1, 203);
      myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
      myGLCD.drawRect(x+50, y+80, x, 204);
      myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
      myGLCD.fillRect(x-1, y+80, x-3, 204);
  }
  // Draws the score
  myGLCD.setColor(0, 0, 0);
  myGLCD.setBackColor(221, 216, 148);
  myGLCD.setFont(BigFont);
  myGLCD.printNumI(score, 100, 220);
}
//====== drawBird() - Custom Function
void drawBird(int y) {
  // Draws the bird - bitmap
  myGLCD.drawBitmap (50, y, 35, 30, bird01);
  // Draws blue rectangles above and below the bird in order to clear its previus state
  myGLCD.setColor(114, 198, 206);
  myGLCD.fillRoundRect(50,y,85,y-6);
  myGLCD.fillRoundRect(50,y+30,85,y+36);
}
//======== gameOver() - Custom Function
void gameOver() {
  delay(3000); // 1 second
  // Clears the screen and prints the text
  myGLCD.clrScr();
  myGLCD.setColor(255, 255, 255);
  myGLCD.setBackColor(0, 0, 0);
  myGLCD.setFont(BigFont);
  myGLCD.print("GAME OVER", CENTER, 40);
  myGLCD.print("Score:", 100, 80);
  myGLCD.printNumI(score,200, 80);
  myGLCD.print("Restarting...", CENTER, 120);
  myGLCD.setFont(SevenSegNumFont);
  myGLCD.printNumI(2,CENTER, 150);
  delay(1000);
  myGLCD.printNumI(1,CENTER, 150);
  delay(1000);
  
  // Writes the highest score in the EEPROM
  if (score > highestScore) {
    highestScore = score;
    EEPROM.write(0,highestScore);
  }
  // Resets the variables to start position values
  xP=319;
  yB=50;
  fallRate=0;
  score = 0;
  lastSpeedUpScore = 0;
  movingRate = 3;  
  gameStarted = false;
  // Restart game
  initiateGame();
}

Step 2: Working of the Project

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    3 Discussions

    1
    None
    TaranA3

    5 months ago

    can i create colored items (like castles and ships) on a 16x2 lcd screen?

    2 answers
    0
    None
    thelonelyprogrammerTaranA3

    Answer 2 months ago

    LCD 16x2 can support only alphanumeric content. You can create a custom character with 5x8 pixel.
    You can't use a 16x2 to create those images. But, it is possible to make Bitmap on Graphic LCD's.