DHT12 (i2c Cheap Humidity and Temperature Sensor), Fast Easy Usage

About: Software developer but I love electronics, wood, nature, and everything else as well.

I like sensor that can be used with 2 wire (i2c protocol), but I love the inexpensive one.

This is an Arduino and esp8266 library for the DHT12 series of very low cost temperature/humidity sensors (less than 1$) that work with i2c or one wire connection.

Very usefully if you want use esp01 (if you use serial you have only 2 pin) to read humidity and temperature and display it on i2c LCD.

AI read that sometime seems that need calibration, but I have tree of this and get value very similar to DHT22. If you have calibration this problem, open issue on github and I add implementation.

You can find update and other on my site https://www.mischianti.org/2019/01/01/dht12-library-en/ .

Teacher Notes

Teachers! Did you use this instructable in your classroom?
Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.

Step 1: How I2c Works

I2C works with it's two wires, the SDA(data line) and SCL(clock line).

Both these lines are open-drain, but are pulled-up with resistors.

Usually there is one master and one or multiple slaves on the line, although there can be multiple masters, but we'll talk about that later.

Both masters and slaves can transmit or receive data, therefore, a device can be in one of these four states: master transmit, master receive, slave transmit, slave receive.

Step 2: Library

You can find my library here.

To download.

Click the DOWNLOADS button in the top right corner, rename the uncompressed folder DHT12.

Check that the DHT folder contains DHT12.cpp and DHT12.h.

Place the DHT library folder your /libraries/ folder.

You may need to create the libraries subfolder if its your first library.

Restart the IDE.

Step 3: Behaivor

This libray try to emulate the behaivor of standard DHT library sensors (and copy a lot of code), and I add the code to manage i2c olso in the same manner.

The method is the same of DHT library sensor, with some adding like dew point function.

Step 4: I2c Usage

To use with i2c (default address and default SDA SCL pin) the constructor is:

DHT12 dht12; 

and take the default value for SDA SCL pin.

(It's possible to redefine with specified contructor for esp8266, needed for ESP-01). or

DHT12 dht12(uint8_t addressOrPin) 
addressOrPin -> address 

to change address.

Step 5: One Wire Usage

To use one wire:

DHT12 dht12(uint8_t addressOrPin, true) 
addressOrPin -> pin 

boolean value is the selection of oneWire or i2c mode.

Step 6: Implicit Read

You can use It with "implicit", "simple read" or "fullread": Implicit, only the first read doing a true read of the sensor, the other read that become in 2secs. interval are the stored value of first read.

// The read of sensor have 2secs of elapsed time, unless you pass force parameter
		// Read temperature as Celsius (the default)
		float t12 = dht12.readTemperature();
		// Read temperature as Fahrenheit (isFahrenheit = true)
		float f12 = dht12.readTemperature(true);
		// Sensor readings may also be up to 2 seconds 'old' (its a very slow sensor)
		float h12 = dht12.readHumidity();
		
		
		// Compute heat index in Fahrenheit (the default)
		float hif12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(f12, h12);
		// Compute heat index in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
		float hic12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(t12, h12, false);
		// Compute dew point in Fahrenheit (the default)
		float dpf12 = dht12.dewPoint(f12, h12);
		// Compute dew point in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
		float dpc12 = dht12.dewPoint(t12, h12, false);

Step 7: Simple Read

Simple read to get a status of read.

		// The read of sensor have 2secs of elapsed time, unless you pass force parameter
		bool chk = dht12.read(); // true read is ok, false read problem
		// Read temperature as Celsius (the default)
		float t12 = dht12.readTemperature();
		// Read temperature as Fahrenheit (isFahrenheit = true)
		float f12 = dht12.readTemperature(true);
		// Sensor readings may also be up to 2 seconds 'old' (its a very slow sensor)
		float h12 = dht12.readHumidity();
		
		// Compute heat index in Fahrenheit (the default)
		float hif12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(f12, h12);
		// Compute heat index in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
		float hic12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(t12, h12, false);
		// Compute dew point in Fahrenheit (the default)
		float dpf12 = dht12.dewPoint(f12, h12);
		// Compute dew point in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
		float dpc12 = dht12.dewPoint(t12, h12, false);

Step 8: Full Read

Full read to get a specified status.

