DIY Studio Monitors





Introduction: DIY Studio Monitors

This is a simple instructable that all people can do.

The cost can go from 200$ to huge costs depend what you want, is a simple, fun and creative job.

Just have to decide what speakers you want, design your box, build it, paint it, wire everything, and play some music ;)

Step 1: Choose the Speakers

First Step You need to Choose the speakers.

Studio monitors are constituted by one woofer and one tweeter and are basically proximity speakers, so I chose a car speakers that are for me the best option.

to choose the speakers you have to consider this things:


What are ohms, anyway?Short answer: The ohm is the unit of measure for impedance, which is the property of a speaker that restricts the flow of electrical current through it. Typical speakers have impedance ratings of 4 ohms, 8 ohms or 16 ohms. The impedance of a speaker is a physical property that (ideally) does not change value, although from an engineering standpoint, there are many complex characteristics that make up speaker impedance For this reason, the rating of a speaker is called its 'nominal' value, which pretty much means "in name only". For the average audio user, the nominal impedance is the dominant characteristic and for the purposes of this discussion, we will use the nominal value of the speaker's impedance.

Both speakers have to ghad same impedience rating


power is mesured in WATTS

You have RMS Watts that is the normal power of speaker and the peak Watts that is the maximum power that the speaker will produce but if you push the speakers to hard for a long period of time you will damage the speaker and the quality of the sound will be lost.


I choose this set of Pioneer car speaker

Because is simple, cheap, is a 2-way System have a woofer and a tweeter and have a great quality and power at near field.

Step 2: Design the Enclosure

For this step i use Adobe Photoshop cs6 because is where i feel confortable, but you can use 3d software's or other drawer's software that you know.

Based on the speakers size i draw a 2D scale template with my mesures.

If you dont have any ideas can search on internet and design your box based on other speakers.

Step 3: Build the Enclousure

For this Step i used MDF wood, and I paid a carpenter to do the job , since I have no ability with wood, and they have all the machinery and knowledge to do things accurately . If you have ability with wood or other material can do enclousure yourself.

The enclousure can be made with wood, plastic acrylic and other but for better results you should use Wood.

You also have diferent shapes of boxes.

Step 4: Paint the Wood Boxes

I used A car paint to paint MDF aplied a car primer, and next apply a acrylic paint.

Step 5: Final Step Build / Conect and Test

That is the Final result

To power the Speakers i use a car amplifier (Sony XM-N1004)

And to Power the Amp i use a PSU with 12v 50A power supply.

I think that the speakes have a great and clean sound quality, andd enough power to music production, and a simple and nice design.

I think this is a grat project for people who wants a custom speakers and like to do stuffs from yourself.

Finnaly i want to tell sorryif this instructable dont have enough information and for my bad english. Becaus im Portuguese.

If you haveany questions i have all pleasure to answer them.



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    10 Discussions

    Usaste pre-amplificador?

    E qual o subwoofer?

    eu vou usar as mesmas colunas e amplificador só precisava mesmo de isso esclarecido, obrigado :)


    Nunca pensei achar um portugues que tinha feito o que estou a pensar fazer...

    aqui vão umas perguntas: foi preciso crossover? É preciso um amp que corresponda 100% á RMS power?

    4 replies

    Boas. O crossover no meu sistema nao e nessesaio pois as colunas ja o têm imbutido. E um conjunto da pioneer que ja faz a divisao das frequencias. Se comprares. Um os altifalantes separados. Vais nessecitar de crossover ou seja para o sinal que entre seja dividido as frequências altas para o Twitter e as baixas para o medio grave. O amplificador e uma parte critica. Tens de analizar bem e ver em cada saida quantos eles produzem. No minimo tem de ter tantos Watts ou mais que as tuas coluna de rms.

    Qualquer duvida dispõe

    Porque é que usaste um amplificador de 4 canais em vez de 2 canais?
    E como tinha de fazer para adicionar um subwoofer? um amp 2.1 ou dedicado?

    Usei pelo simples facto de ser mais versatil posso ter os monitores ligados numa linha e o subwoofer noutra. E os 2 outros canais tem uma potenvia muito maior que para os graves (subwoofer) e necessario. Posso ligar um subwoofer em bridge a dois canais ou ter dois subwoofers e dois monitores. Podes usar um 2.1 e o que precisas para ligar dois monitores e um subwoofer. Yens e de jogar com a potencia das colunas. Eu achei este o melhor na minha situacao. Mas cada situação e diferente das outras o ideal e escolheres as colunas e assim e posso ajudar na rscolha do amp

    Looks very nice, the speaker units could be prettier, in my opinion, but very well made, and great instructable! However, I'm wondering, why did you use an amplifier? A 1-DIN headunit, would deliver about 4x50W, wich would be more than enough for car speakers? Or is it to make the sound more clear? :)

    1 reply

    I use Because the sound is more cleare, produces more power and had a frequency filter that divides the low and high frequencys. And by other side i use because with thoose two monitors i have a Subwoofer conected to the amplifier and i run everething on one amplifier.

    Very nicely done! These speakers turned out looking really great. I love the clean, simple style.

    1 reply