Recently i decided to recycle our kitchen waste, into fertilizer for the garden, instead of simply dumping it in the garbage bin.
I hope that the following link will be of use in helping anyone wishing to start composting waste from their kitchen:
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Step 1: Pic 1
Kitchen waste strewn over an earlier layer of waste, leaves, saw dust. At the very bottom of the pit there is a layer of laterite stone rubble, pieces found all over the property. This layer is similar in effect of drainage to what one normally puts in a pot while placing plants.
Step 2: Pic 2
The waste is covered with dry leaves that are strewn around our backyard - one may also collect and store these in a separate large barrel.
Step 3: Pic 3
I have added a layer of grass and other weed cuttings that i retained from the front garden.
Step 4: Pic 4
Saw dust - bought at rs.20/- a bag from the timber yard in my village
Step 5: Pic 5
A layer of saw dust broadcast on the grass/weed cuttings.
Step 6: Pic 6
Lastly, the heap is watered down with a garden hose to add moisture to the composting process.
NOTE: Care must be taken not to over water, as otherwise the heap will turn into an anerobic (devoid of oxygen) mass. The water content should be just enough so that the heap remains somewhat "moist" and not "wet".
Also it is important to turn the heap around at least once in 10 days. Just use a short handled spade or hand rake to churn the heap around. This will help oxygenate the waste.
Lastly, if you are able to get your hands on some cow dung, preferably fresh, then mix this with plain water to make a slurry and pour over the waste heap as a once in the cycle method. This does wonders in breaking down the waste and turning it into manure.
Step 7: Pic 7
The run off of the excess water from the bottom of the pit - remember the initial layer of laterite rubble? This out let is important as you want the pit to be moist but not water logged or the pit will start rotting and stinking. Also if you have earthworms then it helps keep them moist.
Step 8: Pic 8
The water trough all around my compost pit. Earlier I used to have earth worms in the pit so this trough would help keep the ants away. If you are going to have worms in the pit, then a similar water barrier is advisable.
Step 9: Pic 9
Adjacent twin of earlier depicted pit, being prepped for when the first pit is full. As you can see, any and all bio degradable material may be used. You may use scraps of news paper, cotton cloth, cardboard, wood shavings, bamboo cane, etc. just make sure you keep out the plastics, glass, metal, rubber etc. and hard wood or twigs and branches as well. I really don't think anything will "go wrong" with the composting but it's just that these will not break down and will eventually need to be sieved out.
Step 10: Pic 10
The 2 large sacks of saw dust that i bought from the timber yard at rs.20/- a pop. The yard owner said the size of the sack was immaterial, only criteria being, it was a D-I-Y job. So i went prepared with a spade/shovel, sacks and rope.