DIY Bladeless Fan From Scratch

91,338

758

88

Introduction: DIY Bladeless Fan From Scratch

About: Being a science student i love to indulge in projects related to engineering as i love to learn things practically...

The day I came across a bladeless fan, I was very fancicated by how simple and cool that Idea behind a bladeless fan is.

That same day I decided to built one for my nephew so that he wont hurt himself while having cold breeze during hot summer days.

So, In this instructable I am going to built a bladeless fan using very common material such as a bunch of PVC pipes, a plastic bowl and some fibre glass sheet. The best part about this bladeless fan is that unlike most of the DIY bladeless fans built out there I am going to keep this project accessible to all of you without including the need of 3D printing any body parts. This also makes the project to complete under 10 USD.

This project is sponsored by JLCPCB so have a look at their website as these guys are offering some great quality PCBs at dirt cheap prices.

Free Shipping on First Order & $2 PCB Prototype on

https://jlcpcb.com

If you like this project then don't forget to vote me in the contests.

So without any further delay lets get building....

Step 1: Required Materials and Tools

The tools and materials required for this project are easily avaliable. The material required for this project is a bunch of PVC pipes measuring 6,5,and 3.5 inch in diameter , a plastic bowl and a 3mm sheet of fibre glass etc.

There is no need of a 3d printer as used in most of the DIY bladeless fan projects out there. Moreover I have used a miter saw to make most of the cuts as it made the job a bit accurate and easier but the same job can be done by using a handsaw and some patience..... so need of expensive tools to make a neat bladeless fan.

Step 2: Working Principle

As contrast to the name of the device being a bladeless fan, that thing actually have a rather high speed blade inside its main enclosure.

Besides that a bladeless fan offers an enclosed operation of blade and the air flow is then directed through a closed channeled body replicating the structure of a usual fan casing with the abscense of blades. This design offers great level of protection for kids.

Step 3: Making the

To begin with I started by making the main body and for that I am going to use PVC Pipe.

The main outlet is made of 6 inch diameter PVC pipe which is cut 4 inch wide to form the outer casing of the air outlet enclosure.

To form an air pocket inside the main air outlet I have used a tapered shape bowl that fits the 6 inch PVC pipe perfectly with its collar sitting on the edges of the pipe. So I cut the bowl from 1 inch above its bottom so that it forms a nice tapered collar inside the main outlet housing which allows the air to rotate inside the outlet cavity uniformly before leaving it.

Step 4: Inner Collar and Base

The inner collar for the air outlet is made out of a 5 inch diameter PVC pipe. This pipe forms a narrow opening that is nearly 0.5 inch wide for the air to uniformly spread out of the cavity/ air outlet. The three parts namely the outer 6 inch PVC pipe, the tapered inner casing made out of plastic bowl and the inner collar made out of 5 inch PVC pipe together forms the air outlet housing.

To form the base I have used a 3.5inch PVC pipe cut down to 5 inch height. To make the base perfectly fit the air outlet housing I have cut down one end of the base pipe in curved shape which I have traced by using some electrical tape and the outline marked with the 6 inch PVC pipe. The pipe is then cut down using a jig saw and then sanded using a sand paper to perfectly fit the outer 6 inch pipe without any gaps in between.

Step 5: Air Inlet Hole

Before gluing the base to the main housing I have drilled a 3 inch diameter hole in the 6 inch PVC pipe which will act as the passage for the air to enter into the main housing/air outlet. The hole is made using a hole saw.

The base is then glued to the outer part of the air outlet using super glue. Since the base pipe is perfectly shaped to sit on the 6 inch PVC pipe so the super glue made a very strong joint between the two pieces.

Step 6: Air Outlet Ring

The ring for the air outlet is made using a 3 mm thick fibre glass sheet which serves as a joint between the inner half and the outer half of the main Air outlet.

The ring is made using a jig saw.

Step 7: Painting

As most of the body parts are ready so i decided to give them a paint job to make them look neat and perfect. I painted everything white using a spray paint except of the fibre glass ring which is protected from paint using some electrical tape.

