Basic Weaving Loom and Weaving Techniques

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Weaving may look daunting and impossible, however it is rather easy after some practice.
Weaving is a method of fabric production in which two distinct sets of threads are interlaced perpendicularly (right angle) to form a fabric.
In this instructable, i will be showing you how to make a loom, as well as basic weaving techniques and i will be making a cloth.

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Step 1: Making the Loom.

I had made this loom to last for a long time in the easiest way possible. If you do not have access to the materials or tools required you can always build a more temporary loom out of cardboard.
Materials needed:
-Screws
-Scrap wood
-nails
Tools:
-Screwdriver
-Hammer
-Ruler
-Marker

To make the loom, I first screwed three pieces of plywood together to form a big 'I' shape. The position for the nails are then marked and nails are nailed partially into the wood. In less than five miniutes, a fully function loom form junk lying around.

Step 2: Warp Threads

The warp threads are held stationary in tension on a loom while the weft threads is drawn through and inserted over-and-under the warp thread.
To thread the warp threads, first, tie one end to a nail. Follow by threading the thread around every nail to form the warp threads. Ensure that there is enough tension so that weaving will be easier.
*Tip -To evenly spread the tension, pull up on every thread.

Step 3: Plain Weave

The plain weave is the simplest and strongest weave. The warp and weft threads are aligned so they form a simple criss-cross pattern. Each weft thread crosses the warp threads by going over one, then under the next, repeatedly. Pack down each thread with a fork of comb.
To begin weaving:
-Loom with warp threads
-Yarn
-Fork or comb

Image credit: en.m.wikipedia.org

Step 4: Twill Weave

The twill weave creates a diagonal pattern. The weft thread goes over two or more warp threads, then under one or more warp threads. I had mine go over two warp threads, then go under one warp thread. The twill weave is made by the white thread.
Image credit: en.m.wikipedia.org

Step 5: Oxford Weave

Oxford weaves are created using a basket weave, where multiple usually two weft threads pass over and under two warp threads.
I passed two weft threads over two warp threads, then under two warp threads.

Image credit:http://www.catwalkyourself.com

Step 6: Finishing Off

To finish off, cut one end of the warp threads you can do this with a pen knife or a scissors the other is removed from the loom. The end that has been cut should be tied together to prevent the threads from becoming undone.
Your weaving is completed!

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    4 Discussions

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    jessyratfink

    6 months ago

    Thank you for sharing! This is a great walkthrough to the basics :)

    1 reply

    Its a nice week end project. Can there be illuatrations provided? The explanations sometimes are not super clear...

    1 reply