Convert a 3D PRINTER to LASER ENGRAVER | Under 40$

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What is up everybody, in this Instructable I am going to show you, how you can convert your 3D printer to a fully functional laser engraver for less that 40$

Step 1: Buying a Suitable Laser

- To start this project we are gonna need a laser that is strong enough to burn into most of the household materials. I found that 500 mw laser is just right for this project due to its low price and capability of engraving in almost every material with exception of metals and glass.

-I bought my laser on Aliexpress for a small price. Here is the link: https://goo.gl/obFmFD

-With laser you will also get a laser driver circuit and a safety glasses which are necessarry when operating with lasers.

Step 2: Mounting the Laser

- So I firstly removed a small fan which was attached to the plastic mount and I unscrew a 3d printer hot-end from the same acrilic mount.

- Then I cut 2 zip ties that were holding a 3d printing belt in place and remove the last screw so we can finally drill 2 holes in the plastic mount.

- Laser module had 4 holes pre-drilled so I just needed to mark down the spots where I drilled two 3mm holes on my drill press.

-I used 2 small screw which I found in my screw collection box but you can also use 2 screws from the fan that is attached in the back of the laser module.

- Now I put everything back together and secure the belt with a new pair of zip ties.

Step 3: Calibration and Starting Point

- After installing everything back, connect the laser input voltage to the 3d printer motherboard's fan port. I will explain why we did this step later in the video.

- This is the scheme of the laser driver that we received with the laser. Connect the fan on the laser to the cooling fan port, laser to the laser port and those 2 wires from the 3d printer motherboard to the 12v power port. Leave the TTL port unplugged because we won't need it.

- Now simply turn on the fan in 3d printer settings and autohome all axes

- Remember that you will need to adjust the focal length to the height of the engraved subject.

- The final step is to engrave a small starting origin in the painters tape so we could know where is the zero of x and y axes.

Step 4:

- Engraving software that I am using is called Inkscape and you can download it through the link: https://inkscape.org/en/

- You will also need a plugin for Inkscape called inkscape laser tool plug-in which is also linked here: https://jtechphotonics.com/?page_id=2012

- Download both files, install the inkscape and copy the files of inkscape plugin tool to the extensions folder of the inkscape program.

- In the program firstly define your printing bed diameters and drag desired logo that you want to engrave. Set it's x and y to 0 and vectorize the image using trace bitmap command: Path -> Trace Bitmap

-Now simply go to: Extensions -> generate laser G-code -> J Tech... and set the laser on/off commands to M106 which is the command for turning on and off the fan port on which we connected our laser.

-Laser speed is also very important and I fount that the perfect speed is from 100 to 300 mm per minute.

Step 5: Testing and Engraving

- When our G-code is ready, drag it to the Sdcard and print that G-code in the 3d printer menu.

- We can easily cut any type of paper and the best part is that you can engrave your logo in any leather, wooden or plastic material.

- You can also cut foam and engrave anything on your smartphone case or tablet.

- If you want to engrave faster there is always an option of buying even more powerful laser but It will also cost you twice as much money.

That would be all, thank you for reading this instructable, If you like it please also consider clicking on the video below of how I do it and enjoy the great music.

Thank you!!!

Design Now: 3D Design Contest 2016

Runner Up in the
Design Now: 3D Design Contest 2016

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    72 Discussions

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    abeliogp

    4 weeks ago

    Buenas, tengo un láser de 15 W. y una impresora anet A8 tengo duda de como conectar el láser a la placa de la impresora, Me puede ayudar?
    .

    Duda.JPG
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    AndyC91

    1 year ago

    I tried following your guide to converting my printer to a laser cutter, but I seem to be stuck. I have almost the same exact printer as the one you use in the video, (Mine is a Prusa i3 M201) so this should be pretty straight forward. I have my laser mounted, but when I connect the laser power to the same spot as you did in the video and turn the fan on, there is no power to the laser.

    I tried plugging it into the second extruder port and turning on the second extruder (my printer doesn't actually have two to use anyway.) and the laser powered up fine.

    So I looked up the manual for my printer and noticed that the port which you plugged the laser into is the "extruder 3" port according to the manual, but you said it was the motherboard fan port in the video. Could you clarify?

    If it works to plug it into the second extruder port, then I don't mind doing that, but I don't know how to adjust the gcode to make that work.

    Thanks. Overall it looks like a very good tutorial.

    1 reply
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    Nirgal38AndyC91

    Reply 4 months ago

    You need to connect it to the extruder fan port.

    The wiring on my laser was reversed (black wire where red wire should be and vice versa) so be sure to check the polarity. I had to do some cutting, soldering and shrink tubing and it works great!

