Everyone likes hot baths, but what about having them in Your garden, when You see the sunset or the stars at the sky ? That's an idea!
I'll show You how to built really simple hot tub in the garden/backyard. You can think about it as cheap jacuzzi ;-)
The project isn't hard, although time consuming, because You need to wait few days when the foundations will dry, the plastering will dry etc..
- sand, lime, cement - for mortar and plastering
- red bricks - special bricks and mortar for building ovens (temperature resistant) - silicons: waterproof and heat resistant - bathtub - metal corners for plastering
Step 1: The Idea and a Tub
Hot tub construction should be safe and looking good to fit to the rest of the garden. In My garden there are lot of white elements, so I decided to have white frame for a bathtub.
The tub should be made from metal - steel or even iron - from obvious reason. It will be heated from the fire underneath it. The fire will be close and not visible from the outside (safety reasons, kids in the garden). I don't want to build the chimney because it would not fit to the rest of my garden/it would be to heavy construction). So, the entrance to the fireplace should be big enough to sustain fresh airflow for a fire and smoke outflow from the fire.
Step 2: Foundations
I recommend to build pretty strong foundations. The brick frame will be heavy and when You put the tub on it, feel with many, many liters of water, it will be considerable heavy. To avoid the cracks, and tensions I recommend to make the steel reinforcement of the foundations.
To build foundations You need to dig a hole (30 cm is enough), put a wooden frame around it and make the reinforcement from the steel. Remember that steel has to be inside the foundations so put it on the stones (not on the bricks, because bricks in time will crack and the water will erode the reinforcement).
The frame is not only for the rectangular shape. It allows You to level the concrete surface.
Step 3: Oven and the Chimney
I started the build from making the oven from the special bricks placed with the special mortar. Bricks and mortar are temperature resistant, they won't crack in fire. Moreover, such bricks can accumulate the heat - it's very good, because even when the fire would be over, the heat from the bricks will be steel heating the water for some time.
The purpose of the oven inside the frame is also, that it's wall will protect the normal, red bricks from the heat.
As I mentioned, there will be no chimney. So the entrance for the oven have to be big to allow air to go in and smoke to go out.
In my case, the entrance has about 50x50cm. This works great.
Step 4: Bricklaying
Bricklaying seems to be something hard, but.. it isn't. You just need to keep the track of the level and the straight of the walls, so if You will use the leveling tool often - the construction will be ok ;-)
The weld between the bricks don't have to be perfect since the bricks will be later covered with plaster.
To make the roof for the oven entrance I used the frame from the boards and the mortar made from the cement, lime and some addition of heat resistant mortar. I also reinforced it with three steel rods.
Step 5: Plastering
Plastering is the hardest thing to do. It looks easy, but in fact it could be iritating if You don't know how to do it.
The most important thing is that the mortar (made from cement, lime and sand) should not be to wet. It should hold to the walls and that's all. If it's to wet it will fall down.
After putting the mortar on the walls You need to wait some time, it will dry a little bit and then it's ready for flattening with Styrofoam float.
Oh, one more thing, before plastering You need to throw at Your walls the mortar to have 'bumpy' surface. The plaster will then have better grip.
Step 6: Painting With Paint Ant the Ground
When plaster is dry, put the 'ground' on it. This is the white liquid which is the first coat before the paint.
It's application is for two reasons:
- it will close the pours and microscopic holes in the plaster, so the further paint will have better grip
- it will protect Your walls from soaking water and from cracks during winter
After protecting Your walls, they are ready for painting. Use any colour You want and the paint for the outside
Step 7: Tub Montage
To mount the tub I used mortart and two kind of silicones.
I put the fresh heat resistant mortar on the top bricks in the oven, then I put the heat resistant silicone(black one) on the top of the frame walls. Next I put the tub on the frame so it fit's to the mortar on the oven and glued to the frame with a silicone.
The last step, for protection, was to put the water resistant silicone along the tub
Step 8: The End - the Relax :)
That's all !
Now You are ready for the bath in the hot water at Your garden/backyard. Enjoy it:)
One more thing. Don't put the big fire, because even the small one is enough to heat several hundreds liters of the water in quite a fast time. Really! This construction is so efficient that I'm able to rise the water temperature for more than 20 degrees in just 35-45 minutes.
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