DIY PowerBank From Old Laptop Batteries


259

4

3

Introduction: DIY PowerBank From Old Laptop Batteries

ignite.innovate.ideas

Most of the times the first thing which gets damaged from your laptop is the battery and in most cases, only 1-2 cells may be faulty. I have a few batteries from old laptop lying on my table, so I thought of making something useful out of it

Teacher Notes

Teachers! Did you use this instructable in your classroom?
Add a Teacher Note to share how you incorporated it into your lesson.

Step 1: Components and Tools Required

A big shoutout to sponsor of this content DIgitspace, DigitSpace is an open-source hardware provider catering to future creators. We supply innovative, user-friendly open-source hardware products ranging from boards to corresponding components and kits for worldwide community of engineers, designers, inventors, and makers who love creating electronics.

Have a look at their website
http://digitspace.com/

  • Batteries from old Laptop / 18650 Batteries
  • 18650 Battery charger module / Powerbank module / JX-887Y (Any compatible one)
  • Multimeter
  • Nose Pliers
  • Screwdriver

Step 2:

Step 3: Determine Current/Voltage Requirement

Check this simple illustration to understand, how to arrange batteries to increase voltage or gain higher capacity.

  • Adding cells in a string increases the voltage; the capacity remains the same
  • Faulty cell 3(Red) lowers the voltage and cuts the equipment off prematurely.
  • With parallel cells, capacity in Ah and runtime increases while the voltage stays the same.
  • A weak cell will not affect the voltage but provide a low runtime due to reduced capacity. A shorted cell could cause excessive heat and become a fire hazard. On larger packs, a fuse prevents high current by isolating the cell.
  • Parallel/Series configuration provides maximum design flexibility. Paralleling the cells helps in voltage management.

Step 4: Separate the Cells

Using screwdriver and nose pliers (or any useful tools) remove the battery pack plastic enclosure without damaging any cells. Here is a good video which shows how to open laptop battery without damaging the cells

  • Remove the connection from the BMS board and separate each cell, Normally there will be 6 cells (3 cells in 2 row).

Warning: Be careful while doing this, some of the cells might be full charge. accidental short-circuiting may result in damaging the cell.

In my case, I had 6 18650 Li-Ion batteries. The capacity was 2200mAh. If you are unaware of the capacity just google the model number on the cell, it would be something like US18650VTC6

Step 5: Identify Good Cells

  • Mesure each cell voltage using a multimeter, if the voltage is less than 2.5v even after charging, then it’s not a good cell
  • If any of the cells are getting hot during charging then remove that cell

Step 6: Circuit

Step 7: It's Done

Fix It Contest

This is an entry in the
Fix It Contest

Be the First to Share

    Recommendations

    • Raspberry Pi Contest 2020

      Raspberry Pi Contest 2020
    • Wearables Contest

      Wearables Contest
    • Fix It Contest

      Fix It Contest

    3 Discussions

    0
    kcraske
    kcraske

    2 days ago

    Your circuit shows all the cells in parallel so the voltage would be the same as 1 cell but with a capacity of all the cells added together. However, of one cell is slightly below the spec of the others the pack is out of balance. Surely you need to have a charge balance charger to make sure each cell is correctly charged.

    1
    gralan
    gralan

    Question 4 days ago

    I clicked on the link to share your YouTube herein, to save it for future use. I have autoplay disabled intentionally, but when I arrived your segment started running.
    I checked, my settings remained. Therefore you must be doing something that overrides my personal settings for YouTube. I'm pretty sure that offends me. Yes. I'd like an explanation.

    0
    PospaPunk
    PospaPunk

    14 days ago

    Missing the part with (i guess 3D printed) enclosure.