Creating a Flaming Arrow That WorksWARNING:
Playing with fire is dangerous. Playing with fire that flies through the air at great speed is even MORE DANGEROUS. Use common sense and caution when using the arrow. I take no responsibility for what you do with your creation and for how you use this instructable. I highly suggest this not be attempted by anyone under the age of 21. I will stress again this is dangerous and has it's uses (like for a camp ceremony which is what I created this for) but you must be careful. Use these instructions at your own risk
I get asked to create some very interesting things, and often on short notice. It's pretty fun to see if I can really make the vision happen. This was the case with the flaming arrow. You might be shocked to know, there is not a lot out there on the web to create such an item. Those that do have instructions have little or no success. Others will show you what they did, but they do not tell you how it was actually created.
I took pieces from sites I found used a little brain power and came up with this flaming arrow that worked. So, my instructable friends, It is time to take the journey in learning how you too can make a flaming arrow that works!
Step 1: Materials
22" Aluminum Arrow (or longer I would not go lower than 22")
Liquid Stitch or a craft glue
16 Sparklers (the color does not matter)
Electrical tape or Duct tape
Thin gauge wire (24, 26, or 28 gauge)
A bow of your choice to shoot the arrow
Leather or cloth gloves (optional but strongly suggested)
Step 2: Cutting the Cheese Cloth
This is a piece of cheese cloth. The piece was four layers thick and around 3X4 inches maybe slightly larger . You need the layers to help hold the sparkler material inside as well as soak up kerosene.
Cheese cloth is not very expansive but a lot of people are unaware of where to buy it. I've found it in several different isles in stores: cooking items (non-food), craft areas, and grocery. Large chain local discount stores do carry the item. If you have trouble, ask an employee they will be happy to help you.
Note: If you want you can make your layers thicker. I did try it this way as well, and it worked fine, but I did double the amount of sparkler material in the middle
Step 3: Sparklers
In many states in the USA it's not easy to get a hold of fireworks in the "off season". However, in good news I doubt many of you are going to want to make and shoot a flaming arrow in the middle of winter. A word of caution. When I made this I bought several boxes of sparklers. It worked out well because I made several arrows over the summer. When we ran out of flaming arrows I was asked if I could do one more. The only problem....we could not find sparklers. So, stock up! In the USA it gets hard in some areas to find sparklers after July 4th.
You will need at least ten for the inside of your cheese cloth.
Step 4: Shaving Off the Goods
Take a box knife and scrape off the sparkler material onto the cheese cloth. This does get mess,, and your hands will likely get gray. I have a gut feeling that the material is not healthy for you to breathe in so I would suggest making sure you are not taking big whiffs of the powder. I would also suggest cleaning the work area when you are all done and your hands very well before eating, drinking, or sticking your fingers in your mouth.
Here we have almost half of the sparklers shaved off into the cheese cloth. You will notice I keep the sparklers I'm working with on another piece of cloth. I did this in part to keep my work space clean, but also so you could see the materials I was using a little better.
Step 6: Adjusting to the Center
You want to get your sparkler powder as centered as possible. Fold the cloth vertically and horizontally across to achieve this.
Step 7: The Fold
Fold two of the layers over the top of your sparkler shavings. This will give you sort of a tea bag kind of look.
Step 8: Glue Time!
To make sure you do not lose any of your material, you can glue the sides together. I used liquid stitch, which can be found in fabric areas at stores. I feel tacky glue would also work, I just had liquid stitch in my drawer so I went ahead and put it to use.
Step 9: It's Arrow Time!
Time to bring in the metal arrow.
Do not attempt this with a wooden arrow. Yes, I realize this seems obvious, but you never know who may not be clearly thinking when excited about making a flaming arrow. A wooden arrow will catch on fire....yes I tested it. Yes, I might have been that excited person.
You want to lay the arrow in the middle of your sparkler pile. Press down some on the arrow to wedge it into the sparkler material. You want to have enough of the sparkler material to wrap all around the arrow. If you are a little off that is okay, but do your best to even it out.
Step 10: Rollin'
Now it's time to roll the cheese cloth and sparkler material around the arrow. You will wrap a few times and that is fine. You want plenty of cheese cloth material to soak up kerosene.
Do not be alarmed if you can not see the sparkler material through the cheese cloth. It just means you had more cheese cloth than I did and it will not harm the function of your arrow. If in doubt, unroll and add more sparkler material. You can see that fine powder that got out on my desk. I rolled the cheese cloth into it to pick some of it up to add to the flaming arrow and to help clean up the mess.
Step 12: Glue Take Two!
Once you have your cheese cloth and sparkler material adjusted how you want it liquid stitch the end onto the rest of the cheese cloth. Again, I feel tacky glue would be fine to use as well.
Step 13: Tips at This Stage
Do not worry if yours looks more bulky than my does at this stage. (This was the first arrow I made in total to date made 12 of these).
The most important thing is to have your cheese cloth evenly around the arrow.