The end results are good and the blue fibre glass sheet just look fantastic on flawless white finish.

Step 8: LED Light Strip

To make the design more attractive and elegant I added a 12v LED light strip on the inner side of the air outlet at the end where the fibre glass sheet is going to be glued with the inner air outlet collar. The light strip is cut down to the required length. The strip offers a sticky back on removing the protective coating from the rear side of the strip and later sticking it to the PVC housing.

This way when I power up the fan the LED strip illuminates the rear side of the air outlet and thus producing a very cool effect on the front end spreading blue light.

Step 9: Gluing All Parts

As the pain dried I started gluing all the parts together to form the main body of our baldeless fan using super glue that seems to hold everything firmly.

Step 10: Mounting the Fan

Well behind every bladeless fan there is actually a fan with blades :P

So to power this bladeless fan I am going to use a 12v DC high speed fan that I have got from old computer scrap. More specifically that is a server fan which is way more powerful than a usual PC fan So I would highly recommend you using this type of fan.

The fan is mounted inside the base just beneath the air outlet housing using four wood screws to hold the fan firmly in place. The fan is mounted such that to force the air in upward direction and thus we need the fan to have quiet a bit of extra muscle.

Step 11: Air Inlet

A pair of air inlet are made just below the server fan on both side of the base pipe. These inlet holes are going to allow the air to be sucked inside the base.

To prevent someone to accidentally hurt fingers by inserting his/her fingers into the base of the fan, I have glued metal net on both the inlets. The net is first painted matt black and then glued front inside the base using hot glue.

Step 12: The Speed Control Unit

As I was just finishing up the project I decided to go with the idea of using PWM speed controller to this fan so that I can regulate the amount of air coming out of the fan and thus the noice levels too.

To do so I have designed a simple PWM speed controller circuit and also a dedicated PCB using autocad eagle. Learning to design schematic and later designing a PCB was made easy by instructables Basic Electronics and PCB Design classes. So have a look at these well described useful lessons.

The circuit works on a basic principal. It uses a 555 timer IC which switches a transistor several times during each second and the switching speed depends on the resistance provided by the potentiometer. Thus by turning the knob of the pot we can regulate the with of the out pulse and thus controlling the speed of the server fan.

I am attaching all the data including schematic, bill of materials and gerber files for the PWM circuit which might be needed to get one ordered from the website.

Besides that take a look at the JLCPCB as they are offering a great offer on your first order, so you can order 10 PCB including free shipment under just 2 USD.

After soldering all the components on the PCB I have counted the PCB on the front side of the base with the knob of the potentiometer popping out of the front side with a nice knob attached to regulate the speed of the fan.

Step 13: Base Plate

To finish up everything I have hot glued the circuit on the base. Later I have cut down a fiber glass sheet and then screwed it to the base of the fan using two wooden blocks glued inside the base.

To stop fan from moving here and there while operating, I have glued four rubber pads to the base.

The fan is ready to roll....

Step 14: End Results

This project went fabulous. At the start I was puzzeled to built the proper enclosure without using a 3d printed part but as I rolled down with the project everything seems to perfectly fit with one another and for sure that plastic bowl made the job done perfectly.

The end results are pretty awesome considering the fact that using some of the very limited tools and commonly available hardware I ended up with almost piece of perfection..... Yes a DIY Bladeless Fan ....

Any suggestions are more than welcome, besides that have a look at the built video of this project on my youtube channel and don't forget to subscribe to my channel for more upcoming projects.

Till then have fun building and learning some awesome stuff at Instructables.

Regards.

DIY King

Epilog Challenge 9

Participated in the
Epilog Challenge 9

Design For Kids Challenge

Participated in the
Design For Kids Challenge

Homemade Gifts Contest 2017

Participated in the
Homemade Gifts Contest 2017

Be the First to Share

    Recommendations

    • Mason Jar Speed Challenge

      Mason Jar Speed Challenge
    • Bikes Challenge

      Bikes Challenge
    • Remix Contest

      Remix Contest

    88 Discussions

    0
    r267129
    r267129

    Question 8 weeks ago on Step 14

    How did you connect the power cord to the PCB? what connector did you use?