		// The read of sensor have 2secs of elapsed time, unless you pass force parameter
		DHT12::ReadStatus chk = dht12.readStatus();
		Serial.print(F("\nRead sensor: "));
		switch (chk) {
		case DHT12::OK:
			Serial.println(F("OK"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_CHECKSUM:
			Serial.println(F("Checksum error"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_TIMEOUT:
			Serial.println(F("Timeout error"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_TIMEOUT_LOW:
			Serial.println(F("Timeout error on low signal, try put high pullup resistance"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_TIMEOUT_HIGH:
			Serial.println(F("Timeout error on low signal, try put low pullup resistance"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_CONNECT:
			Serial.println(F("Connect error"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_ACK_L:
			Serial.println(F("AckL error"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_ACK_H:
			Serial.println(F("AckH error"));
			break;
		case DHT12::ERROR_UNKNOWN:
			Serial.println(F("Unknown error DETECTED"));
			break;
		case DHT12::NONE:
			Serial.println(F("No result"));
			break;
		default:
			Serial.println(F("Unknown error"));
			break;
		}
		// Read temperature as Celsius (the default)
		float t12 = dht12.readTemperature();
		// Read temperature as Fahrenheit (isFahrenheit = true)
		float f12 = dht12.readTemperature(true);
		// Sensor readings may also be up to 2 seconds 'old' (its a very slow sensor)
		float h12 = dht12.readHumidity();
		
		// Compute heat index in Fahrenheit (the default)
		float hif12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(f12, h12);
		// Compute heat index in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
		float hic12 = dht12.computeHeatIndex(t12, h12, false);
		// Compute dew point in Fahrenheit (the default)
		float dpf12 = dht12.dewPoint(f12, h12);
		// Compute dew point in Celsius (isFahreheit = false)
		float dpc12 = dht12.dewPoint(t12, h12, false);

Step 9: Connection Diagram

With examples, there are the connection diagram, it's important to use correct pullup resistor.

Thanks to Bobadas, dplasa and adafruit, to share the code in github (where I take some code and ideas).

Step 10: Arduino: OneWire

Step 11: Arduino: I2c

Step 12: Esp8266 (D1Mini) OneWire

Step 13: Esp8266 (D1Mini) I2c

Step 14: Thanks

Arduino playground (https://playground.arduino.cc/Main/DHT12SensorLibrary)

i2c project series (Collection):

Share

    Recommendations

    • Indoor Lighting Contest

      Indoor Lighting Contest
    • Make It Fly Challenge

      Make It Fly Challenge
    • Growing Beyond Earth Maker Contest

      Growing Beyond Earth Maker Contest

    5 Discussions

    0
    None
    pchatill

    Question 8 months ago on Step 5

    Hi!
    Thanks for your tutorial!
    I tried with one wire connection and it works well.
    Then I tried to put an other DHT12 in parallell with the first one. But no response from the two sensors.
    Is that possible to have many sensors on the same line like DS18B20 ?
    Do I have to modify the sketch?
    Thanks in advance!
    Patrick

    2 answers
    0
    None
    xxreefpchatill

    Answer 8 months ago

    Hi,
    if I undestand you want use the same wire for all sensor, but no It isn't possible, with one wire you must use "one wire" per sensor.
    Bye

    0
    None
    pchatillxxreef

    Reply 8 months ago

    Thanks for your quick answer.
    And with I2C protocol, Can I manage many dht12 sensors with only 2 wires (SDA and SCL). Because all dht12 have same address : 05c

    0
    None
    marcudanf

    Question 1 year ago

    Hi!

    I got a couple of those (link here) from China but I can't get them to work.

    I tried both Arduino and esp and i2c and one wire, with and without resistors.

    Can you give me some help with these??

    1 answer