DIY Dirt Cheap Continuity Tester With LED + 555 IC

Intro: DIY Dirt Cheap Continuity Tester With LED + 555 IC

Hi, i wanted to have a continuity tester (my multimeter doesn't have a buzzer) so i don´t have to look away from the circuit I am testing to see the multimeters display. Although i wanted a buzzer i also added a LED and an on/off switch for late night tinkering "stealth mode"
I don´t have any engineering or electronics background (actually i am a surgeon), but i love to make stuff and i am self teaching electronics with the help from Google and instructables.com . This is my first instructable and English isn´t my native tongue, so bear with me please...


DISCLAIMER: If following this guide anything/anyone/yourself damages i shall not be held responsible.Do it at your own risk. Take all the safety measures (goggles, gloves, etc)

Step 1: Bill of Materials:

-Highlighter (worn out)
-Pen
-Blue LED
-switch
-555 IC
-0.01uF ceramic capacitors= 2
-1uF electrolitic capacitor = 1
-180 k resistor = 1
-56 k resistor= 1 (i did it on the weekend with no opened stores, so i used 47k + 10k series resistors)
-Piezo buzzer= 1 (i used a Hycom HY-07 that i took from an old modem)
-Button cell batteries= 3
-Battery holder (from a cheap-o pen/flashlight i had)
-Wires


-Soldering Iron
-hot glue gun
-xacto knife

Step 2: Let the Stripping Begin..

First of all, i took apart the highlighter, threw away the tip and the ink cartridge by cutting the back end with an xacto knife. And i did the same to the flashlight/pen in order to take the battery holder away.

Step 3: Test 1,2,3

I found a buzzer circuit ( http://electronic-circuits-diagrams.com/alarmsimages/alarmsckt5.shtml ) the easiest and simple circuit i could find and tried it on the breadboard. It worked out fine, except i changed de 10k resistor (pins 7 and 8 of the 555 IC) for a 180k resistor because i liked the tone better.

Step 4: Avengers Assemble

i soldered all together over the 555 directly trying to make it as compact as possible (although i had plenty of room inside the highlighter, i did that way just in case i want to house it in a smaller pen someday)

Step 5: Adding the LED, Buzzer and Switch

-I stuffed some solder with the wires into a BIC pen tip (it´s a little messy because of the ink) and heated them with the soldering iron. -Then wired the tip to the (-) leg of the led and the pin 1 of the 555 IC. 
-The (+) leg of the LED and the pin 4 of the 555 (through the on/off switch) to the positive pole of the battery pack.
-The secondary probe (another used pen) with a wire wrapped around the tip to the negative pole of the battery pack
When the two probe tips touch each other (or through a conductive material such as a wire or a circuit track) the circuit closes and the LED lights up and the buzzer vibrates with a nice tone.
The buzzer can be turned off with the switch, while the LED still lights up with continuity.

Step 6: Mounting the Switch, the Buzzer and the Battery Holder

-I made a hole at one side of the highlighter so i can install the small switch i had
The buzzer and the battery holder are housed in the cap that clips on the end (that was reattached with a hole so wires can pass through and hot-glued). This allows me to change the batteries when they die. 

Step 7: Continuity Tester Completed

Everything in place, time for the last step

Step 8: It�s Alive!!

Testing, everything do what it should be doing.
You can see the LED light (obviously you can´t hear the buzzer), maybe later i upload a video.

Step 9: Final Thoughts

You could use smaller components in order to fit everything into a smaller pen o skip the buzzer part and built a led crcuit.

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    6 Discussions

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    Phil B

    4 years ago on Introduction

    You are brave to solder directly to the IC. I tend to destroy ICs and try to use a socket to avoid static electricity damage. The US Navy Electronics course is available free for download (1998 edition) here. It is a great resource for anyone who wants to learn basic electronics from beginning to end. Thank you for your very practical Instructable.

    1 reply

    me shahbaz from lahore student of laptop repairing also basic electronic ,plz add me

    in ur friend my email is

    ahmadshahbaz289@gmail.com

    skype id . shahbaz007761

    0
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    thegrendel

    5 years ago on Introduction

    If you use a piezo buzzer module, rather than a piezo speaker,
    then you can omit the 555 and associated components. A piezo
    buzzer needs only current applied to buzz, and requires no oscillator
    to drive it.

    Nicely done project, though.

    1 reply
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    lean04

    5 years ago on Introduction

    Thanks, the 555 timer is like the swiss army knife of electronics, and internet is a great powerful tool for courious people like us..

    0
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    jaesn

    5 years ago on Introduction

    Great Idea! Got to love the versatility of the 555 timer. Also, how great is the internet? I'm teaching myself electronics through the same method.