    On a side note: was that a standard 5x2.5 barrel plug?

    0
    sue.donim.144
    sue.donim.144

    2 years ago

    if this is DC ... why was a pcb used to interface the pot and not just use a high resistance pot to control speed ?

    0
    ermockler1
    ermockler1

    Reply 3 months ago

    I think full blast all the time is fine. I think a pot lets you adjust between "not enough" and "hardly any" so why bother?

    0
    tedbar504
    tedbar504

    Reply 2 years ago

    It is a brushless motor. You cannot control it using a pot hence the PWM (pulse width modulation).

    0
    sue.donim.144
    sue.donim.144

    Reply 2 years ago

    oh ... i guesi havent worked with brushless before ... but would not less electricity still make it run slower ? or is that what causes the heat build up ?

    0
    tedbar504
    tedbar504

    Reply 2 years ago

    Yes but a DC brushless motor (BLDC) requires control beyond that. I would suggest looking at one (or more :) ) of the many descriptions out there i.e.

    https://www.renesas.com/en-sg/support/technical-resources/engineer-school/brushless-dc-motor-01-overview.html

    PS - I have no relationship with the article.

    0
    PhilM47
    PhilM47

    Reply 2 years ago

    Because your suggestion is a brute force method and this is more subtle and produces less heat inside the unit as the current is either on or off, not being always on and dissipated as heat is better.

    0
    sue.donim.144
    sue.donim.144

    Reply 2 years ago

    would a circuit board sized variable resistor be as much heat ? does turning a motor on and off thousands of times shorten its life no matter how short the time cycle is ? and is a cooing fam built to take such punishment ? they usually are on as long as needed .

    0
    RaymondR6
    RaymondR6

    Reply 2 years ago

    No. the pulse modulation will not shorten the life of the motor, There are millions of pulse modulated devices, including all the switching power supplies used in computers (as developed by IBM for their Thinkpad laptops in the 1990s) that many homes have. Good filtering will remove the high frequency noise and produce excellent fixed or variable DC power.

    0
    sue.donim.144
    sue.donim.144

    Reply 2 years ago

    RaymondR6, thanks ... i got another xplanation too ...
    thanks all.

    0
    DiegoZ1
    DiegoZ1

    Reply 2 years ago

    Hey sue.donim.144, you have an inquisitive mind! First, the thing is to deliver variable energy by varying the RMS (like averageing the voltage for DC) voltage, that's what you get by "chopping" the voltage with the 555 timer square signal, so in terms of energy DELIVERED, is equivalent to a pot, but the difference is in how the variable voltage is delivered. With a pot, energy is divided between the motor and the pot's resistance, so you're wasting energý by having a passive element in the circuit, since current flows by the resistance, it dissipate energý as heat (Wattage=Current Squared times Resistance), so for a 40 watt motor, dividing the voltage in half with a resistance generates 20 watts of heat. When you deliver a pulsed voltage to the motor, you deliver less RMS voltage (from zero frequency = direct current up to the response limit of the motor) What's this response limit? Well, the motor, either brush or brushless has to magnetize its core and armature to generate torque, which moves the motor. If the frequency of the signal is too high, you may not get time enough to do so, or the torque generated will be too low to turn the motor. Since the transistor is turning ONLY ON and OFF (square signal driving it), the ON resistance is way low, so the energy dissipated is low (Current Squared times Resistance), and the OFF state is practicaly infinite resistance (zero dissipation); there are also transient usages of energy, but for this simple solution this explanation holds true. And there's also a more complex way of controlling a motor by varying frequency, pulse width and amplitude. As for turning the motor on and off, off course you're putting more mechanical and electrical stress on the motor, but the net effect does not represent serious damage. As for the fan's motor, it is designed to work always on for a long time; they usually fail because the lubricant of the axis dries up and/or gets contaminated with friction caused dirt.

