Intro: Concrete Clock (3D Printing + Concrete + Wood Veneer)
The Concrete Clock was designed to utilize 3D printing to make a custom shape for the mold to shape the clock. The project includes a concrete clock made out of Shapecrete which was molded out of a 3D printed cavity, inside each hour indention I have inserted a wood insert which is a 3D printed shape with wood veneer adhered on top, and then finally I added a standard clock kit to finish off the clock. No specialized tools are required and a 3D printer is not required - you can utilize a print service such as 3DHubs.com to obtain the 3D printed parts from a local printer.
Step 1: What You Will Need
Wooden Stirring Sticks (recommend buying cheaper at local hardware store)
3D Printed Concrete Mold (This will most likely be destroyed in the process)
3D Printed Wood Inserts (x12)
Orbital Sander (optional)
Hot Glue Gun (optional)
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Step 2: 3D Printed Parts
If you are sourcing your 3D printed parts, I’d suggest a local printer on 3D Hubs so you can pick up your printed pieces without having to risk shipping. These are my recommended print settings.
Mold Cavity (ideally this has decent surface quality to limit amount of sanding needed)
Any type of filament can be used – something cheap with good print quality.
0.2mm layer height10% infill
Support (all – not just off build platform)
*After the build, I re-designed the mold cavity to significantly reduce the material used and print time. You will need to also print a support piece to position the cavity while pouring the concrete - see render pictures.
Inserts and Mount Piece (surface quality not important)
Any/cheap filament will do
0.2mm layer height
Support Block (surface quality not important)
Any/cheap filament will do
0.2mm layer height
Step 3: Mold Cavity
Remove the support under the mounting hole for the clock. Be careful as this section is going to be a little fragile.
Do some light sanding as needed but mostly optional unless there are obvious areas that could use some touch-up. The concrete can be sanded so this step isn’t absolutely crucial but it does help.
Mix roughly 3 parts concrete mix to 1 part water (use the box instructions if using something different than Shapecrete).
I tried a mold release solution of 1 part soap to 10 parts water but I am not sure it was very effective, try PAM or vegetable oil as a mold release agent but don’t use an excessive amount – just coat the inside cavity lightly.
Place the support block under the shallow side of the cavity to be sure the top is flat for pouring the concrete in.
Once it is well mixed and cake batter type consistency pour into mold. Be sure to get as much below and around the block for the clock kit. Try to fill close to the top edge but not all the way. You have roughly 30 minutes of working time so no need to rush this step.
Try to remove any air bubbles by slowly and gently shaking the mold.
Optionally you can use an orbital sander to apply vibrations to the outside of the mold.
Insert the mounting piece at the top of the clock (the deep side). This will create a hole for the clock to sit on top of a screw.
Let the concrete mold sit for at least 48 hours. For now, work on Wood Inserts.
Once concrete is hardened, remove from mold. You may need to break apart the mold to do this.
Sand outside of the concrete base to desired surface finish. You can use sandpaper manually or use an orbital sander. You can use as low as 80 grit initially and then move toward 320 grit or higher if desired.
Step 4: Wood Inserts
Cut long enough strips of the wood veneer for the 12 inserts.
Before using Clothes Iron remove any water and allow clothes iron to dry.
Heat up a clothes iron on the cotton setting. (Warning - some residue from the process may get on heat plate, though this did not happen during my build).
Place the veneer strips on the inserts.
Use iron to melt adhesive, allowing it to stick to the 3D printed inserts. The general speed to avoid scorching wood is 2 inches per second but be cautious as to not melt or deform the plastic beneath. Do this until all veneer is glued onto all inserts.
Now trim up the excess around the inserts doing this upside down. Use a sharp razor blade box cutter to not tear the wood.
Use sanding paper or a Dremel sanding tool to round the corners.
Apply a generous amount of linseed oil to veneer.
Let oil sit and penetrate wood for roughly 10 minutes.
Wipe any excess oil from veneer.
Optionally add clear coat to the inserts.
Step 5: Finishing
Depending on the type of finish you prefer you can either leave the bare concrete clock as-is as well as keep the clock hands white or do some variation of the below steps. The steps below will outline the steps I used for the exact finish I went with.
Tape around the ring of the clock face.
Use white spray paint to coat the face.
Spray paint the clock hands with gold metallic spray paint.
Once white paint is dry, remove painter's tape from around face.
Step 6: Assembly
Apply hot glue to the back of each Wood Insert and push into each hour inset to glue into place. Other types of glue are most likely acceptable.
Install the clock kit per the kit instructions.
Once installed you will need to cut (roughly ½”) off the minute and second hands as it will overhand the clock face.
Step 7: Mounting
Since the clock will be quite heavy, I recommend using a screw into a stud to hang the clock.
Step 8: Wrap Up
Thanks for checking out the Concrete Clock build! If you enjoyed it, I post monthly builds using 3D printing on my website, https://www.adylinn.com/builds/.