Bluetooth Control Home Automation




About: For more project and tutorial visit my YouTube channel Mert Arduino and Raspberry Pi


This project is all about building the most simplified home automation device using an arduino and a bluetooth module. This one is very easy to build and it can be built in a few hours. In my version which i'm explaining right here, i can control up to 4 home appliances using my Android smartphone. Let's have a look at the list of materials and tools you'll need.

Teacher Notes

Teachers! Did you use this instructable in your classroom?
Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.


Guys, here is a list of materials you would require for making this simple project.

  1. Arduino uno
  2. 4-chhanel relay module
  3. Bluetooth module (Hc-05)
  4. Jumper wire
  5. wooden bord
  6. Bulbs Holder
  7. wire
  8. 5v Power supply

List of Tools.

  1. Soldering kit
  2. Glue gun
  3. Android Smartphone
  4. Screwdrivers
  5. Wire strippers etc:

That's all we need...

Step 2: Circuit Diagram and Connection

Connect circute belove stap

Step 1. arduino connect to bluetooth module hc-05.

Step 2. hc-05 vcc and gnd connect to arduino vcc 3.5v and gnd.

Step 3. hc-05 rx and tx connect to arduino sequencely tx and rx (0 and 1).

Step 4. 4-channel relay module have 6 pin vcc, gnd, 1-4 relay switch.

Step 5. relay module connect arduino vcc gnd and arduino pin 2-5.

NOTE:- In diagram Bluetooth connection is Wong Bluetooth module Rx and Tx connect with sequence arduino Tx and Rx (0 and 1) number pin

Step 3: The Software

we are using arduino software in pograming inarduino uno

Download the Arduino IDE from here.

Step 4: The Code

This code uses softwareserial.h to configure rx and tx pins in the Arduino. These rx and tx pins are connected to the tx and rx pins of the HC 05 Bluetooth module respectively.

The bluetooth module receives data from a paired android device and triggers the relays with respect to the data received. For example, in my code if the received data is the character "A", the relay 1 will be triggered ON and if the received data is the character "B", the relay 1 will be turned OFF. Similarly all the relays can be turned ON/OFF using bluetooth commands. Refer the code for detailed comments.

Step 5: The Android Application

download android app here

As mentioned above, the micro-controller triggers each relay according to the data it receives through the Bluetooth Module from an Android device. So we need an Android application to send these data to the HC 05.
I made a customized application using the MIT App inventor. I've attached the 'blocks layout' of my application as a PDF here for reference for those who are going to make their own app using the App Inventor.

Step 6: Instructions for the Android App

You have to pair the HC-05 Bluetooth module to your android device before you could use it in the app.

Step 1 : Open your device's bluetooth settings and search for new devices, make sure the led on HC05 module is blinking continuously (Pairing Mode).

Step 2 : Select HC 05 ( or you'll see an address ending with "C" as shown in the picture.)

Step 3 : Enter the PIN "1234" and press OK.

Step 4 : Open the "Bluetooth Controller" app and click the bluetooth button on the top of the screen.

Step 5 : Select "HC 05" from the list.

Step 6 : Use the respective switches to turn ON/OFF the relays 1,2,3,4.

Step 7 : Click the Master to turn all the relays ON/OFF in a single click.

Step 7: Assembling the Components.

The assembling all component above picture

Wireless Contest

Participated in the
Wireless Contest

Arduino Contest 2017

Participated in the
Arduino Contest 2017

Remote Control Contest 2017

Participated in the
Remote Control Contest 2017

Be the First to Share


    • Made with Math Contest

      Made with Math Contest
    • Multi-Discipline Contest

      Multi-Discipline Contest
    • Robotics Contest

      Robotics Contest

    14 Discussions


    8 months ago

    Can please send sketch of this program attached one is not getting open


    Question 11 months ago on Introduction

    And also i want to under stand the connection of relays.


    Question 11 months ago on Introduction

    You have used ardiuno board.
    How can we use only micro controllor in place of ardiuno.

    Tech HuntGSS4

    Answer 1 year ago

    open the app connect hc-05 and choose last option typing and type 1-4 on for 1-4 and 5-8 off for 1-4 secquncly