Step 14: Closing Up
Now take the end of the cheese cloth and fold it over. Basically you want the blunt end of the arrow , to still be the blunt end of the arrow. This will add more cloth to one side of the arrow, just do your best to fold it all around. Glue or liquid stitch this into place.
Step 15: Wire
Get a very thin gauge wire to use to ensure your cloth stays put. The wire you see in the picture is used for jewelry making. I think it was 28 gauge. However, the gauges I listed for your shopping list will work just fine. You want it light enough to not add a lot of weight to the end, but strong enough to keep things in place.
Step 16: Mummy
Wrap the wire around the cheese cloth and the arrow. You can see I did not have a pattern, I just wrapped until I felt it was hooked down well.
Step 17: Mummification Complete
You can see I left plenty of cheese cloth showing. I tied the wire off by wrapping it several times around the end of the cheese cloth and on to the arrow. I cut the end of the wire off with around two inches left hanging. I used that to weave into other parts of the wire to help keep it from unraveling.
Step 18: Tape Time
Take electrical tape (or duct tape) and tape the end of the arrow. the wire tie off and the end of the cheese cloth all together. Two times around should do the trick.
Note: I never tried making a flaming arrow with duct tape. I do however believe it would hold up for the amount of time the arrow is lit on fire and hits it's destination.
Step 19: More Sparkler Fun
Now we are going to add more sparklers to the out side of our arrow. Leave a bit of the sparkler hanging out over the end. You will tape these into place as you add them. (You will add six around the outside of the arrow total)
Step 20: Keep the Sparklers Coming!
I found that it's easier if you do two sparklers and a once around with tape. Then repeat. You will notice that some of the wire is hanging out of the tape, do not worry we will get to that.
Step 21: Fire Power!
You want to add sparklers around the arrow as evenly as possible. Continue putting them on until you have at least six. I found that more than six was over kill.
Step 22: Loose Ends
I added tape down the arrow to help hold the added sparklers into place. I chose to not cut them off with wire cutters, because I felt it was more stable to have the entire sparkler hooked to the arrow.
Step 23: More Wire Wrapping
It's time to get out your spool of wire again. Wrap the wire several times around your six sparklers and the end of the arrow. As in the previous step leave some wire to weave back into the wire in place. Once you have the wire secure, take your tape again and tape down the end of the wire.
Step 24: Last Tape
Now take your tape to the end of the arrow. Your goal is to move the ends of the sparklers as close together as you can. You won't get a true pointed tip, but do the best you can. This will help it fly in the air a little better.
Step 25: Bath Time!
Get a cup full of kerosene and soak the end of your arrow in it for five minutes or less. You do not want to soak off the sparkler material, but you want to get enough kerosene soaked into the tip.
When you are set to shoot the arrow, have the extra kerosene away from the area. Have a friend/co-worker/family light the arrow for you. We found that it worked best if the shooter was completely ready, the arrow lit, the party that lit the arrow moved away, and finally the arrow was shot. However, you should do what you and those with you feel most comfortable with, and you should use extreme caution at all times.
Note: Here is where I stopped having pictures, I have been told I need to make these again, so as soon as I do, I will replace the drawing with an actual photo. I'll also had similar picture to those already listed so you can see that no two arrows are really a like.
Update: After long last I have pictures of the arrow in action!
Step 26: Arrow Part 2 Update 2013
Since I first wrote this instructable I have in fact made several more flaming arrows. This year when creating one I added Vaseline to the mix and really liked how it helped the flame stay lit as shot. I'm attaching pictures of that process.
I did still use kerosene, I can't help it I get fearful it's going to go out. It's a one shot deal so to speak at camp so I really have to ensue it's going to work. :)
My arrow this year was wooden, but we were not shooting from a very far distance. It did make the trip just fine, but clearly I couldn't save the arrow. :)
Step 27: CAUTION!!
- Do not light the arrow until you are really ready to shoot. You can shoot the arrow a few times unlit to get a feel for how it works. The arrow will get bent up, so if you are practicing from a far, have a few arrows made up for practice so you do not beat the one you need to use up.
- Even with longer arrows the flame will get close to your hand. BE VERY CAREFUL. We tried two ways of shooting the arrows. One with out gloves, it can be done, but it gets pretty hot and it freaks the shooter out. The second was wearing a glove that had been soaked in water for over and hour. It's still freaky but you have some protection from the flame. Basically, it's fire, use caution with your body parts!
- Never shoot a flaming arrow alone.
- Never shoot this towards a person. That is a bit of a no brainier.
- Always have water on hand. Enough to put out any flame you are going to make.
- My best advise as you are planning to use your arrow is to always think what is the worse case scenario. Then work to eliminate those issues.
Note: I at this time do not have a picture of the arrow(s) being shot. I'm trying to see if someone I worked with does. However, I will be doing this again, so I'll ensure I get a picture so you can see it all in action.
If you search Youtube you can find videos of people shooting arrows. This one is similar to what we use ours for.
UPDATE 2013: Arrow in action pictures now added.