Clone a Tomato Plant (and Fill Your Garden for FREE!)

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For this instructable, I will show you how to increase the amount of produce you can grow at your home for free.

Cloning may sound like a very complicated scientific process, but for the at-home gardener it is a very simple thing that anyone can do.

Step 1: Materials Needed

The actual list of items needed to clone a plant is very short and anyone who gardens will have no problem at all locating these items around the house.

Absolute must haves:

A semi-mature tomato (Donor or mother plant) A plant with good growth and that has not been diseased or stressed.

A container or containers around 2 inches deep (I used one of my wife baking dishes, Ha ha)

Razor knife

Potting soil

Water

Other optional items :

Rooting compound (can be found @ Wal-mart for 6 dollars[U.S.])

Humidity dome

Seed heat mat

I realize that most gardeners probably have the humidity dome and seed mat, but I was aiming this instructable for the weekend warrior gardener in hopes of expanding minds and showing how simple and cost effective this act of cloning can be. The optional items will greatly speed up the cloning process BUT are not required to complete this process.

Step 2: Your Mother Plant

The first step to cloning is to make sure the plant you are taking cuttings from is healthy and has not been affected by disease.

Now take a look at your plant where a large branch comes off of the main stem of the plant.
Where the branch comes off of the stem forming a "v" there will be new growth. This "start" or new growth is the target of our cutting.

This "start" if left on the plant will continue to grow and produce more branches. It has what is called "nodes" to start blossoms and new branches.

Important note: Selecting starts from the bottom stems of the plant have a better chance of producing roots because of increase in natural rooting hormone in the plant. ( I have had luck propagating starts from all areas of the plant though.)

Step 3: Cutting Your Mother Plant

Once you have identified your start, using a razor knife or blade, cut the start at its base on a 45 degree angle.

IMPORTANT : As soon as you cut your start you should dip it in some tepid water

Now for the optional part. I have read, at this point you can stick it straight into moistened soil and mist and wait. the following steps are purely optional but guarantee success .

After dipping my cutting into the tepid water I use my razor and scrape the bottom inch of the cutting stem.

Step 4: Optional Step

At this point in the option step. I lightly scrape the base of the stem with my razor at a ninety degree angle all of the way around the stem.

After scraping the stem I dip the cutting again in the tepid water and then dip directly into the rooting compound.

Step 5: Lets Get Dirty

Now insert your cutting into the potting soil and lightly mist the cutting with water.

These cutting should be put under some light but not in direct sunlight. I always mist my cuttings twice a day to ensure their chances of success.

After a week (usually 2) your cuttings will have developed a root system, and can be transplanted outside.

When transplanting your cutting outside, bury it as deep as possible and more roots will grow from the stem.

Step 6: The Results

Using this exact process I have increased the amount of tomatoes plants in my garden for free.
The first picture is my "MOTHER" plant , the second picture is semi mature cuttings almost ready to produce fruit!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!

Good Luck

Share this with your friends.

GROW YOUR OWN FOOD !!!!!!!

GET YOUR KIDS INVOLVED, THEY WILL LOVE IT !!!!!!!!!!

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    107 Discussions

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    bobftx

    8 years ago on Introduction

    Be aware that most commercially available plants are patented and may not be propagated this way. If you use open-pollinated heirloom varieties you can propagate all you want, but of course the best way there is to save the seeds.

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    Leosmamabobftx

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    I thought as long as you don't sell your propagated plants, i.e. for personal use only - then you can propagate to your hearts content, or is this not true - anyone know !!!???

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    DhanuVLeosmama

    Reply 1 year ago

    Not true. Most nations have laws against "seed saving" of patented plants. Not sure about propagation from cuttings. Like many things, if it is for your home garden, you are unlikely to have problems. If it is for your home farm, you well may.

    Something else to think about: A major problem with patented and GM plants is that to various degrees, they are genetic monocultures. This makes them highly vulnerable to disease. Propagating such plants even for yourself makes you as vulnerable as they are.

    Something else: Many patented plants, esp Monsanto products, are designed to be very good with certain proprietary additions, rhyzobium for soy, glyphosphate for "roundup-ready" plants, heavy fertilisation for many "green revolution" plants. They often are less hardy and less productive than traditional plants (less robust) without these things.

    Use traditional and heritage varieties. Work for plant diversity.

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    MatthewW267DhanuV

    Reply 1 year ago

    Please name me a patented gmo tomato plant. Last I checked they don't exist.

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    saehnbobftx

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    Patented? Realistically, how could anyone patent a life-form? Don't drink the Kool-aid.

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    bobftxsaehn

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Plant_Patent_Act_of_1930 It's the basis of the entire plant/nursery business. It's the basis of agriculture.

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    saehnbobftx

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    More like it's the basis of the agricultural industry, the plant/nursery business as you wrote. Innovation happens without economy, and I think that the patenting of life-forms sets a dangerous precedent (commercializing life). I don't doubt that such a law exists, it just seems morally wrong to me. I was in an argumentative mood last night!

