Arduino & WS2811 Christmas Tree

Introduction: Arduino & WS2811 Christmas Tree

Since there are other similar projects Christmas Lights Arduino and WS2811, Arduino Xmass tree I find them too complicated for newbies. So I decided to publish this simple and costless project, that you can try before facing more complicated ones, with even Bluetooth control and vu-meter.

My family enjoyed designing the patterns, and I enjoyed coding them. I hope that you also enjoy it.

The tree decoration is made by my mother, I should tell her to share and make some Instructables.

Supplies:

  • Arduino nano
  • WS2811 led strip
  • Switch
  • USB charger
  • USB Cable
  • Plastic box

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Step 1: Bill of Materials

This is the materials I used:

  • Arduino nano. I ordered one with pins unsoldered since I soldered cables directly on the board.
  • WS2811 50 LED strip. There are also with green cables that are more discrete.
  • Switch. One with a long button is better.
  • USB charger. A used one from a cellular phone.
  • USB Cable type A male <-> type mini-B male. Reused from an old camera.
  • Plastic box. Reused a candy one.
  • A cable tie.
  • Three-wire cable.
  • Soldering tin.
  • Glue for the glue gun.
  • Insulating tape
  • Heat shrink tube

Step 2: Tools Used

  • Drill, drill bit.
  • Glue gun.
  • Soldering iron.
  • Scissors.

Step 3: Schematic

Power

We will power everything through the USB connector. The led strip will be powered through the VIN pin for not overloading the voltage regulator.

LED Strip

There are many types of addressable LED strips. The ones based in WS281x are very common. This chip family makes the Pulse Width Modulation (PWM) for you for each color, based on the data received in the data input pin. It uses the first block of data with every color and pushes the rest of the data flow to the next chip trough the data out pin. Fortunately, there are Arduino libraries that make all this work transparent for you.

Microcontroller

Since the WS2811 LED strip needs a 5V data input we choose an Arduino with 5V logic. A 3.3V one could also be used, but we should make some sort of logic level adaptation. If not, it could work but a little voltage drop could drive to incorrect data or no data at all arriving at the LED strip.

Simpler microcontrollers as ATtiny85 could be used if you want to cut more the cost. Since we only need 1 output and one input. Depending on the versions the flashing is more difficult if it does not have a USB port.

Switch

One with a long button will suit better to go through the case, then you can actuate it without a pencil.

It is connected to GND because we use the internal pull-up resistor in Arduino to avoid false signals. Then in code a 1 will be no pulsated, and 0 pulsated.

Step 4: Case Machining

I used a Candy box as the enclosure for the electronics. Use or even 3dPrint one that has enough space.

Just drill it with a Dremel multi-tool. I used a 3mm drill bit for:

  • A hole for accessing the switch button.
  • Machine hole for the USB connector.
  • Cable output for the LED strip. In the cover mechanize it till the border in order to remove the cover.

Step 5: Wiring

Soldering

For wiring, we will need a soldering iron. If you are a novice check this soldering tutorial.

Tips from my own experience.

  • Pre tin wires tips first
  • Once the wire is in the soldering pad, added tin should be fused by the wire and the soldering pad, not the soldering iron.

Button

Wire the button to input D5 and GND.

The one I used has four pins. They are internally connected by pairs, check before with tester (or a led with a battery) which ones are opened.

Cable

Solder at one end a male connector for the led strip. You can use the one in the LED strip, that we will not use.

The colors I used are.

  • Red (+5V) -> Brown
  • Green (data in) -> Black
  • White (Gnd) -> Blue

At Arduino Side

  • Brown -> VIN
  • Blue -> GND
  • Black -> D4

LED Strip

The LED Strip has two three-pin connectors, the input one is the female one. There are red and white cables with no connector that should be insulated with insulating tape or a heat shrink tube to avoid a short circuit.

Microcontroller

Just solder pre-tinned cables in soldering pads,

Connectors

Finally, connect all the connectors.

Step 6: Element Fixing

Button
To fix the button I used a glue pistol, put a generous amount and be careful not to glue the button mechanism. I had to do twice since the first time there was so little glue that when we pressed the button it glued off.

Microcontroller
It is not fixed.

Cable
Put a cable tie to avoid that if eventually there is a pull, The soldering is not damaged.

Step 7: Code

Software Tools and uploading

For the code, we used the FastLED library and Arduino IDE.

To install the library in Arduino IDE follow this guide Installing Additional Arduino Libraries Put in the search box FastLED

To upload to Arduino nano follow this guide. Getting Started with the Arduino Nano

Usage

Just press the button to change the current animation mode.

Code Download

Check at https://gitlab.com/BitaMind/christmaslights/tree/master/arduino/ChristmasOneFile

Or rename the file ChristmasOneFile.txt to ChristmasOneFile.ino

There is also a multifile class version that you can try.

Tips to make a new animation.

  • Create a new method of your choice.
  • Increase the total number of animations (MAX_MODES) by one.
  • Modify AnimationUpdate for the new case.


Step 8: Revisions

  • 24.12.2019 Added video.
  • 25.12.2019 Changed Cover picture, orthography corrections.
  • 26.12.2019 Added source file.
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