# Digital Potentiometer MCP41100 and Arduino

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We know the analog potentiometer , is a three-terminal resistor with a sliding contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider .

Potentiometers Many application such like :

1)volume controls on audio equipment.
2) Control the amplifier Gain and offset .
3) Transducer " displacement  transducers ".

and many Other application , But did you you want to control the resistance value by Microcontroller instead  of using analog one ?

Analog potentiometers have some problem with MCU ,  Microcontroller doesn't have an easy way to interface with them .

The Digital Potentiometer ,  give you an ability to adjust the resistance ,allowing you to control a voltage splitter with digital signals

In this simple instructable I will show you how  to control Digital Potentiometer MCP41100 Using Arduino IDE .

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## Step 1: Material

we will need :

1) Arduino Board .
2)Digital Potentiometer MCP41100 .
3)Resistor 100 Ohm
4)LED
6JumperS

The pin Configuration for MCP41100 above , very easy .

Data sheet for MCP41100 here

T
his IC using SPI Protocol to communicate with Arduino Board .

## Step 2: Calculate the Resistance .

Ok , now we will look at this table , which is show who we can Calculate the Output resistance .

MCP41100 Have a sensitivity of 8bit , 256 taps for each potentiometer will taken from .

The MCP41100 Nominal resistane equal 100K ohm "Rab" and from the Datasheet , The wiper resistance is 125 ohm"Typical" ,

For example , if we write 222 to MCP41100 ,The resistance will equal :

Rwa= (100*10^3)*(256-222)/256 + 125 = 13.41K ohm . (corrected by Spacebrain,big thanks )

## Step 3: Arduino Code

The arduino Code  below :

/*
this program taken from arduino Example .
http://www.genotronex.com
https://www.instructables.com/

This code used to control the digital potentiometer
MCP41100 connected to  arduino Board
CS >>> D10
SCLK >> D13
DI  >>> D11
PA0 TO VCC
PBO TO GND
PW0 TO led with resistor 100ohm .
*/
#include <SPI.h>
int CS= 10;
int i=0;

void setup()
{
pinMode (CS, OUTPUT);
SPI.begin();
// adjust high and low resistance of potentiometer
digitalPotWrite(0x00);
delay(1000);

// adjust  wiper in the  Mid point  .
digitalPotWrite(0x80);
delay(1000);

digitalPotWrite(0xFF);
delay(1000);
}

void loop()
{
for (i = 0; i <= 255; i++)
{
digitalPotWrite(i);
delay(10);
}
delay(500);
for (i = 255; i >= 0; i--)
{
digitalPotWrite(i);
delay(10);
}
}

int digitalPotWrite(int value)
{
digitalWrite(CS, LOW);
SPI.transfer(value);
digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
}

## Step 4: Simple Applications :Motor Drive Controller and LED Controller

This Is a simple example to control the speed of DC Motor using555 timer  ,  PWM Technique

the arduino Code :

/*
this program taken from arduino Example .
http://www.genotronex.com
This code used to control the digital potentiometer
MCP41100 connected to  arduino Board
CS >>> D10
SCLK >> D13
DI  >>> D11
PA0 TO VCC
PBO TO GND
PW0 TO led with resistor 100ohm .
*/
#include <SPI.h>
int CS= 10;

void setup()
{
pinMode (CS, OUTPUT);
SPI.begin();
// adjust high and low resistance of potentiometer
digitalPotWrite(0x00);
delay(1000);

// adjust  wiper in the  Mid point  .
digitalPotWrite(0x80);
delay(1000);

digitalPotWrite(0xFF);
delay(1000);
}

void loop()
{
for (int i = 0; i <= 255; i++)
{
digitalPotWrite(i);
delay(10);
}
delay(1000);
for (int i = 255; i >= 0; i--)
{
digitalPotWrite(i);
delay(5);
}

}

int digitalPotWrite(int value)
{
digitalWrite(CS, LOW);
SPI.transfer(value);
digitalWrite(CS, HIGH);
}

Video :

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## 26 Discussions

Hello
I am working on a CNC machine. I am using a brushless dc motor as a spindle ( Motor specs. 18V, 30A, 21000rpm).
I will be using a motor driver to control the spindle motor.
Driver specs:
Working Voltage: DC 10-50V
Maximum Current: 60A
Persistent Current: 40A
Fixed frequency: 25Khz
Speed Control Range: 0%~100%
Speed Regulation Method: Potentiometer (Tape Switch)
Speed Control Type: Regulating Current
Forward Reversal: Support
Support Motor: DC Brush Motor
(Driver board link : https://www.banggood.com/DC-10-50V-122448V-60A-PW... )

But the problem is the driver board uses a 10K pot, and my cnc controller board gives out PWM singal via only two pins i.e +10V and GND. so how do i connect those two PWM pins to the microchip to eleminate the pot on the motor driver board and control it digitally. I am using an eleksmaker mana 3 axis board as a controller.
I am a beginner in electronics so i request you to a bit detailed.

Thank you

Hi

how do we control this nodemcu ? can we use it on a standalone with mobile hotspot connection. if so, can you pls give me the info

Could you please say what software do you use for electric circuit drawing?

Thanks for this, great work!

I just noticed a small mistake:

Rwa= (100*10^3)*(256-222)/256 - 125 = 13.41K ohm

It should be:

Rwa= (100*10^3)*(256-222)/256 + 125 = 13.41K ohm

Hello, thanks for this instructable. Il bought a bunch of MCP4110 but If was wondering how to connect a LED strip? Can I connect a 12v directly on the digipot ?

3 replies

no it will not work on this way , this potentiometer can works with Low power application , if you connect it directly to LED strip it will blow up for sure .

try using PWM using Mosfet / Fet transistor to control Led strip brightness (that's what you want to do , right ?)

Ok thank you!

Is PWM a component? I read things about PWM but I don't get the how to...

I will soon receive a MOSFET I will be able to try.

How did you control the led in the video?

PWM(Pulse width modulation) is a method(Technique) to control a DC Voltage , and you can achieve that in different ways(like using Transistor).

In my video , you can see that I connected MCP41100 to 555 timer which act as a PWM controller , MCP41100 connected to the control side not to the High power side(you can see the schematic for more details).

hope that's clear for you , and if you have another question I will be happy to answer it

How did you determine the address (byte address = 0x11)? Does 0x11 mean it's 17 in decimal? Could you explain that please?
Thanks