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    Dragonsiresaehn

    Reply 3 years ago

    Laws vary from place to place. I have never heard of that law here, but it may be a law somewhere.

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    DhanuVDragonsire

    Reply 1 year ago

    The Trade Related Intellectual Property (TRIPs) agreements within the World Trade Organisation (WTO) have become de facto law, as most nations have signed onto the WTO. The WTO replaced theh General Agreement on Trade and Tarriffs (GATT) as the global trade regulation body. This organisation is, indeed, evil, with little or no representation of people, and with corporate interests seen as overriding the "trade barriers" of nations.

    Some of the aspects include the right to own not only seeds and genetic material, including that of human genes, plants, and patenting of natural substances used in traditional medicine. It also includes the ownership of shape, colour, smell and other sensory cues under design law. Pink Batts own pink, for building insulation. Coke owns the shape of it's bottle.

    Yes, seeds are owned. Any nation in violation of WTO risks sanctions, so most nations have embodied WTO regulation into law.

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    njmalhqsaehn

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    "An unjust law is itself a species of violence. Arrest for its breach is more so." - Gandhi

    A wise person -- I forget who -- said that as there are unjust men, there are unjust laws. Some of us obey such laws because, being deeply immersed in unjust societies, we have lost the ability to distinguish right from wrong, just from unjust. For those of us I have no remedies, because even if I did, they would not accept them.

    Others amongst us obey such laws purely out of fear. Because behind every unjust law stands a covert or overt threat of extreme violence. There is a case to be made for that kind of compliance. Who could fault a person who is by design a survival machine, that doesn't want to go to prison, to be tortured, impoverished, hanged, drawn and quartered?

    Still, sometimes the fear that we submit to is an internal beast. Big brother isn't all that big. He can't watch our every move, our every action, our every small act of disobedience. Sometimes we find ourselves somewhere, in the privacy of our homes, in remote corners of our lives, where we truly are free, where no corporation, no government, no policeman, no lawyer, no judge, no jury, no executioner is watching us. In such places, at such times, if we choose to uphold unjust laws, our obedience turns from an act of understandable, justifiable cowardice to one of voluntary collaboration. So, if you find yourself in such a position, realize that disobedience of unjust laws is your moral duty. And that someday our species will look back upon the patenting of life with the same contempt we look back upon the ownership of human beings.

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    njmalhqbobftx

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    Absolutely right. I own neither ideas, nor slaves, nor women, nor nations, nor the air, nor water, and quite a few other things. And that is a good thing. Because the moment you own something, someone owns you. Good luck to you, being owned and all.

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    purplemutantsaehn

    Reply 8 years ago on Introduction

    Monsanto has several patents on seeds. For example, patent # 7,294,765 B2. Which is a patent for variety of soy. There is no kool-aid. Go to the google patent search and look it up.

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    AzureEyes

    8 years ago on Introduction

    I love this. I think it's so neat. Do you think you could clone a pepper plant?
    I would assume that tomato plants (right now ,being late May ) are too small to take cuttings from. Does anyone know if you could take a cutting from below? i have little flowers growing on my tomato plants but afraid to cut off the top, even if it grows roots, will it damage the flowers in any way?

    3 replies
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    fintonAzureEyes

    Reply 7 years ago on Introduction

    AzureEyes, if you are taking cuttings you should remove all flowers and flower buds, and most/all of the leaf area, as flowers and fruit are nutrient "sinks" and your cuttings will have to provide that from stores in the stem until the roots establish - which they probably won't as the roots need those stores to get established themselves.

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    Dragonsirefinton

    Reply 3 years ago

    Most clones will root fastest if you remove mist the leaves, but removing all the leaves will slow things down. Leaves are needed to absorb light, which the plant turns to food.
    Remove any lower leaves, but I suggest leaving the top leaves to allow for photosynthesis. Just trim them a bit if they're very large.

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    fintonDragonsire

    Reply 3 years ago on Introduction

    Quite so Dragonsire, hence my "most/all" phrase. Keep in mind though that while leaves are photosynthesising they are by definition also transpiring and that water has to come from somewhere. Until there are roots, one has to trim the cutting to balance the inputs and outputs.

    This is where your misting comes in, of course! I did this for my Horticulture thesis in a special misting/propagation tent at Massey University's Plant Growth Unit: "The effect of Air-filled Porosity on the Rooting of Woody Cuttings in Bark". One problem with misting is some fungi's predilection for moist leaves... (which is why overhead watering in the evening on warm days is discouraged).

    In any case, when leaves are left on (which I usually do), and are trimmed as you suggest (which I also do but more so), it is better to snip off the tip of the cutting as that is the softest and most water-thirsty part. As the plant establishes, new shoots will appear from the base of the existing leaves in balance with the developing roots (although some plants will sprout from nodes on the stem. Shrubs that are good for hedging are often like this).

    Anyway, welcome to Instructables three days ago! We look forward to what you can teach us.