    0
    sue.donim.144
    sue.donim.144

    Reply 2 years ago

    DiegoZ1, thanks for the good info. ill have work with it sometime. sounds neat . i have always used pots in past but it is something to look into doing. probably did not in past because 1 pot was less components than a circuit ... or i worked too far in past to have a working circuit available (or knowledge thereof). most circuits i worked with always had pots.

    thanks again !!!
    Think: if it's not broken, don't fix it, enhance it = continuing improvement !!!

    1
    AndrewA167
    AndrewA167

    2 years ago

    This is an interesting project, but it has one glaring error, that I hope others don't repeat:

    Please - don't use power tools like a drill or a hole saw on material that is being held by your other hand - clamp the material down, and keep both hands as far away as possible from the working surface of the material.

    Had that hole saw slipped, or the material broke, or any number of other potential outcomes occurred, a serious and possibly irreversible injury could have occurred.

    I know this because it has happened to me: I was using a right angle grinder with a cutoff blade to cut a piece of metal; even though I was wearing gloves, I was improperly handling the tool and the blade caught - in an instant it shattered, part of it catching the back of my knuckles. Despite the glove, it cut deep. Fortunately I still had movement in my fingers, and the quick attention of my friend helped (honestly, I should have gone to the ER). To this day I have the scars to remind me of that episode (it was only blind luck I didn't get a piece to my face).

    I was stupid; despite the fact that I normally would use PPE (personal protection equipment) in such a situation, my complacency got the better of my that day. I do my best now not to let such a situation happen again.

    0
    Eirinn
    Eirinn

    Reply 2 years ago

    Completely agree. Also goes for hand tools. Held wood in left hand, chisel on the other hand. 7 stitches in the thumb.

    0
    Phil_S
    Phil_S

    Reply 1 year ago

    @lorenkinzel

    You seem to miss the point of these articles - the clue is in the name.
    It's not just showcasing someone's project, it's instructing as well. Suggesting that holding a plastic pipe in one hand and controlling a circular saw in the other is bad practice. You say you have been using power tools for 41 years and still have your fingers. That does not mean that what you are arguing for is safe. Fortunately, I worked in a large, potentially dangerous, industry. Pipe-cutting was just one of the routine jobs. What my company did to safeguard themselves and workers was to run courses on safe practices. If I had gone on a course where pipe-cutting was done as shown here, someone would have been shown the door. Don't dismiss "it only takes once". Many folk die or get horribly injured by the "just once". Many of the readers of these articles are young, inexperienced kids. There is no harm in pointing out the dangers.

    0
    lorenkinzel
    lorenkinzel

    Reply 6 months ago

    So which one terrifies you, the miter saw or the jigsaw?
    I am not dismissing anything. Using the miter saw with right hand & holding item with left is the way the tool was designed to be used.
    Safety is a good thing. Imposing your fears upon others due to a lack of understanding on your part is not.

    1
    Phil_S
    Phil_S

    Reply 6 months ago

    Neither, but your attitude does.
    Carry on doing it your way, but I think you'll find you are in a minority of one.

    0
    Phil_S
    Phil_S

    Reply 1 year ago

    Agree
    Looks horribly dangerous.
    For starters, the pipe looks like ducting grade, not the stronger soil pipe (drainage) grade, so flimsy to start with.
    The teeth spacing on a circular saw blade as shown is greater than the thickness of the material, so with the RPM as well, a snatch is going to happen sooner or later.
    A much safer way is either use a fine tooth picture framing saw and guide. Failing that, mark the cut line with tape and use a 32-tpi hacksaw blade.

    0
    lorenkinzel
    lorenkinzel

    Reply 1 year ago

    Those that are adept at using tools can safely cut thin items with a coarse blade.
    You need to engage slowly & use slow, steady pressure on the blade.
    The power saw never "grabs" the material. The operator makes it grab.
    Those that are not adept should use the handsaw. I have seen people cut themselves with a handsaw. They should never use any cutting tools.
    Similar scenario with the holesaw. The holesaw never slips. The operator does.
    My point is: the guy who posted the instructable may know what he is doing & does not need people worrying about his safety. I mean no malice or a-holism; just pointing out facts.

    0
    dragon flyer
    dragon flyer

    Reply 1 year ago

    It only takes once...