    You'll know if it's right if a green light comes on the laser control board. When the laser is active, a red LED on that board will light up.

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    TGC TECH

    1 year ago

    Hello, I am having a problem where my .GCODE files are blank, I am using the text tool in inkscape to attempt to engrave the URL of my website into flash drives for my clients

    1 reply
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    Nirgal38TGC TECH

    Reply 4 months ago

    With the text tool, be sure to select the text then go under the "PATH" option in the menu and select "Object to Path" before running the J Tech Photonics Laser Tool.

    If you're using text and graphics, make sure to outline any imported graphics then group all objects (CTRL-A to select all then CTRL-G to group them). Then do the "Object to Path". Finally, run the laser tool.

    I edit my G code to home the printer first (G 28 then G4 P0) and set the height in the first line that sets where the print head will go first.

    Here's the results I got trying it on a pencil. The logo itself is only 2.9 mm wide so it does a pretty good job for something built at home.

    POM_Pencil.jpg
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    Nirgal38

    4 months ago on Step 5

    It's taken some fits and starts but I'm really enjoying the project.

    Considering that the laser arrived yesterday and I promised myself I wouldn't try it until after work, I'm pleased with the results.

    And, yes, I'm a Star Trek nerd. :)

    frickin_laser.jpg
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    CedricO4

    Question 5 months ago

    anyone, have de problem with objects or text with line curve? maybe de g2 or g3 problem...

    1 more answer
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    RoseS95CedricO4

    Answer 5 months ago

    the fix: In Configuration_adv.h the Arc_support was not properly defined, or at least turned off.
    Search in there for "//#define ARC_SUPPORT // Disabling this saves ~2738 bytes" and remove the //
    so it defines the Arc support and the printer can read the G02 and G03 commands.
    It was so simple all along

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    IvanL128

    Question 10 months ago on Step 3

    Hi,
    excuse me but the laser power is controlled by PWM on the TTL port?
    If I leave the TTL disconnected how can I regulate the power only with FAN port?
    When the machine is in standby state, the laser should show only a little dot on the table (useful for focusing) then, when the program starts, the laser should turn on with programmed power (useful when I decide to engrave only or cut).
    I'm newbee and I have a Geetech Prusa i3 pro b 3d printer and I want to convert to laser engraver/cutter with 2,5W laser module.
    Thank You

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    Richardt131

    1 year ago

    this 500mw laser has the spec power < 2 A. There is another laser for nice price 2.5W, link under this comment. This has the spec power > 2 A, can this also hooked up to the fan port or would this do damage ?

    thanks

    https://nl.aliexpress.com/item/Focusable-Industrial-Laser-Module-With-TTL-Driver-Board-High-Power-Blue-Laser-Module-12V-2-5W/32827840229.html?spm=a2g0s.9042311.0.0.YK3gVA

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    Juan CarlosR9

    1 year ago

    The measurements of the orientation points for me are wrong. The point (100.0) is actually in (354.0)

    1 reply
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    MrKlofliegeJuan CarlosR9

    Reply 1 year ago

    I think you are using Inkscape 0.92. Try version 0.91 because the 0.92 has an scaling bug.

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    JUAN MANUELH12

    1 year ago

    Does anyone know what type of laser and power needed can cut 2mm thick carbon fiber? I am interested in cutting a 2mm carbon fiber board to make drone parts and aeromodelling

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    MiroslavI6

    1 year ago

    Everything works fine but I can't find way to generate gcode that fills contours

    1 reply
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    AndyC91MiroslavI6

    Reply 1 year ago

    As far as I've read, this extension doesn't fill in space very well, just outlines. You'll probably need a different app for that unless there are some fine settings that can be adjusted somewhere.

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    Shawn F

    2 years ago

    Shortened url's are the devil man, please don't use them. No way for a user to know where they lead... the chance for malware is just simply to great.

    4 replies
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    Jakes workshopShawn F

    Reply 2 years ago

    I used short links with purpose so the link doesnt extend over half of the instructable and also to track how many click I get

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    gollumsesJakes workshop

    Reply 1 year ago

    I understand why YOU used a shortened URL, but nobody here knows that you are an honest person. Shortened URLs look very suspicious to many people knowledgeable about Internet Security. I nor many people I know will click on a short URL from anybody we don't know. So, it doesn't matter why YOU used it. What matters is what the rest of the world thinks. Not trying to be rude, just honest. You might want to find a different way to track clicks.

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    gollumsesgollumses

    Reply 1 year ago

    Got caught up in the URL thing, and forgot to say Nice Instructable. :-)

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    AmbrogioShawn F

    Reply 2 years ago

    thanks,

    when I do live preview I do not see any image.

    is it correct ?

    Ambro