- The flip flop is a basic building block of sequential logic circuits.
- It is a circuit that has two stable states and can store one bit of state information.
- The output changes state by signals applied to one or more control inputs.
- The basic D Flip Flop has a D (data) input and a clock input and outputs Q and Q (the inverse of Q).
- Optionally it may also include the PR (Preset) and CLR (Clear) control inputs.
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Step 1: The Truth Table
The preset and clear input are active-low, because there are an inverting bubble at that input lead on the block symbol, just like the negative edge-trigger clock inputs.
When the preset input is activated, the flip-flop will be reset (Q=0, not-Q=1) regardless of any of the synchronous inputs or the clock. When the clear input is activated, the flip-flop will be set (Q=1, not-Q=0), regardless of any of the synchronous inputs or the clock. So, what happens if both preset and clear inputs are not activated ( both of them 0 ) ? Surprise, surprise: we get an invalid state on the output, where Q and not-Q go to the same state.
when both preset and clear inputs are activated then the flip flop will work normally.
Step 2: Simulation
The figure above shows a simulation example of D flip flop with preset and clear
Step 3: Design and Simulate the D Flip Flop
we will use the circuits-cloud simulator to design and simulate the D flip flop with preset and clear.
The link of the circuit
Step 4: Notes
1. If you are new user for circuits-cloud simulator:
- go to circuit editor
- select the type of simulation in components panel
- just drag and drop the component that you need for your design
- Click and hold to wire the pin between components symbol.
- Make sure all components has been connected.
2. To edit the flip flop parameter, right click > edit parameter > choose either rising edge or falling edge > save parameter
3. To show the simulation, double click on the wire > put a name > click enable prob > save parameter.
3. The inverters after the preset and clear inputs are act as the bubbles.