I used to do quite a few bottle ships as a kid. But I'd use rubber thread instead of real sewing thread so I wouldn't have to construct the ship to accommodate the complex rigging necessary to pull up the masts and sails. The rubber thread would do the job by itself once the ship was in the bottle.
That was good fun then, but it goes without saying that these ships weren't made to last... So I have always wanted to do a bottle ship by the book. – Well, here it is, documented and all. Have fun.
Step 1: The Secret Behind the Bottle Ship
When I saw my first bottle ship as a kid, I was puzzled how it got into the bottle. Well now I know. You have to construct the ship in a way that allows the masts and booms to collapse. This way, the ship can be made small enough to enter the bottle through the bottleneck. Furthermore the rigging has to be made so you will be able to erect the masts again, once the ship is inside the bottle. The trick here is that the rigging to the left and right of the masts must be places a little behind the masts. Otherwise the masts won't be able to collapse and will not be kept in the right angle once they get erected into the upright position.
Other than you think, the sails have to be glued to the masts and not the booms to do the collapsing trick.
Fixing the treads is done with a tiny drop of wood glue.
Check out the principle drawings and you will understand.
Step 2: Materials and Tools
You need the following tools:
- Coping saw
- Electric Jig Saw
- Power drill
- A pair of scissors
- A pair of home made "mini" drill (see instruction...)
- Sanding Paper
- Stanley Knife
- One or two pliers
- On long tweezers
- A vise
You need the following material:
- Pine Wood
- Balsa wood
- Bamboo barbecue sticks
- 0.08 inch steel wire for putty tool
- 0.04 inch steel wire for "mini drill"
- 0.02 inch steel wire for hinges
- Sewing thread
- Blue/green Oil paint
- Wood Glue
- Linseed oil putty
- Typing paper
- Ethanol to clean the bottle with
- Baking paper
Step 3: Making the Hull
Before you make the hull, make sure you know the diameter of the bottleneck :-). Also make sure you have a good idea of how tall the masts should be and if the fit inside the bottle.
For the hull, I use balsa wood. It is easy to carve and drill holes into. (In my first attempt I used much harder wood and then the drill broke while inside the hull, so I had to start over again)
I draw the hull shape onto a suitable size of wood (side- and top view). Then I use the coping saw to cut it out roughly.
Next I file and sand it into the desired size and shape.
Remember to check if it fits from time to time...
Step 4: Making the Masts
The masts and booms are made from bamboo barbecue sticks. If the sticks are too thick you may mount them in an electric drill and use the sanding paper to make them thinner.
Once the masts are in shape, use a 0.04 inch drill to make the holes according to the drawing.
The hinges are made of 0.04 inch steel wire.
The holes in the hull are best made with a "mini drill". You make it by "hammering" a small piece of 0.04 inch wire into a handle. Sharpen the "drill" with the sanding paper.
Step 5: Booms and Rigging
The boom hinges are made with 0.02 inch wire according to the principle drawings. After you have tied the ends of the wires to the mast you add a drop of glue to the string to fix it.
At the outer end of the boom you tie the rigging by cutting a short slit through the boom and pulling the thread through it.
Step 6: Building the Bottle Stand
The bottle stand is made of pine wood or what ever hard wood you have (not balsa wood). The bottle I used was a bit special, so I decided to make the stand in an angle to accommodate it.
Step 7: Preparing the Bottle
The bottle has to be absolutely clean AND dry on the inside. Use the 0.08 and soft 0.04 inch wire to make an appropriate tool. Always have one or two pliers at hand to make adjustments to the tool if needed. The bottle is best cleaned using ethanol.
To avoid the greasy putty to make marks on the bottleneck, make a tube out of baking paper.
Step 8: Modelling the Water
The water is made out of putty. Use oil color to die the putty in the appropriate color.
Use the wire tool to model the putty to your liking.
Step 9: Setting Sails
Before the ship can be launched remember to make some sails and glue them onto the masts.
To give the sails the right looks you may die them with coffee and draw some stitches onto them with a pencil.
Step 10: Launching the Boat
Ready for launch! Collapse the rigging. Then gently slide the ship through the bottleneck. Use the wire tool to move the ship in the right position.
When the ship is where you want it, press it into the putty.
Then gently pull the pull lines to erect the masts. It is advisable to use the wire tool to hold onto the ship while doing this so the ship doesn't slip out of the water by accident.
Now tie of fasten the pull stings to the bottle stand and glue the strings to the bowsprit.
Once the glue has dried up, you can cut the remaining pull thread of.
Before you cork the bottle, make sure the putty has dried sufficiently up.